Greenpeace is known for his loud actions, aimed
at attracting media attention to environmental
issues. The organization seeks to visit an
environmental crime scene and give people
independent and reliable information.
The main goal - to achieve global environmental issues, including by
bringing them to the attention of the public and authorities.
Greenpeace exists only through donations from supporters and
fundamentally does not accept funding from government agencies,
political parties or businesses.
Greenpeace (born Greenpeace «Green World") - an international
public environmental organization
based in Vancouver, Canada
September 15, 1971 David
HISTORY OF THE ORGANIZATION
In 1969, the U.S. government planned to hold
underground nuclear tests in Alaska to the Aleutian Islands.
However, some people were afraid that it would cause
earthquake and the subsequent tidal wave
In the demonstration was attended by about 10,000 people.
They blocked the US-Canadian border and were holding
placards on which was written
"Do not make waves. If you do not understand, then it is
your fault. "?
Some of the protesters were members of the Canadian
branch of the club "Sierra» (Sierra Club).
Protests of environmentalists forced the U.S. government to stop testing at
Amchitka area by the end of 1971.
The island became a bird sanctuary.
In May 1972, the organization was officially renamed «Greenpeace».
Next protest took place in 1975 near Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific, where
France conducted atmospheric nuclear tests. Share held by David McTaggart,
who in 1979 became the head of Greenpeace International. Through the actions
of Greenpeace France also stopped its tests.
In the 1970th Greenpeace hold many campaigns against whale’s
Since the beginning of the second half of the 1970s. Greenpeace has
launched a campaign against the commercial production of fur seals, seal
In 1985, the Greenpeace ship
"Rainbow Warrior» («Rainbow
Warrior») held evacuate
Pacific atoll of Rongelap.
In the 1990s, Greenpeace drew attention to the problem of air
pollution and ozone depletion.
In 1996, Greenpeace launched a campaign against genetically modified
In the Soviet Union, Greenpeace appeared in the 80s. In March 1989, the
USSR double album titled "Greenpeace. Breakthrough »(Greenpeace
Breakthrough), which participated in the recording of U2, REM, Sting,
Sade, Dire Straits and other musicians.
In July 1989, at a press conference on board the Greenpeace ship "Rainbow
Warrior" Alexey Yablokov officially announced Greenpeace office in the USSR "the
first independent organization in the Soviet Union."
In 1992 he formed Greenpeace Russia.
in 2001 opened an office in St. Petersburg.
Campaigns and projects in Russia
The "Restore our forests"
The project "World Heritage"
The project "Clean Neva"
Board of Greenpeace International
Chairman of the Board
Europe: Belgium, United Kingdom, Germany, Greece,
Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal,
Romania, Russia, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland
Asia: China, India, Japan
Africa: Congo, Senegal, South Africa
North America: Canada, Mexico, United States
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile
Australia and Oceania: New Zealand
From the first days of its existence, and so far they are guided by certain principles :
1 ) Independence
Greenpeace exists only on donations from individuals and private charities , not taking
money from the public , businesses and political parties.
Greenpeace does not accept any form of violence as a method of achieving the goals . All
shares - an expression of peaceful protest , even if those actions appear mixed. Never
respond to aggression by the same , even when faced with intimidation or threat.
3) The protest action
Believes in the protest, which brings results . Believes that the shares will inspire people
and organizations to change their attitude towards nature . This is not the only , but
probably the most sensible way to draw attention to the environmental issue and make
necessary changes .
4) Together we - force
Some of the achievements of Greenpeace
The development of a federal program for
After years of public campaign Dutch
company URENCO stopped import of
waste uranium industry in Russia .
The Russian Government has committed
itself to implement during the 2014
Olympics the principle of " zero waste ."
According to these obligations , all the
garbage generated during the construction
and operation of the Olympic venues , will
be sent for recycling and reuse. This
principle also promised extended to the
whole territory of the city of Sochi .
Approved boundaries of the Baikal natural
Created Kalevala National Park - it was the
result of hard work of eleven , take many
forms - from negotiating with official
bodies to conduct field research and
international environmental camps.
Now one of the important tasks before
Greenpeace persuaded to reconsider the
Russian energy strategy of Russia , to
cancel the construction of floating
nuclear power station in Kamchatka.
This earthquake-prone region . Tsunami
in the area of location of the station can
reach 4 meters.
The whole world has seen the effects of
radiation on the example of the tragedy
of the accident at the plant "Fukushima1". Reactor cooling system can fail and
without any tsunami. In the last 7 years
at Russian nuclear power plants
annually emergency protection works
about 10 times , and the reactors are
jammed . On the revision of energy
policy in favor of alternative energy
have already announced Germany ,
Venezuela , Thailand, Israel , Peru ,
Switzerland. Greenpeace calls to follow
the example of these countries and to
revise the Russian energy strategy in
favor of renewable energy sources.
Greenpeace often caught and prosecuted for fabricating evidence allegedly
showing about harming the environment. In this regard we can recall the
• deliberate torture seal the camera in 1979;?
• fee for West African fishermen catching contaminated fish;?
• Preview of clean sand as radioactively contaminated in 1996?
• fee teenagers from Seattle for $ 5 each for ensuring that they protested in front
of the camera against the sale of Icelandic fish in 1999.
Sierra Club (The Sierra Club) was organized in 1892 to
preserve and protect the remaining places in America
untouched wilderness. Today, the Sierra Club is one of
the most influential non-governmental environmental
organizations in the U.S., which has a membership of
Original «Rainbow Warrior» was built as a trawler in 1955 by MAFF and belonged to Sir William
Hardy. Greenpeace bought for 40,000 pounds renovating and April 29, 1978 received the name
«Rainbow Warrior». This title is borrowed from the prophecy Alaska North American continent ,
which states verbatim : "In the days when the world is sick and near death , the people will rise
up like Warriors of the rainbow ."
C the late 1970s to the early 1980s schooner participated in protests against Greenpeace
whale hunting and nuclear tests.
July 10, 1985 was sunk by French secret service agents (DGSE) in the harbor of Port Auckland,
New Zealand. In 1987, under heavy international pressure, the French government paid
Greenpeace NZ $ 8.16 million compensation.
Since 1989, this name is a new ship - «Rainbow Warrior II».
Join Greenpeace and stand with
us to protect the planet
http://www.greenpeace.org – Официальный сайт
http://www.greenpeace.org/russia/ru - Greenpeace России
Денис Тукмаков - Сети «Гринписа» // Газета «Завтра», №