Ict in publishing ca
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Ict in publishing ca

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    Ict in publishing ca Ict in publishing ca Presentation Transcript

    • What does DTP stand for? Name a DTP software
    • Features of DTP software:
      • Create a master document
      • Create styles
      • Insert images/headers/footers/tables/footnotes
      • Control Orphans/Widows & Hyphenation
      • Track changes if being checked by a number of users
      • Spell & grammar check
      • View the whole document
      • For online publications: create hyperlinks
      • All of these features can help a business to
      • establish a HOUSESYTLE
      • AND help to increase the ACCURACY of their
      • document
    • Vocabulary
      • Widow – a single line of text which appears at the top of the next page
      • Orphan – The first line of a paragraph that appears at the bottom of the page
      This is an orphan … this is a widow
    • This week’s tasks:
      • A. Set up a DTP document called ICT & publishing
      • Create a Master page layout
      • Create a Heading & Body style
      • B. Take notes about ICT & Publishing for your document
      • C. Then create your document and include the following skills:
      • Insert hyperlinks
      • Insert Header + footer
      • Format Orphans/Widows
      • Insert an image + table
      • Perform a spell + grammar check
      • Print out your document for your file
    • Use of ICT in Publishing
      • By the end of this presentation you should be able
      • to answer the following questions:
      • Describe how ICT has influenced publishing
      • Explain the terms typesetting and plate making
    • TASK: Production of a newspaper
      • While you watch the following video
      • Write the key steps that take place to publish a newspaper, from beginning to end
      • Watch this video clip:
      • Y:ICTA Level Applied ICT- Unit 2 - Organisations use of ICT2e. PublishingCreating the Newspaper
    • First stage: Newspaper production
      • Correspondents write story in word
      • Correspondents send stories to editorial office by email
      • Photographs will have been taken with a digital camera
      • Editorial staff: collect and edit stories
      • Page layout is created
      • Edited further and proofread
    • Typesetting
      • This is the setting of the layout of the typed page
      • Features of typesetting:
      • Easy to read
      • Correct font and font size
      • Kerning
      • Leading
      • Length of each line
      • Size of heading, sub heading and body text
    • Vocabulary
      • Typesetting: layout of the typed page
      • Kerning: space between individual letters
      • Leading: space between lines of the page
    • Impact of ICT
      • Typesetting without ICT:
      • Originally done manually. Typesetters used individual letter blocks which were inked and pressed onto the paper for printing
      • Typesetting with ICT: use DTP applications. Graphic designers are highly skilled at creating layouts
    •  
    • Second stage: Newspaper production
      • Editor: accepts layout of page
      • Send newspaper to printing plant by:
      • The pages are printed and the image of the page is burned onto a light-sensitive film. This film is put in a large fax machine and the image is transferred to the printing plant
      • The pages are sent in a digital or fax form via satellite and then transmitted to many printing plants at the same time
      • Smaller publishers: burn to a CD or send using a WAN
    •  
    • Third stage: Newspaper production
      • Computerised plate making:
      • Images from the negatives are transferred to printing plates (like photos are developed)
      • Ultraviolet light passes through the film negatives to expose the printing plate
      • When the plates are exposed to light, a chemical reaction takes place that allows the light-sensitive coating on the aluminum to develop the image
    • Computerised plate making
    •  
    • Watch video about how to print a magazine
      • http://videos.howstuffworks.com/howstuffworks/52-how-magazine-printing-works-video.htm
    • Fourth stage: Newspaper production
      • Printing:
      • The aluminum plate is fixed to the printing press
      • The printing press has 3 rollers/cylinders
      • The plate is flexible so it is bent to fit around the plate roller
      • The large sheets are cut into bundles and these are put on the delivery trucks
      Watch this in motion
    • Printing: Web Offset lithography
      • This the most common form of printing newspapers
      • Offset: plate does not touch the paper for printing, instead, the roller with the plate has ink put on it and this then rotates against the black cylinder, which is rubberised and so this roller forms an image from the plate roller
      • So it is the blanket roller that presses against the paper
      • The third cylinder: presses the paper against the blanket cylinder
    • Offset lithography
    • ICT & Publishing
      • These and similar methods are used to produce: magazines, newspapers, CD/DVD covers, books etc
    • Questions:
      • Explain the terms typesetting and plate making
      • Create a visual timeline to show how a magazine is produced
      • Describe how ICT has influenced publishing in terms of employment
    • Vocabulary list
      • Write keywords in your vocabulary list