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Climate Challenge Fund Carbon Monitoring and Evaluation | David Gunn
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Climate Challenge Fund Carbon Monitoring and Evaluation | David Gunn


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  • Aim of the Climate Challenge Fund The Climate Challenge Fund aims to: help communities to significantly reduce their carbon emissions. empower Scottish communities by building the capacity for sustained future reductions promote greater awareness of the action Scottish communities can take to reduce their emissions
  • OUTCOMES CO2 Communnity outcomes Cohesion Heath and Wellbeing Community Capacity Engagement CASP Highlights   Evaluation Support Scotland: 3 Collecting Information to Report on Outcomes - Commissioned and tweaked for CASP 3 Telling My Story - Trained CCF Development Officers to deliver 3 workshops   Changeworks: 3 Learning About Behaviour Change - Delivered in Partnership 3 Communicating Climate Change - Commissioned and tweaked for CASP   Social Enterprise Academy: 3 Introduction to Social Enterprise - Commissioned and tweaked for CASP   Volunteer Development Scotland: 2 Introduction to Volunteer Management - Paid for places at 1 and Commissioned 1 3 Recruitment and Retention of Volunteers - Commissioned and tweaked for CASP   Scottish Business in the Community: 4 Business Engagement Seminars - Commissioned and tweaked for CASP   Transition Support Scotland: Eva and Emily work   Further and Higher Education Establishments : to explore the effects of joined up networking and learning across the sector   Sponsorship: Public Policy Network - Sustainable Community Energy Investment Forum  Nourish -  Annual Conference The Fife Diet - Blasda 2 Scottish Traditional Skills Training Centre - Meeting the Challenges Climate Change Presents to Scotland’s Historic Environment Community Energy Scotland - Energy Efficiency,  Media and Communications and Community Powerdown events 4 SSDF - Earth Summit Rio 2012 Engagement events (an strategic planning opportunity for communities) SSN Conference - In kind support DTAS Annual Conference Energy Saving Scotland advice centre Highlands and Islands - Community Micro Generation Event CASP is sponsoring a number of community led events and looking for the opportunity to do more of this e.g. Going Carbon Neutral Stirling - Community Micro Generation meeting, CLEAR Buckhaven,   In development: Developing more online learning resources e.g. Case study videos, web chats, Facebook for sharing ideas between community groups, clear signposting Working on the next round of support to run from for communities tackling climate change - 3 Jumpstart (I know you can't mention these but you can add them to the statistics below 3 CCF Carbon workshops coming very soon Always keen to promote external events relevant to communities tackling climate change     In summary: CASP has facilitated the opportunity for communities to attend over 40  (16 done and 27 to come) free/heavily subsidised networking and learning events events between April 2011 - December 2011. CASP is extremely keen to avoid duplication and is working closely with over 20 different organisations across Scotland all trying to support communities to become more sustainable.
  • Sustaining Dunbar CCF 2008-11 There are two strands to this project. The first will involve two years of intensive community engagement to produce a vision of what Dunbar could look like. The second strand involves immediate action to drastically cut carbon emissions from energy use in homes. The Connecting Dunbar Project will be committed to making it easier for Dunbar residents to walk and cycle around the area, so these greener options become their first choice of transport for making short journeys. It will also examine bus and train routes and timetables alongside data on residents' travelling preferences, so that proposals for making these options more efficient can be developed. CCF 2011-12 Sustaining Dunbar will be starting to implement its fifteen year ‘Local Resilience Action Plan’ for creating a low-carbon, locally resilient economy. We will continue working to put in place the necessary supportive infrastructure of policies , information and finance while working intensively at the very local, neighborhood level to show how small groups working together can start making the substantial changes required to dramatically cut their carbon emissions –and how these changes can enhance wellbeing.
  • CCF communities vary in scale and in activity and the resources they have available. This has resulted in communities using widely different methods for calculating their CO2 impact. In the spirit of community at the heart of the project we have supported than directed communities to make their estimations as accurate as possible. Community estimates of 125,000 tonnes CO2 reduced for 2008-11 – any thoughts? High/low about right? Usability Depending the communities own capacity / resources more or less sophisticated methodologies for CO2 monitoring were used. Alan from Linlithgow is an example of the ‘high’ end when compared to, for example, a small community food growing project that is staffed by volunteers without the capacity to collect and analyse data. We did not require communities to estimate CO2 in the same way there were pro’s and cons to this approach. Workload Same as above staffed v volunteers (general capacity of group) Accuracy Ecometrica will discuss the range of the estimations of the CO2 impact of projects - how sticky is behaviour change? - what is the scale of the impact of behaviour changes? Elements of the findings of Ecometrica were of particular to us as it confirmed or challenged some of our thinking. KSB wants to enable communties to have a more consistent, asccessible and accurate method of monitoring their carbon impact. So using our collective experience of the last 3 and a bit years we starting to refine our guidance and support further for the benmefit of both CCF communities and future applicants to the fund.
  • CO2 reduction is the key outcome indicator – communities are asked to start the identification from the identification of the CO2 outcome. Rather than having the CO2 reductions as an after thought to their activities. Baseline Communities need to identify their CO2 starting point – this should focus on the area of activity rather than the overall community CO2 footprint. Indicators – data that communities can collect and convert with some rigour to actual CO2 reductions KSB will recommend a number of CO2 indicators such as: CO2 Indicators – data that projects collect which have (or should have) conversion factors. kWhs and energy source fuel purchased and used miles/km travelled, mode of travel, size of car (if appropriate) type and weight of waste, what steps they have made up the waste hierarchy hard measures installed (insulation, alternative energy generation), including specifics about house type and estimated savings/lifetime behaviour change actions (better if backed up by evidence of energy used) x recommended lifetime quantitative data on changes which are happening, which will affect CO2, but do not yet have a recommended conversion factor (food grown, We focus on Government datasets. Data sets from utilities – Alan has an insight into this. Time delay and averaging affect can reduce the useful of these datasets e.g data doesn’t show current situation or the impact of local activity on local people. Project Monitoring A structured schedule for collecting data on the communities choosen indicators. This can be done at regular points of throughout the projects life and then accumulated in projects final report. Conversion Factors KSB will identify a range of specific conversion factors for communities to use in order to calcuilate their baseline and subsequent impact. DEFRA table – energy, transport Zero Waste Scotland – waste (reduce, reuse, recycle) Food - none identified – Matthew is working on this!! Lifetime of different types of change.
  • CCF does this because it is the USP of the CCF – if we don’t try to do this what would make the CCF different from any other community grant scheme. If we think Climate Change is important we need to start to understand the CO2 impact and even if this is currently an estimation hopefully this will improve communities carbon literacy which will lead to improved, more accessible and accurate methods of CO2 monitoring. As communities carbon literacy improves the monitoring of Co2 reduction could become a tool of community engagement. More accurate monitoring gives communities a more accurate understanding of the realities of carbon cutting – what can communities do and what can’t they do – installing insulation v’s grid decarbonisation
  • This can only be done when there is an accepted CO2 counting model – currently this is some way off. For example DECC estimate the Scottish CO2 footprint as 7.9 tonnes /person – production based, only energy, transport and landuse Stockholm Environment Institute - REAP (widely used across EU) estimate the Scottish CO2 footprint as 16.4tonnes / person – consumption based evrything in Double counting from communities – do communities just influence rather than directly cause CO2 reduction (EST, HIS, CERT, SG policies)
  • The Scottish Government has committed to supporting, on a trial basis, some CCF projects to generate an income, potentially helping projects move to a stronger financial footing and allowing grant funds to be used to support more new projects. We expect to begin trials on revenue raising projects soon and plan to seek expressions of interest from communities wishing to take part in the trials. Work has begun to identify the areas of activity and levels of financial support that are possible within the State Aid regulations to assist communities to become more enterprising and revenue generating. We will also be linking communities to the social enterprise and community enterprise training and advice that is already provided by the Scottish Government and others. 
  • Transcript

    • 1. Climate Challenge Fund Carbon Monitoring and Evaluation David Gunn, Climate Challenge Fund Manager
    • 2.
          • Aim of the Climate Challenge Fund
          • The Climate Challenge Fund aims to:
          • help communities to significantly reduce their carbon emissions
          • empower Scottish communities by building the capacity for sustained future reductions
          • promote greater awareness of the action Scottish communities can take to reduce their emissions
    • 3.
          • Role of Keep Scotland Beautiful
          • To administer the Climate Challenge Fund:
            • Support Communities to develop applications
            • Present applications to the Grants Panel
            • Support Communities as they implement applications
              • including CO2 monitoring
            • Manage the CCF Community Action and Support Programme
    • 4.
          • Enabling Communities
          • The Climate Challenge Fund has made 461 awards to 345 communities totalling more that £32,000,000. These awards empowered communities to take action in the following areas:
          • increase home energy efficiency 54%
          • the production and consumption of local foods 36%
          • encourage the use of low carbon transport 27%
          • community consultation 26%
          • reducing waste 24%
          • carry out renewable energy feasibility studies 15%
          • eco-refurbishments of community owned buildings 13%
          • Supporting the construction of low carbon new builds 3%
          • Many communities addressed more than one of these issues.
    • 5.  
    • 6.
      • Balancing usability, workload and accuracy
      • Community estimates of 125,000 tonnes CO2 reduced for 2008-11
      • ?
    • 7.
      • CCF Carbon Monitoring and Evaluation
      • Baseline
      • Indicators
      • Project monitoring
      • Conversion factors
      • Estimated impact
      • Arithmetic………………
      • Estimated impact = (Indicator baseline - Indicator value at project end )* conversion factor
    • 8.
      • Monitoring versus engagement
      • How useful is it to expect communities account for their carbon impact?
      • ?
    • 9.
      • Linking reported carbon savings by communities to regional and national carbon accounts
      • Great idea but…….
      • No single model has been created that is useable at both community and strategic level
      • Are communities influencers rather wholly responsible for change?
    • 10.
          • Contact details
          • David Gunn
          • Climate Challenge Fund Manager
          • Email: [email_address]
          • Tel: 01786 468779
          • Web:
    • 11.
        • WHAT NEXT…….
            • Scottish Government’s manifesto commitments
              • Maintain CCF for life of the Parliament
              • Create Junior Climate Challenge Fund
              • Income generation pilots