A PESTLE PRESENTATIONBy: Santoshkumar Nair Roll No: 16
The Republic of Poland Area: 312685 sq km Capital : Warsaw Neighboring states: Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Russia Official Language: Polish Population: 38.6 million Time: Central European Time(GMT+1) Currency: Zloty(1 Euro:4.18 zloty,1$=3.15 zloty) Inflation: 4% GDP: 765.6 billion USD (Purchasing power parity) GDP(2011):4.3% Unemployment rate : 12.5%
The originsof democracy- The SejmThe PolishParliamentactive since.15 th century
Government & Political Conditions: The current government structure consists of a council of ministers led by a Prime Minister The parliament consists of the 460- member sejm and the 100- member senate or upper house. Parties represented in the sejm in order of number of seats are Civic platform (PO) Law and Justice (PiS) The Democratic Left Alliance(SLD) The Polish People’s Party (PSL) Poland Comes First (PJN) Social Democracy of Poland (SDPL).
Principle Government Officials: President:Bronislaw Komorowski
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Economy: Waldemar Pawlak (PSL) Minister of Foreign Affairs: Radoslaw Sikorski (PO) Minister of Defense--Tomasz Siemoniak (PO) Minister of Finance--Jacek Rostowski (PO) Minister of Treasury--Aleksander Grad (PO) Minister of Science and Higher Education--Barbara Kudrycka (PO Minister of Environment--Andrzej Kraszewski (non-party) Minister of Health--Ewa Kopacz (PO) Minister of Culture and National Heritage--Bogdan Zdrojewski (PO) Minister of Justice--Krzysztof Kwiatkowski (PO) Minister of Labor and Social Policy--Jolanta Fedak (PSL) Minister of Sport--Adam Giersz (non-party)
Economical Conditions: Poland’s perennial question. A majorEuropean powerhouse or a backwatersupplying cheap labor? Exports : $197.1 billion (2011 est.) Imports: :$217.9 billion (2011 est.)
The economic transformations were launched in 1990 by the shock therapy authored by the then deputy premier and finance minister Leszek Balcerowicz . Once dominated by raw materials primarily coal today’s polish exports are increasingly composed of highly processed goods ,car and car parts, machinery and electronics,furniture,non precious metals and metal products. Imports include machinery and transport equipment, intermediate manufactured goods, chemicals, minerals, fuels and lubricants.
Many Polish factories have become part of the German supply chain because of Poland’s high productivity and low wages. Poland has a balanced economy, big on energy, agriculture, manufacturing, high tech research and development. Since 2004, when Poland joined the EU and had access to EU structural funds, unemployment has remained perniciously high, but inflation is low
Poland’s yachting industry is experiencing phenomenal growth and is set to become a European yacht-building hub, whose products are marked by high quality and low prices. In 2010, the value of its sales reached almost $500 million, giving Poland about five percent of a global market that is currently valued at around $11.5 billion.
Social On June 4th 1989,poland entered a new epoch. On that day for the first time in the communist bloc, the democratic opposition won what was virtually a free election. Two months later a non-communist government was formed. The whole of Central and Eastern Europe started waking up frm this historical torpor. The communist foundations has been shattered by the Solidarity movement and its leader ,Lech Walesa, who was awarded the nobel prize.
The first non-communist Prime MinisterTadeuszMazowiecki
Since then Poland has become a country of colorful shops,international labels,new technologies and dynamic people.In restructuring their country,Poles have demonstrated their optimism and initiative,without losing any of the spontaneity, hospitality and romantic touch which has always won the the appreciation of foreigners.
Polish is spoken by some 50 million people around the globe, including virtually all Polish citizens and a diaspora in Europe and North America. London, Dublin and Chicago are the biggest Polish centres outside Poland’s borders Faith: According to official statistics, 34.6m out of 38m citizens of Poland are members of some religious group. Over 33m are Roman catholics
Technology The traditions of Polish science dates back to the middle ages. In 1364,the first Polish University was formed. In 1883 two poles Zygmunt Wroblewski and Karol Olszewski liquefied oxygen and nitrogen from the air. Marie Curie Sklodowska won two Nobel prizes, in 1903 for physics and in 1911 for chemistry, she discovered polonium and radium. Ignacy Lukasiewicz was the inventor of oil lamp, a pioneer in oil industry.
Polish scientists are patenting global industrial production of graphene, a miraculous material that is set revolutionise electronics. With better conductivity than copper it is one hundred times stronger than steel. Graphene was invented at the Institute of Materials Technology (ITME) in Warsaw.
A new technology is developed by the company Ammono. This small company, has developed a new method for synthesising the best, biggest and purest crystals of gallium nitride. Cardiac surgery robots The second important project brings together high technology and the medical sciences. Scientists at the Foundation for the Development of Cardiosurgery (have created a series of cardiac surgery robots known as the Robin Heart Family The Robin Heart robots are high-precision surgical devices for use in cardiac surgery.
Judiciary of Poland is a responsibility, as defined by the constitution of Poland of a four-tier court system: the Supreme Court of Poland, the common courts administrative courts (including the Supreme Administrative Court of Poland) and military courts. The common courts, divided into appellate courts, district courts and regional courts have the competency in criminal, civil, economic, labor and family law.