Superlative and Comparative
comparative form of an adjective is used for
comparing two objects, people, or places and is
most commonly accompanied by the word “than” .
Chicago is a big city, but Los Angeles is bigger than
Superlative and Comparative
superlative is used for comparing one
place, person, or thing with every other member of
the group and is mostly preceeded by the word
Mom’s apple pie is the best dessert at the party.
Adjectives with one syllable
In general, if the adjective has one syllable, then
the letters -er or -est are added:
Max is older than John.
Of the three students, Max is the oldest.
Adjectives with one syllable ending in
If the adjective has one syllable and
ends in e, just add -r or -st:
Mary's car is larger than Max's car.
Mary's house is the tallest of all the houses on the block.
Max is wiser than his brother.
Max is the wisest person I know.
Adjectives with two syllables
with two syllables vary. Some add -er/est or -r/-st:
use the words „more‟ for the comparative
and „most‟ for the superlative:
can do either, like clever:
clever cleverer/more clever
Adjectives with three syllables or more
the adjective has three syllables or
more, then the words „more‟ and „most‟
John is more generous than Jack.
John is the most generous of all the people I know.
Health is more important than money.
Of all the people I know, Max is the most important.
Women are more intelligent than men.
Mary is the most intelligent person I've ever met.
Adjectives that change their spelling
adjectives change their spelling
when forming the comparative and
Some one-syllable adjectives that end
with a single consonant
(e.g. big, wet, sad, fat) double this
consonant before adding -er or -est:
My dog is bigger than your dog.
My dog is the biggest of all the dogs in the neighborhood.
If the adjective ends
in y (e.g. happy, greedy, or tidy), change
the y to an i and add -er or -est:
John is happier today than he was yesterday.
John is the happiest boy in the world.
Max is angrier than Mary.
Of all of John's victims, Max is the angriest.
Mary is busier than Max.
Mary is the busiest person I've ever met.
Some common adjectives have irregular
comparative and superlative forms that
you just have to learn:
Italian food is better than American food.
My dog is the best dog in the world.
My mother's cooking is worse than your mother's cooking.
Of all the students in the class, Max is the worst.
Write the appropriate comparative or superlative form of the word cold
in each blank.
Yesterday was a cold day. Today is
Tomorrow will be the
Which of the following sentences is incorrect?
1) Mary is shorter than Jane.
2) The moon is more closer to the earth than the sun.
3) I have the best score on the exam.
Fill in the blanks.
1) My friend has a pretty purse, but I have a
weather is yet to come!
3) Today's sunshine is
beautiful than yesterday's.