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Childhood Obesity Info

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Childhood Obesity Info: The Posative Impact of Parks and Recreation has of issues of Health.

Childhood Obesity Info: The Posative Impact of Parks and Recreation has of issues of Health.

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    • 1.
      • Less Active Lifestyles
      • Info From Mr. Idris Jassim Al-Oboudi
      • [email_address] or [email_address]
      • Chair of the NAYS/CPRS Youth Sports and Fitness Initiative
      • Recreation Manager / City of Manhattan Beach Parks and Recreation Department
      • On Childhood obesity Data and Photos provided By: Mr. Richard J. Jackson, MD, MPH Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces & Mr. Glen Schmidt [email_address] Thank you
    • 2. Less Active Lifestyles
    • 3. Televisions are on more than 71/2 hours a day in the typical home   The average American spends over 4 hours per day watching TV Nielsen Media Research 2000
    • 4. Technology Indoor activities, highly stimulating Entertainment
    • 5.  
    • 6.  
    • 7. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 8. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 9. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1993 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 10. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 11. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1997 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 12. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1999 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 13. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2001 Source: Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc 1999;282:16, 2001;286:10.
    • 14. Prevalence (%) of overweight among children and adolescents ages 6-19 years Source: 1999-2000 NHANES Average 11 y.o. boy today is 11 pounds heavier than in 1973
    • 15.  
    • 16. Distribution of Modifiable Risk Factors and Relative Risk of Type 2 Diabetes among 84,941 Women in the Nurses’ Health Study, 1980 to 1996 Body-mass index <23.0 23.0-24.9 25.0-29.9 30.0-34.9 > 35.0 121 202 884 885 759 1.00 2.67 7.59 20.10 38.80 No. of Cases Relative Risk Source: The New England Journal of Medicine, Sept. 13, 2001
    • 17. Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1993-94 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). No Data <4% 4%-6% 6%-8% 8%-10% >10%
    • 18. Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995-96 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). No Data <4% 4%-6% 6%-8% 8%-10% >10%
    • 19. Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1997-98 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). No Data <4% 4%-6% 6%-8% 8%-10% >10%
    • 20. Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1999 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). No Data <4% 4%-6% 6%-8% 8%-10% >10%
    • 21. Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2001 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). No Data <4% 4%-6% 6%-8% 8%-10% >10%
    • 22.
      • Conclusions: 
      • &quot;Increased body weight was associated with increased death rates for all cancers combined and for cancers at multiple specific sites.&quot;
    • 23. Technology / Urban Environments = Stress Disconnect from Nature
    • 24. Depression
      • Depressive Disorders
      • 19 million American adults
      • Leading cause of disability in the U.S. and worldwide
      Source: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 2001
    • 25. Surgeon General’s Report
      • 21 percent of U.S. children ages nine to 17 have a diagnosable mental or addictive disorder associated with at least minimum impairment
      US DHHS 1999
    • 26. Antidepressant Rx in US
    • 27. Parks and open space counter these trends in two equally important ways
    • 28. Parks and Open Space Provide a place for activities and exercise Lure people outdoors and in contact with nature
    • 29. Parks and Open Space Providing a place for activities and exercise
    • 30. Physical Activity Decreases Cancer Risk
      • Regular Physical Activity
      • Decreases the risk of
      • colon (~50%) and
      • breast cancer (~25%)
      • Probably decreases the risk of prostate cancer
      • May reduce the risk of lung and endometrial cancer
      • Friedenreich CM, J Nutr 2002 Hardman AE, Proc Nutr Soc 2001
    • 31. Daylight
      • Melatonin
      • Lower levels in Daylight and when alert. Higher levels with darkness and sleepiness.
    • 32. Exercise
      • Serotonin —Higher levels with exercise. Low levels associated with depression.
      • Prevention and treatment of depression
    • 33.  
    • 34. Americans Would Prefer to Walk More Walk More Drive N.A. Source: Belden, Russonello & Stewart national telephone survey, Oct. 30, 2002
    • 35. Parks and Open Space Lure people outdoors and in contact with nature
    • 36. Fredrick Law Olmsted “ The beauty of rural scenery is a restorative antidote to the artificiality and oppression of urban conditions”
    • 37. Restorative Benefits of Nature
      • Following gallbladder surgery, patients with views of nature recovered quicker, required less pain medication, had less complaints about their care and more….
      Ulrich, R.S. 1984. View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science 224:420-421.
    • 38. Children’s Contact with Nature
      • School age children with ADHD who had higher contact with nature showed better concentration, task completion, and following of directions.
      Coping with ADD: The Surprising Connection to Green Play Settings” Environment and Behavior, 33 (1), 54-77 AF Taylor, FE Kuo, WC Sullivan, 2001
    • 39. Public park facilities need to provide a balance of both…. ACTIVE (Physical) and PASSIVE (Restorative) … recreational opportunities
    • 40. Regional Open Space Parks
      • Retain large amounts of high value habitat
      • Can provide opportunities to immerse visitors in a natural setting (nature)
      • Provide important buffers from development
      Elfin Forest Open Space Preserve, Escondido, CA
    • 41. Sports Parks
      • Exercise through highly programmed athletic activities
      • Large geographic draw
      • Highly represented with large organizations, pressure to expand
      • Space intensive, large flat open space

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