Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly
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Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly

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  • To explain that the public sector figure may look small but it only represents its direct emissions as reported in the disaggregated GHG Inventory.

Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly Scottish Government Drivers | Liam Kelly Presentation Transcript

  • Climate Change in Scotland: targets, policies and assessment Liam Kelly Climate Change Division
  • Introduction
    • Climate Change (Scotland) Bill
    • Mitigation: delivering the 80% target
    • Carbon assessment
  • Scottish Government climate change policy landscape CLIMATE CHANGE (SCOTLAND) BILL
    • Sets the strategic, long term aims
    • Creates the necessary legislative framework to pursue those strategic aims
    SUPPORT Describes how the Government will pursue its strategic aims
    • REDUCING EMISSIONS
    • Strategic Overview Paper
    • Carbon assessment
    • Emissions trading
    • PREPARING FOR A CHANGING CLIMATE
    • Scotland’s Climate Change Adaptation Framework
    COMMUNICATING THE CHALLENGE
  • Climate Change (Scotland) Bill
    • 80% emissions reduction target in 2050
    • Interim 50% target in 2030
    • Covers all GHGs
    • Statutory framework based on annual targets
      • Set at least 12 years in advance
      • Based on expert advice from CCC
    • Targets will include international aviation and shipping
    Key features
    • Require production of an energy efficiency action plan
    • Powers to reduce waste and encourage recycling
    • Powers to vary dates for muirburn (land management tool to prevent wildfires)
    • Powers to promote and incentivise generation of heat from renewable sources
    Climate Change (Scotland) Bill – enabling powers
    • Possible powers include:
      • improving energy performance of non-domestic buildings
      • maximising potential of forest estate
  • Climate Change (Scotland) Bill “ Do” - Policies and actions “ Check” – Annual reports “ Act” - Adjust actions as required “ Plan” – Target reports
  • Achieving 80% - the size of the challenge
  • Setting out carbon budgets for the UK – CCC report
  • Identifying inputs to delivery
      • Assumes delivery of existing and planned policies
      • Improved vehicle technologies and “smarter choices”
      • CCS for energy generation and industry
      • Increased forest area
      • Renewable heat
      • Building energy efficiency
    Inputs to the delivery work
  • Inputs to delivery work – baseline emissions in Scotland, 2006 Inventory category % Power stations 32 Road transport 17 Residential combustion 12 Land converted to cropland 11 Other industrial combustion 10 Agricultural soils 6 Landfill 4 Enteric fermentation - cattle 4 Commercial and institutional combustion 3 Refineries 3
  • Delivering emissions reductions: Strategic Overview Discussion Paper
      • Key sectors for abatement - electricity, heat, transport, housing, land use
      • High level policy options - abatement potential and cost
      • Short (2012), medium (2020) and long term (2030 and 2050)
      • Releasing the potential abatement - milestones, barriers to implementation, actions
  • Carbon assessment in the Scottish Government
    • “…… Taking account of carbon impacts is already part of the best-value duty …… but the new carbon assessment tool will be applied to all Government spending in Scotland….”
    Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth, John Swinney, January 2008
  • Carbon assessment
    • High level assessment of overall budget
    • Individual level assessment of policies and plans
    • Challenges include:
        • Setting boundaries
        • Establishing the methodological basis
        • Integration into wider business
        • Linking assessments together
  • Budget key facts
    • Spending review every 2 or 3 years
    • Varying levels of detail
    • £34.6 billion in Scotland (2009-10), split approximately as follows:
          • 33% to Local Authorities
          • 33% to the NHS
          • 7% on Further & Higher Education
          • 25% on Environment, Housing, Transport, Justice, Administration
  • Consumption or production? Source: AEA, SEI Production MtCO 2 e Consumption MtCO 2 e Scottish public sector 0.9 10.8 Scotland 59.0 83.6 UK public sector 10.5 127.7 UK 652.0 977.9
  • HLA progress to date
    • Literature review and consultation on carbon assessment methodologies
    • Expert workshop
    • Proceeding on input-output basis initially
    • Pilots in 2-3 areas
    • Examining reduction mechanisms
  • ILA project
    • Follows HM Treasury guidance on treating policy impacts
    • Uses existing guidance on the Shadow Price of Carbon
    • Defra/DECC guidance on Greenhouse Gas Appraisal & Evaluation – recently updated December 2008
    • Pilot areas currently engaged in trial operation of ILA method
  • Conclusions
    • Climate Change Bill – next Parliamentary activity follows shortly
    • Setting targets – more details to emerge this summer with the Strategic Overview
    • Carbon assessment - long term development of a complex issue