LS Labor Migration Report

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Report on Labor Migration for LS10 class

Report on Labor Migration for LS10 class

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  • YEARAMOUNT (in US$) 2000 6,050,450,000 2001 6,031,271,000 2002 6,886,156,000 2003 7,578,458,000 2004 8,550,371,000 2005 10,689,005,000 2006 12,761,308,000 Jan-Oct 2006 10,297,833,000 Jan-Oct 2007 11,865,982,000
  • Who takes care?
  • The origin country should be the core foundation of the protection of labor migrants. Strengthened migration policies and PROactive and responsible utilization of resources at the origin country can enhance the protection of labor migrants.
  • PLAY VIDEO
  • So instead of PROactive, wehave Reactive.
  • VIDEO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Transcript

  • 1. LABORMIGRATION Jezelle Cheng KerceeLazatin MicaelaMolaer Lee Panopio Dan Nico Santiago Iris Templo ArvyUy Joanna Young
  • 2. INTRODUCTION 2
  • 3. Introduction Migration • In general refers to the long distance movement of living organisms from one location to another • Bird migrationis the regular seasonal journey undertaken by many species of birds. Bird movements include those made in response to changes in food availability, habitat or weather. • Historical migration of human populations begins with the movement of Homo erectus out of Africa across Eurasia about a million years ago. • What we tackle in this report is one of the most pressing matters as of today --- LABOR MIGRATION 3
  • 4. Introduction Labor Migration in the Philippine Context • Approximately 8.7 million OFWs in about 190 countries • Long history of sending workers abroad paved way for the development of a highly organized process and sets of institutions to oversee migration • Remittances contribute to around $12 to 15 Billion in annual revenue • Under Philippine system, protection of OFW is prioritized as a key pillar of foreign policy.
  • 5. Introduction • To this end, the government works to optimize the number of Filipino workers channeled through the system while ensuring adequate rights safeguards. • The system operates under the assumption that the best way to protect workers’ rights is to ensure skills development and appropriate job placement. • Top performing licensed Filipino employment agencies work to achieve this objective by building good relationships with destination country employers. For its part, the Philippines government exercises oversight over these relationships to help maximize benefits for workers and agencies alike.
  • 6. FACTS AND FIGURES: THE STATISTICS 6
  • 7. “The irony is that, although longing for home,
Filipinos now belong to the world.” Epifanio San Juan, Jr., 1998 7
  • 8. Facts & Figures Source: National Statistics Office, Survey on Overseas Filipino Workers, various years. 8
  • 9. Facts & Figures 9
  • 10. Facts & Figures More Females than Male 10
  • 11. Facts & Figures 2007 2008 Total 1,747,000 2,002,000 Male 890,000 1,034,000 Female 857,000 968,000 Source: National Statistics Office, 2007 and 2008 Survey on Overseas Filipinos 11
  • 12. Facts & Figures 12
  • 13. Facts & Figures 13
  • 14. Facts & Figures 14
  • 15. Facts & Figures Top 5 Destinations OFWs Immigrants (1) Saudi Arabia (1) USA (2) United Arab (2) Canada Emirates (3) Australia (3) Taiwan (4) Japan (4) Qatar (5) United Kingdom (5) Kuwait 15
  • 16. Facts & Figures Factoids • The Philippines ranks as the third largest remittance recipient only after India and Mexico 16
  • 17. Facts & Figures • 10:1 Ratio of Filipinos overseas vs. Philippine population • 2,700 Number of daily departing Filipinos for overseas work • 197 countries (and counting): host Filipino workers 17
  • 18. Facts & Figures • 29-39 years old: age group of migrating Filipinos • 40%: have reached college level • 1 in every 3 OFWs is a laborer/ unskilled worker • Placement fees can skyrocket to upward of Php100,000 18
  • 19. Facts & Figures • Filipinos are as the second-largest Asian American group in the country • Tagalog is the fifth most spoken language in the U.S. 19
  • 20. Facts & Figures • Since early 2006, OFW remittances have been averaging over $1 billion every month. • There are about 8.7 to 11 million overseas Filipinos worldwide, equivalent to about 11% of the total population of the Philippines 20
  • 21. Factors that lead Filipinos to migrate overseas CAUSES OF LABOR MIGRATION 21
  • 22. Causes PUSH AND PULL FACTORS PUSH FACTORS PULL FACTORS • Not enough jobs • Job opportunities • Few opportunities • Better living conditions • "Primitive" conditions • Political and/or religious • Loss of wealth freedom • Natural Disasters • Enjoyment • Death threats • Education • Slavery • Security • Pollution • Family links • Discrimination 22
  • 23. Causes STATE OF ECONOMY With over 80M population scale, Philippines cannot provide each one of them appropriate jobs. “Encouraging emigration was one way the government could alleviate rising unemployment and bring in scarce foreign exchange." 23
  • 24. Causes ATTRACTION OF HIGH PAYING JOBS Nurses: The median hourly rate for a nurse in the US is $21.32/hour translating to a monthly income of $3,752.32/month while a nurse with the same qualifications in the Philippines would already be lucky to receive10% of that amount in a top private hospital. 24
  • 25. Causes BETTER LIVING (in terms of LIFESTYLE) Most Filipino families hope for a better-living. On a usual basis, the father works overseas, once a certain amount of income has been invested, he encourages his family to apply for a green card (if in America, which is the usual scenario). 25
  • 26. Causes INVESTMENTS FOR CHILDREN Majority of the household income goes to education for their children. It can be noted that some children lives alone or only with guardian so that both parents can work abroad and earn more income. 26
  • 27. THE EFFECTS 27
  • 28. Effects Positive Negative 1. separation from family 2. violation of human rights 1. Better opportunities Individual 
2. Higher income a) Abused migrant workers b) Scams and illegal human trafficking 1. Higher remittances 1. Misuse of talent Country 2. Economic growth 28
  • 29. BENEFITS AND RISKS 29
  • 30. Benefits and Risks Benefits Minimization of workforces by regional rotation 30
  • 31. Benefits and Risks Benefits Sharing and transferring skills photo: WN / Rubielyn Bunag 31
  • 32. Benefits and Risks Benefits Strengthen economic integration in the region 32
  • 33. Benefits and Risks Risks Region-wide exploitation of workers 33
  • 34. Benefits and Risks Risks Brain Drain to other regions or within region 34
  • 35. Benefits and Risks Risks Security and Public Health Concerns 35
  • 36. KEY ISSUES 36
  • 37. Key Issues • social welfare • working conditions • gender equity • neglect from local authorities and other challenges of not being recognized as citizens 37
  • 38. Key Issues • anxieties about destabilizing impacts of migration on families • apprehensions about materialism • feminization of migration • brain drain 38
  • 39. THE ROLE OF BUSINESS 39
  • 40. Role of Business Corporate Social Responsibility “Free enterprise cannot be justified as being good for business; it can be justified only as being good for society.” - Peter Drucker 40
  • 41. Role of Business Order of Business Origin Country Labor Migrants Destination Business Countries Industry 41
  • 42. Role of Business Business Industry 42
  • 43. Role of Business Origin Country 43
  • 44. Role of Business International Labor Migration Process (ILM) Initial Awareness and Recruitment Preparation Process Work Deployment 44
  • 45. Role of Business Local Organizations • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) • Overseas Worker Welfare Administration (OWWA) • Department of Foreign Affairs, Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant Workers’ Affairs • Embassy Labor Offices (POLOs) 45
  • 46. Role of Business Destination Country 46
  • 47. Role of Business The Global SolutionReaction 48
  • 48. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 49
  • 49. Conclusion & Recommendations • better pension plans • offer "growth” • better house and car plans • mutual funds 50
  • 50. Thank you for listening!
  • 51. Sources • http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=270 • www.cfo.gov.ph/pdf/.../DAA%20speech%20at%20Dalhousie%20U.pdf (Philippine International Migration: Causes and Consequences by Secretary Dante A. Ang, Chairman, Commission on Filipinos Overseas; a guest lecture at the Dalhousie University, Canada, 16 April 2008) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_migration#Push_and_Pull_Factors • dirp3.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0933.pdf (Philippine International Labor Migration in the Past 30 Years: Trends and Prospects by Aniceto Orbeta Jr. and Michael Abrigo) • http://www.adbi.org/files/2005.06.15.cpp.labor.health.asia.pdf • http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/migration2.pdf • http://bonoboathome.blogspot.com/2003/09/on-advantages-of-international-labour.html • http://focal.ca/pdf/labour_migration.pdf • http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTDECPROSPECTS/GEPEXT/EXTRGEP2004/0,,menuPK:544313~pagePK:6 4167702~piPK:64167676~theSitePK:544296,00.html • http://www.tribune.net.ph/metro/20090227met1.html • http://globalnation.inquirer.net/news/breakingnews/view/20090316-194467/RP-Lebanon-pact-on-maids-deployment-proposed • http://www.journal.com.ph/index.php?issue=2009-01-25&sec=1&aid=83677 • http://opinion.inquirer.net/inquireropinion/columns/view/20081021-167511/Talking-of-migration • http://www.philsol.nl/solcon/Anny-Misa.htm • http://www.pinoypress.net/2008/11/10/labor-migration-in-the-philippines-a-dangerous-doctrine/ • http://www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=364 53
  • 52. Sources • http://www.aclu.org/womens-rights/trapped-home-global-trafficking-and-exploitation-migrant-domestic-workers • http://sciencestage.com/g/1260687/brain-drain.html • http://www.elook.org/dictionary/migration.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_migration • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_migration • http://www.poea.gov.ph/stats/faststats.html • http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/sr07251tx.pdf • http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/datasof.html • http://images.gmanews.tv/html/research/2007/12/ofw_remitances.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Filipino • http://www.jobsdb.com.ph/PH/EN/V6HTML/Home/inside-pages/april05/work_abroad/Work_Abroad.htm • Peter Drucker: The Essential Drucker. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sU_RhISsSXI • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vj_09tJHpQI • http://journaloffilipinostudies.csueastbay.edu/html/llorente.html • http://moderndayslavesmovie.com/index.htm 54