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International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 –
6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 64...
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 –
6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 64...
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 –
6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 64...
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 –
6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 64...
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20120140506018

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  1. 1. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 – 6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6499(Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 121-124 © IAEME 121 EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT HIGH RISE BUILDINGS –NEW CONCEPT Dharane Sidramappa Shivashaankar Assistant Professor in Civil Engineering Department SVERI’s College of Engineering Pandharpaur, Maharashtra India Patil Raobahdur Yashwant Assistant Engineer Grade I, Public Works Projects (pvt) Subdivision Pune, Maharashtra, India ABSTRACT The very important factor in design of earthquake resistant high rise building is that the dead load should be less, the structure should be monolithic and as for as possible the center of gravity should be shifted as lower level. Also The important aspect of this research paper is that if the ferrocemnet cavity walls filled with water will absorb the energy developed in earthquakes as the motion of water waves are opposite to motion of structure when it vibrates in horizontal direction or oscillates because of its inertia force. Because of this reason the ferrocement cavity walls plays very important role in small structures as well as in high rise buildings, which makes the building safer, fire resistant, economical along with sound and thermal insulation property. The new concept in the design and construction of high rise building is that to shift the center of gravity of the whole structure should be shifted to its lower level by providing the water tanks on each floor instead of providing at top of the building. Also if these water tanks are constructed by ferrocement cavity walls as per the requirement will fulfill both the conditions required for making the high rise buildings to make safer in earthquakes. e.g. it will shift the center of gravity at its lower level as well as the water stored in the cavity walls will absorbs the earthquake forces as the water waves oscillates in opposite direction of the force developed by the earthquake when the structure vibrates in horizontal direction or oscillates. Ferrocement is a versatile material and can be used on self-help basis. The ferrocement walls are economical as well as it gives better earthquake performance. In addition to this the earthquake performance, sound and thermal insulation property can be improved by constructing the ferrocement cavity walls. If these ferrocement cavity walls filled with water improves the further earthquake performance. Also ferrocement cavity walls are economical and can be constructed on self-help basis. This paper also presents the construction procedure of ferrocement cavity wall. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IJARET) ISSN 0976 - 6480 (Print) ISSN 0976 - 6499 (Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 121-124 © IAEME: http://www.iaeme.com/IJARET.asp Journal Impact Factor (2014): 7.8273 (Calculated by GISI) www.jifactor.com IJARET © I A E M E
  2. 2. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 – 6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6499(Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 121-124 © IAEME 122 Keywords: Ferrocement, Cavity Wall, Earthquake Performance, Sound and Thermal Insulation. INTRODUCTION In civil engineering structures the various types of bricks and blocks are in use for the construction of partition walls in framed structures. Day by day the cost of earth bricks and concrete blocks are increasing as well as they do not give the better property like sound and thermal insulation property. Also the earthquake performances of these types of walls are poor. To overcome these limitations the ferrocement cavity walls can be used. The very important factor in design of earthquake resistant structures is that the dead load should be less, the structure should be monolithic and as for as possible the center of gravity should be shifted as lower level. The important aspect of this research paper is that if the ferrocemnet cavity walls filled with water willabsorb the energy developed in earthquakes as the motion of water waves are opposite to motion of structure when it vibrates in horizontal direction or oscillates because of its inertia force. Because of this reason the ferrocement cavity walls plays very important role in small structures as well as in high rise buildings, which makes the building safer, fire resistant, economical along with sound and thermal insulation property. The water tanks designed and constructed at each floor shifts the center of gravity at lower level as wall water tanks designed in cavity wall improve the better earthquake performance of high rise buildings as the motion of water waves in the water tanks are opposite to the motion of structure due to earthquake forces. DEFINITION American concrete institute committee defines ferrocement as “a type of thin wall reinforced concrete Construction where in usually hydraulic cement is reinforced with layers of continuous and relatively small diameter mesh. TECHNOLOGY Ferrocement construction requires less skilled personnel and can be constructed on self-help basis. Hence it hasgained popularity throughout the world. The wire meshes are usually 0.5 mm t0 1mm in diameter and spaced at 5mm to25mm apart and volume of mesh ranges 1% to 8% of the total volume of the structural element. The thickness offerrocement section varies from 10mm to 40 mm. The cover to the outermost layer of wires is usually 1.5 mm to 2 mm.The cement mortar consists of ordinary Portland cement, water and fine aggregate, generally below 5mm to 7 mm in size isoften around 2mm in order to permit a more closely spaced mesh. The mesh may be made of metallic material or other suitable material.” APPLICATIONS The confidence in the behavior of the material has increased with wide range of applications. Though the materialproperties are not fully investigated, its applications are increasing to a great extent. Many marine structures were constructed with ferrocement and it is finding place in terrestrial structures also in recent years. Ferrocement initially gained popularity with the construction of small boats. Almost during the same period corrugated sheets made of ferrocement were used as roof element in place of conventional asbestos sheet in Sri-Lanka which are 25% economical thatthe conventional one. Also it facilitates repair of damaged zones simply by
  3. 3. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 – 6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6499(Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 121-124 © IAEME 123 plastering. It is also used for complex curveunits, curved panels, shells or domes, septic tanks, tanks for storage of water, oil or grains, fishing boats, small vessels, roof or wall panels for low cost housing, bio-gas holders ,sewers and pipes etc. CAVITY WALL Ferrocement cavity wall consists of two wythe’s of ferrocement walls separated by air space connected by corrosion resistant metal ties. The thickness of external and internal ferrocement wythes may be from 12 mm to 25mm separated by air cavity of thickness depending upon the requirement of sound, thermal insulation. The thickness of cavity also depends on the earthquake zone when these ferrocement cavity walls will fill with water after construction to absorb the earthquake forces. CONSTRUCTION The cavity wall consist of 1. Vertical and horizontal spacer bars 2. Welded mesh on two sides of the wall 3. Car board to support the external plastering/concreting work 4. Sand which will be filled inside the cavity to increase the internal support for plastering 5. Top and bottom openings which gives the facility to fill the sand and remove the sand after completion of constriction of cavity wall 6. The same watertight top and bottom openings with end caps can be used to fill the cavity by water to increase the earthquake performance, sound and heat insulation and fire resistance of the building. The construction of cavity wall consists of following steps 1. First oninside and outside planes of cavity wall thevertical and horizontal mild steel spacer bars are placed at the time of constructing the beams and columns (including plinth beam) so that the structure will become more monolithic and give the better earthquake performance. 2. The small thick card boards which are generally used for packing purposes can placed on inside sides of the vertical and horizontal spacer bars and can be tied with the spacer bars. So that the sand which will be filled to give the support for external plastering will not be drained out. 3. The welded meshes should be well tied with the vertical and horizontal spacer bars on both the sides. 4. In addition to this the inside card boards can be well tied with the external welded meshes to get the well support for the concreting action which can be done by gunniting gun or manually. 5. Also to increase the internal support for external concreting/ plastering the cavity should be completely filled with sand by providing one top and bottom opening which will provide the facility to fill and remove the filled sand respectively. 6. The openings can be used to fill the water in the cavity of wall to provide the facility of curing as well as to improve the earthquake performance of the structure after the construction of cavity wall. 7. The openings can be made simply by using bigger diameter pipes so that sand can be filled easily from the top openings. And filled sand can be removed after the plastering/concreting the both sides of the wall. The end cap can be used for the top and bottom openings of the pipe so that sand or water can be stored and removed as and when required.
  4. 4. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN 0976 – 6480(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6499(Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 121-124 © IAEME 124 SALIENT FEATURES AND CONCLUSIONS 1. Ferrocement provides the facility of water tightness. 2. Ferrocement cavity wall can be constructed on self-help basis. 3. Ferrocement cavity wall provides sound and thermal insulation property. 4. Ferrocement cavity wall provides faster construction along with economy. 5. Ferrocement cavity wall reduces the dead load of the structure along with the better earthquake performance. 6. Ferrocement cavity walls save the life of people during earthquakes. 7. Ferrocement cavity wall filled with water improves the earthquake performance of the building. 8. Ferrocement water tanks designed and constructed in the cavity walls in high rise building improves the better earthquake performance. REFERENCES 1. SidramappaDharane & ArchitaMalge, “Experimental Performance of Flexural Behavior of Ferrocement Slab Under Cyclic Loading”, “International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)”, ISSN 0976 – 6308 (Print) ISSN 0976 – 6316(Online) Volume 5, Issue 3, March (2014), pp. 77-82. 2. SidramappaDharane & ArchitaMalge, “Experimental Performance of Flexural Behavior of Ferrocement Slab Under Gradual Loading”, “International Journal of Civil, Structural, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering Research and Development (IJCSEIERD) ISSN(P): 2249-6866; ISSN(E): 2249-7978Vol. 4, Issue 2, Apr 2014, 97-102. 3. SidramappaDharane & ArchitaMalge, “Experimental Performance of Flexural Creep Behavior of Ferrocement Slab”, “IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308, Volume: 03 Issue: 04, Apr-2014, PP 635-639. 4. Dr. T.Ch.Madhavi, Shanmukha Kavya.V, Siddhartha Das, Sri Prashanth.V and Vetrivel.V, “Composite Action of Ferrocement Slabs Under Static and Cyclic Loading”, “International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)”, ISSN 0976 – 6308 (Print), ISSN 0976 – 6316(Online), Volume 4, Issue 3, March (2013), pp. 57 - 62. 5. Mohammed Mansour Kadhum, “Effect of Dynamic Load: Impact of Missile on Mechanical Behavior of Ferrocement – Infrastructure Application”, “International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)”, ISSN 0976 – 6308(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6316(Online), Volume 4, Issue 2, March (2013), pp. 295 - 305. 6. Aaqib Mir, Yasir Sofi, Waleed Qari and Prof Dr. A. R.Dar, “Revival of Traditional Earthquake Resistant Technique in Kashmir Valley, Replacing Timber with Bamboo in Dhajji Dewari (Bracing System), Comparing Cost and Strength Aspects”, “International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)”, ISSN 0976 – 6308(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6316(Online), Volume 4, Issue 6, March (2013), pp. 1 - 11. 7. Misam.A and Mangulkar Madhuri.N., “Structural Response of Soft Story-High Rise Buildings Under Different Shear Wall Location”, “International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)”, ISSN 0976 – 6308(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6316(Online), Volume 3, Issue 2, March (2012), pp. 169 - 180.

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