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Presentation no.1 overview

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  • 1. Welcome! 1
  • 2. The Mission: “The Idaho Public Driver Education Program is an essential introduction to the tools and skills needed to become safer drivers.” 2
  • 3. Why do I NEED Driver Education? 3 I can drive a car!
  • 4. 5 to 7 Years According to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, young drivers crash at a much higher rate than other drivers and as a group take 5 to 7 years of driving before they have the ability to drive in a mature and reduced-risk manor. 4 Driver Education is the beginning of those 5 to 7 years. Your instructors are here to teach you the skills, laws, and attitudes necessary to not only make it past those 5 to 7 years, but enjoy many, many more years of safe and enjoyable driving!
  • 5. Topics Covered in Driver Education Vehicle Gauges, Alert & Warning Symbols Vehicle Control Devices Pre-Drive Checks Protecting Occupants Traffic Control Devices and Traffic Laws Right of Way Rules Reference Points Performing Basic Control Tasks Reduced Risk Driving 5
  • 6.   More Topics Using Vision for Vehicle Control Time and Space Management Negotiating Intersections Performing Lane Changes and Passing Performing Turnabouts Performing Parking Maneuvers Effect of Gravity and Energy of Motion   Maintaining Vehicle Balance Maintaining Traction Control 6 Negotiating Hills and Curves
  • 7. Topics Continued Driving in Rural Environments Driving in Urban Environments Driving on Controlled or Limited Access Highways Driving During Reduced Visibility Conditions Driving During Extreme Weather Conditions Cooperating with Other Roadway Users Responding to Emergencies Responsibilities After a Collision Effects of Emotions and Disabilities on Driving Alcohol and Drugs’ Effect on the Body and Driving 7
  • 8. More Topics Alcohol Involved Crashes and Idaho Laws Preventing Drowsy Driving Preventing Aggressive Driving Preventing Driver Distractions The Highway Transportation System Driver Licensing Insurance Requirements Purchasing a Vehicle Maintaining a Vehicle Planning Road Trips 8
  • 9. Driver Education Requirements Total classroom hours: 30 Total behind-the-wheel hours: 6 Total observation hours: 6 * Remember: This is just the beginning of the 5 to 7 years of driving practice necessary to become a skilled driver! 9
  • 10. Required Final Grade State Requires 80% to Pass Knowledge Skill Positive Attitude! 10
  • 11. Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Graduated Driver Licensing is a program designed to ease beginning drivers into the traffic environment under controlled exposure to help reduce the number of teen driver convictions and collisions. 11
  • 12. GDL Requirements Upon successful completion, the permit will given to the student The permit becomes a Supervising Instruction Permit (SIP) 12
  • 13. GDL Requirements SIP must be in the teen driver’s possession when driving Student must be accompanied by a licensed driver, age 21 year or older, occupying the front seat beside the driver 13
  • 14. GDL Requirements Must drive with a supervising driver for no less than six (6) months AND 50 hours. 10 of those hours must be at night. 14
  • 15. GDL Requirements During the six (6) months No other passengers (besides the licensed supervising adult) are permitted in the front seat All occupants must wear a safety belt or be restrained by child restraints Observe all laws regarding alcohol or intoxicating substance use 15
  • 16. The Parent’s Role The six (6) months of supervised driving, when taken seriously and used correctly, is the key to students gaining the skills and habits necessary to become skilled, lifelong drivers. 16
  • 17. Supervised Driving Practice Guide Contains GDL information Essential driving skills Log to track practice time Parent/Teen Contract USE IT! 17
  • 18. GDL Requirements You can lose your permit during the six (6) months of supervised practice by: Any conviction of a moving traffic violation. Ignoring laws regarding the use of alcohol or other intoxicating substances. 18 If either of these occurs, you must purchase a new permit and start the six (6) months all over again!
  • 19. Getting Your Full Driver’s License After completing the six (6) month practice period, the teen may apply for a license. Complete the state’s skills test with a skills tester - check web site at: http://www.itd.idaho.gov/dmv/driverservices/ds_forms.htm Complete the state’s knowledge test. 19
  • 20. Traffic Violations with Full License 1. First Conviction: a warning letter from the Idaho Transportation Department that suspension of driving privileges will occur for any additional conviction 2. Second Conviction: A minimum 30-day suspension 3. Third and Subsequent Convictions: A minimum 60-day suspension
  • 21. New Passenger Restriction Law After receiving your full driver’s license, you may only drive with one non-relative (friend) for the first six (6) months of driving. 21
  • 22. How Dangerous is Driving? 22
  • 23. Comparison of US Deaths VS Traffic Deaths Middle East 6,235* Vietnam 116,708 WWII 408,306 Civil War 562,130 *2001-2011 58,219 WWI Combat Deaths 23 Traffic US Deaths 3,240,1407
  • 24. 24
  • 25. Number of Deaths Comparison of US Deaths Motor Vehicle Fatalities 3,500,000 3,000,000 3,240,141 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 Combat 1,151,598 0 (225 years) 25 (104 years)
  • 26. Idaho Teen Driver Statistics Drivers under age 19 are 2.3 times more likely to be involved in fatal or injury traffic collisions. 26
  • 27. Idaho Teen Driver Statistics Teen drivers make up about 7% of all licensed drivers in Idaho but are involved in nearly 17% of all driver collisions and 16% of fatal and injury collisions! 27
  • 28. Idaho Teen Driver Statistics Compared to adult drivers, teen drivers have higher rates for: speeding, inattention, following to close, and disregarding stop signs. Motor vehicle crashes are the LEADING cause of death for teenagers ages 15-20! 28
  • 29. Top 7 Causes of Collisions in Idaho 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 29 Inattention/Distraction Speeding Failure to Yield Following too close Alcohol/drugs Miss or disregard signals or stop signs Overcorrecting
  • 30. Top 10 Violations by Idaho Drivers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 30 Basic Rule – Speeding Safety Restraints (seat belts) Failure to carry insurance Driving under the influence Failure to stop at signs/signals Driving without privileges Following too close Reckless/inattentive Failure to yield Child safety seats
  • 31. Crash and Fatality Comparison of Idaho Teen Males vs Females 31
  • 32. Aggressive Driving Aggressive Driving is NOT Road Rage! 32
  • 33. READY TO DRIVE? There are a few things you need to know before you drive! Are you ready? 33
  • 34. Approaching the Car When parked at the curb Approach from front of car Watch for oncoming traffic Approach driver’s door with key in hand Check for vehicle condition and surrounding area Anything or anyone behind or inside the vehicle? When parked in parking lot 34 Approach from rear of car Watch for people and objects in area Approach driver’s door with key in hand Anything or anyone behind or inside the vehicle?
  • 35. Circle of Safety 35
  • 36. After Getting in… 1. Lock the door 2. Put the key in the ignition 36
  • 37. 37
  • 38. Adjusting the Vehicle  Seat Adjustments  Manual or electronic adjustments  Adjust for driver foot pedal and dead pedal position  Adjust for driver’s visual needs  Head Restraints Adjustment  Protect head and neck injuries  Head restraint position  Above ears reduces head whiplash 38  Below ears increases head whiplash
  • 39. Mirrors Traditional Settings  Adjust rearview mirror to see behind you.  Adjust outside door mirrors so you can see some of the side of your vehicle.  Head checks are required to check blind spots! 39
  • 40. Cones outline the blind areas caused by traditional mirror settings TRADITIONAL SETTING RIGHT BLIND SPOT RIGHT SIDE VIEW LEFT SIDE VIEW REAR MIRROR VIEW TRADITIONAL SETTING LEFT BLIND SPOT
  • 41. The ENHANCED side mirror settings (15 degrees further out) eliminates right and left side mirror blind areas ENHANCED RIGHT SIDE MIRROR VIEW REAR MIRROR VIEW ENHANCED LEFT SIDE MIRROR VIEW 41
  • 42. 42
  • 43. Minimum Following Distance 3-seconds minimum 43
  • 44. 44
  • 45. Accelerate out of the turn Coast the corner at around 15mph Release pressure on the brake prior to reaching the curve
  • 46. S.M.O.G. To do a safe lane changes, pay attention to S.M.O.G.! Signal Check your MIRRORS (inside and out) Look OVER your shoulder (blind spot check) Go (if clear) 46
  • 47. 47
  • 48. No Open-Toed Shoes! Sandals and other open toed shoe styles can get stuck under the gas or brake pedal! 48
  • 49. 4-Way Stops Who ever gets there first, goes first! If two arrive at the same time, the car on the RIGHT has the RIGHT of way If two cars are across from each other, the turning car yields to the car going straight. 49
  • 50. 50
  • 51. Your Mom Always Used to Say… Look both ways before crossing the street. It’s no different when you’re the driver! Look LEFT, RIGHT, and LEFT again before crossing traffic 51
  • 52. Stopping Distance Stop far enough back so it’s possible to see the vehicles rear tires touching the pavement. 52
  • 53. Protected vs. Unprotected Left Turn When you see this green arrow you have the right of way! When you see a green circle in a left turn lane, you can still turn left, but you must yield to oncoming traffic first. 53
  • 54. THE END But don’t make this YOUR end – this is only the beginning of many, many great years and safe adventures behind the wheel of a vehicle. 54