German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller named
the new continent after the Italian explorer,
Amerigo Vespucci’s first name.
An alternative theory was proposed that the name
America is derived from Richard Amerike, a
merchant from Bristol, England, who is believed to
have financed John Cabot’s voyage of discovery to
Newfoundland in 1497.
is a continent located in the Western
Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern
Hemisphere.It can also be considered as
a subcontinent of the America.
is the fourth largest continent in size and
the fifth largest in population. It is located
primarily in the southern hemisphere. It is
bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east
and the Pacific Ocean to the West. The
geography of South America is dominated by
the Andes Mountain Range and the Amazon
River (second longest river in theworld).
A subcontinent is a large, relatively selfcontained landmass forming a subdivision of
a continent. By dictionary entries, the term
subcontinent signifies "having a certain
geographical or political independence" from
the rest of the continent, or "a vast and more
or less self-contained subdivision of a
Continent- large are of land
Subdivision- an area, part, or section of
something w/c itself a part of something
Continent Size: 17,819,000 sq km, 6,879,000 sq miles
It's the fourth-largest continent in area, following Asia,
Africa and North America
Percent of Earth's Land: 12%
Highest Pt: Cerro Aconcagua, Andes Mtns,
Argentina 22,833ft (6,959m) (see map)
Lowest Pt: Peninsula Valdes, Argentina -151 ft (40m) below sea level
Geographic Center: Chapada dos Guimarães, in
the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil; at 15° 27´ S 55°
44´ W. (see map)
Horizontal Width: From Lima, Peru, to Fortaleza,
Brazil: 2,705 miles (4,353 km)
Vertical Length: From Cartagena, Colombia,
south to Ushuaia, Argentina: 4,443 miles (7,149
km) (see map)
Land Divisions: 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city.
Provinces include: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut,
Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa,
La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San
Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero,
Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur and
Tucuman; the autonomous city is the Buenos Aires Capital
Horizontal Width: 1025 km (625 miles) from the western
border with Chile, due east to Buenos Aires
Vertical Length: 3544 km (2,167 miles) from Ushuaia to
the northern border with Bolivia
Note: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line
measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary
some using other map projections
Bordering Countries: (5) Chile, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay,
Geographic Center: 337 km S of Cordoba at coordinates 34
15 S / 64 10 W.
Highest Point: Cerro Aconcagua - 22,835 ft.
SOUTH AMERICA due to its large size, the climate varies with
each region, determined by their own geographical location,
ocean currents and winds. It is predominantly wet and hot. Each
region having its own characteristic weather conditions.
South America Climate differs from one region to another. The
Amazon river basin has the typical hot wet climate suitable for the
growth of rain forests. The temperatures in the Amazon basin 70
to 90 degrees F. The Andes Mountains, on the other hand,
remain cold throughout the year. The temperatures of the
mountains is always very low.
The desert regions of Chile is the driest part of South America. The westerly
winds carrying moisture shed their moisture on the western parts of the
Andes, thus the eastern portions of the mountains receive very little rainfall.
The cold Peru Current is responsible for the dry coastal parts of Peru as well
as northern Chile. The cold current is unable to hold much moisture.
The highest temperatures of South America have been recorded in Gran Chaco in
Argentina, with temperaturesgoing up to 110 degrees F. The wettest place is Quibdo
in Columbia. It receives an annual rainfall of 350 inches(890 centimeters).
A unique feature of South America Climate is the El Nino.
Every two to seven years the cold dry Peru Current weakens and
warm waters from the south rush along the coast in a southward
direction. The El Nion affects the Climate of South America and
causes heavy rainfall in the dry parts of South America.
Buenos Aires ( Argentina)
La Paz or Sucre (Bolivia)
Quito ( Ecuador)
Cayene (French Guina)
Lima ( Peru )
Portuguese and Spanish are the most
spoken languages in South America.
Spanish is the official language of most
countries, along with other native
languages in some countries.
Portuguese is spoken in Brazil
Dutch is the official language of
English is the official language of
Guyana and is also spoken in the
French is the official language of
756,950 sq km 17,067,369
283,560 sq km 15,223,680
214,999 sq km 741,908
406,750 sq km 6,541,591
South America has a rapidly developing economy. With
many industries and a flourishing trade and import-export market, it is
fast becoming an economy with considerable size.
South American countries had a slow pace of economic
development in the past. In recent times, however, South America has
as a whole undergone rapid economic development. Aided by
greater economic independence since the times of the second World
War, South America has been largely successful in developing
its economy rapidly.
individual economies in South
America are those of Brazil,
Argentina, Colombia and Chile.
Currently undergoing massive
growth are the economies of
Argentina, Venezuela and Peru.
Major industries in South
America are agriculture, which
encompasses a vital part of
the economy, and other
important industries like fishing,
natural resources, handicrafts
etc. Trade is also an important part
The manufacturing industries,
agriculture, and trade primarily support
the economy of South America. Some
of the major agricultural products
include sugarcane, corn, wheat,
soybean, and coffee. South America's
mineral resources also contribute
substantially to the economy. Some
major mineral resources found in
South America are petroleum, gold,
iron ore, silver, and copper.
Politics in today's world enjoys a certain
democratic political rule but it is gained by the continuance struggle against
the decades of dictatorship and the country has passed through a lot of
political crisis. Poverty and inequality were the outcome of the left influence
as it was highly corrupt and inefficient at that time. Though the Politics in
South America has grown economically from the past 20 years but still
today the conditions not in much proper shape as it was in the 1950s.
South American Politics is governed by numbers of political
leaders who looks after all the aspects in the political arena.
Ten years can hardly make difference in the South American
Politics but this region has gained an economic growth for
two years and it's a great achievement in the history of
South America culture is the combination
of almost the half of the culture of this
world. This continent has its own culture
that was fostered by the native people
who were the original part and inhabitant
of this great continent.
This culture had its own tradition and
heritages. Later the mainstream culture
was influenced by the other cultures.
Among these other cultures there were
the European culture, the African culture
and recently the modern culture that has
contribution mostly from the North
America and also from other parts of the
South American nations have a rich
variety of music. Some of the most
famous genres include samba from
Brazil, tango from Argentina & Uruguay,
and cumbia from Colombia.
The Inca estate of Machu Picchu, Peru is one of the
New Seven Wonders of the World
The Andes are the world's longest continental mountain range.
This toothy-edged, massive mountain system extends from the tip
of South America all the way to Panama. It's the source of most
major rivers on the continent and is 4,500 miles (7,240 km) in
length. It's home to some of the planet's largest volcanoes, and in
the far south along the coast of Chile, large ice sheets are
The Andes and its many ranges include dozens of peaks that
reach over 20,000 ft., with the highest point being Aconcagua in
The prehistoric Cueva de las Manos,
or Cave of the Hands, in Argentina
Plaza of San Francisco in the Historic Center of
Quito in Quito, Ecuador South America is one of the
largest, least-altered and best-preserved historic centers
in the Americas
The Amazon River is the second longest river (it is just shorter than the Nile River in Egypt) in
the world and it has the largest watershed or drainage basin as well as the most tributaries of
any river in the world. For reference, a watershed is defined as the area of land that releases its
water into a river. This entire area is often referred to as the Amazon Basin. The Amazon River
begins with streams in the Andes Mountains in Peru and flows into the Atlantic Ocean about
4,000 miles (6,437 km) away.
The impressive Iguazu Falls are located between the border of Argentina and
Tourism has increasingly become a significant source of income for many South
American countries. Historical relics, architectural and natural wonders, a diverse
range of foods and culture, vibrant and colorful cities, and stunning landscapes
attract millions of tourists every year to South America. Some of the most visited
places in the region are Recife, Olinda, Machu Picchu, the Amazon Rainforest, Rio
de Janeiro, Salvador, Fortaleza, Maceió, Bogota, Lima, Florianópolis, Isla
Margarita, Natal, Buenos Aires, São Paulo, Angel Falls, Nazca Lines, Cuzco, Lake
Titicaca, Medellín, Patagonia, Cartagena and the Galápagos Islands