Mind is the aspect of intellect and consciousness experienced as combinations of though, perception, memory, emotion, will, and imagination including all unconscious cognitive processes. Mind manifests itself subjectively as a stream of consciousness ( Wikipedia)
It is a metaphor for our cognitive and intellectual processes
It is a metaphor for public places that collect artifacts of human minds.
According to Hjerppe (1994) memory institutions include libraries, archives and museums (LAMs) and other cultural heritage institutions like monuments and places, botanical gardens, zoological gardens and all kinds of "collecting institutions."
Popperian Cosmology Public Memory Books, Works of Art, Computers, LAMs Personal Memory Individual Cognition
LAMs which are products of our human minds, and also house the products of minds.
The goals of LAMs is to collect and organize the artifacts of the human minds to shape individual memories and learning by facilitating constant and continuous interactions between minds of users and the representation of minds of authors and creators of public memories.
LAMs also connect the past, with the present and the future.
David Carr (2006) in his A place not a place: reflection and possibility in museums and libraries , originally published as “ Minds in Museums and Libraries: The Cognitive Management of Cultural Institutions” examines the shared cognitive dimensions of cultural institutions like museums, libraries, and parks, and suggests that they make similar situations for transmitting information .
When we enter museums and libraries, Carr contends, "we enter a place that is not a place, but a field of possibility. We are given an opportunity to explore and hypothesize, to imagine and to illuminate, and to trust ourselves as learners"
LAMs inspire us to cross the limits of routine thought, into experiences of reflection and possibility.
All of these dimensions are present at any point in time and our experiences are shaped by the dynamic interconnections among those dimensions.
Each experience of place is individual and unique, though it is influenced by the interaction with others. All four dimensions of place and their interplay is to be taken into account while designing LAMs
Museums especially, are excellent settings for the introduction of installations that have explcit interactive value
ICLAM 2011 Shalini Urs Visiting the War Memorial Washington DC
ICLAM 2011 Shalini Urs Museum of Modern Art, NYC
Shift from from evaluation to “Usability” and user experience. While the IR field evolved from the well known Cranfield Evaluation studies, today the focus is ( or should be) on usability and user experience
Move from Control and Top Down approach to mass collaboration and crowd sourcing strategies and participatory approach of the Web 2.0.
Flickr members can browse and tag photos from Library of Congress archives. The goal is to create what Flickr likes to call an “organic information system,” in other words, a searchable database of tags that makes it easier for researchers to find images.
The pilot project features a small sampling of the Library of Congress ’ some 14 million images.
Presently two collections. The first is called “American Memory: Color photographs from the Great Depression”
The second collection is the The George Grantham Bain Collection -1900-1920
ICLAM 2011 Shalini Urs Increase access to publicly-held photography collections, and To provide a way for the general public to contribute information and knowledge .
University of Michigan Website Second Life and Library
ICLAM 2011 Shalini Urs Growth of Social Media in India
Knowledgeable, web-empowered consumers will usher in "a new industrial system" characterized by "co-creating value through personalized experiences unique to the individual consumer."
Under the new regime, consumers will "seek to exercise their influence in every part of the business system," and companies will accommodate them by allowing them to design their own individualized products
They are NOT collections, they are information spaces for interaction and information experiences.
The places may be places created digitally to provide the experience of the space and interaction with artifacts of the human mind
Users co create content, participate in the tagging and adding their comments and create their own narratives and personalize their information experiences and enrich others experiences too.
Next Gen Information Services The distributed cognition of the cyberspace offers a distinctive opportunity to transform LAMs by blending the physical places and cyberspaces and moving Information services from delivery to interaction and turn places into spaces for informational experience – rich, immersive, and personal
PNM-PPM Library 3.0 Seminar June 29,2010 Shalini Urs Thank you