Gard Titlestad. Opportunities from a more open and online world.
Opportunities from a more open and online world Lecture at China Open University, Beijing 21 February 2012 Gard Titlestad Secretary General ICDE
Outline• Introduction• Global context• Trends in education• OER• Trends in ODL/Online learning• Convergence• What is on the ICDE radar?
Need for education - Education For All• Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO “Higher education: In less than 40 years, enrolments have increased fivefold. Globally it is estimated that demand will expand from less than 100 million students in 2000 to over 250 million students in 2025.” Distance and online education can help
”People with university degrees have suffered far fewer job losses during the global economic crisis than those who left school without qualifications.””Good education and skills are crucial to improving a person’seconomic and social prospects.” OECD 2011
Example – global challenges Sustainable development and climate change Clean Water Population and resources Energy Green growth Organized crime Democratization Global ethics Rich – poor gap Health Peace and conflict Status of women IT – global convergence
UniversitiesUniversities are increasingly faced with societalchallenges of national, regional and globalnature: Grand challenges• Universities deliver through their three funcitons: – Education – Research – Innovation
The Knowledge Triangleneed to be strengthened to: meet with global challenges promote economic growth, green growht deliver high quality knowledge supply Universities Universities in the center of the knowledge triangel
Mobilising the workforce: Mobication or Flexication Education Welfare Work An opportunity for flexible and online learning!
High Quality education OECD:International Student AssessmentThe Programme for PISA(PISA ) is an internationally standardised assessment 15-year-olds in schools.PISA assesses how far students near the end of compulsoryeducation have acquired some of the knowledge and skillsthat are essential for full participation in society.In all cycles, the domains of reading, mathematical andscientific literacy are covered not merely in terms ofmastery of the school curriculum, but in terms ofimportant knowledge and skills needed in adult life.
PISA and China What do we know?http://www.oecd.org/document/7/0,3746,en_2649_35845621_49428807_1_1_1_1,00.htm
School failure• Reducing school failure pays off for both society and individuals. More education attainment provides better labour market prospects and contributes to economic growth and social progress. The highest performing education systems across OECD countries are those that combine high quality and equity. Overcoming School Failure: Policies that Work February 2012
One of five don´t complete ”Drop outs” Or ”Push outs” (Hal Plotkin)Distance and online education can help
”Never Waste a Crisis” The financial constraints facing the European countries should also be seen as a major opportunity for ODL. Morten Flate Paulsen, President, European Distance and e-Learning Network.
The traditional educational system is challenged ”many speakers referred worryingly to the growth of online and for-profit providers— suggests a growing concern at even the most elite institutions that the classroom experience is not all it could be”Harvard Conference Seeks to Jolt University Teaching, February 2012
Traditional lecture: 10% retention after 15 minutes? Comparison of Learning Results from Traditionally Taught Courses and Courses Using Research-Based PedagogyA Scientific Approach To Science Education - Technology And Institutional Change, By Carl Wieman
OERIn its simplest form, the concept of OpenEducational Resources (OER) describes anyeducational resources (including curriculummaps, course materials, textbooks, streamingvideos, multimedia applications, podcasts, andany other materials that have been designed foruse in teaching and learning) that are openlyavailable for use by educators and students,without an accompanying need to pay royaltiesor licence fees. www.ocwconsortium.org/
Educational potential• Increased availability of high quality, relevant learning materials can contribute to more productive students and educators.• The principle of allowing adaptation of materials provides one mechanism amongst many for constructing roles for students as active participants in educational processes, who learn best by doing and creating, not by passively reading and absorbing.• OER has potential to build capacity by providing institutions and educators access, at low or no cost, to the means of production to develop their competence in producing educational materials and carrying out the necessary instructional design to integrate such materials into high quality programmes of learning.“A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources”, (Butcher, Kanwar and Uvalic´-Trumbic´)
OER can fuel the Knowledge TriangleHigh quality education Open AccessResearch based education Research based OERResource based education Research based teaching OER Innovation in education Innovate the learning system and institutions Knowledge supply for innovation
2012 World OER Congress 20 – 22 June, Paris, FranceShould all education resources funded with public money be OERs?
The OEP Guideline• Step 1: Positioning your Organization in the OEP Map• Step 2: Creating a Vision of Openness and a Strategy for OEP in an Organization• Step 3: Implementing and Promoting OEP
Websites• A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources (OER)• http://www.col.org/oerBasicGuide• Guidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education• http://www.col.org/oerGuidelines• http://www.oer-quality.org/
Technology as facilitatorThe rapid development ofinformation andcommunication technology(ICT) offers tremendouseducational opportunities toprovide new innovative,accessible and more affordableways of learning. Mansoor Al Awar, Chairman, Middle East e- Learning Association.
WORLD INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION STATISTICS December 31, 2011 Internet World Stats
BEIJING, Jan. 16 (Xinhua) -- China had513 million Internet users by the endof 2011, showing that 38.3 percent ofChinese people used the Internet, thecountrys network information centersaid MondaySince 2006, the proportion of Internetusers to the countrys total populationrose by an average of around 6percentage points annually..
"Going the Distance:Online Education in the United States, 2011"• Almost one-third of enrolments in HE in the autumn of 2010 in the USA were online enrolments, with more than 30% of the students taking at least one course online. Allen, E. I., Seaman, J. - Sloan Consortium, 2011
”Higher education, is vulnerable to disruption.” Clayton M. Christensen, professor of business administration at the Harvard Business School.
Mobile technologies– students become driving forces Field studies 18 February 2012 - Beijing
Will elite institutions have to change or lose in competition with Online start-ups? Case: Stanford Professor Gives Up Teaching Position, Hopes to Reach 500,000 Students at Online Start-Up ”We believe university-level education can be both high quality and low cost. Using the economics of the Internet, weve connected some of the greatest teachers to hundreds of thousands of students all over the world.” http://www.udacity.com/Professor David Evans andProfessor Sebastian Thrun
Certificates for free online courses – what impact could that have for HEI? Case: MIT granting certificates for free online courses.• Participants will watch five- to 10-minute video tutorials, read an e-textbook, and complete homework assignments, virtual laboratories and two exams. At the end of the course, they will receive a cumulative grade and a certificate from MITx.• http://mitx.mit.edu/ MITx MIT’s new online learning initiative
ConvergenceConvergence (logic), the notion that a sequence of transformations come to thesame conclusion, no matter what order they are performed in. (Wikipedia)Conventional, face-to-face universities are increasinglymoving into the delivery of online learning programs.Many conventional universities have been unable toadopt or adapt the strategies developed by distanceteaching organizations fast enough to ensure increasedaccess, quality, and sustainability through the use ofteaching technology.International Council for Open and Distance Education, GlobalTrends in Higher Education, Adult and Distance Learning (2009).
Convergence “The University of California has launched an online programme as a part of its goal to become the first top-rated American institution to award an online bachelor’s degree.” 2011
Convergence “The Task Force has concluded that online learning – however blended with on- or off- campus interactions, whether delivered in the UK or overseas – provides real opportunity for UK institutions to develop responsive, engaging and interactive provision which, if offered at scale, can deliver quality and cost- effectiveness and meet student demands for flexible learning.”The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) Collaborate tocompete, Seizing the opportunity of online learning for UK higher education, 2011
Convergence• Distance Learning in British Universities – is it possible? – Conventional campus-based universities struggle to build and/ or expand sustainable distance learning provision. – The problem rests in an institutional lack of understanding about distance learning pedagogy and/ or a lack of capability to make the necessary institutional changes required to ensure that distance learning worksHelen Lentell, University of Leicester, 2012
Rapid growth in online education leads to concern• «To help Education Why GAO Did This Study strengthen its oversight of distance education, the ”Distance education—that is, offering Secretary of Education courses by the Internet, video, or other should direct FSA to forms outside the classroom— has been develop a plan on how best a growing force in postsecondary to use the new IPEDS education and there are questions about distance education data and quality and adequate oversight” provide input to NCES on future IPEDS survey work Research objectives: with regard to distance (3) how the quality of distance education education» is being assessed, and (4) how Education monitors distance• HIGHER EDUCATION: Use of New Data Could Help education in its stewardship of federal Improve Oversight of Distance Education. Report to Congressional Requesters. 17 November 2011. GAO-12- student aid funds. 39 United States Government Accountability Office
The Future• College presidents predict substantial growth in online learning: 15% say most of their current undergraduate students have taken a class online, and 50% predict that 10 years from now most of their students will take classes online.• Nearly two-thirds of college presidents (62%) anticipate that 10 years from now, more than half of the textbooks used by their undergraduate students will be entirely digital.• The Digital Revolution and Higher Education. 2011. By Kim Parker, Amanda Lenhart and Kathleen Moore
Teachersand teachers education• Teachers – a key target group for attention• The need for teachers• The teaching challenge in a more open and online world• Teachers and studentoriented teaching• The need for continued education in new methodologies• Teachers and research based education• Policies and strategies to support teachers meeting tomorrows opportunities and challenges• Teachers as the benchmark for quality education
What is on the radar for ICDE? Studying the regulatory frameworks of open & distance education Promoting OER in partnership with UNESCO Developing quality standards for ODL Digital divide Revising & improving quality review service for member institutions Promoting ODL - a global day of ODL in 2013? Enhancing the role of ODL in teacher education and training Monitoring trends in ODL and OER - statistics on ODL. Strengthening research on ODL – have an overview.ICDE will develop a new strategy for 2013 – 2016 and determine key priorities andactivities – including a possibility to convene a policy event, a meeting place forministers and policy makers, to discuss current trends in ODL, opportunities andchallenges in a more open and online world and the need for policies, strategiesand leadership.Next milestone: The Standing Conference Of Presidents (SCOP) in Dubai, 12 – 15 November2012, hosted by HBMeU
ICDE 25 World Conference Tianjin, China 16th to 18th October 2013 Host: Tianjin Open University
Opportunities from a moreopen and online world – in the early dawn