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Women In Technology Day

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Women In Technology Day @ DERI, Galway, ireland. …

Women In Technology Day @ DERI, Galway, ireland.
Raising awareness on the gender gap in Technology: why we should care about it, which are the current causes and which have been the past ones.

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  • 1. Women in Technology Day @DERI Author: Leggieri Myriam [email_address]
  • 2. Overview
    • Gender Gap in Technology
      • Inverted tendency
      • Current Causes
      • Past Causes
    • Why is it a problem?
      • Economic Development
    • Successful Role-Models
    • Women in Technology Groups
  • 3. Gender Gap in Technology – Inverted Tendency 1/2 Source: http://www2.cs.cmu.edu/~women/resources/aroundTheWeb/hostedPapers/Syllabus-Camp.pdf % Bachelor Degrees awarded in Science and Engineering to Women (National Centre for Education Statistics at the U.S. Dept. of Education)
  • 4. Gender Gap in Technology – Inverted Tendency 2/2
    • % Female Tech Degree Recipients
    • In 2008:
    • % Female Computer Science Degree Recipients
    • In 1985:
    • In 2008:
    Source: http://ncwit.org/pdf/BytheNumbers09.pdf There was an interest that has decreased.
  • 5. Gender Gap in Technology – Current causes 1/2
    • Different perspective view
      • Females: impact of technology on other disciplines to help better society.
      • Males: computers as a toy; no connection to a larger goal.(Margolis, J., Fisher, A., and Miller, F. 1999. Caring About Connections: Gender and Computing. IEEE Technology and Society.)
    • While Computer science courses: programming and data abstractions instead of societal contexts of technology
  • 6. Gender Gap in Technology – Current causes 2/2
    • “ Geeks" or "Nerds": spend all time in front of a computer with no social interaction.
    • This perception is more detrimental to females than it is to males.
      • - Females distaste with the idea of computers "becoming their life"
    Source: http://www.cs.ubc.ca/wccce/program04/Papers/mark.html
  • 7. Gender Gap in Technology – Past causes 1/2
    • Germany: to attend universities even as listener, women had to obtain the permission of
      • - the Minister of Education
      • - until 1908: the directors of the courses.
    • Oxford - in the '30s: women chemists could attend general sessions, but not the clubs in which one discussed advanced research.
  • 8. Gender Gap in Technology – Past causes 2/2
    • "Equal pay for equal work" was a delightful joke: per equal academic status, women earned half that of a male colleague.
    • The anti-nepotism laws: prevented universities from hiring the relatives of existing staff
      • - applied to a crowd of women scientists and professors' wives
    • -> Maria Goeppert Mayer (Nobel prize; proposed the "shell model of the atomic nucleus")
      • - waited till turning 53 to get a job (since her husband was a professor) while freely volunteering in important universities
  • 9. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 1/3
    • Report's Global Gender Gap Index
      • - how well countries are dividing resources and opportunities among males and females
    • 4 critical areas of Inequality:
      • 1. Economic participation and opportunity – outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment
      • 2. Educational attainment – outcomes on access to basic and higher level education
      • 3. Political empowerment – outcomes on representation in decision-making structures
      • 4. Health and survival – outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio
  • 10. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 2/3
    • Report's Global Gender Gap Index:
    • 2009 – First countries: Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • 2009 – Last countries: Italy, Greece, Czech Republic
    • Ireland has improved its rank from the 8 th position in 2008 and 2009; to the 6 th position in 2010
    • -> Gender Gap is inversely proportional to the Economic Development
  • 11. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 3/3
    • Companies employing at least 30% female executives perform better than all-male outfits.
    • Female managers are more likely than men to
      • - make collaborative decisions (“Choose a women ahead of the next Einstein”, Time),
      • - behave as role models
      • - consider the ethical consequences of their acts.
      • - be focused on customers
      • - work on planning, prioritizing and administering
      • - be focus on results
    Studies: McKinsey & Co. , 2007 ; HCL's internal 360 Degree Feedback process Source: http://www.vineetnayar.com/women-leadership-yes-she-can/
  • 12. Successful Role-Models
    • Despite all this (then struggling even more): there have been role models (plus 10 Nobel prizes) in Scientific fields
    Gertrude Elion , Ada E. Yonath , Jean Sammet , Rosalyn Sussman Yalow , Shafi Goldwasser - informatica sviluppatrice dell'algoritmo Blum-Goldwasser per la crittografia asim , Annie Jump Cannon , Joan Robinson , Barbara McClintock , Gerty Radnitz Cori , Rozsa Pèter - fondatrice della teoria delle funzioni ricorsive. , Barbara Liskov , Elizabeth H- Blackburn e Carol W. Greider - Nobel per la Medicina nel 2009 per i loro studi svolti r , Chieng-Shiung , Grace Hopper , Kay McNulty, Betty Snyder, Marlyn Wescoff, Ruth Lichterman, Betty Jennings, and Fran Bilas - prime p , Marie Goeppert Mayer , Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin , Hedy Lamarr , Marie Curie -premio Nobel per la Medicina e per la Fisica. , Eva Tardos , Christiane Nusslein-Volhard , Rosalind Franklin , Ol'ga Aleksandrovna Ladyženskaja , Erna Scheider , Irène Joliot-Curie , Frances E. Allen , Elinor Ostrom - premio Nobel per l'Economia nel 2009 , Rita Levi Montalcini - premio Nobel per la Medicina per la scoperta dei fattori di crescita nello sv , Radia Perlman - uno dei maggiori specialisti mondiali nell'ambito del software design e dell'ingegne , Jeri Ellsworth - sviluppò un emulatore del Commodore 64 all'interno di un Joystick, nel 2004 , Karen Sparck Jones , Linda B. Buck , TU , Jocelyn Bell-Burner Only between 1900 and 2009:
  • 13. Women in Technology Groups
    • National Center for Women & Information Technology: http://ncwit.org/
    • Association for Women in Science: http://www.awis.org/
    • IEEE Women in Engineering: http://www.ieee.org/membership_services/membership/women/index.html
    • Girl Geek Dinners: http://girlgeekdinners.com/
    • DevChix female programmers: http://www.devchix.com/
    • Debian Women: http://women.debian.org/
    • Ubuntu Women: http://www.ubuntu-women.org/
    • LinuxChix women-oriented Linux community: http://www.linuxchix.org/