Tsotsi revision - Exploring Films Outside Hollywood - Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies Revision
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Tsotsi revision - Exploring Films Outside Hollywood - Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies Revision

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A PowerPoint presentation covering a wide range of topics, ideas and strategies for approaching the Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies exam for the WJEC Exam Board. A large amount of this content is adapted ...

A PowerPoint presentation covering a wide range of topics, ideas and strategies for approaching the Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies exam for the WJEC Exam Board. A large amount of this content is adapted from the original presentation by Belina Raji whose original can be found here: http://www.slideshare.net/belair1981/exploring-films-outside-of-hollywood-revision-21172170

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  • Can they remember what REPRESENTATION is?
  • Answer questions 1 and 2 using film language
  • Can they remember what REPRESENTATION is?
  • Answer questions 1 and 2 using film language
  • Can they remember what REPRESENTATION is?

Tsotsi revision - Exploring Films Outside Hollywood - Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies Revision Tsotsi revision - Exploring Films Outside Hollywood - Paper 2 GCSE Film Studies Revision Presentation Transcript

  • Exploring films outside ofHollywoodThis is paper 2The film you are studyingisTsotsi made in 2005 anddirected byGavin Hood1
  • Aims of the exam paper2To have detailedknowledge of thefilm and itsthemesTo haveimprovedtextualanalysisskills andapply themto the textTo have anunderstanding of issues ofaudience andinstitution inrespect of thefilmTo haveincreased insightinto the contextand issues ofequality anddiversity the film
  • Representations andStereotypes3Every time wewatch a film,we are notseeing reality,but someonesversion of it.Representationtherefore refersto theconstruction of‘realityRepresentation involvesanalysing how identities arere-presented or ratherconstructed to communicatea certain meaningLook at these imagesand using your textualanalysis skills determinewhat or who is beingrepresented, considerhow the representationis constructed. View slide
  • Representations andStereotypes4A stereotype is a commonly heldimage of a person or group, basedon an over simplification of someobserved or imagined trait ofbehaviour or appearancemise-en-scenecameraworksoundframingeditingperformance View slide
  • Representations and StereotypesHood up-connotationsfor audience.Stereotypical‘thug’Teenagerrepresentedas criminal.Crane shot shows‘sprawling slum’Poverty rife-stereotypical viewof slumsPeoplerepresented asbeing poor.Using your own version ofthis sheet, discuss in groupsand annotate with notes toshow how each of thesepictures represent the thingon screen.
  • In the middle of your paper, write the nameTsotsi.You will need lots of different ‘bubbles’.Start with 1 on your initial impressions ofTsotsi using the prompts from the next slide.Character Analysis: It’s important that youare able to analyse the representation of keycharacters is the film.For revision purposes let’s stick with Tsotsi.Save space for other important informationon Tsotsi.
  • TsotsiWhat didyou think ofTsotsiduring theopening ofthe film?InitialthoughtsHow does his nameand initial actionsshape your thoughts?
  • Representations andStereotypes11A stereotype is a commonly heldimage of a person or group, basedon an over simplification of someobserved or imagined trait ofbehaviour or appearancemise-en-scenecameraworksoundframingeditingperformance
  • Representations andStereotypesCharacter Analysis: It’s importantthat you are able to analyse therepresentation of key characters isthe film. For revision purposes let’sstick with Tsotsi.In stories it is often suggested that something significant happens that changethings for the hero forever – initiating subsequent developments. The mostobvious such ‘agent’ in Tsotsi’s story is the baby but perhaps there are someother more crucial moments in his story that were just as pivotal: as life-chang
  • TsotsiWhat didyou think ofTsotsiduring theopening ofthe film?InitialthoughtsHow does his nameand initial actionsshape your thoughts?Tsotsiin thefilmUse textualanalysis todiscuss thescenemise-en-sceneperformancecameraworkframingeditingsound
  • How far does Tsotsi changeover the course of the film?15Describe Tsotsiat thebeginning ofthe filmDescribeTsotsi at theend of thefilmDescribe someevents that mayhave caused himto change
  • How far does Tsotsi changeover the course of the film?Consider the list of events belowand decide which you feel mighthave been a major cause of laterchange. Can you suggest someother events in the film and whythey are significant for thedevelopment of the story.1. Totsi stealing the baby.2. The killing of the old man.3. Boston’s self-disgust and his needling of Tsotsi leading to the fight.4. The sight of Boston’s swollen, infected face.5. The conversation with Morris – the crippled beggar, underneath the flyover.6. The first rejection of Aap.7. The second rejection of Aap – when they are in the hijacked car chopshop.8. The dream of his mother.9. Miriam and her home in the township. Her tale of her husband’s deathteaches Tsotsi something about his own crimes.10. The memory of his father’s brutality triggered when visiting Miriam.11. The burglary of the baby’s home and in particular time spent in the baby’sbedroom.12. Butcher’s discovery of the gun and threatening of John Dube – the father.
  • TsotsiWhat didyou think ofTsotsiduring theopening ofthe film?InitialthoughtsHow does his nameand initial actionsshape your thoughts?Tsotsiin thefilmUse textualanalysis todiscuss thescenemise-en-sceneperformancecameraworkframingeditingsoundHowTsotsichanges &why
  • TsotsiWhat didyou think ofTsotsiduring theopening ofthe film?InitialthoughtsHow does his nameand initial actionsshape your thoughts?Tsotsiin thefilmUse textualanalysis todiscuss thescenemise-en-sceneperformancecameraworkframingeditingsoundHowTsotsichanges &why
  • To begin the lesson:Write their namesdown next to theirfaces on yourcharacter sheet.Can you name thecharacters in thefilm Tsotsi?
  • Morris
  • David(Tsotsi)
  • Die Aap
  • John Dube
  • Boston
  • Pumla Dube
  • Captain Smit
  • Butcher
  • Fela Ndlovu
  • Miriam
  • Inspector Zuma
  • What do you know aboutTsotsi?43Tsotsi is an extraordinary film by director Gavin Hood that managesto map some of the huge contrasts in modern South Africa - itsaffluence and grinding poverty, its haves and have-nots, its energyand optimism alongside the disease, addiction and crime thatblights so many lives.Hood’s film is an updated adaptation of a 1960s novella byeminent South African playwright Athol Fugard, in which theprotagonist’s first-person account gives the reader insightsinto the Tsotsi’s origins and motivations. At a time when somany in South Africa live in fear of random-seeming violenceinflicted by so called ‘feral’ young people, this film is acompelling attempt to delve beneath the statistics of modern-day crime – to put an unsentimental but human face onactions that otherwise might seem utterly inexplicable andmonstrous.Tsotsi as a film encourages empathy and develops your understanding of contemporaryglobal issues – the disparities between wealth and poverty and the implications for societywhen so many are robbed of their childhoods. It is a film about chance, about opportunityand choice.THEMES?MESSAGES?REPRESENTATIONS?BASED ON REALITY?
  • What do you know aboutSouth Africa?44• Over half the population lives below the poverty line – many onjust a $1 a day.• A quarter of the population is unemployed.• More than a fifth (21%) of the adult population is infected withHIV/Aids and thousands of children grow up orphaned due to thepremature deaths of their parents.• Despite a rapid house-building programme over the last decade itstill has many of its people living in shantytowns and squattercamps in shelters constructed from scavenged scrap.• Violent crime, though falling, still costs the lives of over 20,000people a year - and armed-robbery, car-jacking, rape andaggravated burglary are the stuff of everyday anecdote.Some or all of these are the painful legacies of50 years of racism, discrimination and neglectand also of the miseries in many other parts ofAfrica - that make South Africa an incrediblemelting-pot of nationalities and cultures.
  • South Africa &TsotsiPovertyKeyinfluencesSouth Africa
  • How does the film Tsotsirepresent South Africa?What impression of the country do you receive and what clues are there in it about the lives ofordinary people living there?The evidence ofpoverty and affluence– consider the logo onPumla Dube’s shoppingbag that Tsotsi steals tocarry the baby off in –‘Expect More’.The evidence of pollutionThe evidence that SouthAfrica’s capitalJohannesburg and itstownships are lively,energetic, bustling places.The prominence of crime andviolence and the response of thepolice tocrime and criminals – howeveryoung.The evidence of disease –particularly HIV/Aids (clue: lookout for posters and alsoTsotsi’s flashback memories ofhis mother)Evidence of mixedcommunities or highlysegregatedcommunities(apart from the onewhite policeman – whyis there so littleevidence of whitepeople in this film –crossing Tsotsi’s path?)The evidence of strongcultural/artistic forces at workin the townships(clue: consider the language,music and even the colourfulfabrics and hanging glassand metal mobiles thatMiriam produces in herhome tohelp make ends meet.)
  • South Africa &TsotsiPovertyKeyinfluencesSouth AfricaCulture:music, art,fashion
  • Representations50SOCIAL CLASSChoose a keysequence andexplore how oneof the following isrepresented in itRemember representation is construction
  • South Africa &TsotsiPovertyKeyinfluencesSouth AfricaCulture:music, art,fashionPolice andcriminals
  • Settings and locations in Tsotsi53Name a setting inthe filmDescribe what itlooks likeWhat does thesetting suggest toaudiences?Howdoes oneof thesettingsrelate tothetheme orissue youdiscussed?
  • South Africa &TsotsiPovertyKeyinfluencesSouth AfricaCulture:music, art,fashionSettings andlocationsPolice andcriminalsHow do theyrelate to theissues in thefilm? Link torepresentation, themesand issues.
  • 56
  • THEMES
  • Themes and issues65Describewhat the filmsays about atheme orissueHow isthe film ofissueexploredin a keysequence?
  • South Africa &TsotsiPovertyKeyinfluencesSouth AfricaCulture:music, art,fashionSettings&locationsPolice andcriminalsHow do theyrelate to theissues in thefilm? Link torepresentation, themesand issues.Themes&issues
  • Write down 3 facts abouteach character in Tsotsi.These could be factsabout what they do in thefilm or facts about whatthey are like as people.
  • Morris
  • Tsotsi
  • Die Aap
  • John Dube
  • Boston
  • Pumla Dube
  • Captain Smit
  • Butcher
  • Fela Ndlovu
  • Miriam
  • Inspector Zuma
  • Tsotsi – the closing sceneWere you happy with theending of the film?What is the message atthe end?What do you think willhappen to Tsotsi?How would you haveended the film?80
  • Micro Features and their effectTechnique Example EffectCinematography, costume and music Warm golden colours used to showshanty town (aided by brightlycoloured African clothing worn,upbeat Kwaito music played)Shows that although it is poor it isalso a vibrant, colourful place that thecharacters call ‘home’. (However atnight it becomes more sinister.)Camera shots:High Angle and Wide Shot and/orCrane shotsOften used to show the shantytownwhere Tsotsi lives – rows of makeshifthouses and when policemen findTsotsi’s abandons the car on highway.Emphasises the size of the slum. It issprawling – we see the magnitude ofpoverty. His story is just one of many.It also makes it hard for the police tofind criminals – they become invisiblein the masses.Camera shots:Film uses a lot ofWide Shots held for a long time(alternated with Close Ups to showTsotsi’s face)Tsotsi walking on tracks,Tsotsi and gang melting into thecrowd in the railway station,The pipes in the flashbackTsotsi under bridge with Morris, etcTwo things:1. Seems stage like – Tsotsi is acharacter in morality play – hehas to go through certainepisodes and learn and grow.2. Shows how the characters livesare intertwined with their setting– eg Tsotsi’s life would bedifferent if he did not grow uppoor/orphaned by AIDS/ inSoweto’s township81
  • Micro Features and their effectTechnique Example EffectMise-en-scene Tsotsi’s corrugated iron hut is stackedwith stolen audio-visual equipmentSetting reveals character’s history –life of crime but also practice intownships of ‘making do’- Illegalconnection to mains power when heputs on music.Contrast in lighting Warm, earthy colours used fortownship v. cool, sterile lighting usedto show train station, hospitalEmphasises the difference in the ‘twoworlds’ in South Africa. We see thegap between rich and poor moreclearly. The new black middle class(John and Pumla) have access toelectricity, clean surroundings,modern amenities. Poor must makedo with dirt floors, no running water.Contrast in Mise-en-scene Water pump, use of wooden boxes asmakeshift furniture, houses madefrom scrap timber in the shanty town.This contrasts with a high-techsecurity system, high iron gates,spacious modern home with luxuriousfurnishings.Same as above82
  • Micro Features and their effectTechnique Example EffectMise-en-scene Colourful pastel mural of Africanplains with animals in baby’s roomShows the ‘myth’ of South Africa thatforeigners come to see - thesavannah, the wildlife. The realitythat people want to ignore is thepoverty.Music / Soundtrack Booming Kwaito music (modernSouth African music with hip-hopbeat, strong bass line and spokenlyrics) used when Tsotsi and his gangwalk through township and in Soekie’sbar where the boys fight.Creates mood – suggests their toughnatures. Music brings to mind USgangster rap – we think youth gangs,crime, feeling angry / estranged fromsociety, violence.Sound effects Use of ‘snake rattle’ sound effectwhen Tsotsi is following Morris andMiriamCreates sense of fear and suspense.Highlights the sense of J’burg asdangerous/crime-ridden. Audiencefears for the ‘victim’ – suggestspredator is stalking his prey.83
  • Creative response to TsotsiIn the exam the lastquestion will allow you toshow your knowledge andunderstanding of the waysin which Tsotsicommunicates all theissues and ideas that youhave explored anddiscussed in class, in acreative way. You may beasked to:Write a review for aspecific target audienceCreate a posterDesign a webpageProduce a blogWhatever task you aregiven, it is important thatyou include a considerationof performance, issues andthemes, people and placesand combine these withyour personal response tothe film.84
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood1. (a) Name and briefly describe the main character from yourclose study film.(2)(b) Say why you think this character is the main character. (3)( c ) Choose another character who is in conflict with the maincharacter. How does the film show this conflict? (5)Total=10 Marks85
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood1. (a) Name and briefly describe the main character from yourclose study film.(2)(b) Say why you think this character is the main character. (3)( c ) Choose another character who is in conflict with the maincharacter. How does the film show this conflict? (5)Total=10 Marks86Make sure you spelltheir name correctly!Briefly describe who thecharacter is – includingpersonality andappearance.
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood1. (a) Name and briefly describe the main character from yourclose study film.(2)(b) Say why you think this character is the main character. (3)( c ) Choose another character who is in conflict with the maincharacter. How does the film show this conflict? (5)Total=10 Marks87Is it their story? How dothey drive the story? Dothey raise anyimportant issues orthemes?
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood1. (a) Name and briefly describe the main character from yourclose study film.(2)(b) Say why you think this character is the main character. (3)( c ) Choose another character who is in conflict with the maincharacter. How does the film show this conflict? (5)Total=10 Marks88For this you will need touse film language aswell as dialogue andrepresentation.Make sure you namethem correctly,including spellings.Think carefully aboutthe kinds of conflictinvolved in your film.Choose a character youknow well who suits thequestion.How are the differencesor oppositions shown inthe film?
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood2 (a) Identify one key theme or issue your chosen film raises. (2)(b) Briefly summarise what the film suggests about the theme or issue.(6)( c ) Choose one important sequence from your close study film. Explore how thefilm represents its key theme or issue. (12)In your answer you may wish to refer to the role of one or two of the following:Mise-en-sceneCamera shots and movementEditingSound89Total=20 Marks
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood2 (a) Identify one key theme or issue your chosen film raises. (2)(b) Briefly summarise what the film suggests about the theme or issue.(6)( c ) Choose one important sequence from your close study film. Explore how thefilm represents its key theme or issue. (12)In your answer you may wish to refer to the role of one or two of the following:Mise-en-sceneCamera shots and movementEditingSound90Total=20 MarksThink carefully before you chooseyour theme or issue; make surethat it is one that you can writeabout in detail.
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood2 (a) Identify one key theme or issue your chosen film raises. (2)(b) Briefly summarise what the film suggests about the theme or issue.(6)( c ) Choose one important sequence from your close study film. Explore how thefilm represents its key theme or issue. (12)In your answer you may wish to refer to the role of one or two of the following:Mise-en-sceneCamera shots and movementEditingSound91Total=20 MarksRemember that your film may haveexplored a theme or issue inseveral ways and that differentaudiences may respond differentlyto these.
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood3. Write either a blog entry or an internet film review focusing onwhy you think people should go and see your close study film.Include some of the following:Camera work or visual style.Music or or sound.Performances or characters.How it compares with other films you have seen.Any other aspects that you found interesting.92Total=20 Marks
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside Hollywood3. Write either a blog entry or an internet film review focusing onwhy you think people should go and see your close study film.Include some of the following:Camera work or visual style.Music or or sound.Performances or characters.How it compares with other films you have seen.Any other aspects that you found interesting.93Total=20 MarksHow to start:In this blog post I will…I recently saw the South African film Tsotsiand…On my blog today I want to tell youabout…
  • Paper 2: Exploring FilmOutside HollywoodQuestion 3 will always be a creative response. This meansthat you will have to create something and be expected touse your film for the answer.This creative response is likely to be a written one, unlikethe response on paper 1.In previous years the creative response has been to write ablog, an internet review, an article for a school magazine, areview for a newspaper and a feature to be read out onradio.94Total=20 Marks
  • Paper 2: Exploring Film Outside HollywoodFormatImportant, but not crucial. You are being marked on the content, NOT how itlooks, but a newspaper review willLayoutPotentially quite important, but again, not crucial. You may want to include thename of the person speaking when writing a ‘script’ for example, or add in aspace where a clip from the film could be played.AudienceVital. Firstly look carefully at what you are being asked to write and decide whowould read/watch/listen. Then you can begin to plan and think carefully aboutthe sort of language you might use. For example, a newspaper article would bemuch more formal and go into a lot more detail than a blog post or feature forschool magazine.PurposeCrucial. What are you being asked to write? Why are you being asked to writeit? To entertain? To inform? To convince? Your language and content will dependon your purpose. Make sure that you know what this is before you start writing.95
  • Pro-tips
  • Paper 2: Films outsideHollywoodContext is key-the paper is about non-US film and you’llneed to explain why that’s important for your film-it’s set inSouth Africa and this is important.Basic information is important-Showing anunderstanding of South Africa will show that you know thetext and why it’s important. Also allows you to providebackground to the film in your creative question.Detailed information is useful-you can drop this into thelast question and could allow you to show off anddifferentiate yourself from other candidates.
  • Paper 2: Films outsideHollywoodKnow your themes-You need to be able to explain whatthemes are in the film and be able to write about one if itcomes up on the exam paper. Don’t know what themesare in Tsotsi? REVISE! Use the sheet from last week!Always write a technical analysis-If something is goodor bad, explain why with technical information. This is afilm studies exam, show that you know about film.Don’t simple retell information-yes, you need to showthat you know about Tsotsi, but don’t simply retell thestory. Explain your feelings, ideas and the film way thatthe film deals with these.
  • Paper 2: Films outsideHollywoodCharacter analysis-look at what you’re being asked andshow off with it the question. You have (probably) alreadybeen asked about a character, write about another if youcan. This is a review, who was your favourite character?Why? (remember, not just a retelling, explain your opinion)Be personal-this is your chance to explain YOUR opinion.There is no right and wrong here, just a chance for your toexplain what you feel about the film. The key thing isWHY. Show off, display your knowledge, explain that youropinion is ‘correct’ because you can link it to the technicalanalysis that you can do.
  • Plan a creative response to TsotsiWrite a review for a specific target audiencePlan an outline for a review based on what you’ve discussed thismorning. Some pointers to use:What would your introductory paragraph be about?How can you then begin to get your opinion across?Remember to get in those detailed points about the film.Link the task to your own opinion and technical anaylsis.What’s the best way to end a review?100