Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjective

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Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjective

  1. 1. Superlative and Comparative Adjectives The comparative form of an adjective is used for comparing two objects, people, or places and is most commonly accompanied by the word “than” . Example: Chicago is a big city, but Los Angeles is bigger than Chicago,.
  2. 2. Superlative and Comparative Adjectives The superlative is used for comparing one place, person, or thing with every other member of the group and is mostly preceeded by the word “the”. Example: Mom’s apple pie is the best dessert at the party.
  3. 3. Adjectives with one syllable  In general, if the adjective has one syllable, then the letters -er or -est are added: warm quick tall old warmer quicker taller older Example:  Max is older than John.  Of the three students, Max is the oldest. warmest quickest tallest oldest
  4. 4. Adjectives with one syllable ending in ‘e’ • If the adjective has one syllable and ends in e, just add -r or -st: late nice large later nicer larger latest nicest largest Example:  Mary's car is larger than Max's car.  Mary's house is the tallest of all the houses on the block.  Max is wiser than his brother.  Max is the wisest person I know.
  5. 5. Adjectives with two syllables  Adjectives with two syllables vary. Some add -er/est or -r/-st: feeble feebler feeblest  Some use the words „more‟ for the comparative and „most‟ for the superlative: famous  Many more famous most famous can do either, like clever: clever cleverer/more clever clever cleverest/most
  6. 6. Adjectives with three syllables or more  If the adjective has three syllables or more, then the words „more‟ and „most‟ are used: interesting attractive more interesting more attractive most interesting most attractive Example:  John is more generous than Jack.  John is the most generous of all the people I know.  Health is more important than money.  Of all the people I know, Max is the most important.  Women are more intelligent than men.  Mary is the most intelligent person I've ever met.
  7. 7. Adjectives that change their spelling  Some adjectives change their spelling when forming the comparative and superlative:  Some one-syllable adjectives that end with a single consonant (e.g. big, wet, sad, fat) double this consonant before adding -er or -est: big wet sad bigger wetter sadder biggest wettest saddest Example: My dog is bigger than your dog.  My dog is the biggest of all the dogs in the neighborhood. 
  8. 8.  If the adjective ends in y (e.g. happy, greedy, or tidy), change the y to an i and add -er or -est: happy happier happiest greedy greedier greediest tidy tidier tidiest Example:  John is happier today than he was yesterday.  John is the happiest boy in the world.  Max is angrier than Mary.  Of all of John's victims, Max is the angriest.  Mary is busier than Max.  Mary is the busiest person I've ever met.
  9. 9.  Some common adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms that you just have to learn: bad good much little worse better more less Example:  Italian food is better than American food.  My dog is the best dog in the world.  My mother's cooking is worse than your mother's cooking.  Of all the students in the class, Max is the worst. worst best most least
  10. 10. Let‟s Try! Comparative Adjectives Exercise. Let‟s Try! Superlative Adjectives Exercise.
  11. 11.  Write the appropriate comparative or superlative form of the word cold in each blank. Yesterday was a cold day. Today is Tomorrow will be the day yet.  than yesterday. Which of the following sentences is incorrect? 1) Mary is shorter than Jane. 2) The moon is more closer to the earth than the sun. 3) I have the best score on the exam.  Fill in the blanks. 1) My friend has a pretty purse, but I have a one. 2) The weather is yet to come! 3) Today's sunshine is beautiful than yesterday's.

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