African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL

on

  • 261 views

This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education and learning is probably that single thing that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long ...

This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education and learning is probably that single thing that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long term perspective.
Higher education is increasing more rapid than ever, and Africa is a hot spot for future HE. Africa is lagging compared with richer parts of the world, but is catching up faster than many would have believed. However, better integration between education and economic value chains has to be more in focus.
For the post 2015 education agenda Quality Open Education Resources and ODL can make dreams come through. In fact, without OER and ODL, dreams about quality education for all might end up as wishful thinking.
Not all that shines is gold, and the MOOC hype has been replaced by a good portion scepticism in particular regarding target groups, lack of student success and learning outcomes. However, the driving forces for open knowledge are so strong that we again and again will se waves of innovations riding on online learning and mobile broadband, where Africa will through time will catch up and close the digital gap.
Teachers and teachers trainers is the key to educational success for Africa, and competencies and capability to provide quality ODL will be in the core. "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together”, an old African proverb says. And ICDE is prepared to go far together with ACDE.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
261
Views on SlideShare
260
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
1
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideee.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL Presentation Transcript

  • The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL 4th ACDE Conference and General Assembly Victoria Falls, 7 June 2014 Gard Titlestad Secretary General International Council For Open and Distance Education, ICDE
  • Overview: What is this presentation about? • This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education and learning is probably that single thing that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long term perspective. • Higher education is increasing more rapid than ever, and Africa is a hot spot for future HE. Africa is lagging compared with richer parts of the world, but is catching up faster than many would have believed. However, better integration between education and economic value chains has to be more in focus. • For the post 2015 education agenda Quality Open Education Resources and ODL can make dreams come through. In fact, without OER and ODL, dreams about quality education for all might end up as wishful thinking. • Not all that shines is gold, and the MOOC hype has been replaced by a good portion scepticism in particular regarding target groups, lack of student success and learning outcomes. However, the driving forces for open knowledge are so strong that we again and again will se waves of innovations riding on online learning and mobile broadband, where Africa will through time will catch up and close the digital gap. • Teachers and teachers trainers is the key to educational success for Africa, and competencies and capability to provide quality ODL will be in the core. "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together”, an old African proverb says. And ICDE is prepared to go far together with ACDE.
  • • The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online education • An NGO official partner of UNESCO, and shares that agency’s key aim – the attainment of quality education for all • ICDE believes that in pursuing education as a universal right, the needs of the learner must be central. • Members in all regions of the world 25 Years Support From Norway
  • ICDE’s member-driven agenda
  • ICDE OER Chair – global south The network of ICDE Chairs in OER currently consists of five distinguished and internationally recognized academics in the field of OER: • Rory McGreal from Athabasca University, Canada • Wayne Mackintosh from Otago Polytechnic, New Zealand • Fred Mulder, Former Rector Open Universiteit, The Netherlands • Martin Weller, The Open University, UK • Maria Soledad Ramirez Montoya, Tecnólogico de Monterrey, México. ICDE Chairs in Open Educational Resources - call for proposals from the Global South • ICDE is considering the extension of the network of ICDE Chairs in Open Educational Resources (OER). • The network, where possible, works in collaboration with UNESCO and existing UNESCO Chairs in OER.
  • ICDE upcoming events
  • The picture
  • 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 Being Employed High wages Good to excellent health Participation in volunteer activities High levels of political efficacy High levels of trust 2 Skills transform lives and drive economies Odds ratio Increased likelihood of positive outcomes for adults with higher literacy skills (scoring at PIAAC Level 4/5 compared with those scoring at Level 1 or below) Andreas Schleicher, OECD, Wellington, 28 March Education: Power to transform
  • THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Selected key findings and rec. • Findings • The public and individuals benefit from higher education, HE, in financial and non financial ways. – HE generates positive returns to the public in general, as well as to the people who obtain degrees. • HE without a degree does not boost earnings. – Although there are some benefits to HEparticipation, even if no degree is earned, drop-outs do not usually enjoy the same financial returns that degree holders can expect.
  • THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Selected key findings and rec. • Recommendations • Higher education institutions should help students succeed and graduate. – Higher education institutions should ensure that students are informed of the financial and non-financial risks of dropping out of higher education. Effective student support services can help students succeed and graduate. • Student aid is important to ensure cost sharing does not limit access.
  • The BIG picture • The growth in higher education is massive
  • 20442030 320 400 2007 - 2030 Mill. students EU/OECD projections the need for HE by 2030: 400 mill.
  • The BIG picture • The changes in higher education is dramatic Job OK Job ?
  • The BIG picture
  • http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Africa is doing better than average
  • http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Many countries have remarkeble progress on education, on health
  • http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Better integration of education and vaulue chains needed
  • The BIG Picture • Online and distance education is steadily increasing all over the world India Sweden Russia South America The US Africa Australia China
  • The BIG picture • MOOC took the world (?) with storm, peaked, and opened up for massive innovation in education
  • Coursera ”Learning Hubs” MOOCs trends Numbers per June 2014
  • Who take MOOC ? 2013 (ECAR) First generation MOOCs are primarily targeting those that already have – and not the have not's.
  • Are MOOCs Really Open? MOOC or MOC? No, all rights reserved. No, non-OER license. No, all rights reserved. Note: some institutions using CC anyway. Yes, CC BY or CC BY-SA Partial, CC BY-NC on some Most MOOCs are open only in the sense of free enrollment. Paul Stacey, Associate Director of Global Learning, Creative Commons, Oktober 2013 MOOC or MOC
  • Karl Aberer Pierre Dillenbourg http://moocs.epfl.ch/eu-mooc-summit
  • Mind to MOOCs Overview, reflections and brainstorming in whitening water Think tank 20 October 2013, Open Universitty of China, Beijing, China To be reported to the ICDE Standing Conference of Presidents meeting and Policy Forum
  • Excerpts from ICDE Mind to MOOCs report A few of the issues and recommendations Equity. • Consider this initiative as an opportunity to rethink our role as universities and take up MOOCs. . • Integrate open MOOCs in our respective institutions • National, regional and transnational cooperation is a great opportunity in developing MOOC and MOOC-alike concepts. Diversity. • Undertake contextualized strategies when implementing MOOCs • Be aware of cultural and language aspects → anglo-centric core, colonialism • OER and OCW as the basis for MOOC will ease contextual, cultural and language adaptation Innovation and Quality. • Improve and innovate on pedagogical aspects: methodologies, content formats, assessment. • Provide learning analytics as a tool for improving the courses. Connect the learning process and research for new knowledge and improvements. • Promote research about MOOCs. • Keep moving towards quality. Beyond quantity of MOOCs and users, the focus on quality is essential for sustainability.
  • The BIG picture • Online, Distance (ODL) and on Campus Learning are converging => Blended BlendedODL Campus • And as a result – an even more diverse higher education landscape……
  • The BIG picture • Three streams work in parallel: – Online becomes mature – and Internet/mobile: freedom from distance, mobile broadband: freedom from location – New methodologies, content and pedagogy – new opportunities for student supportive teaching – New knowledge about the brain and learning, new knowledge in neurosciences
  • The BIG picture • We are in the beginning (of the beginning) – example: mobile technology
  • We are in the beginning of the beginning State of Broadband Report 2013 www.broadbandcommission.org
  • Libya and broadband - use your strengths The digital divide is holding Africa back, but by using available capacity, like for example mobile broadband, for selected target groups, for example teachers – Quality Online Learning can take place despite digital divide.
  • Image: O3b Networks Google's Project Loon uses big networked air balloons to fill internet black holes Google to launch 180 satellites in $1bn plan to cover the unwired Several initiatives for covering the unwired underway
  • African Undersea Cables Picture updated May 2014 http://manypossibilities.net/african-undersea-cables/ We are in the beginning of the beginning
  • The Governments move….. BIG
  • IOMS(ITOperations Managementsystem) ISMS(Informationsecurity managementsystem) …… Software & Education resource Services ( Open, shared, quality and massive education resources and e-learning software ( Platform Services ( Portal, CAS, Teaching, Managing, Support service, Research, etc.( Infrastructure Services ( IDC, Computing and storage pools, high-speed network ( … … … … Mobile Internet Satellite Network VPN Internet Networks Terminals Cloud OUC Pad Cloud Desktop Cloud TV Cloud Phone Cloud Classroom “Cloud-based” technology support model Ref. Yang Zhijian, president Open University of China, ICDE world Conference, Tianjin, China October 2013
  • The Governments move….. Small
  • http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/kd/dep/styrer-rad-og-utvalg/utvalg-om-hoyere- utdanningstilbud-pa-net.html?id=732679 • The Norwegian MOOC Commission was appointed by Royal Decree on 21 June 2013. • Final report, green paper, expected in June 2014. • A white paper on structures and financial regulations foreseen in 2015.
  • The BIGtrends
  • The Open University Catalunia Innovate from within, put faculty in the lead 2014 2011 The Innovative University: What College Presidents Think About Change in American Higher Education, Chronicle
  • Open knowledge Societal needs Technology Students needs and expectations OERCost Trends, within the framwork of globalisation and internationalisation HE needs – 1 U a week Demographics Globalisation Enabling economic growth Access Open Access eInfrrastructures eScience Automation Robots Sensors 2020 – 80% connected Internet of things Open Research Open Data Open Innovation US quadruppling Southern Europe…. Developing economies ICT Habitus Flexibility Employability Lifelong
  • The BERTAproject Bringing Educational Resources For Teachers in Africa ACDE and ICDE: - a joint collaborative agenda
  • New teachers needed in classroom (??) by 2015
  • And the need For new teachers by 2030……….
  • An idea consulted among stakeholders: • To develop a high quality Open Educational Resource, OER, as open online courseware for training teachers/ faculty in open , distance and online learning. • Target group for the project result: Teacher trainers. • The first regional area of priority should be Africa. • A regional focus on Asia will be considered when the project has delivered.
  • The Consortium • Fundació per a la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (FUOC) – Spain • South African Institute for Distance Education, SAIDE, South Africa
  • Idea Consult Call Consortium 1/2012 2/12 1/13 2/13 1/14 Project Deliver Implement 2/14 1/15 2/15 Effect Expand Cooperation Awareness Anchoring Improvement Fundraising Phase 1
  • Taking BERTA to phase 2 • The BERTA project is a symbolic action to demonstrate the opportunities and potential of Open Educational Resources and distance education as a concept for improving the quality of education delivery in Africa. • A joint agenda for ACDE and ICDE is to see how the BERTA initiative can be successfully taken to the next phase and further developed for implementation at African universities. • Collaboration on open content, teachers education, methodology and technolgy can contribute to the African Education Area.
  • The BIGGERopportunities
  • OER and Open and Distance Learning can increase the impact of investments in knowledge OER & ODL Open Access – open science Research based OER Research based teaching Innovation in education – open innovation Innovate the learning system – flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation High quality education Research based education Resource based education Open education
  • Quality OER and ODL can make dreams come through - Without OER and ODL, dreams might end up as wishful thinking Education for all!?
  • an old African proverb "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together."
  • Thank you! titlestad@icde.org www.icde.org