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  • 1. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print), ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 59 A BIBLIOMETRIC STUDY OF PH.D AWARDED THESES IN DEPARTMENT OF TELUGU STUDIES OF SRI VENKATESWARA UNIVERSITY DURING THE PERIOD 1964-1988 P. Raghunath Reddy* Research Scholar, Department of Library and Infromation Science, SV Univesity, Tirupati. ABSTRACT The number of Ph.D. awarded theses in the Department of Telugu Studies of Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, during the period 1964-1988 were 97. The highest number of Ph.D. awarded theses (46) were during the period 1984-88 and 26 Ph.D. theses are during the period 1979-83. The highest number of theses (14) were guided by Pro.G. N Reddy. The highest number of theses (35) were in Telugu Poetry. The majority number of Research Supervisors (97.94%) and researchers (76.29%) in Telugu studies were men. Keywords: Bibliometrics, Telugu Studies, Ph.D. Awarded Theses, Sri Venkateswata University. 1. INTRODUCTION The word ‘Bibliometrics’ is derived from the two Greek words ‘biblio’ and ‘metriko’ meaning book and measurement. The word book includes books, Journals and other reading materials. The word measurement means the application of mathematical and statistical techniques. Hence bibliometrics can be defined as the application of mathematical and statistical techniques to books and other written communication. In other words bibliometrics is the quantitative analysis of documents or written communication. Bibliometrics is the subject of recent origin and relatively a new area of study. It emerged as a research field as part of information science. It is now being vigorously pursued with the result that a considerable percentage of articles, published in Library and Information Science are on Bibliometrics and its related topics. It has been found that the articles on bibliometrics were also published in Social science and Science periodicals. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (IJLIS) ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), pp. 59-66 © IAEME: www.iaeme.com/IJLIS.asp Journal Impact Factor (2013): 5.1389 (Calculated by GISI), www.jifactor.com IJLIS © I A E M E
  • 2. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print), ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 60 Bibliometrics has commanded the attention of numerous individuals in library and information science. The measurement of bibliographic information offers the promise of providing a theory that will resolve many practical problems. It is claimed that the author productivity patterns. Literature growth rates and related statistical distributions can be used to evaluate the authors. 1.1 Telugu Telugu is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and in Yanam of Union Territory of Puducherry, where it is an official language. It is also spoken by significant minorities in the states of Chattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and in the Union Territory of Puducherry. The five classical languages of India are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Sanskrit Among them, stands in third place for being more Telugu number of native speakers in India, thirteenth in the Ethnologue list of most-spoken languages worldwide, and is the most widely spoken Dravidian language. It is one of the twenty-two scheduled languages of the Republic of India. Telugu borrowed several features of Sanskrit that have subsequently been lost in Sanskrit's daughter languages such as Hindi and Bengali, especially in the pronunciation of some vowels and consonants. Telugu is a beautiful language and it is called as ‘Italian of East’. 1.2 SriVenkateswara University Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, was established in 1954. There are now 58 departments comprising Arts, Sciences, Management, Law, and Engineering with student strength of 5,500, including research scholars, academic faculty strength of 320, and 1000 non-teaching staff members. The teaching and research work that has been carried out in the university departments has been considered uniformly high. The university library was started in 1955 with a small collection of 6,700 books. The library has grown over the years to its present size and now it has 3.6 lakhs documents to cater to the information needs of students, research scholars and faculty members. 1.3 Department of Telugu Studies The Department of Telugu was started in the academic year 1959-60, five years after the S.V. University was founded. The Department of Telugu later renamed as the Department of Telugu Studies in 1981, keeping in view of the extensive and wide range of both teaching and research activities of the Department. The year 1984-85 was the Silver Jubilee year of the Department. The Department has been providing instruction in M.A. Telugu Language and Literature. At present, the year intake of students is about 40 for regular students for the period of two years duration. In addition to teaching M.A. Telugu Course, the department is actively engaged in doing research also. The Department is running M.Phil., and Ph.D. courses. The first Ph.D degree has been awarded to Sri J. Suryanarayana in 1964. 2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE A number of bibliometric studies that have been carried out during the last two decades were reviewed in the following paragraphs. Braun, and others (1987)1 presented the total publication output, percentage share of publication output, percentage of annual change in publication output of various countries. A number of scientometric analyses have been carried out during the last decades to evaluate the research productivity of Indian scientists. Bishop et al (2003)2 analysed the research work of the Chemo Informatics Research Group in the Department of Information Studies at the
  • 3. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print), ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 61 University of Sheffield during 1985-2002. Krishnamoorthy, and others (2009)3 studied the bibliometric analysis of diabetes literature indexed the MEDLINE database for the period 1995-2004. The study reveals that maximum number of records (13244) was during 2003, followed by 12,690 in 2002 and 11,061 in 2001. Relative growth rate was found to be decreasing year wise. Ranking of the journals based on the quantum of research output on diabetes during 1995-2004 shows that USA in the largest contributor of literature on diabetes research. The research productivity of diabetes confirms the Bradford’s Law of Scattering. Jain and Kumar (2011)4 studied the research productivity of Indian Scientists in world soy a bean research for the period 1989-2008 and found that most of the authors attained the low dominance factor value. Krishna Reddy (2013)5 studied the research productivity of Department of Mathematics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University during the years 1976-2011. The number of Ph.D produced during the above period are 99. The study reveals that a highest percentage of theses(51.5%) were produced during 2006-2011. Out of 99 theses 28 .3% of them produced under the guidance of Dr. D. R. V. PrasadaRao; most of them (77.8%) were pertaing to Applied Mathematics; and the majority of the research researchers (69.69%) in the Department of Mathematics were men. Chidambaram6 opines that research publications mirror the research activities of any organization and a country. Guay7 carried out the qualitative survey of the emergence of organic chemistry research in India during 1907-1926 covered by Chemical Abstraacts. As no study has been conducted on bibliometric analysis of Ph.D awarded theses in Telugu, the present study has been undertaken. 3. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the present study are: a. To find out the research productivity of Department of Telugu Studies in terms of Ph.D. arded theses; b. To assess the guidance of research supervisors during the period 1964-1988 c. To assess the amount research output in terms of Ph.D awarded theses in various subject of Telugu studies. d. To examine the impact of gender in research guidance; and e. To examine the impact of gender in research productivity. 4. COLLECTION OF DATA Ph.D degrees were awarded by Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh to 97candidates for their theses on various subjects in Telugu Studies during the period of 1964-1988. The data with regard to the name of researcher, Title of theses, name of supervisor and year of award of Ph.D was collected from Department of Telugu studies, S.V.University, S.V.University Library, research supervisors and researchers. 5. DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION The data collected has been analysed and interpreted in the following paragraphs. 5.1 Chronological Distribution of Ph.D theses The distribution of Ph.D theses in Telugu Studies over different time periods is shown in Table-1 and Figure.1.
  • 4. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January Chronological Distribution of Ph.D Time period Ph.D.awarded Theses 1964-1968 8 1969-1973 5 1974-1978 12 1979-1983 26 1984-1988 46 Figure 1: Chronological Distribution of Ph.D theses It is observed from Table (47.42%) were produced in Telugu studies during the period 26.80%Ph.D theses were produced 1978, 12.37% of were produced. produced and the remaining 5.16% them were produced 5.2 Guidance of Research Supervisors The Distribution of Ph.D. theses a venkateswara Universityis shown in 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1964-68 8 No.ofPh.D.Theses International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 62 Table 1 nological Distribution of Ph.D theses in Telugu Studies Cumulative Number Percentage % Cumulative Percentage 8 8.25 13 5.16 13.41 25 12.37 25.78 51 26.80 52.57 97 47.42 100.00 Chronological Distribution of Ph.D theses in Telugu Studies Table -1and Figure-1 that the highest number of Ph.D theses were produced in Telugu studies during the period 1984-1988. Next to it, produced during the period 1979-1983. During the 12.37% of were produced. During the period 1964-1968, 8.25% of theses were produced and the remaining 5.16% them were produced during the period of 1969 Guidance of Research Supervisors Distribution of Ph.D. theses according to the supervisors in Telugu studies of Sri shown in Table-2. 1969-73 1974-78 1979-83 1984-88 5 12 26 46 Time-period – 3533 (Print), Cumulative Percentage 8.25 13.41 25.78 52.57 100.00 in Telugu Studies number of Ph.D theses 1988. Next to it, period 1974- 1968, 8.25% of theses were period of 1969-1973. elugu studies of Sri
  • 5. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print), ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 63 Table -2 Distribution of Ph.D.theses according to the Supervisors S.No Name of the Research Supervisor 1964- 1968 1969- 1973 1974- 1978 1979- 1983 1984- 1988 Total % 1 B. Lakshminarayana 1 1 1.03 2 B. H .Krishna murthy 2 2 2.06 3 P.Lakshmikantham 4 1 5 5.15 4 K.Mahadevasastri 1 1 1 2 5 5.15 5 G.N.Reddy 2 4 3 5 14 14.43 6 J.Chenna Reddy 1 1 2 4 4.12 7 J.Suryanarayana 2 2 3 7 7.22 8 T.Koteswarao 2 1 2 5 5.15 9 G.Nagaiah 1 2 6 9 9.28 10 M.Subba Reddy 1 5 5 11 11.34 11 K.Viswanatha Reddy 4 4 4.12 12 K.Enoch 1 1 1.03 13 K.SarvothamaRao 1 10 11 11.34 14 Dr.J.Hemalatha 2 2 2.06 15 P.Narasimha Reddy 1 7 8 8.25 16 S.G.D.Chandrasekar 2 2 2.06 17 S.S.R.Murthy 1 1 1.03 18 G.Chalapathi 2 2 2.06 19 K.J.K.Murthy 1 1 1.03 20 P.C.Narasimhareddy 2 2 2.06 Total 8 5 12 26 46 97 100.00 It is evident from Table-2 that a total of 97 Ph.D theses were produced in Telugu studies by Srivenkateswara University, Tirupati. Out of 97 Ph.D .theses, 14.43% theses were produced under the guidance of Pro. G. N. Reddy. Next to it 11.34% theses were awarded under the guidance of each Dr. M.Subba Reddy and K. SarvothamaRao, 9.28% theses were awarded under the guidance of Dr.G.Nagaiah, 8.25% theses were awarded under the guidance of Dr.P.Narasimha Reddy, 7.22% theses were produced under the guidance of Pro.J.Suryanarayana, 5.15% were awarded under the guidance of each supervisors namely Dr.P.Lakshmikantham, T.Koteswararao and K.Mahadevasatri. Remaining 22.69% of Ph.D theses were awarded under the guidance of 11 research supervisors. 5.3 Subject wise Distribution Subject wise distribution of Ph.D theses subject wise distribution of Ph.D awarded theses is presented in Table – 3 and Figure.2 respectively.
  • 6. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January Area-wise distribution of Ph.D theses in Telugu Studies Area 1964- 68 1969 Poetry 5 Linguistics & Grammar 2 Novels - Folklore 1 Works on Annamaiah - Others - Total 08 Figure 2: Subject- wise distribution of Ph.Dawarded It is observed from Table (36.08%) were produced in poetry. Next to it , a considerable amount of the research work has been carried out on Novels addition to the above the research work has been carried out on subjects namely (8.25%), works on Annamaiah-(5.15%) 5.4 Gender-wise distribution of supervisors The distribution of Ph.D awarded t supervisors in Telugu studies of Sri Venkateswara University is Novels 25 .77% Folklore 8 .25% Works on Annamaiah 5.15% International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 64 Table-3 wise distribution of Ph.D theses in Telugu Studies 1969- 73 1974- 78 1979- 83 1984- 88 Total 4 10 8 8 35 1 1 8 6 18 - - 4 21 25 - - 2 5 8 - - 03 02 05 - 01 01 04 06 05 12 26 46 97 wise distribution of Ph.Dawarded theses in Telugu Studies It is observed from Table-3 and figure-2 that the maximum percentage poetry. Next to it , a considerable amount of the research work ( 25.77 % ) and on Linguistic and grammar ( addition to the above the research work has been carried out on subjects namely (5.15%) and other areas (6.19%). wise distribution of supervisors. distribution of Ph.D awarded theses according to the gender of research of Sri Venkateswara University is shown in table-4. Poetry 36.08% Liguistics Grammar 18 .56% Other works 6 .19% – 3533 (Print), % 36.08 18.56 25.77 8.25 5.15 6.19 100.00 eses in Telugu Studies 2 that the maximum percentage of theses poetry. Next to it , a considerable amount of the research work and grammar (18.56%) In addition to the above the research work has been carried out on subjects namely folklore- according to the gender of research 4.
  • 7. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January Gender-wise supervisor’s distribution of Ph.D awarded theses in Telugu Studies Gender 1964- 1968 1969 1973 Men Supervisor’s 8 Women Supervisor’s - Total 8 It is observed fromTable produced in the Department of Telugu S of theses (2.06%) were produced under the guidance of women Supervisors. 5.5 Researchers gender-wise distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses Gender-wise researchers distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses presented in table-5.and Figure.3. Table 5: Researchers gender wise distribution of Ph.D awarded theses Gender 1964- 1968 1969 Men Researchers 8 Women Researchers - Total 8 Figure 3: Researchers gender-wise distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses women Researchers 23.71% International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 65 Table-4 wise supervisor’s distribution of Ph.D awarded theses in Telugu Studies 1969- 1973 1974- 1978 1979- 1983 1984- 1988 5 12 24 46 95(97.94%) - - 02 - 02(2.06%) 5 12 26 46 able -4 that the maximum percentage of theses (97.94%) were epartment of Telugu Studies by men supervisors. Only ameagre percentage were produced under the guidance of women Supervisors. wise distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses wise researchers distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses in Telugu Studies 5.and Figure.3. Table-5 Researchers gender wise distribution of Ph.D awarded theses in Telugu Studies. 1969- 1973 1974- 1978 1979- 1983 1984- 1988 5 11 19 31 - 01 07 15 5 12 26 46 wise distribution of Ph.D. awarded theses in Telugu Studies. Men Researchers 76.29% – 3533 (Print), wise supervisor’s distribution of Ph.D awarded theses in Telugu Studies Total 95(97.94%) 02(2.06%) 97(100%) (97.94%) were meagre percentage in Telugu Studies in Telugu Studies. Total 74 (76.29%) 23 (23.71%) 97(100%) in Telugu Studies.
  • 8. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print), ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online), Volume 3, Issue 1, January - June (2014), © IAEME 66 It is clearly from Table-5 and Figure -3, that Majority of the researchers (76.29%) who carried out research work in the Department of Telugu Studies for their Ph.D programme were men. Less number of researchers (23.71%) were who carried out research work were women. 6. CONCLUSION The paper highlighted quantitatively the research work made by the researchers in the Department of Telugu Studies, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati during the period 1964-1988. The Department has produced 97 Ph.D theses during above period.The highest number of Ph.D theses (47.42%) were awarded during the period 1984-88. The study shows that 26.80% of theses were produced during the period 1979-83, 12.37% of theses during the period 1974-78, 8.25% of theses during the period 1964-68 and 5.16% of theses during the period 1969-73. The highest number (14.43%) theses were guided by Pro. G. N. Reddy followed by Pro. M Subba Reddy and Pro.KSarvothamaRao with 11.34% theses each, Pro. G.Nagaiah with 9.28% theses, Pro. P Narasimha Reddy with 8.25% theses, Pro. J Suryanarayana with 7.22% theses, Pro. P Lakshmikantham, Pro.KMahadevasastri and Pro. T Koteswarao with 5.15% theses each. The highest number of theses (36.08%) were awarded in Telugu Poetry followed by Novels (25.77%), Linguistics and Grammar (18.56%) folklore (8.25%), works on Annamaiah (5.15%) and other areas (6.19%). Maximum amount of Research work (97.94%) was guided by men supervisor’s. In the Department of Telugu studies and the remaining (2.06%) of research work was guided by women research supervisors. Majority of researchers (76.29%) who obtained Ph.D degrees for their theses in the department of Telugu Studies were men and remaining (23.71%) were women researchers. REFERENCES 1. BRAUN (T) and others. One more version of the facts and figures on publication output and relative citation impact in physics and mathematics 1978-1980. Scientometrics. 12; 1987; 3-16. 2. BISHOP (N) and others. Chemo informatics research at the University of Sheffield: A history and citation analysis. Journal of Information Science. 29, 4; 2003. 249-267. 3. KRISHNAMOORTHY (G) and others Bibliometric analysis of literature on diabetes (1995-2004); Annals of Library and Information Studies. 56, 3; 2009; 150-155. 4. JAIN (K B) and KUMAR (S). Indian contribution to world Soybean Research: measurement of research productivity of soybean scientists. CALIBER. 2011. 5. KRISHNA REDDY (C). A bibliometric study of research productivity, Department of Mathematics Sri Krishnadevaraya University during: 1976 – 2011. Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Science & Humanities. 1, 8; 2013; 204-212. 6. CHIDAMBARAM (R). Measures of progress in Science and Technology. Current Science.88, 6; 2005. p856-860. 7. GUAY (Y). Emergence of basic research on the periphery: Organic chemistry in India, 1907-1926. Scientometrics. 10, 1-2; 1986. p77-94. 8. Dr. R.Sevukan and J.Arivoli, “Research Trends Among Academics in Pondicherry University: A Bibliometric Analysis”, International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), Volume 1, Issue 1, 2012, pp. 98 - 112, ISSN Print: 2277 – 3533, ISSN Online: 2277 - 3584.

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