Digitisation of Woodcarving Artefacts
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Digitisation of Woodcarving Artefacts Digitisation of Woodcarving Artefacts Presentation Transcript

  • DOCUMENTATION & DIGITISATION OF WOODCARVING ARTEFACTS AS CULTURAL HERITAGE Zawiyah Baba Principal Research Fellow Institute of the Malay World & Civilisation (ATMA) National University of Malaysia IFLA-NIFT Conference 2011 International Conference on Convergence of Libraries, Archives & Museums, New Delhi, 15-17 Feb. 2011
  • NIK RASHIDDIN NIK HUSSEIN 1955 - 2002
    • Born and bred in Kelantan, Malaysia
    • Master carver & philosopher
    • Famed for his fine keris hilts
    • Collector of woodcarving artefacts
    • ‘ Textbooks’ for his craft & artistry
    • Set up Kandis Resource Centre
    • Advocated craftsmen must understand & appreciate their own history.
  • NIK RASHIDDIN’S COLLECTION
    • Woodcarving artefacts – 354 units
    • Keris - 300 units (est.)
    • Drawings - 254 units
    • Sketch books - 12 units
    • Newspaper cuttings - 60 units
    • Photographs & slides - 2000 units (est.)
    • Books,Printed Materials - 856 vol.
    • Manuscripts - 3 vol.
    • Varieties of wood cuts & planks- hundreds (est.)
  • ATMA PROJECT
    • Objectives
    • Encourage primary research on Malay wood carving through:-
    • Documentation & digitisation of artefacts, drawings & sketches in the collection;
    • Constructing a digital database from Nik Rashiddin’s collection
    • Provide easy access & reference to information on Malay woodcarving
  • CATEGORIES OF ARTEFACTS
    • Agricultural implements – kertuk, tenggala
    • Architectural implements - buah buton, sesiku
    • Fisherman’s boxes – Wooden food boxes
    • Fishing Implements – paddle, models of boats
    • Weaving implements – weaving contraption
    • Ceremonial objects – gong-stand, betel-leaf set
    • Religious Objects - Rehal (Quran stand)
    • Recreational objects – Bird cage, quail trap
  • CATEGORIES OF ARTEFACTS - (CONT.)
    • Carving tools – carving knives, hammer
    • Kitchen tools – coconut scraper
    • Wood panels – carved arches for doors
    • Weapons – keris, spear, short knife
    • Furniture – carved bed heads, cot
    • Musical Instruments - Rebab
  • Documentation – data fields
    • Inventory no
    • Type of artefact
    • Creator / craftsman
    • Year created
    • Place of origin
    • Ownership
    • Measurements
    • Features/characteristics
  • Documentation – data fields
    • Type of wood
    • Pattern
    • Motif
    • Technique
    • Other materials used
    • Finishing
    • Function
    • History
  • Documentation - data fields
    • Condition
    • Other special/unique features
    • Original price/value
    • Current price/Value
  • Database
      • Digital database originally developed using Filemaker Pro V.9
      • Stand-alone database
      • Migrated to central repository in malay civilization portal using oracle-ucm software
      • Now accessible at malaycivilization.ukm.my portal
  •  
  •  
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
    • I) AGRICULTURAL
    • - Large percentage of population in the East Coast of
    • Malaysia involved with farming such as padi planting,
    • cultivation of tobacco & other cash crops
    • - Animals such as buffaloes and cows are used in farming
    • as evidences by the existence of tenggala or wooden reins
    • in Nik Rashiddin’s collection.
    • - The carved kertuk for buffaloes and tenggala for cows
    • indicates that wood carving is very much a part of the life of
    • peasants and ordinary people and not just the aristrocacy.
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • ii) FISHING
    • - Fishing is the main occupation in the East Coast, and
    • is the chief means of livelihood. East Coast is littered
    • with fishing villages.Main supplier of the country’s fish and seafood and seafood products
    • - Traditional Malay carving feature prominently in fishing
    • boats. Nik Hassan (2010) identified 7 parts of the Malay
    • boat which are usually carved
    • - Fishermen’s wooden food boxes for fishing trips are
    • handmade and carved
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • iii) Weaving
    • - Weaving is another important traditional occupation & cottage industry in the East Coast especially among women
    • - East coast well-known for rich hand-woven fabrics, worn as ceremonial dress
    • - Haziyah (2010) describes similar motifs in East Coast woodcarving and textiles
    • - Wooden weaving implement are also carved
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • DOMESTIC ACTIVITY
    • i) Kitchen tools
    • - The carved coconut scrapers and wooden biscuit moulds are the most common functional kitchen tools in East Coast homes.
    • - Coconut milk is used in most Malay dishes and cakes while biscuits are favourite items served during festivals
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY
    • - Religion play an important role in the daily life of the Malays. Artefacts such as the carved rehal ( book rest) which are common household items used for quran reading, and mimbar ( pulpit) are indicative of this.
    • - Malay woodcarving motifs refrain from visual reproduction of animals & humans reflecting Islamic values and principles. Floral, nature and geometric motifs are common.
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • RECREATIONAL
    • - Some of the elaborately carved items in the artefacts collection are the carved bird cages and the quail traps, favourite past times of the Malays, particularly the wealthy and aristocracy.
    • - Quails and quails eggs are delicacies
    • - Singing birds such as ‘ merbok ’ are highly valued
  • ARTEFACTS AS SYMBOLS OF CULTURAL LIFE
    • WEAPONS
    • - Malay traditional weapons were an essential part of men’s attire, especially the ‘ keris ’
    • - ‘Keris’ symbolises power and are used as ceremonial items as well as for defence
    • - Weapons such as keris, spears, short knives are very prominent in Nik Rashiddin’s collection
    • - Some of the finest keris hilts were carved by Nik Rashiddin in his later years as master carver
  • CONCLUSION
    • Documentation & digitisation of woodcarving artefacts crucial for preservation of Malay cultural heritage
    • Construction of digital database provide easy access to data & images of
    • artefacts collection
    • Online access on Malay civilization portal will generate interest & facilitate research on Malay woodcarving
  • FURTHER RESEARCH
    • Explore works and personal collections of other master carvers
    • Undertake documentation & digitisation of available artefacts collections
    • Expand existing database on traditional Malay woodcarving
  • THANK YOU TERIMA KASIH SHUKRIYA ZAWIYAH BABA [email_address]