1. ASPAEN ROSARIO SCHOOL LANGUAGE FUNCTION THE PASSIVE EIGHT GRADE A-BCompetence: Analyze verbal patterns to do relation and discuss aspects of their context.Perform # 1: Recognize the goal of oral texts from their contexts. The passive The world keeps informed with Reader’s Digest Reader’s Digest was founded in 1922. Today it is read by people in every country in the world. Shouldn’t you be one of them? Subscribe today.  Check the information you can get from the add a) The name of the founder. b) The number of the years the magazine has existed. c) The price of the magazine. The passive verb is a form of be + past participle, e.g. is baked, was worn, will be used.The passive is divided according to the conjugation of be Part 1 – Present tense Tense Sentence Passive sentenceSimple present ( is-are + PP) Once a week, Tom cleans the Once a week, the house is house. cleaned by Tom.Present continuous (is-are + Right now, Sarah is writing the Right now, the letter is beingbeing + PP) letter. written by Sarah.Exercise # 1  Write the passive in simple present (SP) or present continuous (PP)
2. the documents / print - SPthe window / open - PPthe shoes / buy – SP NEGthe car / wash – PP NEGthe litter / throw away – SP Quest.the letter / send – PP Quest.Exercise # 2  Change the following sentences to passive. Pay attention to the original tense modeWe set the tableThey dont help you.Does the police officer catch the thief?She is paying a lot of moneyYou are not writing the letter.Is your mum picking you up? Part 2 – Past tense Tense Sentence Passive sentenceSimple past( was-were + PP) Sam repaired the car. The car was repaired by Sam.Past continuous (was-were + The salesman was helping the The customer was beingbeing + PP) customer when the thief came helped by the salesman when into the store. the thief came into the store.Exercise # 3  Write the passive in simple past (SP) or past continuous (PP)the test / write - SPthe table / set - PPthe cat / feed – SP NEGthe lights / switch on – PP NEGthe house / build – SP Quest.dinner / serve – PP Quest.Exercise # 4  Change the following sentences to passive. Pay attention to the original tense modeSomebody hit me. -We didn’t stop the bus. -A thief was stealing my car. -They didnt let him go. -She wasn’t winning the prize. -Did they make their beds Part 3 – Future tense Tense Sentence Passive sentenceSimple future ( will be + PP) Someone will finish the work The work will be finished by by 5:00 PM. 5:00 PMGoing to (is –are going to + Sally is going to make a A beautiful dinner is going tobe + PP) beautiful dinner tonight. be made by Sally tonight.
3. Exercise # 5  Write the passive in simple future (SF) or going to (GT)the exhibition / visit - SFthe windows / clean – GTthe message / read – SF NEGthe thief / arrest – GT NEGthe photo / take – SF Quest.these songs / sing – GT Quest.Exercise # 6  Change the following sentences to passive. Pay attention to the original tense modeMillions of people will visit the museumOur boss is going to sign the contractThey will not show the new filmThey are not going to see Sue.Will the company employ a new worker?Is the plumber going to repair the shower? Part 4 – Perfect tense Tense Sentence Passive sentencePresent perfect ( have-has Many tourists have visited that That castle has been visited by+ been + PP) castle. many tourists.Past perfect ( had + been + George had repaired many cars Many cars had beenPP) before he received his mechanics repaired by George before he license. received his mechanics license.Exercise # 7  Write the passive in present perfect (PPF) past perfect (PAP)the pencils / count – PPFthe door / close - PAPthe money / spend – PPF NEGthe mail / write – PAP NEGthe trees / plant – PPF QUESTthe postcard / send – PAP QUESTExercise # 8  Change the following sentences to passive. Pay attention to the original tense modeI have eaten a hamburgerThey had started a fightThey have not caught the thievesShe had not noticed me.Has she phoned him?Had he recorded that song? Reading
4. Oetzi the IcemanOetzi the Iceman is the modern nickname of a well-preserved natural mummy of a man fromabout 3300 BC. The mummy was found in 1991 in a glacier of the Otztal Alps, near theborder between Austria and Italy. Oetzi was named after the valley ofhis discovery. He rivals the Egyptian "Ginger" as the oldest knownhuman mummy, and he has offered a unique view of the habits ofCopper Age Europeans.Oetzi was found by two German tourists on September 19, 1991. Thebody was at first thought to be a modern corpse, like several otherswhich had recently been found in the area. It was roughly recovered bythe Austrian authorities and taken to Innsbruck, where its true age was finally discovered. It isnow being displayed at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bozen-Bolzano, Italy.The body has been extensively examined, measured, x-rayed, and dated. Tissues andstomach contents were examined microscopically. Scientists believe that at the time of hisdeath, Oetzi was a 30-to-45-year old man, approximately 160 cm (53") tall. Analysis of pollenand dust grains on his clothing, and analysis of Oetzi’s teeth enamel show that his childhoodwas spent near the present village of Feldthurns, north of Bolzano. He later went to live invalleys about 50 km further north.The Iceman had 57 tattoos. Some were located on or near acupuncture points that are usedtoday to treat symptoms of digestive problems and osteoarthritis. Interestingly, scientists havefound that Oetzi suffered from digestive problems and osteoarthritis. Some scientists believethat these tattoos indicate an early type of acupuncture. Oetzi’s clothes include a cloak, vest,and shoes. They were quite sophisticated. The cloak was woven from grass, and the vestwas made of leather.The shoes were waterproof and wide. They seemed to be designed for walking across thesnow; they were constructed of bearskin, deer hide, and tree bark. Soft grass was wrappedaround the foot and also placed in the shoe. The grass functioned like warm socks. Recently,the shoes were reproduced by experts. They are of such excellent quality, that there areplans for them to be made commercially.Other items found with the Iceman include a copperaxe, flint knife, and a bow and quiver of arrows.Additionally, Oetzi carried two species of mushrooms. One of these mushrooms is known tohave antibacterial properties, and was likely used for medical purposes. Researchers believeOetzi may have been involved in a fight. Injuries from the fight may have killed him. A DNAanalysis revealed traces of blood from four other people on his gear: one from his knife, twofrom the same arrowhead, and a fourth from his coat. A CAT scan revealed that an arrowhead was stuck in Oetzi’s shoulder when he died. Thearrow shaft had been removed, but the arrowhead had been left inside his body. He also hadbruises and cuts on his hands, wrists, and chest. From such evidence, and an examination ofhis weapons, molecular biologist Thomas Loy from the University of Queensland believes thatOetzi and his companions were hunters who fought with a rival group. At some point, he may
5. have carried (or been carried by) a companion. He may have been weakened by blood loss.As a result, Oetzi apparently put down his equipment neatly against a rock, lay down, anddied.His body was covered by thousands of years of ice and snow until his recent discovery.Pieces of his clothing, his hair, his skin, and his personal possessions were well-preservedbecause of the cold temperatures. Activities 1. Look for all the passive form but pay attention not all the BE are passive! 2. Answer the following statement: Why is passive used in this article? What does it express? 3. Complete the sentences a) Oetzi was found…. b) It is now being displayed …. c) The Iceman had …. d) Soft grass was wrapped…. e) but the arrowhead …. f) Thomas Loy from….Referenceshttp://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/activepassive.htmlhttp://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passivehttp://azargrammar.com/materials/feg/FEG_Expansion.html Homework # 1
6. Competence: Analyze verbal patterns to do relation and discuss aspects of their context.Perform # 1: Recognize the goal of oral texts from their contexts. 1. Complete from students book:  Exercise 4 page 48  Read the article “120.000 killed by tsunami” and take out sentences that use passive tense.  Exercise 8 page 49 2. Go to this web page http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/uk-culture/language and complete the three activities (all of them in the notebook). 3. Do exercise 10 multipart verbs “turn...”