0
Prepared by Dr. Andree Swanson, EdD, MHR, MAOM
Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
1. APA Style – Where do I
turn for information?
2. In-text citations
3. Paraphrasing
4. Peer-reviewed articles
5. Academic...
3
Module One – APA StyleModule One – APA Style
Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
APA Style – Where do I turn for information?
Basic Formatting for an APA Essay
4Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
Question:
Where do you turn if you need assistance creating APA
references?
Answer:
This PowerPoint, books, and websites a...
 Recommend this book for
graduate-level students
 For ALL students,
recommend bookmarking
this site
 www.apastyle.org
6...
 On this website, you
will find links to:
 Facebook
 Twitter
 APA Style Blog
7
Connect with
APA and learn
more about t...
 Recommend this book for students
at:
 Community colleges
 Technical and Business schools
 Undergraduate distance lear...
Question:
What format should I use?
Answer:
See the next few slides for your answer.
9Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-20...
 Spacing
 Double-spaced
throughout the
paper
 No additional blank
lines between
paragraphs
 Font – 12 point
 Courier
...
 Creating the running head and
page number in Microsoft Word
2007
 Click on the Insert tab.
 Click on Header in the Hea...
12Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
Question:
How do you handle quotations?
Answer:
Here’s some guidance.
13Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) fr...
 Quote less than 40 words?
 Use quotation marks
 Note the placement of the period at the end of the
sentence…after the ...
 Have a quote in the middle of your sentence?
 Use quotation marks.
 Cite the source within the sentence immediately
af...
 Placement of the period seems to always be a point of
confusion.
 In APA style, the period goes to the right of the par...
 Indent to .5” on the left margin.
 Continue to double space the quote.
 Do not place the citation within the sentence(...
18Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
 “APA’s in-text citations
provide at least the
author’s last name and
the year of
publication.”
 “For direct quotations
...
 “APA style requires the use
of the past tense or the
present perfect tense in
signal phrases introducing
cited material…...
HACKER & FISTER HANDBOOK
 http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5
e/RES5e_ch06_o.html
PURDUE ONLINE WRITING LAB
21
 http...
 Notify reader of two items:
 Author’s last name
(or title of article if no author),
 Year of publication.
Example
The ...
 After the essay is done…at the
end of the text…
 Select a Page Break
 Center the word –
▪ Reference (if only one
listi...
24Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
 Use a hanging indent to format each reference
 Position the insertion point in the paragraph in
which you want the hang...
26Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
27Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
Question:
How do you know when to cite or if it is considered
common knowledge?
Answer:
Here’s some guidance.
28Copyright ...
 …”if you find the same
information
undocumented in at
least five credible
sources.”
 When in doubt, cite.
 Better to c...
Question:
How do we present Appendices,Tables and Figures?
Answer:
Here’s some guidance.
30Copyright © AC Swanson Group 20...
 Type the word, Appendix, in upper and lower case
with the identifying capital letters (A, B,) at the top
of the page.
 ...
 Table usually presents quantitative data
 Must be discussed in text
 Appears on the same page as discussed for reader
...
 Each figure is numbered consecutively in the order
in which they are first mentioned in the text.
 Figures are photogra...
34
Module One – APA StyleModule One – APA Style
Copyright © 2009 - 2012
Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) fr...
 Title page with running head, title, your name, and
school name
 Abstract if required by instructor
 Text pages
 Refe...
 Not double-spaced
 Justified text
 References flush left for first line and never use
author’s first name, only initia...
 Remember the purpose of citations and
references is to point out to your reader the
source of this information.
 Doing ...
 Please contact your Instructor
38Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
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Transcript of "Module 1 APA Style"

  1. 1. Prepared by Dr. Andree Swanson, EdD, MHR, MAOM Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  2. 2. 1. APA Style – Where do I turn for information? 2. In-text citations 3. Paraphrasing 4. Peer-reviewed articles 5. Academic writing  Any questions? Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  3. 3. 3 Module One – APA StyleModule One – APA Style Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  4. 4. APA Style – Where do I turn for information? Basic Formatting for an APA Essay 4Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  5. 5. Question: Where do you turn if you need assistance creating APA references? Answer: This PowerPoint, books, and websites are available. 5Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  6. 6.  Recommend this book for graduate-level students  For ALL students, recommend bookmarking this site  www.apastyle.org 6Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  7. 7.  On this website, you will find links to:  Facebook  Twitter  APA Style Blog 7 Connect with APA and learn more about the APA style through social media. Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  8. 8.  Recommend this book for students at:  Community colleges  Technical and Business schools  Undergraduate distance learners  Also recommend this for graduate students, but cross-reference this with APA Publication Manual 8Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  9. 9. Question: What format should I use? Answer: See the next few slides for your answer. 9Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  10. 10.  Spacing  Double-spaced throughout the paper  No additional blank lines between paragraphs  Font – 12 point  Courier  Times New Roman  Margins  1” all around 10Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  11. 11.  Creating the running head and page number in Microsoft Word 2007  Click on the Insert tab.  Click on Header in the Header & Footer bar.  Choose the Blank (Three Columns) header.  Right click on the middle header "Type Text" and click Delete.  In the left-hand column of the header, type in the words Running head and then a colon (:), then type in your running read in all caps.  In the right-hand column, insert the page number with no other information (page, p., etc.) by click on the page number button (upper-left on the screen) and choosing Current Position and then Plain Number. 11 See sample on next page Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  12. 12. 12Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  13. 13. Question: How do you handle quotations? Answer: Here’s some guidance. 13Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  14. 14.  Quote less than 40 words?  Use quotation marks  Note the placement of the period at the end of the sentence…after the parentheses  The citation is part of the sentence. Example “Three Irish Setters roam the neighborhood at night” (Swanson, 2013, p. 134). 14Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  15. 15.  Have a quote in the middle of your sentence?  Use quotation marks.  Cite the source within the sentence immediately after the quote. Example Before the rain begins, “Kingston, the dog, can tell when there is a storm around” (Swanson, 2013, p. 22) further substantiating that dogs are affected by weather. 15Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  16. 16.  Placement of the period seems to always be a point of confusion.  In APA style, the period goes to the right of the parentheses.  The page number is NOT part of the quote, but is part of the sentence. Example Swanson (2004) stated, “Three Irish Setters roam the neighborhood at night” (p. 134). 16Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  17. 17.  Indent to .5” on the left margin.  Continue to double space the quote.  Do not place the citation within the sentence(s).  Cite the source after the sentence immediately after the quote. Example Nitko (2011) stated: A teacher must make many decisions. Making good decisions in the classroom, however, requires more than good judgment or years of experience. Successful teachers obtain information about their students from high-quality assessments. (p. 3) 17 See sample on next pageCopyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  18. 18. 18Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  19. 19.  “APA’s in-text citations provide at least the author’s last name and the year of publication.”  “For direct quotations and some paraphrases, a page number is given as well.”  “The guidelines presented here are consistent with advice given in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010).” 19(“APA in-text citations,” 2011)Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  20. 20.  “APA style requires the use of the past tense or the present perfect tense in signal phrases introducing cited material…”  Swanson (2011) reported…  Swanson (2011) has argued… 20(“APA in-text citations,” 2011) Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  21. 21. HACKER & FISTER HANDBOOK  http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5 e/RES5e_ch06_o.html PURDUE ONLINE WRITING LAB 21  http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resou rce/560/02/ If URLs do not work, copy and paste into a new browser. Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  22. 22.  Notify reader of two items:  Author’s last name (or title of article if no author),  Year of publication. Example The large dogs are out at night (Swanson, 2011). 22Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  23. 23.  After the essay is done…at the end of the text…  Select a Page Break  Center the word – ▪ Reference (if only one listing) ▪ References (if more than one)  Insert a manual page break  Click where you want to start a new page.  On the Insert tab, in the Pages group, click Page Break. 23Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  24. 24. 24Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  25. 25.  Use a hanging indent to format each reference  Position the insertion point in the paragraph in which you want the hanging indent.  Display the Paragraph dialog box.  Select Hanging.  Click on OK. 25Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  26. 26. 26Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  27. 27. 27Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  28. 28. Question: How do you know when to cite or if it is considered common knowledge? Answer: Here’s some guidance. 28Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  29. 29.  …”if you find the same information undocumented in at least five credible sources.”  When in doubt, cite.  Better to cite than to not cite.  When presenting a summary of course material, ensure to cite the author of the textbook for the course. 29(The OWL at Purdue, 2011)Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  30. 30. Question: How do we present Appendices,Tables and Figures? Answer: Here’s some guidance. 30Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  31. 31.  Type the word, Appendix, in upper and lower case with the identifying capital letters (A, B,) at the top of the page.  Appendix contains detailed info that would be distracting to read in the text  Content must be discussed in text.  Example:  Survey questions 31Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  32. 32.  Table usually presents quantitative data  Must be discussed in text  Appears on the same page as discussed for reader ease  Everything is double spaced  Number all tables with Arabic numbers (1,2,3), double space and then clear title.  Clarify where the copied table originated. Example that goes above your table:  Table 1 Analysis of Variance 32Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  33. 33.  Each figure is numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text.  Figures are photographs, drawings or non- quantitative data.  Each figure must have a caption and is located at the top left.  Example: Figure 1. Gender Differences 33Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  34. 34. 34 Module One – APA StyleModule One – APA Style Copyright © 2009 - 2012 Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  35. 35.  Title page with running head, title, your name, and school name  Abstract if required by instructor  Text pages  Reference page(s)  Appendices  Tables  Figures 35Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  36. 36.  Not double-spaced  Justified text  References flush left for first line and never use author’s first name, only initials  Reference page not alphabetized  An anonymous author is listed  Incorrect APA citations 36Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
  37. 37.  Remember the purpose of citations and references is to point out to your reader the source of this information.  Doing this adds credibility and strength to your writing. 37Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013
  38. 38.  Please contact your Instructor 38Copyright © AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art.
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