Information about anal fistula


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Anal fistula ( is also known as fistula-in-ano and it is an abnormal link between the interior of the anal canal or rectum and the skin surface. . Find out about Stapedectomy, Pap smear, Otoscopy, breast biopsy and other top medical news from our ( website.

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Information about anal fistula

  1. 1. Information about anal fistula
  2. 2. Index SNO Title 1 Information on Anal Fistulas and Fissures 2 Anal Fistula Treatments - Ayurvedic Treatment 3 Anal Fistula - Taking care and Prevention 4 Anal Fistula - Possible complications 5 Anal Fistula and Technology
  3. 3. Information on Anal Fistulas and FissuresAnal fistulas and fissures are a painful growth near the genitals. A fistula is anabnormal development from one cavity to another or from a hollow body cavity tothe surface. The fistula can be a result of a penetrating wound like from the skin tolung, or it may be congenital like from bladder to navel or it may have formed froman ulcer or an abscess like tooth socket to sinus or appendix abscess to vagina.When the wounds or abscesses keep getting filled by the fluids of the body cavity, itslows down and prevents healing and develops the formation of a fistula. Forinstance, the growth of anal fistula can start with the inflammation of the mucuslining of the rectum. As it is constantly infected by feces, the area developsabscesses; a fistula breaks out gradually on the skin near the anus. Generally, thetreatment includes an operation to drain the abscess by opening the fistula channelby operating on it so that there is no chance of recurrence.On the other hand, anal fissures are the tears in the mucus lining of the anal canalwhich occur due to the passage of hard stools. Fissures become very painful withbowel movements and one may bleed with the passage of stools. The anus is thering-like sphincter or valve at the end of the rectum and it relaxes and tightens toallow a bowel movement. The rim of this anus can have a tear, which will be calledanal fissure. With every bowel movement, the anus will be stretched and fissure willbe reopened causing delay in healing and manifestation of more symptoms andmake the fissures chronic and a considerable misery.Anal fissures and anal fistula are often interchanged and confused. While a fissureis a tear or crack in the anal canal, fistula develops from abscesses in the same area.Fistula is more like a tunnel between the rectum and other parts of the body, like therectum and the vagina which can be called a recto-vaginal fistula or between theanal canal and the nearby skin.
  4. 4. Anal fissures mostly heal if constipation is avoided. Healing can be hastened withsimple measures like stool softeners and other ointments. Steroid preparations,prescription medicines and variety of analgesics may also be used. Top medicalnews report that the same medication used for chest pain (angina), can be used asa treatment option for anal fissures. This medication works in such a way that thesmooth muscle lining below the torn mucus layer of the anus relaxes and treatingthe spasm of this smooth muscle heals about 85% of the fissure. If this medicationdoes not work, a simple outpatient surgical technique called lateral internalsphincterotomy can be used.Anal Fistula - Taking care and PreventionThe anal fistula has not specific cause but it there are ways to live a healthy life andprevent the condition to the largest possible extent. This is a condition where boils,pus, bleeding and other such symptoms occur near the anus. The patient oftensuffers pain along with discomfort. The fistulae may recur in short spans of time andrequire medical aid for treatment. In this abnormal condition, channels orconnections are formed between the organ of body and the anal region. Body fluids,blood and pus may leave the body due to this anomaly. Infections are also possiblein most cases.Keeping in mind the basic health tips is useful in living a healthy life. To prevent theformation of an anal fistula as well as take care of the body, here are a few pointsthat might help. 1. Enjoy a fiber rich diet. It is good to have fibers in ones meal as they aid digestion and bowel movements. The blood cholesterol is decreased and bowel integrity is maintained along with health. 2. Drink a lot of water. Water is always known to help in digestive process. 3. Use stool softeners. It is especially required for patients suffering from anal fistula developments. This way, the stool is softened and the patient does not have to strain to pass stool. 4. It is also important to keep the affected area clean. One can use moist pads to clean the regions. This way infection can be avoided because of exudates from the fistula in ano.
  5. 5. 5. The skin is also affected due secretions. Healthcare experts suggest that the patient can use skin creams which are made specially to create a soothing effect on the tissues.Prevention is only possible by living healthily and remaining alert about symptoms. Ifyou find that there is some change in your body activity or passing of bowel, it isadvisable to bring this to your doctor’s notice immediately. If you have doubts, youcan also discuss it with doctors online because most experts are available on theinternet platform as well. The anal fistula does not diminish or disappear withoutaid or treatment. The growth or specific fibers and membranes in the tunnels preventspontaneous healing like in other cases such as external boils and acne. Sometimessurgeries may be required while other times herbal treatments may be needed. Inany case, it is important to get good medical attention.Anal Fistula Treatments - Ayurvedic TreatmentMost patients suffering from the presence of an anal fistula in their body are unawareof what it actually is. The patients only experience the symptoms like itching, pus inanal region, pain and discomfort. These symptoms are reported to the physician whothen treats the individual. In simple words, the condition is also known as fistula inano. A fistula is basically a track or tunnel like connection between different parts ofthe body. It is an abnormal internal connection that connects organs on the internalside to the anal region. It can have more than one external opening through theanus or rectum.Nowadays, many medical products are available in the market for the treatment ofanal fistula conditions. Medical procedures are needed for curing fistulae becausethey seldom heal on their own. The main reason for this is the development of fiber-tissues and payogenic membrane which restrict the possibility of self-healing. Hence,treatment options focus on the removal of these through surgery. Skin grafts arealso done as an alternative method. Some doctors also use the fibrin glue to close
  6. 6. the abnormal linkage. A method called Fistulectomy may be employed. Here, theaffected region is subjected to laser beams which helping in sealing the channels.However, the most formative medical procedures were based on ayurvedicprinciples. If one reads the Ayurveda medical transcripts, one will find detailedinformation and classification of fistulae based on type and cure. Based on severitythey are classified as the vata, the Pitta & the kapha. The most noted form oftreatment is the Ksharsutra treatment. In this method, a Ksharsutra is used which isa special thread. This thread is prepared by repeatedly dipping it in differentmedicinal liquids. Alternatively, it may be brought in contact with a number ofmedical products about 15 to 20 times. All the agents are of plant origin whichmeans that they are herbal and not systemized with chemicals. Nevertheless, thesemultiple coat threads are used for treatment along with specific drugs.The anal fistula is cleansed; cut, drained and other required actions are performedusing the special threads. This method is effective and useful. The chronic conditionof tunneling inside the body, openings in the mucosa lining, outer tissue damage andother symptoms can be addressed by Ksharsutra methodology. The subject howeveris very vast and only specialized medical professionals and healthcare expertspractice it.Anal Fistula - Possible complicationsAn Anal fistula is a connection between the internal organs or the body and the analchannel. This is an abnormality. Basically, a fistula is not lethal or dangerous butcan be very painful and hence, needs to be treated. Here, the inner epithelium orlining of the anus forms a passage with the skin near the rectum. This blockage orobstruction can be caused due to an abscission, infection, and collection of pus orother such anomalies. In medical terms, the condition is referred to as fistula-in-ano.Symptoms often include pain and discomfort while passing stools. When an abscessis formed, there can be an accumulation of pus in the anal canal which may or maynot drain out. If the opening towards the outside is hindered then the pus mayperhaps accumulate and cause further infection. For such reasons, it becomesinevitable to get an anal fistula operated upon immediately. Most often, since theydo not heal on their own, a surgical procedure is required.
  7. 7. The surgery to treat a fistula is performed under general anesthesia and takes notmore than 30 minutes; unless there is a complication. The most critical risk involvedis the elasticity of the sphincter muscles in the anus. The sphincter muscles are thetissues that help in contractions and relaxation around the anus so that bowelmovement is possible. If these muscles are affected, then bowel incontinence maybe experienced. In such a condition, the patient may not be able to control themovement of bowel. Following this, a series of specific surgeries may be required forproper functioning. When the fistula is present below the sphincter tissues, thedoctor will create an incision on the skin. The lesion will be left open to allow naturalhealing. Contrary to this, when the abnormality is not restricted to one area and if abranching of passages are seen above the sphincter muscles; then the region isstitched by the Seton stitch by which the infected fluid or pus will deplete outeffortlessly.Following the surgery, recurrence of the anal fistula is possible. Slight bleeding,pain and uneasiness may continue to be experienced shortly after the procedure;until complete recovery which may take a few weeks. Soon after the schedule, anormal diet and activities can be carried out. One time, absolute solutions, are notknown as there is not specific cause for such a condition. Living a healthy andstaying abreast with top medical news and health facts will definitely assist ahealthful - free from disease - life.Anal Fistula and TechnologyAnal fistula is a common problem occuring in the genital areas. Fistulae are tunneswhich form abnormally from the anus or rectum generally to the skin near the anus.It may be painful and may discharge some liquid and form abscesses which producesystemic symptoms during infection. offers detailed informationon anal fistula and latest updates about it.Anal fistula is common among people with tuberclosis or Crohn’s disease oranal/rectal surgery, cancer or diverticulitis. Men are more prone to this disease thenwomen. Medical videos show traditional surgery taking place for the treatment offistula. This conventional surgical intervention is straightforward but complications
  8. 8. exist even here. The traditional surgery procedure involves cutting a part of the analsphincter muscle to access the tunnel and joining the internal and external openings.The complication in this surgery may be the incontinence due to loss of sphinctermuscle or from partial division. These complications have led to the development ofalternative options for treatment in optimizing patient care.The new technology is performing anal fistula repair with the new minimally invasiveanal fistula plug (AFP). This alternative is very different from the traditional surgery.The anal fistula plug (AFP) is a conical device made from a natural biomaterial thathelps in tissue healing. The plug is placed by drawing it through the fistula tract andsuturing it in place.With this option of AFP, there is no cutting of the sphincter muscle and so the risk ofincontinence is minimized. This is a simple and innovative method. When the AFP isimplanted, host tissue cells and blood vessels colonize the "graft." The crux is that,the plug provides a scaffold or matrix for the patients connective tissue growth.There has been a good report about the AFP early clinical results which showsignificant improvement over conventional treatments. It is relatively better as thesuccess rate and efficacy is higher than any other method, it is a minimally invasiveprocedure, no risk of post-operative incontinence due to sphincter saving procedureand suturable biomaterial has more staying power than the fibrin glue.There is also other medical news about the treatment of complex anal fistula whichis effective with loose seton is used as it reduces sepsis and incontinence, speciallythose patients suffering from Crohn’s disease. As the research suggests, the‘permanent loose seton’ technique may be considered the treatment of choice in themajority of CD patients, as it is effective in preventing local sepsis in many patientsover time and is associated with a low complication is the medical vertical which offers detail information on everymedical topic to spread awareness for a healthy living.
  9. 9. Reference:Anal Fistula: - medical news, healthcare experts, medical videos, medical products: -
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