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  1. 1. Slums
  2. 2. • Slums: are basically an unorganized group of patched materials that make up a small room for homeless people to use as a shelter.
  3. 3. The United Nations characterizes slums/informal settlements by one or more of the following:• Poor structural quality and durability of housing• Insufficient living areas (more than three people sharing a room)• Lack of secure tenure• Poor access to water• Lack of sanitation facilities
  4. 4. History of slums Slums are often associated with Victorian Britain, particularly in industrial, northern English towns, lowland Scottish towns and Dublin City in Ireland. These were generally still inhabited until the 1940s, when thegovernment started slum clearance and built new council houses. There are still many examples left of former slum housing in the UK, however they have generally been restored into more modern housing.
  5. 5. examples left of former slum housing in the UK
  6. 6. In the later part of the 20th century, slums exploded worldwide, becoming a cause for serious concern amonghumanitarianorganizations
  7. 7. Slum populations are growing by more than 200,000 new inhabitants each day.
  8. 8. Over one billion people world wide live in slums (statistics according to UN-HABITAT)
  9. 9. This means the 1out of each six people in theworld lives in a slum.
  10. 10. Major slums around the world are found inMumbai, Rio de Janeiro, Kibera, and Jakarta.
  11. 11. 55% of the population of Mumbai live in slums, which cover only 6% of the city’s land.
  12. 12. The Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in India stated that India’s slums population had risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 61.8 million in 2001. The people who find work in therural areas find it too expensive to afford housing so they build their own shelter.
  13. 13. Some of the reasons forThe rise in the slums isdue to:1) the lack of affordablehousing.2)And decaying economicstats of people.3) and the over load ofpopulation.4)The upraise of the numbers of billionaires in the world.
  14. 14. Living conditionsUnder capitalism the vast majority of these vast urban populations are condemned to the most degrading conditions.
  15. 15. In the gargantuan Kibera, the streets are unpaved, rubbish strewn and potholed. Hundreds of people might share one small toilet block and a couple of water outlets. When it rains storm water washes the accumulated waste into the water sources.Internationally, 6,000 people every day die from preventable water-borne diseases.
  16. 16. Fires tend to happen a lot in slums for example: The fire inthe Manila slum of Tondo injured scores of people, razed2, 500 homes and rendered an estimated 25,030residents homeless. It raged for seven hours before itwas extinguished, burning down 18 hectares of the 53hectares of the former shipyard site where the slum hasmushroomed. Manila slum
  17. 17. Workers spend more than 80% of their income on food and with the decreasing quality of food by contamination because of pollution and unhygienic conditions. Dilapidated infrastructure renders 30 percent of all merchandise inedible. And the health stats and mortality are badly effected by such conditions.
  18. 18. • The lack of media coverage concerning the UN’s revelations and the worsening neglect to slums is indicative of an international elite mired in self-satisfaction and concerned only with the immediate pursuit of material gain.
  19. 19. Made by: Shahd HamouriFind me on twitter@shahdhm
  20. 20. Refrences