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Chapter 12 study guide



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  • 1. Chapter 12: The War of 1812 & Nationalism (1812-1824) LearningTargets: I can explain why the War of 1812 was so politically divisive andpoorly fought by the United States. I can describe the terms of the Treaty of Ghent and the long-term effects of the War of 1812 for the United States at home and abroad. I can describe and explain the burst of nationalism that followedthe War of 1812. I can describe the major political and economic events of the period, including the death of the Federalist Party and the depression following the Panicof 1819. I can describe the conflict over slavery that arose in1819 and the terms of the Missouri Compromise that temporarily resolvedit. I can analyze how John Marshall's Supreme Court promoted the spirit of nationalism through its ruling in favor of federal power. I can describe the Monroe Doctrine and explain its real and symbolic significance for Americanforeign policy and for relations withthe new Latin Americanrepublics. Key Terms War of 1812 General Isaac Brock Fort Michilimackinac U.S.S. Constitution Oliver HazardPerry William Henry Harrison Battle of the Thames Thomas Macdonough Battle of Plattsburgh Battle of Bladensburg Fort McHenry Francis Scott Key Andrew Jackson Battle of New Orleans Treaty of Ghent "Blue Light" Federalists Hartford Convention Nationalism Washington Irving James Fenimore Cooper National Bank of the United States Tariff of 1816 Henry Clay AmericanSystem Erie Canal James Monroe "Era of Good Feelings" Sectionalism Panic of 1819 "the Ohio Fever" Cumberland Road Land Act of 1820 Tallmadge Amendment Missouri Compromise John Marshall McCullochv. Maryland Cohens v. Virginia Gibbons v. Ogden Fletcher v. Peck Dartmouth College v. Woodward Daniel Webster Treaty of 1818 Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819 Canning Proposal Monroe Doctrine ReadingQuestions: 1. What were the broad consequences of the War of 1812? 2. What were the important signs of Americannationalism that developed in the period from 1815-1824? 3. What role did the West play in such crucial issues of the period as the tariff, internal improvements, and the expansion of slavery? 4. Why did the issue of admitting Missouri to the Union precipitate a major national crisis? Why did the North and South each agree to the terms of the Missouri Compromise? 5. How did the forces of nationalism compete withsectional interests in the economic and judicial struggles of the period? 6. Was the Monroe Doctrine consistent withthe isolationist principles established by George Washington? Or did it foreshadow America's willingness to assert its national power, evenat the risk of conflict withEuropean powers?