A review on privatization in education is the boon for percentages of educated

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  • 1. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), ISSN 0976 – 6340(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6359(Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, July - August (2013) © IAEME 373 A REVIEW ON PRIVATIZATION IN EDUCATION IS THE BOON FOR PERCENTAGES OF EDUCATED, AND BANE FOR QUALITY, UNEMPLOYMENT A.G.Gaddamwar1* , P.R.Rajput2 1 Dhamangaon Education Society’s College of Engineering and Technology, Affiliated to Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University Amravati, Dhamangaon railway. Head, Department of Engineering Chemistry, Maharashtra, India. ABSTRACT Privatization of education in the technical education initially decreases the unemployment effectively and increases the percentage of higher education in the technical education but after the establishment of private institutions in number, privatization directly proportional to unemployment. As the number of private technical institute increases number of outcome student increases tremendously but a number of private companies are not increasing and hence unemployment increases in the field of technical education and also decreases the quality of education in India. According to the survey 90% student is very poor in the communication, 86% student are poor in the Basic analysis. Today the Indian education system is supply determined education system whereas it should be demand determined education system. Due to lack of well established implementation, monitoring system day by day quality decreases. Expenditure on the education is still very less it is 4% of the GDP. 47% P.G students are not liable for the employment. Keyword: Quality, privatization, unemployment, effect, implementation, monitoring. INTRODUCTION In the field of technical education in Maharashtra in 2005-2010 number of Diploma in Engineering & Technology colleges increases by 213 whereas Degree Course in Engineering & Technology colleges increased by 155 colleges. Post Graduate Degree Course in Engineering & Technology colleges increases rapidly in 2010-2012 by113 in Maharashtra among these most of Diploma in Engineering & Technology colleges, Degree Course in Engineering & Technology colleges, Post Graduate Degree Course in Engineering & Technology are private colleges. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IJMET) ISSN 0976 – 6340 (Print) ISSN 0976 – 6359 (Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, July - August (2013), pp. 373-376 © IAEME: www.iaeme.com/ijmet.asp Journal Impact Factor (2013): 5.7731 (Calculated by GISI) www.jifactor.com IJMET © I A E M E
  • 2. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), ISSN 0976 – 6340(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6359(Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, July - August (2013) © IAEME 374 CONSEQUENCES OF PRIVATIZATION Most of the colleges are private then implementation and monitoring to impart the quality education which becomes difficult. Most of the colleges aim to run the institution like industry to get the profit which affected on the quality most of colleges run their organization without eligible teachers to save the money because teachers are available in less salary and need not provide any EPF, other facility to them, it is affecting the quality. Due to increase in number of colleges' intake capacity of the student also increases and time has come to stop the permission to new colleges in this field. In the last two years number of seats were vacant due to more intake capacity. Instead new colleges AICTE-UGC should establish such mechanistic body which can give attenuations on the implementation of rules and regulation and monitoring strictly. Now saturation point has come to stop the quantity pay the attenuations on quality. Increase in the number of colleges in different courses in Maharashtra is given in the table-I, whereas the Progressive increase in No. of Technical Institutes / Colleges over the last 40 years are given in Table-II while the Progressive increase in No. of Student Seeking Technical Education In Institutes / Colleges over the last 40 years are given in Table-III and the number of different degree colleges having XI, XII classes are given in table IV in Maharashtra. According to 8th All India School Education Survey (8th AISES) most of students having the option to take admission in the previous college in Maharashtra. Total 838 colleges having U.G courses along with XI, XII classes it is shown in the table IV. Table-I Growth of Institutions and Its intake as of 2012 in other courses are as below Sr. No. Type of Courses Year No. of Institutes Sanctioned Intake 1 Diploma in Engineering & Technology 1978 28 5145 1988 127 23436 1995 160 30000 2000 170 34295 2005 174 68685 2010 387 132632 2012 442 161087 2 Degree Course in Engineering & Technology 1978 16 2642 1988 76 14275 1995 94 22740 2000 129 38939 2005 154 46325 2010 309 114268 2012 364 148084 3 Post Graduate Degree Course in Engineering & Technology 1978 9 584 1988 11 700 1995 14 750 2000 15 770 2005 41 2789 2010 88 6081 2012 201 13208
  • 3. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), ISSN 0976 – 6340(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6359(Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, July - August (2013) © IAEME 375 Table-II Progressive increase in No. of Technical Institutes / Colleges over the last 40 years Sr. No Item 1960- 61 1970- 71 1980- 81 1990- 91 1995- 96 1998- 99 1999 - 2000 2000- 2001 2005- 2006 2010- 2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1. Engineering, Technology, Pharmacy, Architecture, HMCT Colleges 7 10 14 83 94 206 226 229 273 510 2. Polytechnics (Engg./Tech.) 14 25 28 127 160 154 170 170 183 599 Table-III Progressive increase in No. of Student Seeking Technical Education in Institutes / Colleges over the last 40 years Table-IV Degree Colleges Having Classes XI and XII in Maharashtra Total Government colleges Total Local Body colleges Private Aided colleges Private Unaided colleges Total colleges in Maharashtra 24 120 473 221 838 RESULT AND DISCUSSIONS Privatization in education is a boon it enhanced the percentage of educated and employment opportunities and bane due to insufficient implementation of rules or misuses of it by the private societies, lack of implantation, monitoring mechanism time to time it loses its quality, be deficient in political wheel power technical education loses it's quality. According to the survey 90% student are very poor in the communication, 86% student is poor in the Basic analysis and 47% P.G students are not liable for the employment. Indicates it quality. Sr. No. Institutes Type Progressive increase in intake 1960- 61 1970- 71 1980- 81 1990- 91 1995- 96 1998- 99 1999- 2000 2001- 2002 2005- 2006 2010- 2011 1 Engineering, Technology, Pharmacy, Architecture, HMCT, Colleges 952 1865 1950 17990 22740 29030 42946 45797 51405 126075 2. Polytechnics (Engg./Tech) 1940 4140 5145 23436 30000 33000 34295 35440 43503 145294
  • 4. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), ISSN 0976 – 6340(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6359(Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, July - August (2013) © IAEME 376 CONCLUSION 1.sturdy Planning, implementation and monitoring mechanistic body necessarily established to improve the Quality. 2. Before granting Permission to new private college in any area, population of that area should take in to consideration and number of colleges already functioning in that area. 3. Rule and regulation should be followed by UGC-Concerned University strictly. 4. Every teacher / faculty should be UGC Approved working in the affiliated colleges. 5. University should make mandatory to every affiliated colleges ‘QIP’ for faculty member REFERENCES [1] Mallesham .P (2012), “quality of technical education”, The Indian journal of technical education, vol.35, No.4, pp. 48-61. [2] Natrajan .R (2006), “The evolution of post graduate engineering education and research in India”, The Indian journal of technical education, vol.29, No.3, pp-48-61. [3] Ahujha IPS (2012), “education in the 21st century; the changing realities”, The Indian journal of technical education, vol.35, No.4, pp. 48-61. [4] Irfan Gulbarga, Dr.Soam V Chetty and Dr. Jagadeesh P Ganjigatti, “NN/BRT Based Model for Evaluating Impact of TQM on Higher Technical Education”, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJMET), Volume 3, Issue 2, 2012, pp. 518 - 531, ISSN Print: 0976 – 6340, ISSN Online: 0976 – 6359, [5] www.dte.org. [6] www.education.nic.in [7] India vision 2020, December 2002 [8] World development report 1998-99 [9] The Yashpal committee report of 2009 [10] 8th All India School Education Survey (8th AISES) 2011-2012.