Prejudice
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Prejudice

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prejudice

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    Prejudice Prejudice Presentation Transcript

    • What is prejudice? The word comes from the Latin "pre" (before) and "judge".Prejudice :is a negative emotional attitude held toward membersof a specific social group.For example: 1 Prejudices may be reflected in the policies of schools, businesses, 2 police departments, or governments.
    • Becoming Prejudiced How do prejudices develop? One major theory suggests that prejudice is a form of scapegoating (blaming a person or agroup for the actions of others or for conditions not of their making).
    • The Prejudiced PersonalityOther research suggests that prejudice can be a general personality characteristicIn the process, they found that people who are prejudiced against one group tend to be prejudiced against all out-groups (Perreault & Bourhis, 1999).
    • The Prejudiced Personality Other research suggests that prejudice can be a general personality characteristicIn the process, they found that people who are prejudiced against one group tend to be prejudiced against all out-groups (Perreault & Bourhis, 1999).For example, astudy confirmed that many peopleactually do believe that “White mencan’t jump.” This stereotype impliesthat Black basketball players arenaturallysuperior in athletic ability. Whiteplayers, in contrast, are falselyperceived as smarter and harderworking than Blacks.(Stone, Perry, & Darley, 1997
    • Different types of prejudiceRacism: is the attitude that people of acertain race are inferior. People with thisattitude tend to treat people from thissupposed inferior race badly.
    • Religious prejudice: Although all religions teach about love, sometimestheir attitudes towards other religions are prejudice. This comes from an opinion that their religion is superior.
    • Social: this isusually against thosewho are poor.
    • Ageism: some elderly people feel theyare discriminated against (as do some young people) due to their age.
    • Homophobia: This is when a person feels they are discriminatedagainst because they are homosexual (gay).
    • Linguistic discriminationIndividuals or groups may be treatedunfairly treatment based solely ontheir use of languagesuch as an accent, the size ofvocabulary (whether the person usescomplex and varied words), andsyntax. It may also involve a personsability or inability to use one languageinstead of another.
    • Causes of Prejudice• Economic and Political Competition• Displaced Aggression• Maintenance of Self-Image and Status• Dispositional Prejudice• Prejudice Through Conformity• Hatred• Social learning and conformity
    • Effects of prejudiceIt leads to :1. Fights/ Arguments2. Hate3. Jealousy4. Bloodshed5. War/ Riots6. Hurt
    • Why is prejudice a problem?• It affects the victims and causes them hurt• It is unjust• It goes against the principle that our society establishes and promotes
    • Prejudice in our daily lives• Prejudice against disabled people (physical and mental disabilities)• Racial Prejudice (the most dominant race, Chinese, against other races)• Class Prejudice (more successful vs. less successful)• Prejudice against the less gifted/ talented
    • Reducing Prejudice• Behavior leads to attitude change• Clear inevitability leads to attitude change• Economic conflict blocks progress• Competition can block progress• Interdependence helps• Equal status familiarity helps
    • PREJUDICE AND INTERGROUP CONFLICTFor example, astudy confirmed that many peopleactually do believe that “White mencan’t jump.” This stereotype impliesthat Black basketball players arenaturallysuperior in athletic ability. Whiteplayers, in contrast, are falselyperceived as smarter and harderworking than Blacks(Stone, Perry, & Darley, 1997).
    • Different types of prejudiceRacism:Racism: is the attitude that people of a certain race are inferior. People with this attitude tend to treat people from this supposed inferior race badly. E.g: like Kosovo and Iraq, where a great many people from certain races in these countries have been murdered. This is called ‘ethnic cleansing’.
    • Religious prejudice: Although all religions teach about love, sometimes theirattitudes towards other religions are prejudice. This comes from an opinion that theirreligion is superior.Social: this is usually against those who are poor.Ageism: some elderly people feel they are discriminated against (as do someyoung people) due to their age.
    • Homophobia: This is when a person feels they are discriminated against becausethey are homosexual (gay).Linguistic discriminationIndividuals or groups may be treated unfairly treatment based solely on their use of languagesuch as an accent, the size of vocabulary (whether the person uses complex and varied words),and syntax. It may also involve a persons ability or inability to use one language instead ofanother.
    • Causes of Prejudice• Economic and Political Competition• Displaced Aggression• Maintenance of Self-Image and Status• Dispositional Prejudice• Prejudice Through Conformity• Hatred• Social learning and conformity
    • 1. Effects of prejudice - It leads to :Fights/ Arguments Hate Jealousy Bloodshed War/ Riots Hurt
    • Why is prejudice a problem?• It affects the victims and causes them hurt• It is unjust• It goes against the principle that our society establishes and promotes
    • Prejudice in our daily lives• Prejudice against disabled people (physical and mental disabilities)• Racial Prejudice (the most dominant race, Chinese, against other races)• Class Prejudice (more successful vs. less successful)• Prejudice against the less gifted/ talented
    • Reducing Prejudice• Behavior leads to attitude change• Clear inevitability leads to attitude change• Economic conflict blocks progress• Competition can block progress• Interdependence helps• Equal status familiarity helps