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Halloween

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Transcript

  • 1. HalloweenOrigins and Traditions
  • 2. Origins Halloween began two thousand years ago in Ireland, England, and Northern France with the ancient religion of the Celts (Paganism).
  • 3. They celebrated their New Yearon November 1 . st This day marked the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death.
  • 4. Samhain ( sow-in) On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
  • 5. Costumes People thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes…
  • 6. So they wore costumes. This way, the ghosts couldn’t recognize them!
  • 7. The Christian Influence As the influence of Christianity spread into Celtic lands, in the 7th century, Pope Boniface IV introduced All Saints Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs, to replace the Pagan festival of Samhain. It was observed on May 13th.
  • 8. A change of date In 834, Pope Gregory III moved All Saints Day from May 13th to Nov. 1st. Oct. 31st thus became All Hallows Eve (hallow means saint).
  • 9. All Souls DayNovember 2nd, called All Souls Day, is the day set apart in the Roman Catholic Church for the commemoration of the dead.
  • 10. Trick-or-treating began with the poor in the15 century… th During the All Souls Day festival in England, poor people would beg for “soul cakes,” made out of square pieces of bread with currants Families would give soul cakes in return for a promise to pray for the family’s relatives
  • 11. then children… The practice, which was referred to as "going a-souling" was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money.
  • 12. Today: Children still go from house-to-house, but instead of ale, food, and money, they get candy.
  • 13. With Irish Immigration… In 1848, millions of Irish emigrants poured into America as a result of the potato famine. They brought with them their traditions of Halloween.
  • 14. Halloween came to America. They called Halloween Oidche Shamhna (`Night of Samhain), as their ancestors had, and kept the traditional observances.
  • 15. The Jack-O-Lantern The Irish used to carry turnips with candles in them to light their way at night and to scare away ghosts..
  • 16. When they arrived in America they foundthat pumpkins were both plentiful and easier to carvethan turnips.
  • 17. Now, Jack-O-Lanterns are used for decorating people’s homes.
  • 18. People have recently started carving less traditional Jack-O-Lanterns
  • 19. Today people go to parties…
  • 20. Take their kids trick-or-treating.…
  • 21. And eat lots of candy!
  • 22. If you don’t give candy to a trick-or- treater…
  • 23. This could happen to you!
  • 24. Bibliography www.wilstar.com/holidays/hallown.htm www.historychannel.com/halloween http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Souls_Day#Pagan_roots www.fni.com/heritage/oct97/historyhall
  • 25. Happy Halloween! The End
  • 26. This powerpoint was kindly donated towww.worldofteaching.comhttp://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over athousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is acompletely free site and requires no registration. Pleasevisit and I hope it will help in your teaching.

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