Gender    Differences   in ePortfolio      Practice               Prof. Dr. Ilona Buchem                Digital Media Stud...
About        Mentoring programs        for female students        >>> ePortfolio?              21% female professors      ...
Agenda • Gender and ICT • Gender and media practice styles • Context and method of study • Three case studies • Conclusions
Gender &       the Internetsome facts and figures ...
Gender gap before 2000                                                     occupational differences                       ...
Towards gender balance                                                                          2011        http://epp.eur...
Gender& Social Mediasome facts and figures ...
http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
Women prefer Social Networking         http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
No matter what region,women spend more time on Social Media             http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
?   Gender balance or gender gap?
http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/chicks-rule/
http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/chicks-rule/
?   Why do men and womenparticipate differently?
Women and men have different  motivations and interests
female motives:                                              social interaction                                           ...
April 2012Cohen (2011) reportedthe dominance of male             http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wikipedia_editors_are_p...
www.hansardsociety.org.uk
Men dominate political participation            on Social Mediahttp://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blogs/press_releases/archi...
Men write blog posts or comment on blogs,         women sign online petitions -do women avoid conflicts and public exposure...
http://shesconnectedmultimedia.com/pdf/report.pdf
?   Are there gender-specificdigital media practices?
Gender and Media PracticeSix styles of digital media practice (Buchem, 2012):• Intensive - Extensive• Apprehensive - Expos...
intensive - extensive practice• Intensive: valuing deeper, • Extensive: valuing broader,  vertical experience             ...
apprehensive - expository practice• Apprehensive: valuing           • Expository: valuing  privacy, restricted access     ...
expressive - instrumental practice• Expressive: valuing self-     • Instrumental: valuing  expression and self-           ...
Gender & ePortfolio PracticeSix risks of ePortfolio practice (Reinmann, 2011): • Over-complying • Over-reflecting • Over-ac...
Over-complying & ePortfolio• Strong compliance with external  specifications• Taking a “strategic approach”, i.e.  adherin...
Over-reflecting & ePortfolio• Exaggerated self-reflection and  self-analysis• Examining oneself or own  situation in-depth,...
Over-acting & ePortfolio• Excessive hoarding of  ePortfolio artifacts• Collecting larger numbers of  artifacts as evidence...
Context•   Research-based learning in    peer-groups•   ePortfolios to document    the research process and    outcomes•  ...
Method of the StudyIn-depth interviews   Case study narratives   Interpretative analysis                      +           ...
8 research categories                              ePortfolio                                           ePortfolio        ...
ePortfolio experience                                          ePortfolio                                                 ...
ePortfolio media use                                         ePortfolio                                                   ...
ePortfolio specifications wanted to comply with                      ePortfolio                                            ...
ePortfolio artifacts    did not collect many                     ePortfolio                                               ...
ePortfolio reflections  liked to reflect on own                  ePortfolio                                                 ...
ePortfolio communication  thought communication                    ePortfolio                                             ...
ePortfolio privacy  enjoyed putting Mahara                    ePortfolio                                                  ...
ePortfolio privacy   valued ePortfolio for                    ePortfolio                                                  ...
Designing ePortfoliosFemale students may ...•   have less experience in using digital media•   need additional technical s...
Thank you!
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Gender and ePortfolio practice

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Gender and ePortfolio practice - presentation delivered at the ePIC Conference 2012, London, 10th July 2012

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  • Gender and ePortfolio practice

    1. 1. Gender Differences in ePortfolio Practice Prof. Dr. Ilona Buchem Digital Media StudiesBeuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin, Germany ePIC Conference 2012, London (UK), 10th July 2012
    2. 2. About Mentoring programs for female students >>> ePortfolio? 21% female professors 29% female students
    3. 3. Agenda • Gender and ICT • Gender and media practice styles • Context and method of study • Three case studies • Conclusions
    4. 4. Gender & the Internetsome facts and figures ...
    5. 5. Gender gap before 2000 occupational differences use at home/workhttp://www.frbatlanta.org/filelegacydocs/wp0210.pdf
    6. 6. Towards gender balance 2011 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-SF-11-066/EN/KS-SF-11-066-EN.PDF
    7. 7. Gender& Social Mediasome facts and figures ...
    8. 8. http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
    9. 9. http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
    10. 10. Women prefer Social Networking http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
    11. 11. No matter what region,women spend more time on Social Media http://www.iab.net/media/file/womenontheweb.pdf
    12. 12. ? Gender balance or gender gap?
    13. 13. http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/chicks-rule/
    14. 14. http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/chicks-rule/
    15. 15. ? Why do men and womenparticipate differently?
    16. 16. Women and men have different motivations and interests
    17. 17. female motives: social interaction passing time entertainment companionship communicationhttp://www.uvvg.ro/revad/files/nr7/10.%20sharifah.pdf
    18. 18. April 2012Cohen (2011) reportedthe dominance of male http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wikipedia_editors_are_predominantly_male.pngeditors in Wikipediawith 87% male editors,based on the 2009 Male and female focus on differentWikimedia Foundation topics, “female” topics (art, people,survey of the EnglishWikipedia. health) coverage is inferior to “male” topics. Females are more likely to be blocked by admins.
    19. 19. www.hansardsociety.org.uk
    20. 20. Men dominate political participation on Social Mediahttp://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blogs/press_releases/archive/2011/07/07/why-are-political-blogs-dominated-by-men.aspx
    21. 21. Men write blog posts or comment on blogs, women sign online petitions -do women avoid conflicts and public exposure? http://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blogs/press_releases/archive/2011/07/07/why-are-political-blogs-dominated-by-men.aspx
    22. 22. http://shesconnectedmultimedia.com/pdf/report.pdf
    23. 23. ? Are there gender-specificdigital media practices?
    24. 24. Gender and Media PracticeSix styles of digital media practice (Buchem, 2012):• Intensive - Extensive• Apprehensive - Expository• Expressive - Instrumental http://thetangential.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Woman-Blogger.jpg
    25. 25. intensive - extensive practice• Intensive: valuing deeper, • Extensive: valuing broader, vertical experience horizontal experience• Communicating with a close • Communicating with a broader circle of friends and family range of persons• Looking for information on a • Looking for information on a narrower list of interest topics wider variety of topics• Participating in smaller number of • Participate in a greater number of activities related to key interests online activities
    26. 26. apprehensive - expository practice• Apprehensive: valuing • Expository: valuing privacy, restricted access exposure and publicity• Preference for a protected • Preference for an open environment environment• Concerns about security, data • Preference for blogging (e.g. misuse and online risks politics) and video sharing• Reflect more on ethical issues • Tendency to edit, remix and such as piracy, copyright mash-up
    27. 27. expressive - instrumental practice• Expressive: valuing self- • Instrumental: valuing expression and self- problem-solving and reflection decision-making• Engaging in reciprocal • Engaging in posting and reading communication information (e.g. Twitter)• Strengthening interpersonal • Asking for advice to solve relationships problems (e.g. forums)• Self-expression through design • Self-expression through multimedia
    28. 28. Gender & ePortfolio PracticeSix risks of ePortfolio practice (Reinmann, 2011): • Over-complying • Over-reflecting • Over-acting http://i.ebayimg.com/00/%24(KGrHqUOKi0E3G%2BDF3EfBN75Khp(t!~~_35.JPG
    29. 29. Over-complying & ePortfolio• Strong compliance with external specifications• Taking a “strategic approach”, i.e. adhering to pre-defined guidelines and requirements, but neglecting personal criteria and judgments http://i.ebayimg.com/00/%24(KGrHqUOKi0E3G%2BDF3EfBN75Khp(t!~~_35.JPG
    30. 30. Over-reflecting & ePortfolio• Exaggerated self-reflection and self-analysis• Examining oneself or own situation in-depth, and at the same time neglecting the reflection of the subject-matter http://i.ebayimg.com/00/%24(KGrHqUOKi0E3G%2BDF3EfBN75Khp(t!~~_35.JPG
    31. 31. Over-acting & ePortfolio• Excessive hoarding of ePortfolio artifacts• Collecting larger numbers of artifacts as evidence of own expertise, but failing to meaningfully relate artifacts to learning goals http://i.ebayimg.com/00/%24(KGrHqUOKi0E3G%2BDF3EfBN75Khp(t!~~_35.JPG
    32. 32. Context• Research-based learning in peer-groups• ePortfolios to document the research process and outcomes• ePortfolios created in Mahara
    33. 33. Method of the StudyIn-depth interviews Case study narratives Interpretative analysis + +
    34. 34. 8 research categories ePortfolio ePortfolio experience media use ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts ePortfolio ePortfolio communic. reflections
    35. 35. ePortfolio experience ePortfolio ePortfolio experience no prior experience with media use ePortfolio little experience with ePortfolio ePortfolio digital media value specs self-perception as technically skilled ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts need support to overcome initial ePortfolio ePortfolio technology hurdles communic. reflections
    36. 36. ePortfolio media use ePortfolio ePortfolio experience strong focus on the media use design of ePortfolio focus more on content ePortfolio ePortfolio inquiry than functions value specs used different media, mostly text and photos ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts value design and content inquiry ePortfolio ePortfolio communic. reflections
    37. 37. ePortfolio specifications wanted to comply with ePortfolio ePortfolio specifications for grades experience media usecomplied with specifications for orientation ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs needed specifications as guidance appreciated freedom to design ePortfolios ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts ePortfolio ePortfolio value specifications communic. reflections and tend to over- comply
    38. 38. ePortfolio artifacts did not collect many ePortfolio ePortfolio artifacts experience media use selected artifacts to match topics ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs decided about ePortfolio artifacts choice as group ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts may need support in choosing artifacts ePortfolio ePortfolio communic. reflections
    39. 39. ePortfolio reflections liked to reflect on own ePortfolio ePortfolio learning goals experience media use took time in-between for own reflections ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs appreciated reflection at the end of the course ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts value reflection but do not over-reflect ePortfolio ePortfolio communic. reflections
    40. 40. ePortfolio communication thought communication ePortfolio ePortfolio was very important experience media use wished there was more communication ePortfolio ePortfolio value specswished students supported each other more appreciated feedback from peer and instructor ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts ePortfolio ePortfoliovalue communication communic. reflections and peer-feedback
    41. 41. ePortfolio privacy enjoyed putting Mahara ePortfolio ePortfolio views online experience media use did not want to disclose private information ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs considered public profiles as way of shaping identity ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts value privacy but create professional identities ePortfolio ePortfolio communic. reflections
    42. 42. ePortfolio privacy valued ePortfolio for ePortfolio ePortfolio creating online identity experience media use valued ePortfolio as assessment method ePortfolio ePortfolio value specs could present their skills better in ePortfolio experienced less stress at the end of semester ePortfolio ePortfolio privacy artifacts ePortfolio ePortfolio value and enjoy communic. reflections working with ePortfolio
    43. 43. Designing ePortfoliosFemale students may ...• have less experience in using digital media• need additional technical support at the initial stage• need additional design features and communication opportunities• need more methodological guidance and feedback in the process• need additional support in creating professional identities
    44. 44. Thank you!

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