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ابن المقفّع - سيرته من دائرة المعارف الاسلامية Encyclopedia of Islam
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ابن المقفّع - سيرته من دائرة المعارف الاسلامية Encyclopedia of Islam

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ترجمة سيرة ابن المقفّع - كما جاءت في دائرة المعارف الاسلامية Encyclopedia of Islam

ترجمة سيرة ابن المقفّع - كما جاءت في دائرة المعارف الاسلامية Encyclopedia of Islam

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  • 1. 1IBN Al-MUKAFFA–Encyclopedia of Islam iceq@hotmail.co.uk ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬‫ﺗﺮﲨﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺣﺪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺗﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻻ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬‫ﻛﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺒﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻩ‬"‫ﺩﺍﺩﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﲰﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻑ‬"‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬"،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻀﺮﺍﺋﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻃﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺬﺏ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﳜﺘﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬"‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬"‫ﺍﺑﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﳊﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺴﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬.‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﲰﻪ‬"‫ﺭﻭ‬‫ﺯﺑﻴﻪ‬"‫ﻋﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ‬ ،‫ﺑ‬‫ﻪ‬.‫ﺍﳊﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﻮﻳﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻻﺓ‬"‫ﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛ‬"‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺐ‬‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬‫ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﲞﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ‬.‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﻰ‬‫ﺫﻭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﳎﺎﻟﺲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺗﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‬‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ،‫ﺑﺎﻟﺰﻧﺪﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻮﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻀﻌﻀﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻼﻕ‬‫ﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻴﻊ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺄﺳﺎﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬139‫ﻫـ‬756‫ﺧﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻣـ‬‫ﺍﳌﻬﻠﱯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﳕﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺪﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﺍﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻔﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻧﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺒﺪﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻢ‬36،‫ﻭﻭﺻﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﱴ‬.‫ﺃﻧﻮﺷﺮﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﱪﺍﻃﻮﺭ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺮﲨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬.‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻮﺽ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺔ‬.‫ﻧﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻧ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﳌﺘﺪﺍﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫؛‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﲤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺺ‬‫ﻧﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﲑﻩ‬.‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺗﺮﲨ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺧﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﺎﻝ‬ ،‫ﻭﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻠﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﱪﺯﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺳﺎﺳ‬ ‫ﻳﱪﺯ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺴﻜﺮﻳﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬(‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬ ،‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻤﺤﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻓﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺩﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻘﻞ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻼﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﲑﻭﱐ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻋﻢ‬)‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ﺑﺮﺯﻭﻳﻪ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬"‫ﻧﻮﻟﺪﻳﻜﻲ‬."
  • 2. 2‫اﻗﺮأ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮق‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬–‫ﺣﯿﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬::| All rights reserved to Eqraa committee – Haifa university|eqraa_haifa@yahoo.com||www.eqraa.com|‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪ‬ ،‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬P. Kraus‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺩﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺯﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ،‫ﺍﻧﻮﺷﺮﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺮﻯ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻚ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺧﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬.‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ex novo‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬"‫ﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻛﻤﺔ‬"‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺧﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﲰﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﺃﳘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﲤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺧﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ،‫ﻟﻺﲨﺎﻝ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳒﺎﺯ‬‫ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺗﻴﲏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺰﻧﻄﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻭﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﲤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ﺍﻻﺧ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﲡﺴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺮﻯ‬،‫ﺍﻻﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﱘ‬‫ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬.‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬:KEudaynama‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﲨﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺳﺎﻧﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬Ayinama‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﲡﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻠﺘﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺧﲑﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻼﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻘﻮﺱ‬TaUnama‫ﺷﺮﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬)‫ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺑﺮﻭﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬Parwiz(.‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﱂ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬،‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺜﺒﺖ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬‫ﻗﺎﻃﻊ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﳏﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ،.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ‬ ،‫ﻃﻮﳍﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﲣﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻻﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﳝﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬.،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﱪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺬﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺦ‬‫ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺓ‬‫ﺑﻌ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺅﻭﺍ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻮﺻﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻮﺍ‬‫ﻣﺆ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟﻔﺎﺗﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﻩ‬.،‫ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺰﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﻬﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﲟﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺳﻠﻮﰊ‬.
  • 3. 3‫اﻗﺮأ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮق‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬–‫ﺣﯿﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬::| All rights reserved to Eqraa committee – Haifa university|eqraa_haifa@yahoo.com||www.eqraa.com|‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ،‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ،‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺮﲨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﺻﻴﺎﻏﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬)‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬(‫ﻣﻼﳏﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ،‫ﺿﻴﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬"‫ﻭ‬ ،"‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‬‫ﺍﻹﻳ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﱃ‬ ،‫ﺍﳊﺎﺷﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻣﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ،‫ﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﹸﻀﻠﻰ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﲑ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺧﻼﻗﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬‫ﺗﻘﺘﺼﺮ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬‫ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻫﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‬‫ﳌﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺎﺳ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻌﺘﻪ‬‫ﲟﺠﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻐﺎﺋﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺮ‬)‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬.(‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺩﺏ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﳊﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ‬ ،‫ﳏﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬"‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺎﰿ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎ‬‫ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﳘﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﻭﻳﺰﻭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﲰﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻳﺸﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭﺇﺑﺪﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺣﺎﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺤﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬.‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﺷﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺟﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﻇﻔﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺳﺎﻧﻴﲔ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﻀﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬.‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﲢﺮﻳﻚ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﺀ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﺀ‬:‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬‫ﻭﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻀﻮﺀ‬.‫ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﻯ‬‫ﺗﺒﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺳﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ،‫ﻣﺼﻨﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺣﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻊ‬.‫ﺗﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺧﻀﺎﻉ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﳌﺴ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺿﺪ‬ ‫ﳏﺼﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﲡﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻛﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬‫ﺎﺱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬(Sourdel)‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬(‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻻﺧﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺠﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻢ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﺆﺳﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺨﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﻜﻮ‬‫ﺍﺣﺘﻮﺍﺋﻬ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﳝ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣﺴﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﻟﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬ ،‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﳝﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺑﺪﺍﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﻫﺎﺷﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺜﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ،‫ﳛﲕ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬.‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪ‬‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻠﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺘﺪﻝ‬)‫ﻓﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬(‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﲏ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﰊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﲑ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﺘﺒﻪ‬"‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬"-‫ﺯﻳﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬-‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺾ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻠﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬M.Guidi‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﲝﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻪ‬.‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻨﺎ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺎﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻢ‬
  • 4. 4‫اﻗﺮأ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻮق‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬–‫ﺣﯿﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬::| All rights reserved to Eqraa committee – Haifa university|eqraa_haifa@yahoo.com||www.eqraa.com|‫ﻟﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﳎﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬‫ﻠ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺪ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻞ‬‫ﻫﺠﻮﻡ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﻢ‬(Manichaeism)‫ﻋﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﳍﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻤﺎﺀﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬)‫ﻧﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬(‫ﻭﺃﺳﺎﻃﲑ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻮﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻔﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺿﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻏﲑﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻹﳛﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﻭﺩﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﱪﺯﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬.‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬،‫ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬‫ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﳝﻜﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﻄﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺰﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺩﺭﺟ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﱏ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﻩ‬‫ﺟﻬﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬"‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﻮﺳﺘﻴ‬) "Gnostic(‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﹸﻐﺰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻳﻬﺪﻑ‬ ،‫ﻗﻮﻳﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺷﻜﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﻳﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻤﻮﺽ‬ ‫ﻇﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﻘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﻭﺣﱴ‬ ،‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎﺗﻪ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻮﻛﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮﺿﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻔﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻢ‬‫ﻓﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺻﻠﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﻏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻌﺠﺒ‬ ‫ﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻼ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﺩﻓﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﺭﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺪﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻌﻞ‬.‫ﻣﺒﺸﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺿﻮﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﲡﻌﻞ‬ ،‫ﻭﺗﻌﻈﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻌﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﲰﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﻢ‬ ،‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻌﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ‬.‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳍﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﳛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ،‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺳﻮﻳ‬.‫ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫ﺍﳊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﶈﺘﻞ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﻖ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬‫ﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻮﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺑﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﱃ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻔﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬.‫ﺭﺍﺋﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻣﻀﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺒﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺎﳘﺖ‬ ،‫ﻣﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻭﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺟﻴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﳎﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻄﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﻮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻋﺸ‬‫ﻭﺗﺮﺑﻌﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.