2012 10 22 bcnet i canada presentation

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  • 1. Digital Infrastructure in Metro Vancouver Michael Hrybyk President, BCNET
  • 2. Overview • We need a hybrid model approach to digital infrastructure to enable the intelligent community • Digital infrastructure components • BCNET’s network and current role • Digital Infrastructure for Metro VancouverOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 2
  • 3. What do we need for digital infrastructure?• Networks• Services October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 3
  • 4. What do we need for digital infrastructure? Networks Services• Cabling • Inter-Exchange – Local Carriers – Intercity • ISPs (short haul)• Aggregation points • Data Centres – Wireless towers/bases – Content Delivery• Exchange points Networks (CDNs) – XaaS Providers (infrastructure, platform, sw)October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 4
  • 5. Local cablingOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 5
  • 6. Aggregation PointsOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 6
  • 7. Exchange PointsOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 7
  • 8. Infrastructure Ownership Examples• Sewer/Water• Natural Gas• Electricity• Roads October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 8
  • 9. Infrastructure Ownership Summary Network Ownership Service Layer Sewer/Water Government Monopoly Natural Gas Regulated Utility Mixed Electricity Regulated Utility Monopoly/Mixed Roads Government MarketOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 9
  • 10. Infrastructure Ownership Summary Most strategic infrastructure ownership is a mix of a local commons at the base and a market layer over topOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 10
  • 11. Models for Digital Infrastructure• Three possibilities – Monopoly (single provider) – Mixed – Market (facilities-based competition)October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 11
  • 12. ComparisonsType Advantages Disadvantages HistoryMonopoly No duplication No incentive to innovate Works for utilities Efficient Pricing Was tried and Ubiquitous Biases by usage found wanting Forced purchaseMixed Optimization Complexity Generally untried benefits from monopoly Hand-offs and exchanges Early Internet and marketMarket Efficient pricing Segmentation Current situation Responsive Not universal Facilities-based Funded Vertical integration competition Biases by usage Scaling leads to oligopoly October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 12
  • 13. Mixed Model• Choose the mixed model rather than status quo – Optimize advantages from both – Minimize disadvantages• What parts are needed?• What parts are commons vs market?October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 13
  • 14. Network PartsComponent DeliveryLocal Cable/Conduit CommonsAggregation Point MixedExchange Point Commons (maybe)InterCity/Exchange Cable MarketService MarketOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 14
  • 15. Architecture Blue is CommonsOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 15
  • 16. Exchange Points• How many per city or region?• Ownership – Regional Entity – Market (akin to shopping malls) in conjunction with zoningOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 16
  • 17. End-to-End Service• Network service provisioned by ISPs• Ordering of cabling and fulfillment for ISPs across local cabling and aggregation points – Need for third party – Regional entityOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 17
  • 18. Layered Services• Data Centres – Apply planning approaches and zoning – Proximity or colocation with exchange points is optimal but not necessary – Connected to exchange points via local cable plant• XaaS and CDNs – Locate in data centresOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 18
  • 19. Why does BCNET care?• Need for fibre for research and higher education – Advanced Networks – Internet fat pipe – Shared IT Services• Need for exchange points – Connect to multiple networks – Service from multiple suppliers – Operates Exchange Points in 6 cities in BCOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 19
  • 20. Advanced Network via Exchange Points• Research universities and institutes• Provincial health centres• Federal and provincial research labs• 72 colleges and schools through the Provincial Learning NetworkOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 20
  • 21. Innovative Services• Multiple dedicated virtual networks can be created per service – XaaS and CDNs can be provisioned over dedicated infrastructure direct to customer• Customers can create virtual networks – Enterprise – Government – Family• Interconnection at Exchange Points – Counteracts segmentation• Expanded market choice – Solves network neutrality problemOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 21
  • 22. Metro Vancouver• How will this happen in Vancouver?• Task Force – Inter-city • Translink • Hydro • Port of Vancouver – MunicipalitiesOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 22
  • 23. VisionTranslink, Hydro,Ecomm, Port, Surrey Surrey DeltaPrivate Providers Exchange PointMunicipalInterconnect Richmond New Harbour Centre Westminster Exchange Point Port Vancouver Coquitlam Coquitlam Burnaby West Port Vancouver North Moody Vancouver October 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 23
  • 24. How it can work• One agency coordinates municipal interconnects – Private Interconnects • Direct city-to-city connections – Third party • Public: Translink, Port, Hydro • Commercial interconnect providers• Service provider connects nodes end-to-end – Agreement for fibre from agency – Interconnect to service provider network at exchange points or private interconnect• Service provider “owns” the customer – Subcontract to agency• Customer can have many service providersOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 24
  • 25. Regional Use Cases• Public – Translink – bus depots, maintenance yards, traffic systems – Ecomm – emergency responders (police, fire, …) – BCNET – higher education and research – Libraries – Regional District – utility systems – Port – harbour and shipping interconnects – Hydro??• Private – Internet Service Providers – Cloud Service Providers – Colo Data Centres – Content Deliver Networks• Intra-Municipality – City departments – SchoolsOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 25
  • 26. Issues• Decentralized municipal and regional infrastructure• Lack of standards• Hodge-podge rights of way• ROI and business caseOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 26
  • 27. Next Steps• Regional task force formed• Regular meetings• Sharing of fibre infrastructure maps• Develop swap agreements• Develop shared infrastructure to get to Harbour CentreOctober 22, 2012 Vancouver Digital Infrastructure 27