Promoting public policies and multinational  organizations for distance education (to  enhance Social Justice and Innovati...
• The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online  education• An NGO official partner of UNESCO, ...
6 months ago – the EADTU conference - Cyprus      Paradox  • While governments world wide celebrate    the success of high...
Open Educational Resources  A key component in reinventing            eucation
The vision… At the heart of the movement toward Open  Educational Resources is the simple and  powerful idea that the worl...
”For the first time in human history we have the tools to enable everyone to attain all the education they desire.”       ...
Expectations to OER  “OERs have the potential to solve the global education crisis and contribute to sustainable economic ...
From the UNESCO OER     Declaration• Foster awareness and use of OER• Encourage the development and adaptation of  OER in ...
OER and Open and  Distance Learning can  increase the impact ofinvestments in knowledgeHigh quality education             ...
High Quality higher education    available•   Affordable•   Accessible•   Inclusive•   The needs of the learner in the cen...
Are we talking about       MOOCS?• Take the Worlds Best Courses, Online, For  Free.• The Future of Online Education  – for...
The expectations to MOOCs is  obviously great out there      To Fix Its Education System, India Should      Look to MOOCs ...
MOOC          ManiaMOOCs have not onlycreated a discussion ondisruptive changes in HEI,but also increased themomentum of O...
MOOCs”A massive open online course (MOOC) is a typeof online course aimed at large-scaleparticipation and open access via ...
MOOCsA massive open online course (MOOC) is anonline course aiming at large-scale participationand open access via the web...
Could MOOCs fix it?(enhance Social Justice and Innovation)          Alan Bassindale, Open University
Courseraand more!
Mobilising the workforce:           Mobication• Tomorrow’s employment  policies must create  conditions to facilitate  lab...
The context• ”Coordination between the labour market and  education policy is crucial for business  competitiveness and fu...
To harvest the benefits from a more      Open and Online world        To be adressed:Governments (wake up):            Uni...
Expectations• Key stakeholders from governments, private  and public sector, educatiors to co-operate, on  the ground, to•...
Thank you! titlestad@icde.org   www.icde.org
The context• Globalization has continued to increase, followed by strengthened  internationalization, and a greater emphas...
The context• The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and  Development (OECD) has documented significant added  value fr...
Key global trends• 1. Access to higher education   – Worldwide growth and increasing demand for access to higher     educa...
Key global trends•   4. The use of technology in learning     –   Mobile learning     –   eBooks     –   The rapid growth ...
Key global trends• 7. Quality   – Increasing focus on accountability, quality, and performance   – Demand for benchmarks, ...
Key global trends• 10. Policies and strategies   – The trends identified above, many of which demonstrate rapid and     di...
System failure
School failure– system failure   One of five don´t complete   ”Drop outs”   Or ”Push outs” (Hal Plotkin)
University drop-outs (or push outs?) cost 660    million Euros per year in Spain aloneNorway – 2005 - 2010Total drop outs/...
System failure or not?In my nightmares: ”Why not? Drop outs are fine. It filters for the talent pool – it filters      for...
Open Educational       Resources“... are digital learning resources offered online freely and  openly to teachers, educato...
Drivers for OER• The benefits from Higher Education – a gold mine• Demand for access to Higher Education• Financial proble...
EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012
EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012                                      19%   ...
Penn State UniversityRutgers UniversityUC San DiegoUC Santa CruzUniversity of Colorado, BoulderUniversity of RochesterUniv...
Conclusion• We are confronted with a gigantic market failure on an  area of public interest.• I believe we are at the begi...
Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation)
Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation)
Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation)
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Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation)

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The theme chosen for the Conference is “Mobilizing Distance Education for Social Justice and Innovation”, that is to say, contributing to mobilize Distance Education in its many modalities and forms, to build and transfer knowledge aimed at achieving valuable goals for societies that defend innovation and social justice.

The conference thus addresses one of the current priorities of international bodies such as the UNESCO’s “Education for All”, the OEI’s “Educational Goals XXI” and the European Union’s “Horizon Program 2020”, all of them geared to innovating to achieve intelligent, safe and inclusive societies.

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Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation)

  1. 1. Promoting public policies and multinational organizations for distance education (to enhance Social Justice and Innovation) The International Conference UNED-ICDE 2013 7 – 9 March 2013 Gard Titlestad Secretary General ICDE
  2. 2. • The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online education• An NGO official partner of UNESCO, and shares that agency’s key aim – the attainment of quality education for all• ICDE believes that in pursuing education as a universal right, the needs of the learner must be central.• Members in all regions of the world
  3. 3. 6 months ago – the EADTU conference - Cyprus Paradox • While governments world wide celebrate the success of higher education, governmental policies are outdated and are not capable of graspingprogress – Since then, important the benefits from the most constructive and in particular in Europe. disruptive factor in the higher education Congratulation to the European sector:Commissiononline educationto open and with the initiative Opening up education!
  4. 4. Open Educational Resources A key component in reinventing eucation
  5. 5. The vision… At the heart of the movement toward Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the worlds knowledge is a public good… and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it. Hewlett Foundation
  6. 6. ”For the first time in human history we have the tools to enable everyone to attain all the education they desire.” (Wiley, Green, & Soares, 2012) Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER: How open education resources unlock the door to free learning.
  7. 7. Expectations to OER “OERs have the potential to solve the global education crisis and contribute to sustainable economic growth” Sir John Daniel, former CEO for Commonwealth of Learning and David Killion, US ambassador to UNESCO said in Guardian in July 2012
  8. 8. From the UNESCO OER Declaration• Foster awareness and use of OER• Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts• Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. ICDE work shouder to shoulder with UNESCO and other stakeholders to have this implementet
  9. 9. OER and Open and Distance Learning can increase the impact ofinvestments in knowledgeHigh quality education Open Access – open scienceResearch based education Research based OERResource based education Research based teachingOpen education OER & ODL Innovation in education – open innovation Innovate the learning system – flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation
  10. 10. High Quality higher education available• Affordable• Accessible• Inclusive• The needs of the learner in the center• For jobs
  11. 11. Are we talking about MOOCS?• Take the Worlds Best Courses, Online, For Free.• The Future of Online Education – for anyone, anywhere, anytime• Learn. Think. Do. – Invent your future through free interactive college classes. • All slogans from Coursera, edX and Udacity
  12. 12. The expectations to MOOCs is obviously great out there To Fix Its Education System, India Should Look to MOOCs February 20, 2013, 10:09 am By Guest Writer
  13. 13. MOOC ManiaMOOCs have not onlycreated a discussion ondisruptive changes in HEI,but also increased themomentum of OER. The Chronicles special report on Online Learning 2012
  14. 14. MOOCs”A massive open online course (MOOC) is a typeof online course aimed at large-scaleparticipation and open access via the web.MOOCs are a recent development in the area ofdistance education, and a progression of thekind of open education ideals suggested byopen educational resources.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOOC
  15. 15. MOOCsA massive open online course (MOOC) is anonline course aiming at large-scale participationand open access via the web. MOOCs are arecent development in distance educationwhich sometimes use open educationalresources.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOOC
  16. 16. Could MOOCs fix it?(enhance Social Justice and Innovation) Alan Bassindale, Open University
  17. 17. Courseraand more!
  18. 18. Mobilising the workforce: Mobication• Tomorrow’s employment policies must create conditions to facilitate labour mobility through Education the lifelong learning of the individual.• Coordination between the labour market and Welfare Work education policy is crucial for business competitiveness and future welfare.
  19. 19. The context• ”Coordination between the labour market and education policy is crucial for business competitiveness and future welfare. The need for partnership between higher education and the private and public sectors to ensure knowledge supply for the workforce becomes a critical and central issue. This need is further enhanced by the current financial crisis, which creates a requirement for innovative methods to strengthen learning as an employability factor for the future.” The ICDE Strategic Plan 2013 - 2016
  20. 20. To harvest the benefits from a more Open and Online world To be adressed:Governments (wake up): Universities (shake up):• Optimal regulatory and • Strategies and leadership policy framework for ODL, • Partnership Open and incentives for OER Conventional universities• Sector overarching policies • Build competencies for mobilising the workforce • Faculty training, student• Initiatives for research, new training for ODL knowledge on effect and • Flip the classroom for impact of ODL on delivering student-oriented and high quality ODL personalised learning HEI, private and public sector: Build partnerships and agreements for knowledge supply, mobilising the workforce
  21. 21. Expectations• Key stakeholders from governments, private and public sector, educatiors to co-operate, on the ground, to• strengthen learning as an employability factor• Collaborate for social justice and for innovation – in education and learning, in society
  22. 22. Thank you! titlestad@icde.org www.icde.org
  23. 23. The context• Globalization has continued to increase, followed by strengthened internationalization, and a greater emphasis on partnerships, in turn giving rise to international collaboration in many formats. Globalization and global megatrends lead to increased demand for a workforce permanently acquiring new competencies. Increased globalization and global competition, in combination with rapid innovation, are increasingly challenging the workforce to adapt to future needs. Tomorrow’s policies must create conditions to facilitate labour mobility through individual lifelong learning. Coordination between the labour market and education policy is crucial for business competitiveness and future welfare. The need for partnership between higher education and the private and public sectors to ensure knowledge supply for the workforce becomes a critical and central issue. This need is further enhanced by the current financial crisis, which creates a requirement for innovative methods to strengthen learning as an employability factor for the future.
  24. 24. The context• The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has documented significant added value from higher education for individuals and society; for individuals in relation to employment and as a return on their own investments; for society the net return from investments in higher education simply represents good business. And higher education is a key factor for economic growth. In Europe – even during the crisis – income growth among tertiary graduates increased in the majority of European Union countries which record this data. (Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2012).• At the same time, the World Bank has documented that more than 620 million young people are neither working nor studying. Just to keep employment rates constant, the worldwide number of jobs will have to increase by around 600 million over a 15-year period.
  25. 25. Key global trends• 1. Access to higher education – Worldwide growth and increasing demand for access to higher education – Increasing restrictions on open learning to ensure both national standards and controlled growth• 2. The learning workforce – Demand and need for capacity building to provide society with a more mobile workforce – Continued globalization and internationalization – Financial crisis and unemployment• 3. Access to Information and communications technology (ICT) – Rapid worldwide growth of ICT – Continuing disparity of access to ICT
  26. 26. Key global trends• 4. The use of technology in learning – Mobile learning – eBooks – The rapid growth of e-learning – Personalization – Social and Virtual Learning – Learning Analytic• 5. The economics of higher education – Changes in cost, affordability, and economic models for higher education, particularly that based on ICT – Diversity of education providers• 6. Institutional developments and impact – Proliferation of traditional educational institutions with open and distance education offerings; notable institutions are piloting MOOCs – Growth and impact of open and distance universities – Demand for faculty training in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) – Increasing competition among higher education institutions to improve their position in rankings
  27. 27. Key global trends• 7. Quality – Increasing focus on accountability, quality, and performance – Demand for benchmarks, standards and accreditation – Accreditation, rankings and government regulations are interrelated aspects of quality• 8. Open Educational Resources (OER) – Development of online repositories – Development of OER-based institutions• 9. The learner – Changing learner demographics and culture, experience, and demands – The growth of resource-based learning
  28. 28. Key global trends• 10. Policies and strategies – The trends identified above, many of which demonstrate rapid and diverse global growth, increase the pressure of demand for relevant, clear policies, strategies and leadership at governmental and institutional level to facilitate the further development of high quality open, distance, flexible, blended and online education, including e- learning. ICDE Strategic Plan 2013 - 2016 specific objective: 1.2. ICDE together with key partners and stakeholders to facilitate policy discussions among a selection of representatives from governments, universities and private and public sector , on the topic of the current and future development of open, distance, flexible and online education, including e-learning by the end of 2015.
  29. 29. System failure
  30. 30. School failure– system failure One of five don´t complete ”Drop outs” Or ”Push outs” (Hal Plotkin)
  31. 31. University drop-outs (or push outs?) cost 660 million Euros per year in Spain aloneNorway – 2005 - 2010Total drop outs/push outs in higher education:12% (Health educations)- 37 % (Management and Economy)Only health educations have lower drop out rate than 20%
  32. 32. System failure or not?In my nightmares: ”Why not? Drop outs are fine. It filters for the talent pool – it filters for the recruitment to the elite.” Anonymous
  33. 33. Open Educational Resources“... are digital learning resources offered online freely and openly to teachers, educators, students and independent learners in order to be used, shared, combined, adapted, and expanded in teaching, learning and research.” (OECD 2011)“... are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain and have beenreleased under an open licence that permits access, use, repurposing, reuse and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.” (UNESCO 2011)
  34. 34. Drivers for OER• The benefits from Higher Education – a gold mine• Demand for access to Higher Education• Financial problems, costs• Failure of the current educational system, drop outs/push outs• The need for innovation in HEI – innovation in education• StudentsReinventing education: OER animportant building block
  35. 35. EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012
  36. 36. EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012 19% 57%
  37. 37. Penn State UniversityRutgers UniversityUC San DiegoUC Santa CruzUniversity of Colorado, BoulderUniversity of RochesterUniversity of Minnesota, Twin CitiesUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel HillUniversity of Wisconsin, MadisonLatin AmericaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTecnológico de MonterreyEuropeEcole Polytechnique, FranceIE Business School, SpainLeiden University, NetherlandsLudwig-Maximilians-Universitat Muenchen,GermanySapienza, University of Rome, ItalyTechnical University Munich, GermanyTechnical University of DenmarkUniversity of Copenhagen, DenmarkUniversity of Geneva, Switzerland
  38. 38. Conclusion• We are confronted with a gigantic market failure on an area of public interest.• I believe we are at the beginning of a big debate about the future learning system.• We need a professional, policy-oriented debate, in Europe, and throughout the world, on the opportunities and challenges coming from a more open and online world.• Educational systems will be decided nationally, but the direction will also be a global issue.• ICDE will be a visible and eager player in this debate.
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