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  1. 1. Preparing to Deploy Server 2008 & Windows Vista Business Desktops
  2. 2. Windows Vista Desktop Deployment Process <ul><li>What Are the Challenges of Deploying a New Business Desktop? </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for an Effective Business Desktop Deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Considering the Cost Savings of Automation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Considering the Cost Savings of Automation Cost Level of Automation, Tools Usage, and Technology Adoption Manual-based deployment (Basic) Lite Touch deployment (Standardized) Zero Touch deployment (Rationalized/Dynamic)
  4. 4. What Are the Challenges of Deploying a New Business Desktop? Application compatibility User state migration Lack of best practices and implementation guides Cost and complexity of the deployment Lack of resources for performing the migration
  5. 5. Guidelines for an Effective Business Desktop Deployment <ul><li>Take an inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the hardware to be reused or retired </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the applications to be redeployed </li></ul><ul><li>Define a strategy for applications that cannot be supported </li></ul><ul><li>Create an imaging process </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a process for capturing and restoring user data </li></ul><ul><li>Back up all relevant data before redeployment </li></ul><ul><li>Create a plan for training users for the updated software </li></ul>
  6. 6. Overview of the Desktop Deployment Life Cycle Planning Building Deploying
  7. 7. Lesson 2: Tools and Technologies Used in the Desktop Deployment Life Cycle <ul><li>Tools Used to Support the Planning Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Tools Used to Support the Building Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Tools Used to Support the Deploying Phase </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tools Used to Support the Planning Phase P L A N Application Compatibility Toolkit Solution Accelerator for BDD 2007 USMT 3.0 Windows Vista Hardware Assessment
  9. 9. Windows Hardware Assessment Tool scans for- <ul><li>Deployment blocker-Checks Devices and bios versions that are not compatible </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Vista Experience-premium or basic </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade recommendations-Specific hardware upgrades required </li></ul>
  10. 10. Windows Vista Hardware Assessment Tool <ul><li>Install the Windows Vista Hardware Assessment tool </li></ul><ul><li>Configure the Windows Vista Hardware Assessment tool </li></ul><ul><li>View inventory and assessment reports </li></ul>
  11. 20. Vista Hardware Assessment Reports <ul><li>Excel spreadsheet </li></ul><ul><li>Word document-descriptive </li></ul>
  12. 21. Vista Hardware Assessment Tool update- <ul><li>Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit Solution Accelerator-Includes hardware assessment for server 2008 </li></ul>
  13. 22. Application Compatibility
  14. 23. What Is the Application Compatibility Toolkit? An application inventory and analysis tool used to : <ul><li>Identify and manage application portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Determine application compatibility issues specific to deploying to a particular version of Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the cost and time involved in resolving application compatibility issues </li></ul>
  15. 24. Features of the Application Compatibility Toolkit Features of ACT 5.0 include : <ul><li>Inventory and analysis of your portfolio of applications, Web sites, and computers </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of the impact to operating system deployments and Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritization and categorization of application and computer inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronization of compatibility information from the ACT Community </li></ul><ul><li>Developer and Tester Tools </li></ul>
  16. 25. ACT 5.0 System Requirements Supported operating systems : <ul><li>Microsoft Windows XP with SP1 or SP2 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows 2000 with SP4 Release Update (agents only) </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows Server 2003 with SP1 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows Vista </li></ul>Supported database components : <ul><li>Microsoft SQL Server 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft SQL Server 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition </li></ul>
  17. 26. Compatibility Evaluators For Windows Vista Compatibility evaluators specific for the Windows Vista operating system include: <ul><li>Inventory Collector </li></ul><ul><li>User Account Control Compatibility Evaluator </li></ul><ul><li>Update Compatibility Evaluator </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer Compatibility Evaluator </li></ul><ul><li>Vista Compatibility Evaluator </li></ul>
  18. 28. Obtaining User State Windows Easy Transfer (FAST) USMT-User State Migration Tool 3.0
  19. 29. Planning For a User State Migration When you are planning your user state migration, it is important to identify which components you need to migrate to the new operating system platform Components include: User accounts Application settings Operating system settings File types, files, folders, and settings    
  20. 30. What Is User State Migration? Windows XP Windows Vista Application Settings User Preferences User Data
  21. 31. Tools Used to Perform User State Migration User State Migration Tool Windows Easy Transfer
  22. 32. How to Migrate User Settings Using Windows Easy Transfer Target Computer Start Windows Easy Transfer 1 Select the transfer method and location to store the settings files 2 Source Computer Start Windows Easy Transfer 3 Select the transfer method and files and settings that should be migrated 4 Complete the wizard on the target computer 5
  23. 33. Windows Easy Transfer <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul>
  24. 34. What Are the USMT Components? Tools used with USMT include : ScanState LoadState Multiple Computer Migration
  25. 35. How Does ScanState Determine User State? Options used with ScanState relate to : <ul><li>Storage options </li></ul><ul><li>Migration rule options </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring options </li></ul><ul><li>Encrypted file options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scanstate [StorePath] [/i:[path]FileName] [Options] </li></ul></ul>
  26. 36. How Does LoadState Migrate User State Information? Options used with LoadState are the same as ScanState except for the following: <ul><li>Storage options related to decryption </li></ul><ul><li>Migration rule options to allow LoadState to run without administrative credentials </li></ul><ul><li>User options for changing user attributes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loadstate [StorePath] [/i:[path]FileName] [Options] </li></ul></ul>
  27. 37. What Are ScanState and LoadState Component Files? Component files used with LoadState and ScanState include the following: <ul><li>MigSys.xml-O/S and browser settings </li></ul><ul><li>MigApp.xml-Application settings </li></ul><ul><li>MigUser.xml-User folders </li></ul><ul><li>Config.xml-custom list of O/S component </li></ul><ul><ul><li>/i:[Path]FileName </li></ul></ul>
  28. 38. Considerations for Using USMT 3.0 Consider the following guidelines when using USMT: <ul><li>Install applications before running LoadState </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a managed environment </li></ul><ul><li>Use Chkdsk.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Migrate in groups </li></ul>
  29. 39. Security Considerations for Using USMT 3.0 Consider the following security guidelines when using USMT : Encrypt the store Scan for viruses on all computers Maintain security of the file server and the deployment server   
  30. 40. Using USMT 3.0 Intermediate Store Source and Destination Computer ScanState collects user state 1 LoadState restores user state 3 New operating system is installed 2
  31. 41. Other Planning Tools <ul><li>BDD 2007-Microsoft Solution Accelerator for Business Desktop Deployment </li></ul>
  32. 42. What Is Business Desktop Deployment 2007? BDD 2007 provides tools and best practices to enable IT professionals to: <ul><li>Create a software and hardware inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Set up an initial lab environment </li></ul><ul><li>Automate and manage desktop image creation </li></ul><ul><li>Deploy desktop images </li></ul><ul><li>Secure the desktop </li></ul>
  33. 43. BDD 2007 Technologies BDD 2007 brings together well-proven desktop deployment practices: <ul><li>Windows PE </li></ul><ul><li>User State Migration Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Application Compatibility Toolkit </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Vista deployment tools </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Microsoft Office System deployment tools </li></ul><ul><li>SMS 2003 OSD Feature Pack </li></ul><ul><li>1000 pages of documentation </li></ul>
  34. 44. What Are Feature Teams? Categories within BDD 2007 to help deploy Windows Vista and the 2007 Microsoft Office System Application Compatibility User State Migration Infrastructure Remediation Business Case for BDD BDD Project, Process & Team Guidance Core & Supplemental Application Packaging Computer Imaging System Securing the Desktop Upgrading Office Deployment Process Operations Readiness
  35. 45. Overview of Volume Activation Volume Activation 2.0 Keys : <ul><li>Multiple Activation Key-(MAK) 1 product key that can activate a specific number of computers </li></ul><ul><li>Key Management Service-(KMS) Uses a host computer that enables organizations to perform local activations for computers in a managed environment without connecting to Microsoft individually </li></ul>Volume Activation 2.0 provides a simple and security-enhanced activation for enterprise organizations, while addressing issues associated with Volume License keys in previous versions of Windows
  36. 46. MAK Activation MAK Activation Methods : <ul><li>MAK Proxy Activation enables a centralized activation request on behalf of multiple desktops with one connection to Microsoft-Pool of MAK keys that deplete /manage your licenses well! </li></ul><ul><li>MAK Independent Activation requires that each desktop independently connects and activates against Microsoft activation servers </li></ul><ul><li>Used for images </li></ul>
  37. 47. KMS Activation KMS activation considerations : <ul><li>Client computers that are not activated attempt to connect with the KMS host every two hours </li></ul><ul><li>Client computers must renew their activation by connecting to the KMS host at least once every 180 days to stay activated </li></ul><ul><li>After activation, client computers attempt to renew their activation every 7 days </li></ul><ul><li>Client computers connect to the KMS host for activation by using anonymous RPC over TCP and by using default port 1688 </li></ul><ul><li>A KMS host and KMS clients must use Volume License media /No retail puurchase </li></ul>
  38. 48. Troubleshooting Volume Activation MAK Activation troubleshooting : <ul><li>Verify the activation status </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that an Internet connection is available </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the error message </li></ul>KMS Activation troubleshooting : <ul><li>Verify the activation status </li></ul><ul><li>Verify that the KMS host has been contacted </li></ul><ul><li>View the client Windows Application event log </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that your routers do not block TCP port 1688 </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the error message </li></ul>
  39. 49. Tools Used to Support the Building Phase B U I L D Deployment service 2008 Windows System Image Manager SYSprep/ImageX Windows PE WAIK (Windows Automated installation kit)
  40. 50. What Is the Windows Automated Installation Kit? Windows AIK includes: <ul><li>Detailed information about the phases of the Windows deployment process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preinstallation Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preinstallation Preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preinstallation Customization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image Deployment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image Maintenance </li></ul></ul>The Windows AIK is a collection of documentation and tools that are used to assist in the deployment of Windows Vista
  41. 51. What Is the Windows Automated Installation Kit? (con) <ul><li>Deployment tools </li></ul><ul><li>ImageX-create, deploy and capture images </li></ul><ul><li>Windows PE- pre-installation environment </li></ul><ul><li>Windows System Image manager </li></ul><ul><li>Technical References </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive technical references and step by step guides for </li></ul><ul><li>each of the technologies used to deploy Vista Desktops </li></ul>
  42. 52. Windows Automated Installation Kit <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul>
  43. 53. What Is the Windows System Image Manager? Used to customize and automate Windows Vista installations by creating Unattend.xml files Use Windows SIM to: <ul><li>Create and edit XML-based, unattended-configuration files for automation of installation </li></ul><ul><li>Create an answer file that installs third-party applications or device drivers, additional language packs, service packs, or other updates </li></ul><ul><li>View all of the configurable settings in a Windows image </li></ul>
  44. 54. What Is Windows Imaging Format? Provides the following benefits: A file-based image technology used to install Windows Vista One image for many hardware configurations  Compression  Multiple images in one file  Offline servicing of the image file  Installation on partitions of any size  Nondestructive deployments  Modification of image files using APIs  Bootable image support for Windows PE 
  45. 55. How Windows Vista Uses Modularization Modularization allows you to: Add multiple device drivers, services packs, and updates to the image files Customize optional Windows Vista components Update individual components in the image files Reduce testing while deploying a new operating system Deploy multiple language versions of Windows Vista using a single image
  46. 56. What Is Sysprep? Sysprep prepares an installation of Windows Vista for duplication, auditing, and customer delivery Sysprep: <ul><li>Removes system-specific data from the Windows operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Strips the Security Identifier </li></ul><ul><li>Resets Windows Product Activation </li></ul><ul><li>Resets computer name </li></ul>
  47. 57. SYSPREP <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul>
  48. 58. Alternative to Sysprep-$$$$ <ul><li>Symantec Ghost Walker </li></ul><ul><li>After writing an image to a computer, ghost walker updates configuration items such as computer name and security identifier </li></ul>
  49. 59. What Is ImageX? ImageX is a command-line tool that is used to manage file-based WIM disk images Use ImageX to: <ul><li>View the contents of a WIM file </li></ul><ul><li>Capture desktop images </li></ul><ul><li>Mount images for offline image editing </li></ul><ul><li>Store multiple images in a single file </li></ul><ul><li>Compress the image files </li></ul><ul><li>Implement scripts for image creation </li></ul>
  50. 60. How ImageX Is Configured to Manage WIM Files ImageX {/info | /capture | /apply | /append | /delete | /mountrw | /unmount} [Parameters] Unmounts a mounted image from a specified directory unmount Adds a volume image to an existing .wim file append Mounts a .wim file with read/write permission mountrw Removes the specified volume image from a .wim file delete Applies a volume image to a specified drive Captures a volume image from a drive to a new .wim file Returns information about the .wim file Description Command info apply capture
  51. 61. ImageX and WindowsPE <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul>
  52. 62. What Is Windows Preinstallation Environment 2.0? Windows PE 2.0 is a compact, special-purpose Windows operating system for installing, maintaining, and recovering Windows Vista Capabilities of Windows PE 2.0 : <ul><li>Driver injection support </li></ul><ul><li>Native support for the NTFS 5.x file system </li></ul><ul><li>Native support for client-based TCP/IP networking and file sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Native support for 32-bit (or 64-bit) Windows device drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Native support for a subset of the Win32 API; optional support for WMI and Windows Script Host </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to be customized to provide a complete recovery environment (WindowsRE for vista) </li></ul>
  53. 63. Windows PE Support Utilities Includes several utilities to support Windows Vista installation and Windows PE image creation Used to view and modify the contents of a Windows PE image PEimg Modifies the Boot Configuration Data BCDEdit Creates an ISO image of Windows PE Used for adding drivers Used to perform a full range of partition-maintenance activities Description Command DiskPart Oscdimg Drvload
  54. 64. Tools Used to Support the Deploying Phase D E P L O Y Windows Deployment Services Systems Management Server 2003 SCCM (SMS)
  55. 65. Deployment Service 2008 <ul><li>Server 2008 RIS equivalent </li></ul><ul><li>Built into the O/S </li></ul><ul><li>No Additional cost </li></ul>
  56. 66. What Is Windows Deployment Services? Windows Deployment Services provides the ability to deploy Windows operating systems, such as Windows Vista, to new computers through a network-based installation Windows Deployment Services components include: <ul><li>Server components </li></ul><ul><li>Client components </li></ul><ul><li>Management components </li></ul>
  57. 67. What's new in the Deployment Service <ul><li>The ability to deploy Vista and Server 08 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows PE is the boot O/S </li></ul><ul><li>Image based installations using windows image (WIM) files </li></ul><ul><li>A higher performing PXE server component </li></ul><ul><li>A new GUI on the client computer to select the images </li></ul>
  58. 68. What's new in the Deployment Service (Continued) <ul><li>Windows Deployment services MMC making management easier </li></ul><ul><li>Faster downloads of boot files using TFTP (trivial file transfer protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>Support for XP and Server 2003 image deployment </li></ul>
  59. 69. Windows Deployment Service <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul>
  60. 70. Process for Implementing a Basic Image-Based Deployment Determine deployment method <ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment setup </li></ul></ul>Customize Install and test <ul><ul><li>Deploy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain </li></ul></ul>Tools used Build deployment environment Create answer file Install new computer Capture, store, and deploy image Modify existing image WAIK/BDD 2007 Resources Windows PE, Sysprep ImageX, WDS, distribution share Windows SIM/WDS Unattend.xml, Windows SIM
  61. 71. Overview of the Deployment Process To deploy a Windows Vista business desktop : Define the deployment project scope and objectives 1 Roll out the deployment 4 Test and pilot the deployment plan 3 Assess your current computing environment 2
  62. 72. Factors for Choosing an Installation Method How many computers are included in the deployment  Whether users install the operating system themselves, or perform unattended installations  How much customization is required for your installations  What hardware is available and how the various types differ  Whether you are using Active Directory 
  63. 73. Most tools discussed today are available for download from Microsoft free of charge
  64. 74. Reference <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Technet </li></ul><ul><li>5105-Deploying Windows Vista desktops </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual PC </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft server 2008 </li></ul>