The Need for Transparency | Keith Baker

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The Need for Transparency | Keith Baker

  1. 1. Opening Black BoxesThe need for greater transparency and accuracy <br />Dr Keith Baker<br />Centre for Energy and the Built Environment<br />Glasgow Caledonian University<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />The problem of black boxes<br />For and against greater transparency<br />Accuracy and building energy modelling<br />Enabling greater accuracy<br />Final thoughts<br />
  3. 3. ?<br />Data<br />CO2 / CO2e<br />The Problem<br />
  4. 4. ?<br />Conversion factors<br />Calculations<br />Assumptions<br />Boundaries<br />?<br />Data<br />CO2 / CO2e<br />The Problem<br />
  5. 5. Against Transparency<br />Intellectual Property Rights<br />Profit and competitive advantage<br />Expediency <br />Lack of an independent, impartial, expert scrutiny body <br />Problem of non-expert scrutiny (e.g. by climate change deniers) <br />
  6. 6. For Transparency<br />How valuable is that IPR anyway?<br />‘Transparent’ does not have to mean ‘free’ <br />Whose advantage?<br />How expedient? <br />Need for greater exposure to peer review – stakeholder and public confidence in results <br />Greater transparency means results are less open to questions / claims of greenwashing<br />
  7. 7. Positive Examples<br />Free:<br />Inventory of Carbon and Energy, University of Bath<br />Climate Challenge Fund Route Maps, Footprint Consulting<br />Low cost:<br />REAP / REAP Petite, Stockholm Environment Institute<br />Many building energy models<br />
  8. 8. Heating<br />Lighting<br />Ventilation<br />Appliances<br />etc<br />Energy<br />CO2 / CO2e<br />Accuracy and Building Energy Modelling<br />
  9. 9. But then...<br />Energy<br />CO2 / CO2e?<br />
  10. 10. Enabling Accuracy<br />Is there really a standard household any more? <br />Is it time to ditch the zone 1 / zone 2 assumption?<br />What are the implications for policy making?<br />How accurately can we model the impact of behaviour, and behavioural interventions?<br />What can be learnt from buildings that can be applied elsewhere? <br />
  11. 11. Final Thoughts<br />Two inter-connected problems<br />Can greater transparency lead to greater accuracy? <br />How can our knowledge of building energy modelling inform carbon accounting in general?<br />How accurate can we be? And how accurate do we need to be? <br />
  12. 12. The Agriculture Workshop<br />Date: Tues 17th June<br />Time: 10:00 - 1:00 (includes lunch) – plus an afternoon session for those able to stay<br />Venue: Room A426, Govan Mbeki Building, Glasgow Caledonian University<br />Workshop leaders: Dr Keith Baker, GCU & ICARB; Dr Ole Pahl, BATFarm Project, GCU; Dr Colin Burton, Cemagref, France; Dr Gary Lanigan, Teagasc, Ireland; and Dr Arthur Fallick, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Vancouver, Canada.<br />

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