• Save
Therapeutics in dentistry(general principles)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Therapeutics in dentistry(general principles)

on

  • 2,040 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,040
Views on SlideShare
2,040
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Therapeutics in dentistry(general principles) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Therapeutics in Dentistry (General Principles)
    • Iyad Abou Rabii
  • 2. 1991 MRes (Master of Research) PG Diploma Oral and Max-Fac Surgery Docteur of Dental Surgery 1993 1998 1998 2001 2004 2005 PG Certificat (General Pharmacology) PG Diploma (Pharmaceutical Engeneering) PhD(Dental Pharmacology) PG Certificat (Implant Dentistry) 2012 MSc (Medical Education)
  • 3. Pharmacology Basics
    • Indications
    • Contra-indications
    2
  • 4. Pharmacology Basics
    • Indications
      • The reasons for administering a medication or performing a treatment
    • Contra-indications
      • A factor that prevents the use of a medication or treatment (eg. Allergies)
    2
  • 5. Pharmacology Basics
    • Dose
    • Mechanism of Action
    3
  • 6. Pharmacology Basics
    • Dose
      • The amount of a drug to be administered at one time
    • Mechanism of Action
      • How a drug works
    3
  • 7. Pharmacology Basics
    • Effects
    • Side Effects
    4
  • 8. Pharmacology Basics
    • Effects
      • The desired result of administration of a medication
    • Side Effects
      • Effects that are not desired and that occur in addition to the desired therapeutic effects
    4
  • 9. Medication Names
    • Chemical Name
    • Generic Name
    • Trade Name
    • Official Name
    6
  • 10. Medication Names
    • Chemical Name
      • describes the drug’s chemical structure
    • Generic Name
      • reflects the chemical name, but in shorter form
    • Trade Name
      • the name the manufacturer uses to market the drug
    • Official Name
      • the name used in the Pharmocopoeia
    6
  • 11. Routes of drug administration
    • Enteral tract routes
    • Parenteral routes
  • 12. Comparison of Enteral vs. Parenteral Routes
  • 13. Enteral Routes
    • Oral (PO)
    • Orogastric/nasogastric (OG/NG)
    • Sublingual (SL)
    • Buccal
    • Rectal (PR)
  • 14. Parenteral Routes
    • Topical
    • Intradermal
    • Intranasal
    • Subcutaneous (SC)
    • Intramuscular (IM)
    • Intravenous (IV)
    • Endotracheal (ET)
    • Sublingual injection
    • Intracardiac (IC)
    • Intraosseous
    • Inhalational
    • Umbilical
    • Vaginal
    • Pulpal
  • 15. No single method of drug administration is ideal for all drugs in all circumstances Very Important Info!
  • 16. What are the essential components of a drug prescription? Drug prescription
  • 17. Essential Components of Prescriptions
    • All written prescriptions should contain:
    • Patient's full name and address
    • Prescriber's full name, address, telephone number,
    • Date of issuance
    • Signature of prescriber
    • Drug name, dose, dosage form, amount
    • Directions for use
    • Refill instructions
  • 18. The Medication Order (Prescription)
    • Medication desired
    • Dose desired
    • Administration route
    • Administration rate
  • 19. Before any Drug prescription
    • Discuss with patient the possible consequences (god and bad)
    • Prescribe drugs you know
    • Keep updated (BNF, Vidal…others)
    • Dose: consider age, physiology, and pathology
    • Drug interactions
  • 20.
    • The Dentist is legally responsible for the signed prescription
    • Prescription should be indelible, dated, with full name and address of the patient
    • Age of patient should be mentioned when under 12.
    • Use generic drugs when possible
    Prescribing
  • 21.
    • Don`t use abbreviations for the drug names.
    • Define the quantity supplied
    • Directions should be in English with no use of the abbreviations
    Prescribing
  • 22. Prescribing
    • When writing the dose
      • Quantities of one gram is wrriten (1 g)
      • Less than 1 g is written in milligrams (500 mg)
      • Less than l mg should be written in microgram 100 microgram (not 0.1 mg)
      • Nanogram and microgram should not be abbreviated
  • 23. Clark’s Rule
    • Clark's Rule
    • Divide the child’s weight (in pounds) by 150 to get the approximate fraction of the adult dose to give to the child.
        • Example: For a 50 pound child give 50/150 (or 1/3) of the adult dose. Therefore, if the adult dose is 30 drops taken 3 times per day, the child’s dose will be 10 drops taken 3 times per day
        • (not 30 drops taken 1 time per day).
  • 24. Essential Components of Prescriptions
    • All written prescriptions should contain:
    • Patient's full name and address
    • Prescriber's full name, address, telephone number,
    • Date of issuance
    • Signature of prescriber
    • Drug name, dose, dosage form, amount
    • Directions for use
    • Refill instructions
  • 25. Essential Components of Prescriptions
  • 26. Latin abbreviations
    • Rx : abbreviation of the Latin word "recipe” x as a substitute period.
    • # ac (ante cibum)
      • means "before meals"
    • # bid (bis in die) means
      • "twice a day"
  • 27. Latin abbreviations
    • # po (per os)
      • means "by mouth"
    • # pc (post cibum) means
      • "after meals"
    • # prn (pro re nata)
      • means "as needed"
  • 28. Latin abbreviations
    • # q 3 h (quaque 3 hora)
      • means "every 3 hours"
    • # qd (quaque die)
      • means "every day"
    • # qid (quater in die) means
      • "4 times a day"
  • 29.  
  • 30.
    • Feel free to use this PowerPoint presentation for your personal,
    • educational and business.
    • Do
    • Make a copy for backups on your harddrive or local network.
    • Use the presentation for your presentations and projects.
    • Print hand outs or other promotional items.
    • Don‘t
    • Make it available on a website , portal or social network website for download . (Incl. groups, file sharing networks, Slideshare etc.)
    • Edit or modify the downloaded presentation and claim / pass off as your own work.
    • All copyright and intellectual property rights, without limitation, are retained by Dr. Iyad Abou Rabii. By downloading and using this presentatione, you agree to this statement.
    • Please feel free to contact me, if you do have any questions about usage.
    • Dr Iyad Abou Rabii
    • [email_address]
    Copyright notice