Energy Psychology


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Introductory seminar in energy psychology

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  • Energy Psychology

    1. 1. Psychotherapy & Information Processing Howard Lipke
    2. 2. Psychotherapy and Information Processing <ul><li>Individuals normally process information to reach a state of adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Information processing can be blocked </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy helps clients in reprocessing dysfunctionally held information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maladaptive beliefs, thoughts, behaviour, emotions, sensations, painful intrusive images </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy also helps clients to acquire and process new information to enhance adaptive functioning </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Therapeutic Relationship <ul><li>All activities of psychotherapist and client take place within the context of a psychotherapeutic relationship, which </li></ul><ul><ul><li>establishes contact and reduces anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recognises the positive intention of the client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>frames the learning goal and allows learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>helps with the integration of learning experiences into the future </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Treatment Activities <ul><li>Categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Accessing of relevant information from the client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Offering new information to the client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Facilitation of processing of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Inhibition of accessing information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Howard Lipke) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 1. Accessing Existing Information <ul><li>Bringing to awareness of information already stored </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>from declarative memory systems (events, dates, facts) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>conditioned emotional responses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>behaviour from non-declarative systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>memory of a specific real event, principle, rules, bodily sensations, emotions, fantasies or beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Schools focus on different types of information </li></ul>
    6. 6. 2. Offering New Information <ul><li>Psychotherapists present new information or encourage the client to acquire new information themselves </li></ul><ul><li>All methods of therapy provide new information about the treatment they offer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamically oriented therapists may introduce information about the unconscious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviour therapists introduce information about reinforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professionals also present normative data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are normal reactions in the given situation? </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. 3. Facilitation of Information Processing <ul><li>Successful information processing between brain networks leads to adaptive transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Painful nonadaptive information can be reprocessed very rapidly, with the same speed that such maladaptive elements were acquired </li></ul><ul><li>This opinion is different from the therapeutic expectations of traditional models of psychotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Category 3 activities do not contain or convey meaning in themselves </li></ul>
    8. 8. 4. Inhibition of Information Accessing <ul><li>The purpose of psychotherapy is to process, or reprocess information </li></ul><ul><li>The psychotherapist may also help the client to isolate information, to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide temporary relief of destructive distress, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inhibit destructive behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes processing must be inhibited </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxation or selfhypnosis to close sessions in which traumatic events are not completely processed </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Meridian-based Psychotherapy & Counselling <ul><li>The cause of all negative emotions is a disruption in the body's energy system (Gary Craig) </li></ul><ul><li>All illnesses start with a diminution of the Life Energy (John Diamond) </li></ul>
    10. 10. What is MPC? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new class of needle-free acupuncture meridian treatments of the body’s electrical system to rapidly remove physical, emotional, cognitive, and spiritual blocks that interfere with optimal mind-body-spirit functioning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(David and Rebecca Grudermeyer) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Principles behind MPC <ul><li>Richard Gerber: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter is energy and Einstein’s equation is the starting point of our theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All matter, both physical and subtle, has frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The etheric and physical bodies have different frequencies and coexist non-destructively within the same space, like light and radio waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The acupuncture meridian system is a discretely organised network of sub-microscopic ducts, which connects the physical to the etheric body </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Principles <ul><li>The meridian system relays a nutritive energy, ch’i, from the environment to the organs in the physical body via energetic portals in the skin, acupuncture points </li></ul><ul><li>Energy disturbances in the etheric body and the acupuncture meridian system precede the physical manifestation of illness </li></ul><ul><li>(Richard Gerber) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Acupuncture points <ul><li>Brain stimulation: </li></ul>(Zang-Hee Cho (1998) ) <ul><ul><li>non-acupoint </li></ul></ul>acupoint in visual area <ul><ul><ul><li>light flashing </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Meridians <ul><li>Injection of radioactive Technetium in the experiment of Vernejoul: </li></ul>other skin point acupuncture point
    15. 15. Disturbances <ul><li>When a person’s energy system is not balanced, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>there is no adequate coping with dangers and chances in the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the person loses her autonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adequate emotional reactions are suppressed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>agression and anxiety appear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bodily symptoms occur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a heavy influence of relationships and coping patterns learned in childhood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equal relationships between individuals are not possible </li></ul>
    16. 16. Treatment <ul><li>Life events (physical, mental, or emotional) affect the human energy system </li></ul><ul><li>Conversely, a therapeutic intervention involving that system can effect positive outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Names: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought Field Therapy TFT, Roger Callahan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Freedom Techniques EFT, Gary Craig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be Set Free Fast BSFF, Larry Nims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tapas Acupressure Techniques, Tapas Fleming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy psychology, psychotherapy, Fred Gallo </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Treatment Principles <ul><li>Energy meridians become disrupted when the client is involved in an emotionally disturbing circumstance </li></ul><ul><li>Negative emotions and physical symptoms may instantly improve by tapping on acupuncture points according to certain sequences: algorithms </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional problems consist of separate layers, holons , which are treated successively with the same or with different algorithms </li></ul>
    18. 18. Treatment <ul><li>With treatment, cognitions often change in a healthy direction as a natural consequence of the healing process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The client cannot get upset about the circumstance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The actual memory stays, but the charge is gone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Typically, this result is lasting for the specific circumstance or aspect </li></ul>
    19. 19. Treatment <ul><li>Changes brought about by tapping procedures feel so natural that clients tend to ignore that they ever had the problem or had it in that intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective units of disturbance (SUDs) allow the client to notice differences in the perception of a problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>on a scale from 0 to 10, where do you put this problem? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indications are phobias, trauma, guilt, grief and addictive cravings </li></ul>
    20. 20. Order of Emotions <ul><li>Every body has a unique firing order of emotions </li></ul><ul><li>This firing order also varies depending on the issue </li></ul><ul><li>It is most respectful to ask the client rather than to assume that one emotion must be treated first because it precedes or underlies another </li></ul><ul><li>Ask client What emotion do you think we need to address/deal with/ process/treat first? </li></ul><ul><li>By starting with the most troublesome emotion, others become easier to sort and treat </li></ul>
    21. 21. EFT: Gary Craig <ul><li>Emotional Freedom Techniques EFT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an emotional healing technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also capable of dramatically relieving many physical symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>derived from TFT by Gary Craig, a Stanford engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EFT was directly derived from Thought Field Therapy (TFT) </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Craig trained with Roger Callahan </li></ul>
    22. 22. EFT: The Basic Recipe <ul><li>Procedure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Rate the Distress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Do the Setup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Do the Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Do the 9-Gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Repeat the Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Rate the Distress again </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeat the Basic Recipe for every new holon </li></ul><ul><li>If the subjective level of distress is down to 1 or 0: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye Roll </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Rate the Distress <ul><li>In order to measure progress, rate your distress on a SUD scale, from 0 to 10 (where 0 is no problem and 10 is the worst it can be) </li></ul><ul><li>SUD: Subjective Unit of Discomfort </li></ul>
    24. 24. The Setup <ul><ul><li>Rub the NLR point while repeating three times the affirmation: I deeply and completely accept myself with all my problems and limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap the karate chop point while repeating three times the affirmation: I deeply and completely accept myself even though I have this .... </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Tapping <ul><li>Tap with two fingers (index and middle) of the dominant hand on either side of the body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tapping, not hitting </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Tapping Points I <ul><li>Face & Body Points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inside eye brow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>side of eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under lower lip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collarbone point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under arm </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Tapping Points II <ul><li>Hand points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>thumb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>index finger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>middle finger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>little finger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>karate chop point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Points can be tapped on either side of the body </li></ul>
    28. 28. The 9 Gamut <ul><li>While contually tapping on the 9-gamut spot on the back of the hand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Close your eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Open your eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Look down in one corner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Look down in the other corner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Roll your eyes in a circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Roll your eyes in a circle in the other direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Hum a few notes of any tune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8. Count to seven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9. Hum a few notes again </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. The Eye Roll <ul><li>When SUDs are reduced to 1 or 0, do the Eye Roll: </li></ul><ul><li>While continuously tapping on the 9-gamut spot: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>close your eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open your eyes, look straight ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>move your eyes down to the floor and then slowly up to the ceiling </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Starting exercise <ul><li>People's emotional issues often show up in constricted breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with the breathing reduces the intensity of these issues and can take the edge off of the emotional problem before working with it directly </li></ul><ul><li>Most people have some constriction in their breathing which is rather easily corrected with EFT </li></ul><ul><li>Take a deep breath or two before doing the first SUD assessment, this helps the lungs to stretch so that the initial SUD score is more likely to be valid </li></ul><ul><li>Have your client take a deep breath and ask them to assess how that breath compares to what they consider to be their potential (10) </li></ul><ul><li>Most people come up with a lower SUD number, such as 7 or 8 </li></ul><ul><li>A round or two of EFT usually brings them to a 10 </li></ul>
    31. 31. When it doesn’t work <ul><li>Problem resolution can be inhibited by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>psychological reversal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neurological disorganisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>energy toxins </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Psychological reversal <ul><li>Psychological reversal creates a polarity block </li></ul><ul><li>It blocks treatments from working </li></ul><ul><li>PR entails reversed energy flow in the meridians which results in a negativistic, self-sabotaging state </li></ul><ul><li>PR is indicated when strong/weak responses are reversed </li></ul><ul><li>PR treatment often quickly corrects this condition so that therapy can proceed successfully </li></ul><ul><li>EFT always uses PR correction </li></ul>
    33. 33. PR Correction <ul><li>Massive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While rubbing NLR spot: I deeply and completely accept myself with all my problems and limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specific: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While tapping kc or un, repeat three times: I deeply and completely accept myself, even if I have this problem </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. PR Correction <ul><li>Mini reversal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While tapping karate chop or under nose point, repeat three times: I deeply and completely accept myself, even if I still have some of this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recurrent reversal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While tapping kc or un, repeat three times: I deeply and completely accept myself, even if this problem keeps coming back </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Resistance <ul><li>EFT and many of the other rapid and powerful therapies tend to violate people's conventional beliefs about what constitutes “real therapy” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ they don't compute” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is no tangible link between the stunning results we get and people's existing beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whether one's beliefs are helpful or damaging, they form the foundation from which one makes sense of the world </li></ul><ul><li>To challenge them means challenging one's very sense of security and causes resistance </li></ul>
    36. 36. Don’t Take Prisoners <ul><li>Anything that runs through the client’s mind needs processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This isn’t going to work, This is silly, I will fail at this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continued processing leads to other material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>jump around from topic to topic or image to image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>immediately moving to another issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>processing in sound, color, light, cartoon images, numbers, body sensations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then return to target and see what changes have occurred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>image, affect, bodily sensations, SUDs level </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. TFT <ul><li>TFT, EFT and the other energy psychotherapies use very similar procedures </li></ul><ul><li>TFT uses specific algorithms for specific individuals and types of problems </li></ul><ul><li>The type of intervention is decided upon by the use of diagnostic methods, like muscle testing </li></ul><ul><li>There are no clear indications when to use which technique, it depends on the therapist and the client in their unique relationship </li></ul>
    38. 38. Algorithm <ul><li>Definitions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A mindless procedure which, when followed, must produce an outcome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A procedure in which a series of process steps are executed in a predetermined order: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>take coffee from a machine </li></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Muscle Testing <ul><li>TFT uses muscle testing to diagnose inner states </li></ul><ul><li>The unconscious mind can answer questions by strengthening or weakening muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles are strengthened when a statement is true for the client, weakened when a statement is false or when the client experiences a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Clients may have unconscious control issues which prevent them from joining in the collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>You can get in your own way and influence a test with personality biases </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration, threats and exhaustion can disrupt the circuitry </li></ul>
    40. 40. Muscle testing <ul><li>1. Introduce the purpose and process of muscle testing and tell the client you're going to calibrate the basic state for a strong muscle </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ask the client to hold one arm stretched at the side of the body and relax the other one </li></ul><ul><li>3. Stand before the client, put one hand on the opposing shoulder and with the other one press down gently on the client's stretched arm, just up the wrist </li></ul><ul><li>4. Ask to resist only enough to support the pressure of your fingers, after you say &quot;Hold&quot; or &quot;Resist&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>5. Allow them to get a sense of how that feels </li></ul><ul><li>6. Next, tell them you're going to press harder, and ask them to allow you to press the arm down, after you say &quot;Hold&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>7. Press down just a little harder and encourage them to let their arm yield, after you say &quot;Hold&quot; or &quot;Resist&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>8. Practice steps 2-7 a few times </li></ul><ul><li>9. The client should now be easier to test. If not, continue to practice reduced resistance going through steps 2 - 7 </li></ul>
    41. 41. Basic Testing <ul><li>Test names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the client to say: “My name is ...” and test </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test for truth: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the client to say a true statement like (2 + 2 = 4) and test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the client to say an un true statement (2 + 2 = 5) and test </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test for polarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test with hand over head palm down and palm up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palm down must be strong, palm up weak </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test for massive reversal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test with the the client saying “I want to be happy” and “I want to be miserable” </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Starting Procedure Start Test Name Test Truth Test strong Test strong Test Polarity Test strong Drink Water Do Thymus Thump Test strong Test Massive Reversal Drink Water Correct NDO Cook's Hookups Correction for Massive Reversal Treatment Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No Zipper
    43. 43. TFT Algorithms <ul><li>A classical TFT algorithm consists of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence of tapping points (Sq) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9-Gamut procedure (9G) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of sequence (Sq) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll (ER) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Every algorithm works for one single holon </li></ul><ul><li>After the treatment of every holon, another one may show up, until the SUDs are down to zero </li></ul><ul><li>When SUDs are zero, another issue with higher SUDs may arise </li></ul>
    44. 44. Basic Technique TFT <ul><li>Test in Clear: name, true/false, polarity, massive reversal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you get unclear or reversed answers: Drink water, do over-energy correction (OEC) or collarbone breathing exercise (CBE), and/or correct massive reversal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attune to disturbing thought by referencing the body (MT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If muscle not weak suspect and correct reversal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rate SUDs (1–10) by referencing the body with muscle test </li></ul><ul><li>Treat client with appropriate algorithm </li></ul><ul><li>Rate SUDs (1–10) </li></ul><ul><li>If SUDs > 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>test and correct for mini-PR or additional PR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat algorithm or use another </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When SUDS < 1: Eye roll </li></ul>
    45. 45. TFT: Anxiety <ul><li>Algorithm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence: ue, ua, c </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Abbreviations on p. 56) </li></ul></ul>
    46. 46. TFT: Anxiety <ul><li>Current anxiety protocol: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>first time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>worst time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most recent time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>finally future projection </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. TFT: Anger & Rage <ul><li>Anger Algorithm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence: lf, a, c </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rage Algorithm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence: oe, a, c </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll </li></ul></ul>
    48. 48. TFT: Trauma <ul><li>Trauma Algorithm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence: eb,e, a, c </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex trauma with guilt and anger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence: eb, e, a, c, if, c, lf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eye roll </li></ul></ul>
    49. 49. TFT: Addiction <ul><li>Addictive urges & generalised anxiety: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e, a, c–> 9G –> Sq –> er (simple) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eb, e, a, c–> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e, c, a–> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e, c, a, c, e –> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e, a, c, a, e, c –> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. TFT Algorithms <ul><li>Anger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lf, c –> 9G –> Sq –> ER „I forgive X, I know he/she can’t help it“ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guilt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If, c –> 9G –> Sq –> ER I forgive myself, I’m doing the best I can </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>oe, c –> 9G –> Sq –> ER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jealousy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mf, c –> 9G –> Sq –> ER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mf, a, c –> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stress Reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>er –> 9G –> Sq –> er </li></ul></ul>
    51. 51. Treatment No Yes Test strong Correct Specific Psych. Reversal Name Problem Treatment Establish SUDS Test SUDS Make Notes Tap Sequence No 9 Gamut Tap Sequence Establish SUDS Test SUDS Make Notes SUDS down Eye Roll to 1 or 0 Test/Correct for Mini PR Moderately Find New Algorithm or change aspect Test strong Name Problem EXIT Yes No
    52. 52. When it doesn‘t work <ul><li>Reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The client makes headway but shifts from aspect to aspect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To the client, this seems like nothing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core issues are not addressed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological reversal, different types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological Disorganization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In individuals with this problem, the body seems to have forgotten &quot;which way is up&quot;--the body lacks consistent polarity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MPT techniques are variably successful in these individuals, until ND is corrected with Cook‘s hookups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disturbances in the therapeutic relationship on the energy level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>practitioner may tap on the client, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>practitioner may treat himself first </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy toxins </li></ul></ul>
    53. 53. When it doesn‘t work <ul><li>Have the stuck person use, on their next round of treatment, the phrase „Even though I‘m stuck at 5 (4,7, etc.)...“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This breaks the resistance in about 80% of cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It may take 2 rounds of saying this to get the process going </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another aspect of the problem may surface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Pat Carrington) </li></ul>
    54. 54. Thought Fields <ul><li>Thought Fields are specific thoughts, perturbations and related information which are active in a problem or treatment situation </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological problems are manifestations of isolated pieces of active information, energetically coded within thought fields </li></ul><ul><li>In order to diagnose and treat effectively the appropriate thought field must be attuned </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of thought fields: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>thinking about or being in proximity of phobic object, or even the thought of an elephant </li></ul></ul>
    55. 55. Cook‘s Hookups <ul><li>Have the person sitting, with feet on the floor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Place left ankle over right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Place hands out in front, arms extended, with backs of hands touching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Bring right hand over left (so that palms are touching) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Clasp/enfold fingers and fold hands and arms in, resting on chest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Breathing in, rest tongue against upper palate (i.e., behind front teeth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Breathing out, rest tongue against bottom palate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is done for one to two minutes, breathing normally </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you have been using muscle testing, re-evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>If not, just proceed with the EFT treatment </li></ul>
    56. 56. TFT Tapping Points <ul><li>bladder beginning of eyebrow (BL2) eb trauma, restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>gall bladder outside eye (GB-1) oe rage, fury, wrath </li></ul><ul><li>stomach under eye (St-1) ue fear, bitterness, greed </li></ul><ul><li>governing upper lip, under nose (GV-27) un embarrassment </li></ul><ul><li>central lower lip (CV-24) ul shame </li></ul><ul><li>kidney collarbone (K-27) c (sexual) indecision </li></ul><ul><li>spleen under arm (Sp-21) ua self-confidence, realism </li></ul><ul><li>lung thumb (LU-11) t contempt, disdain </li></ul><ul><li>large intestine index finger (LI-1) if guilt </li></ul><ul><li>circulation/sex middle finger (CX-9) mf jealousy, regret </li></ul><ul><li>heart little finger (HT-9) lf anger </li></ul><ul><li>small intestine side of hand (karate chop) (SI-3) kc sadness, sorrow </li></ul><ul><li>triple heater/thyroid back of hand, gamut point (TH-3) g depression, despair </li></ul><ul><li>liver under nipple (LV-14) l unhappiness </li></ul>
    57. 57. Quotes <ul><li>&quot;Everything that can be invented, has been invented.&quot; -- Charles Duell, commissioner, US patents, 1899 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.&quot; --Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Computers of the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons. -- Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device has no value. --Western Union, internal memo, 1876 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home. -- Ken Olson, pres, chairman, founder of Digital Equipment corp. 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Who the hell wants to hear actors talk?&quot; --H.M. Warner, Warner Bros. 1927 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Drill for oil? You mean drill into the ground to try and find oil? You're crazy.&quot; -- Drillers whom Edwin Drake tried to enlist to his project to drill for oil in 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Louis Pasteur's theory of germs is ridiculous fiction.&quot; -- Pierre Pachet, Prof of Physiology, at Toulouse, 1872 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;If I had thought about it, I wouldn't have done this experiment. The literature was full of examples that said you can't do this.&quot; -- Spencer Silver on the work that led to the unique adhesives for 3-M &quot;Post-It&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?&quot; -- David Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment in the radio in the 1920's. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible.&quot; -- Lord Kelvin, president, Royal Society, 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We don't like their sound and guitar music is on the way out.&quot; -- Decca Recording co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962 </li></ul>
    58. 58. Suggested Readings <ul><li>Diamond, John (1979). Your Body doesn‘t Lie. New York: Warner Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Durlacher, James V. (1994). Freedom from Fear Forever. Tempe AZ: Van Ness. </li></ul><ul><li>Gallo, Fred (1999). Energy Psychology. Explorations at the Interface of Energy, Cognition, Behavior and Health. Boca Raton: CRC Press. </li></ul>
    59. 59. Internet Ressources <ul><li>EFT: </li></ul><ul><li>TFT: </li></ul><ul><li>IAS seminar programme: </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Craig: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Willem Lammers: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Susan Courtney: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>After completing this seminar, you may subscribe to the Meridian-based Psychotherapy List </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Send a message with „subscribe“ to </li></ul></ul>
    60. 60. Active Information <ul><li>Active information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A form having very little energy enters into and directs a much greater energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The activity of the latter is in this way given a form similar to that of the smaller energy (David Bohm) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active information in the human energy field triggers and forms the sequence of activities – neurological, chemical, hormonal and cognitive </li></ul>
    61. 61. Beliefs <ul><li>There is a subtle and not yet scientifically discovered energy circulatory system in the human body, whose paths are called meridians in the Traditional Chinese Medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>This system has great influence over, and many times is responsible by, the person's physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>One can interfere in this system through special points, at the beginning or at the end of those meridians: the points where they reach nearer the surface, below the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>This intervention, when properly done, will result in regaining the lost well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>Many specific techniques (called algorithms, sequences) designed to diagnose the problems and to interfere in that hypothetic system, guaranteeing that positive result. These techniques may involve thought procedures (imagining that you are applying the EFT sequence; attention to the problem or to the storage place [TAT] ), verbal procedures (affirmations, verbal reframes), and physical procedures (muscle test, pressure [TAT], tapping, eye movements), used in various combinations. And all of them are ultimately centered around those specific points. </li></ul><ul><li>The immediacy of the alleged positive effect, ranging from seconds to few minutes, although many times the result is obtained gradually, in a series of descendent points of the problem's intensity. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A set of empirical techniques based on the notion of meridians (*) and their relationship with the overall human well-being, that are designed to interfere, through specific points on the body surface, in the meridians' flux of energy, resulting in almost immediate positive physical, emotional, intellectual and, sometimes, spiritual changes.&quot; (*) remission for the word &quot;meridian&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>1. The meridians' overall importance. Take away the meridians. What happens? We would go back to a time before Mary's case in TFT. And they are also responsible for the assignment of the points that allow the existence of all the other similar therapeutic interventions (even those that don't imply the touching of the client). </li></ul><ul><li>2. As it is now, the field is essentially a practical one (no definition deals with the future of a concept). The techniques are explicitly designed to produce changes. Extensive theoretical formulations and personality studies are still to come, and its applications to spiritual and, specially, physical problems goes farther than the reaches of a psychology or a psychotherapy. </li></ul><ul><li>Sergio Ximenes </li></ul>
    62. 62. Neurological Disorganisation <ul><li>Neurologic Disorganization (ND) is indicated when muscle tests do not distinguish between conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strong/strong or weak/weak </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition, but less likely to occur in treatment with a distressed client, it is possible for someone to test strong/strong on some tests if they are simply doing great </li></ul><ul><li>ND is corrected by “brain balancing” techniques, like Cook's hook-ups (OEC) and collarbone breathing </li></ul>
    63. 63. Reversal Types <ul><li>Survival </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Level </li></ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Deserving </li></ul><ul><li>Safety self /others </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit self / others </li></ul><ul><li>Deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility </li></ul><ul><li>Permission </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul>