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The fall of the empire
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The fall of the empire

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  • 1. THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Contributing factors
  • 2. POLITICAL
    • Political office seen as burden, not reward
    • Military interference in politics
    • Civil war and unrest
    • Division of empire
    • Moving of capital to Byzantium
  • 3. SOCIAL
    • Decline in interest in public affairs
    • Low confidence in empire
    • Disloyalty, lack of patriotism, corruption
    • Contrast between rich and poor
  • 4. ECONOMIC
    • Poor harvests
    • Disruption of trade
    • No more war plunder
    • Gold and silver drain
    • Inflation (drastic drop in the value of money coupled with a rise in prices)
    • Crushing tax burden
    • Widening gap between rich and poor, increasingly impoverished Western empire
  • 5. MILITARY
    • Threat from northern European tribes
    • Low funds for defense
    • Problems recruiting Roman citizens; recruiting of non-Romans
    • Decline of patriotism and loyalty among soldiers
  • 6. DIOCLETIAN
    • Restored order in the empire and increased its strength
          • He governed as an absolute ruler
            • Doubled the size of the Roman armies.
            • Drafting of prisoners of war and hiring German mercenaries.
            • Controlled inflation by setting fixed prices on certain goods.
            • Ordered farmers to remain on their lands and ordered workers to stay in their jobs for life.
            • Viewed Christianity as a threat and passed decrees to persecute the Christians.
  • 7. DIVISION OF ROME
    • ROME
    • Between the two, which one included most of the empire’s wealth?
    LATIN SPEAKING WEST GREEK SPEAKING EAST MAXIMIAN DIOCLETIAN
  • 8. CONSTANTINE
    • Diocletian retired in 305 AD and was succeeded by a young ambitious commander named Constantine .
    • Constantine
      • Restored the concept of a single ruler
      • Ended the persecution of the Christians
      • Moved the Roman capital from Rome to Byzantium and the city was given a new name.
      • WHAT WAS THAT NAME?
  • 9. CONSTANTINOPLE
  • 10.
    • Pressure from Huns, Invasion by Germanic tribes and by the Huns, Sack of Rome, and Conquest by Invaders were the immediate causes of the Roman Fall.
    • Last Emperor of Rome
      • A 14 year old named Romulus Augustulus.
        • He was deposed by the German general Odoacer and sent into exile.
        • He practically had no powers.
          • Spain ( Visigoths )
          • North Africa ( Vandals )
          • Gaul ( Franks, Burgundians, Visigoths )
          • Britannia ( Angles, Saxons )
          • Italy ( Ostrogoths )
  • 11. START OF THE MIDDLE AGES
    • Eastern Half of the (fallen) Roman Empire would be known as the Byzantine until 1453 when it fell to the Ottoman Turks.
    • Middle Ages or medieval period
      • Spanned 500-1500
      • The early part of the Middle Ages...
        • Money was scarce
        • Cities were abandoned as centers of administration
  • 12. ASSIGNMENT
    • What is a monastery?
    • What does the word “secular” mean?
    • Identify the Carolingian Dynasty.
    • Who was Charlemagne? Why was he important?

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