View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Previously, we discussed how Egyptian civilization started and how Nile River shaped the beginnings of the civilization. This time, we’ll be discussing two well-known civilizations in the Western World. The FIRST one is centered at seas, while the other one is at the Tiber River.
Greece and Rome raced in building and developing their cultures.
In Greece, democracy was born.
Rome, on the other hand, was known for its laws, government, and military organization.
Agamemnon is one of the seven plays which were written by Aeschylus, the first noted playwright of Greek literature and the “father of Greek tragedies”
Agamemnon (the play) details the homecoming of Agamemnon from the Trojan War.
Waiting at home for him is his wife, Clytemnestra, who has been planning his murder, partly as revenge for the sacrifice of their daughter, Iphigenia, and partly because in the ten years of Agamemnon's absence Clytemnestra has entered into an adulterous relationship with Aegisthus, Agamemnon's cousin
The physical map of Greece tells us that the nation is covered by rugged mountains (3/4). Mountains which run from northwest to southeast along the Balkan peninsula, divided the land in to a number of different regions.
Royal Myceneans and noblemen lived an extravagant life. They were said to feast in great halls 35 feet wide and 50 feet long. Gold and silver were often used be it a festivity or not. And when the royal Myceneans died, they were buried with the richest treasures.
Warrior kings won their enormous wealth from local production and commercial trade. They also asked their armies to search of treasures which could be plundered.
Minoan Civilization flourished on Crete for 600 years. The civilization ended in 1400 BC wherein up until now, the reason of its end is yet to be known. Mycenean warrior kings prevented the Minoans from rebuilding the civilization. They conquered Crete but preserbed the elements of Minoan culture.
Heinrich Schliemann was a German archaeologist who excavated a hill in Northwestern Turkey. He found the remains of what was said to be the nine layers of city life. This led him to a conclusion that Trojan War could have existed on real accounts.
Manfred Korfmann , a German historian, excavated an ancient maritime cemetery near the hill that was to be believed as a site the ancient city of Troy. Korfmann believes that the Trojan War was a struggle for contriol of a crucial waterway in Aegean Sea.
Mycenean civilization collapsed after the Trojan War. Sea raiders attacked Mycenean palaces which eventually led to the civilization’s downfall. A new group of people, the Dorians, would rise and move into this war-torn countryside.