Many definitions – a report from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) in the UK of 2006 stated :
The Open Access research literature is composed of free, online copies of peer-reviewed journal articles and conference papers as well as technical reports, theses and working papers. In most cases there are no licensing restrictions on their use by readers. They can therefore be used freely for research, teaching and other purposes. (http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/publications/pub_openaccess_v2.aspx)
There are various misunderstandings about Open Access. It is not self-publishing, nor a way to bypass peer-review and publication, nor is it a kind of second-class, cut-price publishing route. It is simply a means to make research results freely available online to the whole research community.
“ Libraries will increasingly switch to OA sources, leading to libraries gaining a more prominent role in scholarly publishing with activity in both the preservation and distribution of scholarly research. Libraries will need to move from being passive to active players in the scholarly communication chain.”
Oppenheim, Charles, Electronic scholarly publishing and open access. Journal of Information Science , 2008, 34(4), p.577-590.
How does an IR differ from other digital collections?
Content is deposited in a repository – by content creator, owner etc.
Repository architecture manages the content and the metadata
Repository software offers a minimum set of basic services – put, get, search
Repository must be sustainable, trusted, well-supported and well-managed
Heery, R. and Anderson S. (2005) Digital Repositories Review . UKOLN and AHDS. Available at: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/uploaded_documents/digital-repositories-review-2005.pdf
Funders see improved access to, and wider dissemination of research
For example, in the UK the eight research councils have adopted policies mandating that results from their tax-payer funded research be ‘open’, available and accessible to all via IRs or similar subject repositories
Open DOAR – Directory of Open Access Repositories
The Open DOAR service provides a quality-assured listing of open access repositories around the world. Open DOAR staff harvest and assign metadata to allow categorisation and analysis to assist the wider use and exploitation of repositories. Each of the repositories has been visited by Open DOAR staff to ensure a high degree of quality and consistency in the information provided: Open DOAR is maintained by SHERPA consortium staff at the University of Nottingham, UK
UK’s Joint information Systems Committee (JISC) has provided much funding in this area.
2002-5 Focus on Access to Institutional Repositories - Theses Alive! Electronic Theses, ROMEO (Rights Metadata for Open Archiving) SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access)
2005-7 Digital Repositories Programme - 20 specific projects e.g.openDOAR, EThoS, Repository Bridge
2006-9 Repository and Preservation Programme - su pporting digital repositories and preservation, including cross-searching facilities across repositories; funding for institutions to develop a critical mass of content, preservation solutions and advice for the development of repositories” many separate projects (http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/reppres.aspx)
Consortium from SHERPA (Nottingham), ePrints Team (Southampton), Bath (UKOLN), Digital Curation Centre (Edinburgh) and Aberystwyth
Funded by JISC
Aim “ co-ordinate and deliver good practice and practical advice to English and Welsh higher education institutions to enable the implementation, management and development of digital institutional repositories. ”).