Containers and closures
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Transcript

  • 1. BOTTLES AND CONTAINERS Prepared and presented by Ibrahim bin Abdullah for MSU Diploma Pharmacy
  • 2. PACKAGING MATERIAL DisadvantagesAdvantages Glass Plastic Disadvantages Advantages
  • 3. GLASS Adv Disadv• Inert • Fragile• Impervious • Release alkali• Easy inspection • Expensive• Easy to clean • Heavy• Easy to sterilize• Easy to shape
  • 4. PLASTIC Adv Disadv• Flexible • Less inert• Light • Cracking, distortion• Can be heat-sealed • Less permeable• Easily moulded • Heat sensitive• 2o packaging • Charged• Cheap • Easily leached
  • 5. GLASS Type 1 Type 2 Type Type 3 Type 4Know made, advantages, disadvantages and uses of each type
  • 6. INJECTIONCONTAINER
  • 7. INJECTION CONTAINER Characteristics Material should not affect the content Must be strong enough to withstand the changes of temperature and pressure (heat sterilization) Protect the contents from harmful light radiations Must be suitable for repeated use Easy to clean Cheap enough to discard Should be transparent and colourless
  • 8. INJECTION CONTAINER TypeGlass bottlesPVC collapsible bags AmpoulesSemi-rigid polythene containers Cartridges Single-dose Single-dose injections injections of small of large volume volume Multiple- dose injections
  • 9. CLOSURES
  • 10. CLOSURES CharacteristicsGood ageing qualitiesSatisfactory hardness and elasticityResistance to sterilisation conditionImpermeable (resistant) to moisture and airNegligible release of undesirable substancesNegligible extraction of injection ingredients
  • 11. QUESTION TIME Ask questions through email. Send your questions to: ibrahim@msu.edu.my