Retrofitting for Community Resilience

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Panel Moderator: Timothy Reinhold, Ph.D., P.E., IBHS Senior Vice President of Research & Chief Engineer
Panelists: Fred Malik, IBHS FORTIFIED Program Manager; Miles Anderson, Bureau Chief, Florida Division of Emergency Management, and John Ingargiola, Senior Engineer, FEMA Building Science Branch, Risk Reduction Division

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Retrofitting for Community Resilience

  1. 1. Current FEH Locations
  2. 2. •  Broken out by risk – Hurricane – High-wind & Hail – Wildfire – Freezing weather – Internal water – Internal fire – Flood – Seismic
  3. 3. FORTIFIED for Existing Homes™ Evaluation Applications FEH  
  4. 4. Risks   Homes  
  5. 5. Risks   Homes  
  6. 6. Retrofitting for Community Resilience John Ingargiola, Senior Engineer - FEMA Building Science Branch, Risk Reduction Division
  7. 7. FEMA Strategic Plan FY08-13   Promote development of national, consensus-based building codes and standards, and encourage their adoption by governmental entities.   Provide technical assistance and public education on building techniques for the rebuilding and recovery process to reduce the potential for future loss of life and property.   Promote use of most appropriate and cost-effective building materials and practices (based on the hazards present in an area) to help encourage future construction of disaster-resistant buildings.   Ensure integration of sound building designs, construction standards, and up-to-date risk information into recovery process to mitigate against future disaster losses.
  8. 8. Hazard Mitigation Assistance - Fed Share Obligated by Program (FY 1990 to 2009) $ Amount in Millions 16
  9. 9. Hurricane  Andrew   Midwest  Floods   Northridge  Earthquake   Hurricane  Fran   Hurricane  Georges   Hurricane  Floyd   Tropical  Storm  Allison  and  9/11   2004  Hurricanes   Hurricanes  Katrina,  Rita,  and  Wilma   Fed Share Obligated by Program (FY 1990 to 2009) Hurricane  Ike   17 $ Amount in Millions
  10. 10. Fed Share Obligated for HMGP & PDM By Hazard ( FY 1990 to 2009) HMGP* PDM *: For HMGP, Hazard is based on type of disaster declarations. Other includes: 5% Initiative, warning systems, and items not clearly identified in the system. $ Amount in Millions 18
  11. 11. Identifying the Need for Guidance – Review of Fed Share Obligated for HMGP By Activity (1990 to 2009) Activity Fed Share Activity Fed Share Obligated Obligated Acquisition (Flood) $1,477.6 Multi $308.7 Acquisition (Non Flood) $63.7 Other $726.6 Drainage Improvement $403.9 Planning $126.7 Education (& Outreach) $66.8 Reconstruction $17.4 Elevation $131.1 Relocation $24.7 EQ Retrofit $747.3 Safe Room $344.0 Equipment $132.2 Studies $39.0 Flood Control $156.4 Utility Protection $278.5 Floodproof $17.6 Warning Systems $75.9 Infrastructure Protection $40.9 Wildfire Vegetation Management $19.7 Management Costs $158.3 Wind Retrofit $312.7 Total Fed Share Obligated $5,669.7 $ Amount in Millions 19
  12. 12. FEMA Grant Programs   Why provide residential wind retrofit guidance?   Billions in damage continue to be observed after hurricane events   Large percentage of homes constructed prior to the adoption of the I-codes   Studies identified gaps in knowledge   Validates the need for new guidance   Less than 6% of all FEMA grant funding going to wind retrofitting   More than 75% of this funding has been used for non-residential and critical facilities From new Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Buildings
  13. 13. Example Solution: Wind Retrofit Guide   State-of-the-art guide for wind retrofit   Readily available solutions   Holistic solutions vs. individual (incomplete) projects   Uniform application of theory   Community-wide risk reduction   Better guidance leads to   More cost-effective projects   Less risk to built environment
  14. 14. Expert guidance on applying Benefit Cost Analysis to Wind Retrofit Projects 22
  15. 15. FEMA Approach: Collaborative and Partnering
  16. 16. FEMA Building Science Flood/Wind Building Science Helpline: FEMA-BuildingScienceHelp@dhs.gov (866) 927-2104 http://www.FEMA.gov/Rebuild/BuildingScience
  17. 17. Florida Division of Emergency Management Miles E. Anderson, Mitigation Bureau Chief November 16, 2010
  18. 18. Mitigation Programs   Disaster Grants   Hazard Mitigation Grant Program   Non-Disaster Grants   Flood Mitigation Assistance   Repetitive Flood Claims   Severe Repetitive Loss   Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program   Residential Construction Mitigation Program   National Flood Insurance Program
  19. 19. Disaster Grants   20 Years of HMGP in Florida   2300+ mitigation projects   $674 million (Fed, State, & Local Funding)   Since 2007   1100+ closed projects   $271 million completed / closed projects   Approximately400 projects actively managed at this time
  20. 20. Non Disaster Grants   Mitigation from 1992-2008   400+ projects completed   Projects include multiple sites and structures   $95 million of projects completed   $71.8 million in current projects
  21. 21. National Flood Insurance Program   452 of Florida’s 462 communities participate   40% of all NFIP policies are in Florida   2,189,373 policies in Florida   Annual premiums of $952 million   Total claims paid 1978–2008   145,141 NFIP claims paid in Florida   $3.5 billion in claims in Florida   $117 million/year average   >$500 million in claims were for RL properties
  22. 22. Florida Mitigation   Disaster Mitigation Programs   Currently managing $200Million   More than 1000 Mitigation Projects closed in the past 3 years   Non-Disaster Mitigation Programs   Currently managing $70Million   Estimated $20 Million additional funding annually   National Flood Insurance Program   98% FL Communities Participating
  23. 23. Florida Division of Emergency Management Miles E. Anderson, Mitigation Bureau Chief 850-413-9816 Miles.Anderson@em.myflorida.com

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