Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly

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  • To explain that the public sector figure may look small but it only represents its direct emissions as reported in the disaggregated GHG Inventory.
  • Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly

    1. 1. Climate Change in Scotland: targets, policies and assessment Liam Kelly Climate Change Division
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Climate Change (Scotland) Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation: delivering the 80% target </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon assessment </li></ul>
    3. 3. Scottish Government climate change policy landscape CLIMATE CHANGE (SCOTLAND) BILL <ul><li>Sets the strategic, long term aims </li></ul><ul><li>Creates the necessary legislative framework to pursue those strategic aims </li></ul>SUPPORT Describes how the Government will pursue its strategic aims <ul><li>REDUCING EMISSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Overview Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions trading </li></ul><ul><li>PREPARING FOR A CHANGING CLIMATE </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland’s Climate Change Adaptation Framework </li></ul>COMMUNICATING THE CHALLENGE
    4. 4. Climate Change (Scotland) Bill <ul><li>80% emissions reduction target in 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Interim 50% target in 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Covers all GHGs </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory framework based on annual targets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set at least 12 years in advance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on expert advice from CCC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Targets will include international aviation and shipping </li></ul>Key features
    5. 5. <ul><li>Require production of an energy efficiency action plan </li></ul><ul><li>Powers to reduce waste and encourage recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Powers to vary dates for muirburn (land management tool to prevent wildfires) </li></ul><ul><li>Powers to promote and incentivise generation of heat from renewable sources </li></ul>Climate Change (Scotland) Bill – enabling powers <ul><li>Possible powers include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improving energy performance of non-domestic buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maximising potential of forest estate </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Climate Change (Scotland) Bill “ Do” - Policies and actions “ Check” – Annual reports “ Act” - Adjust actions as required “ Plan” – Target reports
    7. 7. Achieving 80% - the size of the challenge
    8. 8. Setting out carbon budgets for the UK – CCC report
    9. 9. Identifying inputs to delivery
    10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Assumes delivery of existing and planned policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved vehicle technologies and “smarter choices” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCS for energy generation and industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased forest area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building energy efficiency </li></ul></ul>Inputs to the delivery work
    11. 11. Inputs to delivery work – baseline emissions in Scotland, 2006 Inventory category % Power stations 32 Road transport 17 Residential combustion 12 Land converted to cropland 11 Other industrial combustion 10 Agricultural soils 6 Landfill 4 Enteric fermentation - cattle 4 Commercial and institutional combustion 3 Refineries 3
    12. 12. Delivering emissions reductions: Strategic Overview Discussion Paper <ul><ul><li>Key sectors for abatement - electricity, heat, transport, housing, land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High level policy options - abatement potential and cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short (2012), medium (2020) and long term (2030 and 2050) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Releasing the potential abatement - milestones, barriers to implementation, actions </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Carbon assessment in the Scottish Government <ul><li>“…… Taking account of carbon impacts is already part of the best-value duty …… but the new carbon assessment tool will be applied to all Government spending in Scotland….” </li></ul>Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth, John Swinney, January 2008
    14. 14. Carbon assessment <ul><li>High level assessment of overall budget </li></ul><ul><li>Individual level assessment of policies and plans </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting boundaries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing the methodological basis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integration into wider business </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linking assessments together </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Budget key facts <ul><li>Spending review every 2 or 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Varying levels of detail </li></ul><ul><li>£34.6 billion in Scotland (2009-10), split approximately as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% to Local Authorities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% to the NHS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7% on Further & Higher Education </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25% on Environment, Housing, Transport, Justice, Administration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Consumption or production? Source: AEA, SEI Production MtCO 2 e Consumption MtCO 2 e Scottish public sector 0.9 10.8 Scotland 59.0 83.6 UK public sector 10.5 127.7 UK 652.0 977.9
    17. 17. HLA progress to date <ul><li>Literature review and consultation on carbon assessment methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Expert workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Proceeding on input-output basis initially </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots in 2-3 areas </li></ul><ul><li>Examining reduction mechanisms </li></ul>
    18. 18. ILA project <ul><li>Follows HM Treasury guidance on treating policy impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Uses existing guidance on the Shadow Price of Carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Defra/DECC guidance on Greenhouse Gas Appraisal & Evaluation – recently updated December 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot areas currently engaged in trial operation of ILA method </li></ul>
    19. 19. Conclusions <ul><li>Climate Change Bill – next Parliamentary activity follows shortly </li></ul><ul><li>Setting targets – more details to emerge this summer with the Strategic Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon assessment - long term development of a complex issue </li></ul>

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