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Ch13 Study Guide

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  • 1. Chapter 13: The Rise of a Mass Democracy (1824-1840) Learning Targets: I can describe & explain the growth of "Mass Democracy" in the 1820s. I can discuss how the "corrupt bargain" of 1824 & Adams' unpopular presidency set the stage for Jackson's election in 1828. I can analyze the significance of Jackson's victory in 1828 as a triumph of the "New Democracy." I can describe the political innovations of the 1830s, especially the rise of mass parties, & I can evaluate their significance for American politics & society. I can describe Jackson's policies of westward expansion & his harsh removal of the southeastern Indian nations on the Trail of Tears. I can explain Jackson's economic & political motives in the "Bank War," & I can describe the consequences of Jacksonian economics for his successor Martin Van Buren after the Panic of 1837. I can describe the different ways that each of the new mass political parties, Democrats & Whigs, promoted the democratic ideals of liberty & equality among their constituencies. Key Terms Election of 1824* "Corrupt Bargain" Henry Clay* John Quincy Adams* Twelfth Amendment* "Minority President" Election of 1828* National Republicans Democratic-Republicans Andrew Jackson* Democrats* Spoils System* Tariff of 1828* Denmark Vesey John C. Calhoun* Nullification Crisis* "Nullies" "Submission Men" Columbia Convention Robert Y. Hayne Tariff of 1833 Force Bill Sequoyah Cherokee National Council "Five Civilized Tribes"* Worcester v. Georgia* Indian Removal Act* Trail of Tears Indian Territory Bureau of Indian Affairs Black Hawk War Osceola Bank of the United States* Nicholas Biddle Bank War* Daniel Webster* Election of 1832 Anti-Masonic Party "Biddle's Panic" "Wildcat" Currency Specie Circular Whigs* Election of 1836 Martin Van Buren* Panic of 1837* "Divorce Bill" Independent Treasury Bill Stephen Austin* "G.T.T." Davy Crockett Jim Bowie Sam Houston Santa Anna Texas Revolution* Battle of the Alamo Election of 1840 William Henry Harrison* Reading Questions: 1. Why was Andrew Jackson such a personally powerful embodiment of the new mass democracy in the 1820s & 1830s? Would mass democracy have developed without a popular hero like Jackson? 2. Why did Calhoun & the South see the Tariff of 1828 as such an "abomination" & raise threats of nullification over it? 3. Discuss the attitudes, policies, & events that led to the "Trail of Tears" Indian removal in 1837. 4. How did Jackson's "Bank War" demonstrate the powerful uses to which the modern mass democratic machine could be put? 5. How did the Panic of 1837 & the subsequent depression reflect the weaknesses of Jackson's economic policies? Why was Martin Van Buren unable to cope with political opposition as Jackson had? 6. Does Andrew Jackson belong in the pantheon of "great" American presidents? Why or why not?