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The greener facility The greener facility Presentation Transcript

  • The Greener Facility:Going Beyond LEED Thursday, October 27, 2011
  • Matt Welander, Theatre Projects ConsultantsKatie Oman, LEED AP, Fisher-Dachs AssociatesJohn Shorb, LEED AP, AIA, Opsis ArchitectureDenis Blount, ARUP
  • The Greener FacilityWhat’s LEED got to do with it?
  • LEED, follow, or …
  • Pros and cons of LEED
  • LEED Brain
  • The bike rack argument
  • Greenwashing
  • LEED and theaters
  • Do we really need a LEED rating?
  • LEED EBOM Existing Buildings: Operations & MaintenanceThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  • LEED EBOM Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy and Atmosphere Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation in Operations Regional Priority
  • LEED EBOM Measurement & Reporting -Water and Energy Performance Measurement -Emissions reduction reporting -Energy sub-metering -Waste auditing Policy and Planning -Landscape, Hardscape, Pest Management plans -Purchasing and Waste Policies -Green Cleaning Policies -Alternative Commuting Policy -Planning for building upgrades & expansion Best Practices -Commissioning -Energy- and water-efficient equipement & practices -IAQ best practices -Systems control -Sustainable site management and design -Renewable Energy -People-friendly design
  • Case Study: Seattle Rep 1) Document Baseline What’s being done now? How does this affect the bottom line (to ID savings) How are we communicating to our patrons about sustainability? 2) Identify Areas for Improvement What can we do to improve? How much will it cost? What impact will it have? Can we leverage any partnerships? 3) Implement Develop Environmental Action Plan Harvest Low-hanging Fruit Report on progress
  • Image courtesy Gustafson Guthrie Nichol ltd
  • Priority: Indoor Environmental Quality
  • Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Indoor Environmental Quality • HVAC system filters out 95% of particulate matter • CO2 sensors help deliver 30% more fresh air than code requires • Paints, sealants, and adhesives are low VOC • Green Label Plus certified carpeting • Wood products are low VOC and contain no added urea- formaldehyde • All furniture is Greenguard Indoor Air Quality Certified • Strict construction procedures prevented dust and debris from entering the theatre’s ductwork systemThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  • Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Materials • Over 75% of project waste diverted from landfill • Blast furnace slag replaces 45% of cement in the structural concrete • Wood products FSC certified • Sheetrock with high recycled content and mineral fiber acoustic ceiling tile is used throughout • Lobby Carpeting is 100% wool • Seating upholstery is 100% recycled polyester, and is fully recyclable. • Drapery fabric is over 50% woolThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  • Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Water Conservation • Waterless urinals reduce potable water consumption by 1/3 • Wastewater is reused for flushing toilets Energy Efficiency • Energy Star equipment and appliances • Equipment and systems commissioningThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  • Case Study: Gerding Theatre
  • Case Study: Gerding Theatre
  • Case Study: Gerding Theatre image & info courtesy GBD ArchitectsThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  • Case Study: Wolf Trap
  • Case Study: Wolf Trap
  • Case Study: Wolf Trap
  • Pierce College Arts and Allied Health Common Ground
  • Connection
  • Approach to Sustainability is influenced by… Client, Campus Culture, Who Program User Group Climate, Specific Site, Slope, Views,Where Response to Existing Buildings, Native Vegetation Program Requirements, Acoustics,What Air Quality, Light, Public Access Needs, Local Resources & Programs
  • Program Related Sustainability DriversArts & Allied Health Offices Natural Ventilation Lobby & Tempered Air Art Studios Theatre Displacement Vocal Recital Hall Ventilation Recording Studio Mechanical Air Practice Studio Computer Labs Classrooms Offices, Lobby Radiant Heating Project Rooms, & Cooling Art Studios
  • Classrooms Theater Allied Health Music Multi-MediaFirst Floor Plan
  • Music Study Rooms Art Studios Faculty
  • Bridging
  • Lobby
  • Natural Ventilation Modeling Step 0: Plan modeling strategy How is the building best simulated? Identify objectives Establish comfort parameters Determine acceptable levels of comfort LEED Comfort Parameters Temperature Acceptable Hours Annually 75-80 ºF 150 Hours 80-85 ºF 50 Hours >85 ºF 20 HoursArts
  • Natural Ventilation Modeling Lobby Analysis 567 600 485 445 500 400 294 Hours in Range 300 174 101 197 200 100 81 17 24 0 14 29 No Shading E façade Top Shading Sliding doors open Preliminary Sliding Doors closed Revised > 85 80-85 75-80Arts
  • Discovery
  • Theater Arts
  • Theatre
  • Music
  • Touch and Feel
  • Recital Hall
  • Reuse
  • Create
  • Green Roof
  • The AAH Building creates something greater than the sum of the individual pieces
  • Lasting outcomes…• Began “sustainable” campus identity discussion• Users played an active role in sustainability decisions• Enhanced recycling program in the City of Puyallup• Sustainable landscaping plan campus-wide at Ft. Steilacoom• Development of sustainable curriculum in conjunction with other area colleges.
  • Reed College Performing Arts Building
  • west perspective
  • WATZEK SPORTS CENTER 1 GRAY COMMONS KAUL AUDITORIUM 3 2 4 Wintergarden 4 OLD DORM BLOCKView To West Hills ANNA LEGEND 1 MANN 1. Planted Stormwater Infiltration Basin 2. Hardy Native Landscaping 3. Existing Tree Preservation 4. Covered Outdoor Plazas MACNAUGHTON 5. Solar Array 6. Green Roof FOSTER 7. Skylights
  • WATZEK SPORTS CENTER GRAY COMMONS KAUL AUDITORIUMSummer Sun Path 3 6 OLD DORM BLOCK 7 ANNA LEGEND MANN 1. Planted Stormwater Infiltration Basin 2. Hardy Native Landscaping 3. Existing Tree Preservation 4. Covered Outdoor Plazas Winter Sun Path MACNAUGHTON 5. Solar Array 6. Green Roof FOSTER 7. Skylights
  • east perspective
  • level 1
  • West Entry East EntryFrom Parking From Campus
  • LEGEND1. Extensive Green Roof2. Roof Terrace3. Automated Windows – controlled by mechanical DDC system4. Cooling Through Natural Ventilation5. Thermal Mass Regulates Temperature Swings6. Heated and Chilled Radiant Floor7. Louvers at Natural Ventilation Exhaust8. Skylights Provide Daylight Throughout Wintergarden9. Cantilevered Canopies Shade East/West Sun 8 9 view to we st hills 3 1 2 7 9 5 3 3 4 4 5 6 5
  • Daylight Analysis Daylight Factor Averages 1st Floor:  5% 2 nd Floor: 7.3% 3 rd Floor 15% SEPT 21, 9AM SEPT 21, NOON SEPT 21, 3 PM SOUTH WALL
  • studio theater
  • level 2
  • dance studio
  • Daylight AnalysisDANCE STUDIO 9.6% AVERAGE 7.4% AVERAGEJUNE 21SUMMER SOLSTICE 7.0% AVERAGECLEAR SKYRGB 7.2% AVERAGE 7.3% AVERAGE
  • blackbox theatre
  • level 3
  • music/choral rehearsal
  • LEGEND1. Daylighting2. Displacement Ventilation3. Acoustic Clouds4. Diffusive Acoustic Wood Panels5. Floating Floor 1 3 1 4 2 5
  • Going Beyond LEEDDenis Blount, Arup
  • Arup and SustainabilitySir Ove Arup founded his practice in Londonin 1946 based on a belief in ‘total design’ —the integration of the design process and theinterdependence of all the professionsinvolved, the creative nature of engineering,the value of innovation and the socialpurpose of design.Today we understand this asa commitment to sustainability.
  • `81 My Perspective
  • Technical Disciplines • Acoustics • Lighting Design • Audiovisual Design • Logistics • Bridges • Mechanical Engineering • CAD/Drafting • Plumbing and Fire Protection Engineering • Civil Engineering • Project Management • Controls • Risk • Commissioning • Security Design • Electrical Engineering • Structural Engineering • Sustainability • Environmental Engineering • Transport Planning • Façade Engineering • Theatre Planning and Design • Fire Engineering • Urban Planning • Geotechnical/Tunnel Engineering • Visualization • Information Technology82 The Arup Perspective
  • Loads per Building Type Museum Residential Windows Windows Walls Walls Infiltration Infiltration People People Lights  Lights  Equipment Equipment Ventilation Ventilation Office Lab Windows Windows Walls Walls Infiltration Infiltration People People Lights  Lights  Equipment Equipment Ventilation Ventilation83 Sustainable Design for Venues?
  • Concert for Diana: Carbon FootprintSustainable Design for Venues?
  • Additional Resources BS 8901 – Sustainable Event Management www.greentheatres.org85 Going Beyond LEED
  • Project Examples…for discussion…
  • Brooklyn College Performing Arts Center Program: Performing Arts Center Location: Brooklyn, NY Client: City University of New York (CUNY)87 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • Theatre Rehearsal Room Theatrical lighting loads at +18’ in space Occupied zone with 80 people sitting in rafters88 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • Theatre Rehearsal Room Design challenges: Reduce airflow by 50% Minimize ductwork size - Reduces architectural impact - Reduces cost - Minimize energy consumption Meet air velocity requirements No draft on occupants89 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • Air Temperature/FlowSolution: downwarddeflection angle of 15° 90 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • Air Temperature Plot Volumetric average temperature of occupied zone – 74.5 F; meets temperature criteria91 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • Takeaways: Temperature stratification: design approach that is simultaneously practical and energy-efficient CFD as a design validation tool92 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  • 93 Load Driven Design – ART NY
  • Case study: Load driven design Design challenges: 800 amp equipment electrical load and 400 amps for mechanical equipment allocated for performance space Equipment specification and system design to meet loads Solutions Distributed dimming LED fixtures Strand S21 Dimmer Strip Elation LED Par Zoom MM ‘Mighty Output’ LED Batten94 Load Driven Design – ART NY
  • Going Beyond LEEDDenis Blount, Arup