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Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies
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Advanced energy conservation techniques and environment protection technologies & strategies


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  • 1. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 – 6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME & TECHNOLOGY (IJEET)ISSN 0976 – 6545(Print)ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online)Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), pp. 139-144 IJEET© IAEME: Impact Factor (2012): 3.2031 (Calculated by GISI) © ADVANCED ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNIQUES AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES & STRATEGIES Dr. A. G. Matani Dr. S. K. Doifode Associate Professor – Mech. Engg Associate Professor – Chemistry, Government College of Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Amravati – 444 604 [M.S.] India Amravati – 444 604 [M.S.] India ABSTRACT A huge amount of energy is wasted nationally due to sheer ignorance and lack of awareness. Nearly 25,000 MW of capacity creation through energy efficiency in the electricity sector alone has been estimated in India. Energy conservation potential for the economy as a whole has been assessed as 23% with maximum potential in industrial and agricultural sectors. Technological developments and innovations must accelerate. The costs of emerging renewable energy technologies must continue to decline to ensure the widest possible adoption. Energy conservation goes beyond using efficient products This paper highlights advancements in energy conservation and sustainable development activities implemented by various industries and educational institutes in different parts of the world Key Words: GHG emissions, Climate change, Energy audit, Energy conservation initiatives, Global energy transformation. INTRODUCTION The electric power industry is among the world’s largest consumers of fossil fuels and, as a result, largest emitters of carbon dioxide, making fuel use and fuel mix a critical concern. Power generation can result in significant negative environmental impacts such as diminishing soil, water and air quality; climate change; loss of biodiversity, in which developing countries are particularly rich; production of radioactive waste; and acid rain. Electricity companies have a responsibility to ensure the environmental sustainability of their operations. Companies need to have in place initiatives to stimulate the increase of renewable sources of energy for electricity and a long-term strategy for phasing out fossil fuels and 139
  • 2. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 –6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEMEcompletely switching to renewable sources of energy. In addition to increasing the use ofrenewable energy sources, electricity companies should also implement other strategies toreduce their impact on climate change and GHG emissions, and disclose proper informationregarding their performance to the publicENERGY GENERATION CAPACITY: PRESENT INDIAN SCENARIO Table – 1: Total energy installed capacity in India [up to December 2012] Sector Installed capacity in MW % shareStates contribution 86,405.85 40.96Central contribution 62,886.63 29.81Private sector contribution 61,659.24 29.22 Total 2,10,951.72 100 Table- 2: Total energy installed capacity (fuel wise) in India [up to December 2012]SN Type of fuel Installed capacity in % share MW Coal 120,873.38 57.29 Gas 18,903.05 8.96 Oil 1,199.75 0.56 Total Thermal 140976.18 66.82 Hydro (Renewable) 39,339.40 18.64 Nuclear 4,780.00 2.26 Renewable energy sources 25,856.14 12.25 Under Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India , New Delhi ( Renewable Energy Sources(RES) includes SHP, BG, BP, U&I and Wind Energy, Small Hydro Project ,Biomass Gasifier ,Biomass Power, Urban & Industrial Waste Power ) Total 2,10,951.72 100.00NEED OF ENERGY CONSERVATION India’s energy intensity per unit of GDP is higher as compared to Japan, U.S.A. andAsia by 3.7 times, 1.55 times and 1.47 times respectively. This indicates inefficient use ofenergy but also substantial scope for energy savings. The increasing global tradeliberalization and growing global competition have made productivity improvement,including energy cost reduction, an important benchmark for economic success. Energyconservation is to monitor industrial energy consumption and to pin-point sources of wastage,An energy audit study helps an organization to understand and analyze its energy utilizationand identify areas where energy use can be reduced, decide on how to budget energy use,plan & practice feasible energy conservation methods that will enhance their energyefficiency, minimize energy wastage and reduce energy costs. 140
  • 3. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 –6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME In order to intensify the energy conservation initiatives, the Ministry of Power hasinstituted "National Energy Conservation Award" given to 11 major category like Railways,hospitals, office buildings, industry, power plant, etc. covering 35 different subsectors oflarge and medium scale industries mainly on the basis of improvement in specific energy andenergy conservation initiatives. According to notification issued by Ministry of Power, Government of India, NewDelhi, under energy conservation awards, the participating units of 2010 awards havecollectively invested Rs.54570 millions in energy conservation measures, and achieved amonetary savings of Rs. 21380 millions every year, implying a payback period of 31 monthsonly, once again proving the fact that energy conservation is a least cost option. Theparticipating units have also saved electrical energy of 2422 Million kWh of electricalenergy, which is equivalent to the energy generated form a 357 MW thermal power station ata PLF of 0.775. In other words, these participating units have avoided the installation ofpower generating capacity equivalent to 357 MW thermal power stations in 2009-10, whichwould otherwise have been required to meet the power demand of these units.ADVANCED ENERGY CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENT PROTECTIONINITIATIVES BY INDUSTRIES AND INSTITUTIONS: THE WORLD SCENARIO** Blue Star working on R & D on energy efficiencyBlue Star’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) philosophy is built on three pillars namely • Environment protection • Energy conservation • Community development around its facilities.The Company is research and development efforts are primarily on energy efficiency of itsproducts .Air, water and energy management services as well as LEED (Leadership inEnergy and Environmental Design) consultancy for Green Buildings have been part of itsbusiness and practices. The Company has also been contributing in the technical domain inthe use of eco-friendly refrigerants in its products. Blue Star helps deserving institutions suchas hospitals and colleges to save power by conducting free walk-through energy audits.** GE driving a global energy transformation with a focus on innovation and R&D GE is driving a global energy transformation with a focus on innovation and R&Dinvestment to accelerate the development and deployment of clean energy technology. Morethan 90 eco – magi nation-approved products have been brought to market with revenuesreaching $18 billion in 2009. GE invested $5 billion in R&D during first five years toaccelerate a new era of energy innovation. The company aims to l invest $10 billion in R&Dover next five years and improve operational energy efficiency by 200% by reducinggreenhouse gas emissions and water consumption 141
  • 4. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 –6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME** Energy Efficiency Services Limited improving energy efficiency in the agriculturalsector Energy Efficiency Services Limited [EESL],is a joint venture of PSUs, of Ministry ofPower, Government of India, New Delhi is actively involved in improving energy efficiencyin the agricultural sector. Some of the key opportunities areas included investments will befor procurement and the operation & maintenance of the agriculture pump sets , capital costsare paid by the regulator in three yearly installments directly to EESL. Capital costs includecost of energy efficient pump sets, cost of dismantling existing pump set, cost of installingenergy efficient pump sets, cost of installation of protection systems, monitoring &verification and other costs.** Government of India Implementing Encouraging Strategies - Power Generation Strategy with focus on low cost generation, optimization of capacityutilization, controlling the input cost, optimization of fuel mix, Technology up gradation andutilization of Non Conventional energy sources- Transmission Strategy with focus on development of National Grid including Interstateconnections, Technology up gradation & optimization of transmission cost.- Distribution Strategy to achieve Distribution Reforms with focus on System up gradation,loss reduction, theft control, consumer service orientation, quality power supplycommercialization, Decentralized distributed generation and supply for rural areas.- Regulation Strategy aimed at protecting Consumer interests and making the sectorcommercially viable.- Financing Strategy to generate resources for required growth of the power sector.- Conservation Strategy to optimize the utilization of electricity with focus on Demand Sidemanagement, Load management and Technology up gradation to provide energy efficientequipment / gadgets.- Communication Strategy for political consensus with media support to enhance thegenera; public awareness.** North-East Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) incorporating sustainable andenergy - efficient elements into buildings Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) organized Annual event inconjunction with the American Solar Energy Society’s National Solar Tour. Sustainableenergy features were on display at private homes, businesses, public buildings, schools,farms, colleges, and nature centers. Green buildings can reduce heating costs over traditionalbuildings; slow the pace of global warming; reduce pollution-induced increases in asthma-related illnesses; reduce the incentive to drill for oil and gas in pristine landscapes; and evengenerate surplus clean energy to power other buildings. The highlighting features includeduse of renewable energy, green building principles, and energy-reducing features** Mitsubishi Electric Group offering more effective industrial cleaning processes Mitsubishi Electric is one of Japans leaders in the development and implementationof systems for wastewater treatment in manufacturing, water purification for public 142
  • 5. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 –6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEMEconsumption, and more effective industrial cleaning processes. The Mitsubishi ElectricGroup established Environmental Vision 2021 to contribute to the development of asustainable society, and is advancing initiatives to achieve a low-carbon, recycling-basedsociety such as micro-bubble technology that removes oil and other deposits withoutdetergents or hazardous chemicals, and ozone generation technology that purifies waterwithout chlorine. Membrane separation technology is also being put to use in high-gradeindustrial applications in Mitsubishi Electrics own manufacturing operations. The goal is100% recycling of water to eliminate unnecessary wastewater, encourage water conservationand promote cost-savingsCONCLUSIONS Although India ranks sixth in the world as far as total energy consumption isconcerned, it still needs much more energy to keep pace with its development objectives.Most of Indias megawatt potential can be captured at substantially lower costs compared tothe cost of capacity additions, which currently stands at over US$1 million per MW. In orderto maximize contribution to local economic development, electricity companies should firstassess the local needs and determine whether new generation capacity is truly necessary orwhether the demand could be met through efficiency measures and other demand-sideinitiatives rather than additional supply. Eco - efficiency of energy systems aims at reducingthe impact on natural resources for producing goods and services. The energy intensity ofproduction and consumption in the developed economies of the world has created a pattern ofenvironmental stress. The transition to a low carbon economy requires major technologicalinnovations as well as substantial changes in lifestyles and consumption patterns. The biggestchallenge lies in the reduction of the resource intensity of production and the creation ofenormous wastes in productive systems and consumption patternsREFERENCES[1] Anup Sinha (2012). Sustainable Development and Governance Complex Processes andUnpredictable Outcomes, IIM Kozhikode Society, Management Review, 1(1), 11–20,[2] Chandrasekaran, V, Balachandran, V. (2011). Corporate Governance and SocialResponsibility, PHI Publications[3] C.V.Baxi, Ajit Prasad (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: Concepts and Cases: TheIndian Experience, Excel Books India.[4] Duan Liping (2011). Analysis of the relationship between international cooperation andscientific publications in energy R&D in China, Applied Energy, 88(12), 4229-4238[5] Nirmal Kumar C. Nair, Garimella Niraj (2010). Battery energy storage systems:Assessment for small-scale renewable energy integration, Energy and Buildings, 42(11),2124-2130.[6] Ramachandra, T.S., Shruthi B.V.(2007). Spatial mapping of renewable energy potential,Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(7) 1460-1480.[7] Saidur R., Islam M.R. , Rahim N.A., Solang K.H. (2010). A review on global windenergy policy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 9(1) 1744-1762[8] Subhadra Bobban G. (2011). Macro-level integrated renewable energy productionschemes for sustainable development, Energy Policy, 39(4), 2193-2196 143
  • 6. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 –6545(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6553(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME[9] Zhun Yu, Songling Wang (2007). Energy Policy and Sustainability: A Case StudyApplying Energy Management Contract in China, Proceedings of Energy Sustainability, June2007, Long Beach, California USA[10] Dr. S. K. Doifode and Dr. A. G. Matani, “Advanced Environment Protection Techniques ByIndustries: Potential For Corporate Social Responsibility Activities” International Journal of CivilEngineering & Technology (IJCIET), Volume 4, Issue 1, 2013, pp. 45 - 51, Published by IAEME.[11] S. Mathana Krishnan, P. Barath, V. Manoj and M. Joseph Stalin, “Energy ConservationBy Improving The Design Of Cook Pot” International Journal of Mechanical Engineering &Technology (IJMET), Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 638 - 644, Published by IAEME.[12] Dr. A. G. Matani, “Effective Energy Conservation Techniques in Industries”International Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJMET), Volume 4, Issue 1,2013, pp. 74 - 78, Published by IAEME.[13][14][15][16] 144