Future Networks

          Piet Demeester
Internet: its basic functionality

           BGP                       OSPF
    Network of Networks             Routing

...
Internet



           IPTV
Internet: the IP hourglass
General Trends



                                          Content

                          Information


             ...
TRAFFIC: Increase is Consumer Driven




                                                       10,000 PByte/Month = 30 Tb...
TRAFFIC: Video will be the Key Driver




                                                           Consumer Internet Tra...
TRAFFIC: Video Bitrate Increase




                                                                      Source: www.Cine...
TRAFFIC: Video Examples




         3D video
         Immersive video
INFORMATION: Worldwide Growth



  Kilo: k = 103
Mega: M = 106
 Giga: G = 109
 Tera: T = 1012
Peta: P = 1015
 Exa: E = 101...
END DEVICES: Personal




     How to access, coordinate, preserve, secure, …

                            11
END DEVICES: Embedded




                        Artificiële retina




                                             12
USERS: Worldwide Growth of Mobile




        Connecting the world
ENERGY

                        Power Consumption (GW)
                           40                  26
                 ...
Competences

                                   User
   Techno
  Economics
                            Application Domains...
Outline

                                   User
   Techno
  Economics
                            Application Domains
   ...
Multitude of access technologies
Example in Home/Office


Different independent co-located wired/wireless networks
Multi-radio devices (Software Defined Ra...
Challenges



Better connectivity / less interference
Improved scalability and flexibility
Better QoS/QoE guarantees
More ...
Symbiotic networking


Different co-located wired/wireless networks ...
... with symbiotic networking capabilities
Symbiotic networking
iLab.t: Wireless Test Lab




          200 Nodes
          Wireless LAN
          Sensor networks   22
iLab.t: Exposure assessment
Outline

                                   User
   Techno
  Economics
                            Application Domains
   ...
Converged Infrastructure

                           Network (IP)
                           Transport (Optical)
         ...
Challenges

Connectivity of billions of end systems (terminal, interface,
sensor, server, …) with fixed or wireless access...
Autonomous networking
Global framework for autonomic   Autonomic components
networking                          Admission ...
Sustainable



                          Access                                              IP / OPTICAL
                ...
iLab.t : Virtual Wall




           100 nodes
           500 interfaces
           > 1 Tb/s switch
Outline

                                      User
   Techno
  Economics
                            Application Domains
...
How to support “My Applications”
How to build “My Network”
How to access “My Content”         Application

How to feed “My...
A self-organizing virtual overlay network
   distributed groups of nodes deploying ad hoc networking techniques
Personal
 ...
Scalable content management
   Index and search functionality
   P2P overlay network ( DHT)
Scalable content search
   Cac...
Context model example based on ontologies (OWL)




                                                  34
35
Outline

                                    User
                                Smart Grid, Media
   Techno
  Economics
...
Conclusions

                                           User
   Techno
  Economics
                                    App...
Contact Information




    Piet Demeester
    piet.demeester@intec.ugent.be
    M: 0476 248 322
    T: 09 331 4920
I Minds2009 Future Networks  Prof  Piet Demeester (Ibbt Ibcn U Gent)
I Minds2009 Future Networks  Prof  Piet Demeester (Ibbt Ibcn U Gent)
I Minds2009 Future Networks  Prof  Piet Demeester (Ibbt Ibcn U Gent)
I Minds2009 Future Networks  Prof  Piet Demeester (Ibbt Ibcn U Gent)
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I Minds2009 Future Networks Prof Piet Demeester (Ibbt Ibcn U Gent)

  1. 1. Future Networks Piet Demeester
  2. 2. Internet: its basic functionality BGP OSPF Network of Networks Routing Routing Table 189.123.0.0 X 193.191.0.0 Y IP-address (D) Z Y 193.191.148.49 D Best Effort Packets (typ. 1500 byte) X DNS www.ibbt.be 193.191.148.49 How to find a destination ? How to transfer information ?
  3. 3. Internet IPTV
  4. 4. Internet: the IP hourglass
  5. 5. General Trends Content Information Users Energy Traffic Applications Devices
  6. 6. TRAFFIC: Increase is Consumer Driven 10,000 PByte/Month = 30 Tbit/sec Traffic doubles every 2 years Consumer traffic: 75% of total traffic Source: Cisco
  7. 7. TRAFFIC: Video will be the Key Driver Consumer Internet Traffic Video “streaming” (very large transfers) Bitrate / stream will increase (better quality) 3D, multiple views, bidirectional, immersive, … Source: Cisco
  8. 8. TRAFFIC: Video Bitrate Increase Source: www.Cinegrid.org More 1 - 24 Gbps 8K UHDTV 500 Mbps - 15.2 Gbps 4K2 Stereo 4K (future) 250 Mbs - 6 Gbps SHD SHD (Quad HD) 4K 250 Mbps - 7.6 Gbps Digital Cinema 2K2 2K 200 Mbps - 3 Gbps HD2 Stereo HD 20 Mbps - 1.5 Gbps HDTV HDTV 5 - 25 Mbps HDV Consumer HD
  9. 9. TRAFFIC: Video Examples 3D video Immersive video
  10. 10. INFORMATION: Worldwide Growth Kilo: k = 103 Mega: M = 106 Giga: G = 109 Tera: T = 1012 Peta: P = 1015 Exa: E = 1018 Zetta: Z = 1021 How to store, distribute, filter and preserve ? How to find useful information in a distributed environment ? Source: www.emc.com
  11. 11. END DEVICES: Personal How to access, coordinate, preserve, secure, … 11
  12. 12. END DEVICES: Embedded Artificiële retina 12
  13. 13. USERS: Worldwide Growth of Mobile Connecting the world
  14. 14. ENERGY Power Consumption (GW) 40 26 28 40 22 Data centers PCs Network Equipment TVs Others Footprint ICT: 4% of primary energy today 8% of primary energy by 2020
  15. 15. Competences User Techno Economics Application Domains Personalized Interaction Content Services Green & ICT Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Fundamental Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental Verification Fixed Mobile Sensor
  16. 16. Outline User Techno Economics Application Domains Personalized Interaction Content Services Green & ICT Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Fundamental Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental Symbiotic Verification Fixed Networks Mobile Sensor
  17. 17. Multitude of access technologies
  18. 18. Example in Home/Office Different independent co-located wired/wireless networks Multi-radio devices (Software Defined Radio) © Bitwave Semiconductor IMEC
  19. 19. Challenges Better connectivity / less interference Improved scalability and flexibility Better QoS/QoE guarantees More efficient use of scarce/underutilized spectrum More efficient energy consumption Lower radio emissions (green radio) New & advanced cross-network services
  20. 20. Symbiotic networking Different co-located wired/wireless networks ... ... with symbiotic networking capabilities
  21. 21. Symbiotic networking
  22. 22. iLab.t: Wireless Test Lab 200 Nodes Wireless LAN Sensor networks 22
  23. 23. iLab.t: Exposure assessment
  24. 24. Outline User Techno Economics Application Domains Personalized Interaction Content Services Green & ICT Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Autonomous Fundamental Networks Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental Verification Fixed Mobile Sensor
  25. 25. Converged Infrastructure Network (IP) Transport (Optical) Computing Storage Information
  26. 26. Challenges Connectivity of billions of end systems (terminal, interface, sensor, server, …) with fixed or wireless access Transfer of enormous amounts of information (files, streams, messages, …) QoS/QoE (bandwidth, delay, jitter, …, perception, …) Infrastructure: not only network but also integrated storage and computing resources Sustainable, reliable, scalable, (re-)configurable, …
  27. 27. Autonomous networking Global framework for autonomic Autonomic components networking Admission control Resource optimization Content adaptation QoE management Caching & Buffering Self Learning Quality switching …
  28. 28. Sustainable Access IP / OPTICAL Network Core Network ECO - Server Efficient Clients and home networks Investigate Power adaptive netw.; High sharing ratio of Energy management alternatives for guarantees always servers; Economy of solutions e.g. controlled complex PC basic communication scale & industry link capacity simple and fast “wake adaptive control of based NG servers + ECO data up” and usage components based on Highly efficient power centre architecture adaptive modes of communication adaptive processing Virtualization network and clients requirements Virtualization Cloud Computing, I/SaaS, P2P, content replication, …
  29. 29. iLab.t : Virtual Wall 100 nodes 500 interfaces > 1 Tb/s switch
  30. 30. Outline User Techno Economics Application Domains Personalized Interaction Content Green & ICT Personalization Services Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Fundamental Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental Verification Fixed Mobile Sensor
  31. 31. How to support “My Applications” How to build “My Network” How to access “My Content” Application How to feed “My Interface” How to sense “My Context” Content Network Device
  32. 32. A self-organizing virtual overlay network distributed groups of nodes deploying ad hoc networking techniques Personal both in terms of networking and applications and services 32
  33. 33. Scalable content management Index and search functionality P2P overlay network ( DHT) Scalable content search Caching mechanisms for search results
  34. 34. Context model example based on ontologies (OWL) 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. Outline User Smart Grid, Media Techno Economics Application Domains Production, eHealth, Personal recommendation Personalized Interaction Content Services Green & ICT Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Fundamental Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental Verification Fixed Mobile Sensor
  37. 37. Conclusions User Techno Economics Application Domains Personalized Interaction Content Services Green & ICT Service Distributed Management Quality platforms Software platforms (QoL, QoE, QoS) Fundamental Converged Infrastructures Research Converged Networks Experimental TIGER Verification Fixed Mobile Sensor
  38. 38. Contact Information Piet Demeester piet.demeester@intec.ugent.be M: 0476 248 322 T: 09 331 4920
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