Cri$cal	
  Social	
  Innova$on	
  	
  
in	
  the	
  Smart	
  City	
  era	
  	
  
for	
  a	
  City-­‐Regional	
  European	
...
<	
  0	
  Introduc$on	
  >	
  
	
  
	
  
1.  Acknowledgement	
  
2.  Present	
  an	
  published	
  ar?cle	
  
3.  Open	
  ...
<	
  1	
  Research	
  Ques$on	
  >	
  
	
  

How	
  will	
  the	
  suggested	
  H2020	
  strategy:	
  
•  based	
  on	
  S...
<	
  1	
  Research	
  Ques$on	
  >	
  
	
  

The	
  management	
  of	
  not	
  only	
  economic	
  but	
  also	
  
democra...
<	
  1	
  Research	
  Ques$on	
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<	
  5	
  Targets	
  for	
  the	
  EU	
  in	
  H2020	
  >	
  
1.	
  Employment	
  	...
<	
  1	
  Research	
  Ques$on	
  >	
  

Graph	
  by	
  www.cityregions.org	
  project	
  

Towards	
  a	
  City-­‐Regional...
<	
  2	
  Challenges	
  >	
  
The	
  EU	
  is	
  dealing	
  with	
  two	
  main	
  strategic	
  societal	
  
changes	
  &	...
<	
  3	
  Implica$ons	
  >	
  
1	
  >	
  Territorial	
  implica$ons	
  >	
  City-­‐Regionalism.	
  
The	
  real	
  territo...
EU	
  Smart	
  Ci$es’	
  Ranking?	
  
What	
  do	
  they	
  measure?	
  
Especially	
  the	
  EU	
  might	
  enhance	
  
&	
  strengthen	
  the	
  prolifera$on	
  of	
  
sustainable	
  	
  Social...
•  There	
  are	
  more	
  than	
  300	
  CRs	
  
around	
  the	
  world	
  with	
  
popula$ons	
  greater	
  than	
  one	...
<	
  5	
  #WorkInProgress	
  >	
  
hap://www.cityregions.org	
  ®	
  
	
  
	
  
Aims:	
  

	
  
1	
  >	
  To	
  deconstruct	
  the	
  term	
  City-­‐Region	
  from	
  different	
  fields:	
  Regional	
  C...
Diagram	
  by	
  @icalzada	
  
PhD	
  

Map	
  by	
  @icalzada	
  
PostDoctoral	
  

Map	
  by	
  @icalzada	
  
<	
  5	
  #WorkInProgress	
  >	
  
hap://www.cityregions.org	
  ®	
  
	
  
	
  

Map	
  by	
  @icalzada	
  
Thank	
  you	
  very	
  much	
  
	
  
	
  

Igor	
  Calzada,	
  Ph.D.	
  
igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk	
  
hLp://www.cityr...
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Briefing 29th January 2014 St Antony College European Studies Centre Dr Calzada University of Oxford UK Critical Social Innovation in the Smart City era for a City Regional European H2020

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How will the suggested H2020 strategy based on Smart City, contribute and implement the so-called Social Innovation; while facing realistic, economic and politically-driven issues in an increasingly territorially heterogeneous EU City-Regional current context?

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Briefing 29th January 2014 St Antony College European Studies Centre Dr Calzada University of Oxford UK Critical Social Innovation in the Smart City era for a City Regional European H2020

  1. 1. Cri$cal  Social  Innova$on     in  the  Smart  City  era     for  a  City-­‐Regional  European     Horizon  2020       Igor  Calzada,  Ph.D.   PostDoctoral  Research  Fellow  at  the    University  of  Oxford  (UK).    Future  of  Ci?es  FoC  Programme,  COMPAS  &  InSIS.   &       Ikerbasque,  Basque  Founda?on  for  Science.   hLp://www.about.me/icalzada   hLp://www.igorcalzada.com     hLp://www.cityregions.org       European  Studies  Centre  –  St  Antony’s  College   University  of  Oxford  (UK)     12:30   th  January  2014   29
  2. 2. <  0  Introduc$on  >       1.  Acknowledgement   2.  Present  an  published  ar?cle   3.  Open  floor  for  debate  about  H2020  &  PostCrisis   4.  Link  with  H2020  and  present  my  Work-­‐In-­‐Progress  >   www.cityregions.org     Photo  by  @icalzada  while  field  work  data  
  3. 3. <  1  Research  Ques$on  >     How  will  the  suggested  H2020  strategy:   •  based  on  Smart  City,     •  contribute  and  implement  the  so-­‐called  Social   Innova$on;   •  facing  realis?c,  economic  and  poli?cally-­‐driven  issues   in  an  increasingly  territorially  heterogeneous  EU  City-­‐ Regional  current  context?     Calzada,  I.  (2013)  Cri$cal  Social  Innova$on  in  the  Smart  City  Era  for  a  City-­‐Regional  European  Horizon  2020.  P3T,   Journal  of  Public  Policies  and  Territories.  Social  Innova?on  and  Territory.  Nº6,  Winter,  pp.  1-­‐20.  
  4. 4. <  1  Research  Ques$on  >     The  management  of  not  only  economic  but  also   democra$c  interdependence  must  be  at  the  heart  of   Europe’s  new  post-­‐crisis  poli$cs       Nicolaidis,  K.  (2013)  Of  Bread,  Games  &  Gladiators:  Why  magic  bullets  not  placate  EU  ci$zens  and  why  we  should   nurture  a  European  democracy  instead.  UCL  European  Ins?tute:  The  Eurozone  Crisis  and  the  Democra?c  Deficit  
  5. 5. <  1  Research  Ques$on  >   <  5  Targets  for  the  EU  in  H2020  >   1.  Employment         Ø  75%  of  the  20-­‐64  year-­‐olds  to  be  employed   2.  R&D  /  innova$on     Ø  3%  of  the  EU's  GDP  (public  and  private  combined)  to  be  invested  in   R&D/innova?on   3.  Climate  change  /  energy   Ø  greenhouse  gas  emissions  20%  (or  even  30%,  if  the  condi?ons  are  right)   lower  than  1990   Ø  20%  of  energy  from  renewables   Ø  20%  increase  in  energy  efficiency   4.  Educa$on   Ø  Reducing  school  drop-­‐out  rates  below  10%  at  least  40%  of  30-­‐34–year-­‐ olds  comple?ng  third  level  educa?on   5.  Poverty  /  social  exclusion   Ø  At  least  20  million  fewer  people  in  or  at  risk  of  poverty  and  social   exclusion   Source:  hLp://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/targets/eu-­‐targets/      
  6. 6. <  1  Research  Ques$on  >   Graph  by  www.cityregions.org  project   Towards  a  City-­‐Regional  European  H2020  ?   Figure  1.     Na$on-­‐  State  based  European  Ci$es  &  Regional   Forecasts  by  Oxford  Economics     Source:     hLp://www.oxfordeconomics.com/forecasts-­‐and-­‐models/ci?es/european-­‐ ci?es-­‐andregional-­‐forecasts/coicops            Figure  2:     #CityRegionalEurope  graph  
  7. 7. <  2  Challenges  >   The  EU  is  dealing  with  two  main  strategic  societal   changes  &  challenges:   1  >    the  economic  challenge  >  Any  Social  Innova?on  which  does  not  consider   any  collec?ve  real  economic  alterna?ve  construc?vely  building  on  the   contradic?ons  caused  by  the  recession,  is  simply  not  going  to  be  valid   anymore.  As  Harvey  and  Brenner  among  others  suggest,  we  need  to   deconstruct  the  nature  and  logic  of  the  neoclassic  economic  orthodoxy.     CSI  can  be  a  collec?ve  social  boLom-­‐up  transforma?on  paradigm  to  proceed   with.   2  >  the  poli$cal  challenge  >  We  have  to  start  sugges?ng  alterna?ves  to  the   clearly  failing  Na?on-­‐State  EU  configura?on.  CSI  highlights  the  decline  of  the   dominant  Na?on-­‐State-­‐wise  structures  and  mindset  so  far,  in  contrast,  puong   the  Region-­‐based  Europe  (Kea?ng,  Gallagher,  Moreno  and  Innerarity)  in  the   niLy  griLy  of  the  EU  Governance  model.     Poli?cally  innova?ve  processes  at  the  moment  in  the  EU  >  Scotland,  Catalonia,   Basque  Country,  Oresund,  Iceland,  Liverpool  &  Manchester,  among  others)  >   territorial  democra?c  regenera?on.    
  8. 8. <  3  Implica$ons  >   1  >  Territorial  implica$ons  >  City-­‐Regionalism.   The  real  territorial  main  characters  of  Social  Innova?on  in  the  EU  should   be  Regions  rather  than  Na?on-­‐States.   2  >  Democra$c  implica$ons  >  Governance.   Smart  Ci?es  have  so  far  been  technology-­‐first  business-­‐driven   marke?cian  opera?ons.   3  >  Strategic  implica$ons  >  Scalar  implementa$on.   At  the  opera?onal  level,  mul?level  governance  should  be  implemented   in  a  scalar  coordina?on:     •  to  guarantee  boLom-­‐up  socially  innova?ve  par?cipa?on  and   decision  making  processes  (Micro)  combined  with  an  ethical  and   strategic  policy  efficient  design  (Macro);     •  while  the  heart  of  the  maLer  always  has  been  and  will  be,  the   implementa?on  of  this  Social  Innova?on  among  the  agents  and   across  the  projects  in  a  complex  networked  territorial  basis  (Meso).      
  9. 9. EU  Smart  Ci$es’  Ranking?   What  do  they  measure?  
  10. 10. Especially  the  EU  might  enhance   &  strengthen  the  prolifera$on  of   sustainable    Social  Innova$on   strategies,  poli$cal  changes  and   policy  ini$a$ves;  and  their  wider   urban  and  societal  impact.   (Moulaert  &  Swyngedow,  2010:  220)  
  11. 11. •  There  are  more  than  300  CRs   around  the  world  with   popula$ons  greater  than  one   million.  (…)   •  CR  is  a  geography  that  arouses   confusion.  (ScoO,  2001)    
  12. 12. <  5  #WorkInProgress  >   hap://www.cityregions.org  ®      
  13. 13. Aims:     1  >  To  deconstruct  the  term  City-­‐Region  from  different  fields:  Regional  Compara?ve   Studies,  Urban/Territorial  Studies,  Social  Innova?on  Studies  and  Poli?cs/Governance   Studies  >  Conceptual  Approach.     2  >  To  provide  and  suggest  an  analy?cal  and  systemic  framework  for  the  diagnosis   and  the  interven?on  of  the  City-­‐Regions:  5-­‐System  City-­‐Region  Framework  >   Analy$cal  Approach.     3  >  To  iden?fy  8  City-­‐Regions  case  studies  and  carry  out  field  work  research.  The  8   City-­‐Regions  are:  Basque,  Dublin,  Portland,  Oresund,  Iceland,  Scotland,  Catalonia  and   Liverpool/Manchester  >  Empirical  Approach.     4  >  To  contribute  with  a  Compara?ve  Territorial  Benchmarking  analysis  of  the   aforemen?oned  8  case  studies.     5  >  To  conclude  with  some  recommenda?ons  for  the  policy  making  territorial   strategic  tools  such  as  Think  Tanks,  according  to  the  results  gathered  along  the   project  >  Policy  Approach.   map  by  @icalzada  
  14. 14. Diagram  by  @icalzada  
  15. 15. PhD   Map  by  @icalzada  
  16. 16. PostDoctoral   Map  by  @icalzada  
  17. 17. <  5  #WorkInProgress  >   hap://www.cityregions.org  ®       Map  by  @icalzada  
  18. 18. Thank  you  very  much       Igor  Calzada,  Ph.D.   igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk   hLp://www.cityregions.org     hLp://www.igorcalzada.com   hLp://about.me/icalzada   @icalzada    

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