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The fall of the empire
 

The fall of the empire

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    The fall of the empire The fall of the empire Presentation Transcript

    • THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Contributing factors
    • POLITICAL
      • Political office seen as burden, not reward
      • Military interference in politics
      • Civil war and unrest
      • Division of empire
      • Moving of capital to Byzantium
    • SOCIAL
      • Decline in interest in public affairs
      • Low confidence in empire
      • Disloyalty, lack of patriotism, corruption
      • Contrast between rich and poor
    • ECONOMIC
      • Poor harvests
      • Disruption of trade
      • No more war plunder
      • Gold and silver drain
      • Inflation (drastic drop in the value of money coupled with a rise in prices)
      • Crushing tax burden
      • Widening gap between rich and poor, increasingly impoverished Western empire
    • MILITARY
      • Threat from northern European tribes
      • Low funds for defense
      • Problems recruiting Roman citizens; recruiting of non-Romans
      • Decline of patriotism and loyalty among soldiers
    • DIOCLETIAN
      • Restored order in the empire and increased its strength
            • He governed as an absolute ruler
              • Doubled the size of the Roman armies.
              • Drafting of prisoners of war and hiring German mercenaries.
              • Controlled inflation by setting fixed prices on certain goods.
              • Ordered farmers to remain on their lands and ordered workers to stay in their jobs for life.
              • Viewed Christianity as a threat and passed decrees to persecute the Christians.
    • DIVISION OF ROME
      • ROME
      • Between the two, which one included most of the empire’s wealth?
      LATIN SPEAKING WEST GREEK SPEAKING EAST MAXIMIAN DIOCLETIAN
    • CONSTANTINE
      • Diocletian retired in 305 AD and was succeeded by a young ambitious commander named Constantine .
      • Constantine
        • Restored the concept of a single ruler
        • Ended the persecution of the Christians
        • Moved the Roman capital from Rome to Byzantium and the city was given a new name.
        • WHAT WAS THAT NAME?
    • CONSTANTINOPLE
      • Pressure from Huns, Invasion by Germanic tribes and by the Huns, Sack of Rome, and Conquest by Invaders were the immediate causes of the Roman Fall.
      • Last Emperor of Rome
        • A 14 year old named Romulus Augustulus.
          • He was deposed by the German general Odoacer and sent into exile.
          • He practically had no powers.
            • Spain ( Visigoths )
            • North Africa ( Vandals )
            • Gaul ( Franks, Burgundians, Visigoths )
            • Britannia ( Angles, Saxons )
            • Italy ( Ostrogoths )
    • START OF THE MIDDLE AGES
      • Eastern Half of the (fallen) Roman Empire would be known as the Byzantine until 1453 when it fell to the Ottoman Turks.
      • Middle Ages or medieval period
        • Spanned 500-1500
        • The early part of the Middle Ages...
          • Money was scarce
          • Cities were abandoned as centers of administration
    • ASSIGNMENT
      • What is a monastery?
      • What does the word “secular” mean?
      • Identify the Carolingian Dynasty.
      • Who was Charlemagne? Why was he important?