Basic ConsiderationsDigitisation and Online Presentation         of Archival Material
StagesConnectionPresentation  StorageDigitisation
Monasterium.net         Online      250.000 Charters    10 Countries
APEEuropean Archival Portal28 Countries & ICARUSFinding aids / Digital objectsEuropeana Aggregator
<cei:body>             <cei:idno id="1230_VI_18"     old="218000">1230 VI 18</cei:idno>             <cei:chDesc>          ...
Digitisation           ImagesMetadata
Digital imaging
Device type• Fixed Resolution     • Relative Resolution• Fixed maximum size   • Fixed image size• Hard to transport    • M...
Monasterium.net      Mobile      scanner     Imageware      Bookeye 3      TIF files      400 DPI
Bookeye 3NACR - ŘBB 109308 x 13199 Pixel (400 DPI)   Detail: 2 x 2 cm (~300 Pixel)Resolution: 400 DPI
Problem: Format
Problem: Camera                                        resolutionArchivio di Stato di Potenza3008 x 2000 PixelResolution: ...
Metadata Access   Create from scratch  Excel    Import  XML          Retro-convertContent
Creation from scratch
Import          XMLSQL               TXT  EXCEL         DOC
Retro-conversion       CorrectionAnalogueData                    Storage    OCR
XML             Extensible Markup Language   W3C                         Human      Machine             HierarchicalConsor...
Metadata                         NameFirst name         Daniel Jeller                    Last name
Markup                Closing Tag <name>     <first>Daniel</first><name>Daniel Jeller</name><name>Daniel Jeller</name>    ...
Charters markup                    <plica>                              <material><issuer>             CEI                ...
Different contexts          Texts           TEICharter             Archives  CEI                 EAG          Content
MOM-CEI<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><cei:text xmlns="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" xmlns:cei="http://www.mon...
MOM-CEI             <cei:abstract> Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und             bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien da...
{Data bases} {Standards} {Interoperability}STORAGE
Storage system         Queries         DatabaseImages              Metadata
ExampleOpen archival information system     Swiss National Library
Monasterium.net        • EAG – Electronic Archival Guide        • EAD – Electronic ArchivalXML          Description       ...
{Online database} {Web technologies}PRESENTATION
MOM-CA• HTML / PHP                       • Multiple• Javascript                         Locations• XML                 Web...
MOM-CA                     Archival landscape                      Virtual collections                     Powerful search...
{Europeana} {APEx}CONNECTION
ConnectionMOM-CA            ASPI
APE                 MappingLocal                         Conversiondatabases     Local data      andand formats   format t...
APE                    EDM, Digital                    METS Objects            EAC-            CPF        Record       Cre...
APEAdvantages• Powerful import• Correct display of archival landscape• Search through all archives and fonds• Standard com...
Future prospects
{Thanks for your attention}QUESTIONS
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Digitisation and Online Presentation of Archival Material

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A general overview of the concepts and technologies involved in digitising archival material, presenting it online and sharing it with a wider public.

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Digitisation and Online Presentation of Archival Material

  1. 1. Basic ConsiderationsDigitisation and Online Presentation of Archival Material
  2. 2. StagesConnectionPresentation StorageDigitisation
  3. 3. Monasterium.net Online 250.000 Charters 10 Countries
  4. 4. APEEuropean Archival Portal28 Countries & ICARUSFinding aids / Digital objectsEuropeana Aggregator
  5. 5. <cei:body> <cei:idno id="1230_VI_18" old="218000">1230 VI 18</cei:idno> <cei:chDesc> <cei:abstract>Wichard, Bischof von Passau, bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien die vorstehende Erwerbung des Patronatsrechtes der Pfarre Gaunersdorf.</cei:abstract> <cei:issued> <cei:placeName>Passau</cei:placeName> <cei:dateRange to="12300618" from="12300618">1230 Juni 18</cei:dateRange> </cei:issued> <cei:witnessOrig> {Digital imaging} {Metadata}DIGITISATION
  6. 6. Digitisation ImagesMetadata
  7. 7. Digital imaging
  8. 8. Device type• Fixed Resolution • Relative Resolution• Fixed maximum size • Fixed image size• Hard to transport • Might be cheaper• Probably expensive • Easy to transport• Easy to handle • Flexible use• Maybe slow speed • Expert knowledgeScanner Camera
  9. 9. Monasterium.net Mobile scanner Imageware Bookeye 3 TIF files 400 DPI
  10. 10. Bookeye 3NACR - ŘBB 109308 x 13199 Pixel (400 DPI) Detail: 2 x 2 cm (~300 Pixel)Resolution: 400 DPI
  11. 11. Problem: Format
  12. 12. Problem: Camera resolutionArchivio di Stato di Potenza3008 x 2000 PixelResolution: appr. 150 - 200 DPI Detail: 2 x 2 cm ( ~180 Pixel)
  13. 13. Metadata Access Create from scratch Excel Import XML Retro-convertContent
  14. 14. Creation from scratch
  15. 15. Import XMLSQL TXT EXCEL DOC
  16. 16. Retro-conversion CorrectionAnalogueData Storage OCR
  17. 17. XML Extensible Markup Language W3C Human Machine HierarchicalConsortium readable readable Dynamic Schematic 1998 Plain text contents structure
  18. 18. Metadata NameFirst name Daniel Jeller Last name
  19. 19. Markup Closing Tag <name> <first>Daniel</first><name>Daniel Jeller</name><name>Daniel Jeller</name> <last>Jeller</last> </name> Opening Tag
  20. 20. Charters markup <plica> <material><issuer> CEI <witness> <date>
  21. 21. Different contexts Texts TEICharter Archives CEI EAG Content
  22. 22. MOM-CEI<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><cei:text xmlns="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" xmlns:cei="http://www.monasterium.net/NS/cei" b_name="Schotten, OSB" type="charter"> <cei:front> <cei:sourceDesc> </cei:sourceDesc> </cei:front> <cei:body> <cei:idno id="1237_III" old="217399">1237 III</cei:idno> <cei:chDesc> <cei:abstract>Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien das Privilegium Herzog Leopolds V. (VI.) von Österreich in Betreff der Befreiung von der Leistung gewisser landesfürstlicher Abgaben.</cei:abstract> <cei:issued> </cei:issued> </cei:chDesc> <cei:witnessOrig> <cei:traditioForm>orig.</cei:traditioForm> <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300"> <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM-Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg" >StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic> </cei:figure> <cei:physicalDesc> <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material> </cei:physicalDesc> <cei:auth> <cei:sealDesc>goldene Bulle</cei:sealDesc> </cei:auth> </cei:witnessOrig> </cei:body></cei:text>
  23. 23. MOM-CEI <cei:abstract> Kaiser Friedrich II. erneuert und bestätiget dem Schottenkloster zu Wien das Abstract Privilegium Herzog Leopolds V. (VI.) von Österreich in Betreff der Befreiung von der Leistung gewisser landesfürstlicher Abgaben. </cei:abstract> <cei:figure n="StAS__12370300"> <cei:graphic url="K.._MOM- Image Bilddateien._~Schottenjpgweb._~StAS__12370300.jpg"> StAS__12370300.jpg</cei:graphic></cei:figure> Physical <cei:physicalDesc> <cei:material>Pergament</cei:material>Description </cei:physicalDesc>
  24. 24. {Data bases} {Standards} {Interoperability}STORAGE
  25. 25. Storage system Queries DatabaseImages Metadata
  26. 26. ExampleOpen archival information system Swiss National Library
  27. 27. Monasterium.net • EAG – Electronic Archival Guide • EAD – Electronic ArchivalXML Description • MOM-CEI • Native XML Database • Adhering StandardseXist • High Performance • Good for building Web Apps
  28. 28. {Online database} {Web technologies}PRESENTATION
  29. 29. MOM-CA• HTML / PHP • Multiple• Javascript Locations• XML Web- Image site server Data- Search base queries• HTTP • Prepared• REST xQueries Architecture • Fast
  30. 30. MOM-CA Archival landscape Virtual collections Powerful searchCollective editingMetadata markupImage func tions
  31. 31. {Europeana} {APEx}CONNECTION
  32. 32. ConnectionMOM-CA ASPI
  33. 33. APE MappingLocal Conversiondatabases Local data andand formats format to validation APE-EAD Export Import Aggregation
  34. 34. APE EDM, Digital METS Objects EAC- CPF Record Creators EAD, EAG ArchivalStructure Landscape
  35. 35. APEAdvantages• Powerful import• Correct display of archival landscape• Search through all archives and fonds• Standard complience• Easy further sharing• Direct link to original data providers
  36. 36. Future prospects
  37. 37. {Thanks for your attention}QUESTIONS

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