02 bibliometric 4
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

02 bibliometric 4

on

  • 443 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
443
Views on SlideShare
443
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    02 bibliometric 4 02 bibliometric 4 Document Transcript

    • JOURNAL OF LIBRARY SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (JLSIT)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Online) JLSIT © PRJ PUBLICATIONVolume 1, Issue 1, January - June (2012), pp. 11-20© PRJ: www.prjpublication.com/jlsit.asp BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF VETERINARY SCIENCE LITERATURE IN INDIA, 1999-2011 M. Sithi Jagannara* and Dr. P.Sivaraman** *Assistant Librarian Veterinary College and Research Institute Namakkal – 637 002 Email: sithijahanara@rediffmail.com ** Associate Professor Department of Library and Information Science Distance Education Wing Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002 Email: psraman.p@gmail.com ABSTRACT The paper analyses quantitatively the productivity of veterinary sciences literature contributed by Indian Scientists. The data, for 1999 – 2011, used in this study were obtained from the ISI Web of Science database – Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). A total of 5468 publications of two types namely journal articles (5418) and conference proceedings (50). The aim of the paper was to ascertain annual research output, authorship pattern, forms of publications, highly productive authors, subfield wise distribution, and ranking of journals of veterinary science literature in India. Keywords: Bibliometrics, Veterinary Science, Dairy & Animal Science, Marine & Freshwater Biology, Reproductive Biology. 11
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ PublicationINTRODUCTION Bibliometrics is the quantitative evaluation of scientific literature1. Scientificproductivity is influenced by a large number of factors, including individualcharacteristics such as age, gender, psychological traits, and educational background, aswell as structural features like funding, institutional context, and the organization of theactual research2-4. Bibliometric analysis is used in the science and technology policyarena to determine the knowledge outputs of the national systems of innovation5. In viewof the above, it was intended to aim at analysing the scientific productivity of veterinarysciences in India. The study aims to ascertain the growth of literature and productivity ofauthors from the Indian point of view.DATA SOURCE AND METHODOLOGY The data were retrieved from the ISI Web of Science database – Science CitationIndex Expanded (SCIE). The search strategy for general search of veterinary scienceliterature was as follows:Topic= veterinary science; DocType=All documents; Time Span=1999-2011;Address=India. Thus, A total of 5468 publications of two types namely journal articles (5418) andconference proceedings (50). The collected data were analysed using MS-ExcelSpreadsheet and MS-Word.BIBLIOMETRIC INDICATORSDegree of Collaboration To examine the extent of research collaboration among the veterinary scientists inIndia, Subramaniam’s6 formula was adopted. It can be statistically proposed as: Nm C= Nm + NsWhere, C = Degree of collaboration Nm = Number of multiple authored papers Ns = Number of single authored papers 12
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ PublicationRESULTS AND DISCUSSION The analyses, based on the data collected, were carried out with a view to measurethe growth of literature over the study period, ranking of journals, subfield-wisedistribution of articles in journals, etc.Annual research output Table 1 shows the findings of year-wise distribution of total research output ofveterinary science literature in India. It was observed that the veterinary science literatureof India is growing steadily during the period but for 2009 and 2010 when it has comedown. Yet the decreasing trend was observed in the years 2000, 2003, 2009 and 2010.The study examined totally 5648 research output for a span of 13 years. As a result, thegrowth of total research output was increasing gradually, which is accounted from 462 in1999 to 624 in 2008. However, the trend from 2009 onwards was a reverse as there was asudden decrease in 2009 and it continued to remain. Table 1: Distribution of annual research output of veterinary science literature Year Research Output Percentage Cumulative Percentage 1999 462 8.45 8.45 2000 423 7.74 16.19 2001 454 8.30 24.49 2002 433 7.92 32.41 2003 398 7.28 39.69 2004 446 8.16 47.84 2005 431 7.88 55.73 2006 484 8.85 64.58 2007 594 10.86 75.44 2008 624 11.41 86.85 2009 244 4.46 91.31 2010 258 4.72 96.03 2011 217 3.97 100.00 Total 5468 100.00Authorship pattern and degree of collaboration Table 2 clearly indicates that three authored papers rank first in order sharing25.46 per cent of the total research output. The four authored papers follow second inorder with 22.07 per cent of the total research contributions followed by two, five, and sixauthored contributions sharing 21.74 per cent, 13.3 per cent, and 6.31 per cent of the totalresearch output during the study period respectively. However, It is interesting to notethat single authored papers occupy sixth position in order witnessing 261 contributionswhich represents only 4.77 per cent, on the other hand seven, eight, nine, and ten or more 13
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publicationauthored contributions record 2.94%, 1.81 %, 0.84 %, and 0.75 % respectively. Anattempt was made to analyse the nature of collaboration among the veterinary scienceresearchers in India. The result of degree of collaboration (0.95) clearly indicates that theresearch output of veterinary science literature in India is fairly collaborative. Table 2: Authorship pattern Authorship pattern Research Output Percentage Cumulative Percentage 1 261 4.77 4.77 2 1189 21.74 26.51 3 1392 25.46 51.97 4 1207 22.07 74.05 5 727 13.30 87.34 6 345 6.31 93.65 7 161 2.94 96.60 8 99 1.81 98.41 9 46 0.84 99.25 >10 41 0.75 100.00 Total 5468 100.00 Degree of Collaboration 0.95Source-wise distribution The source wise distribution of research output of veterinary science literature, ascan be seen in Table 3, revealed that the journal articles occupy the highest percentage ofoutput yielding 99.09% followed by conference proceedings 0.91%. Table 3: Source wise distribution Source Research Output Percentage Cumulative Percentage Articles 5418 99.09 99.09 Conference Proceedings 50 0.91 100.00 Total 5468 100.00Large producers in veterinary sciences The analysis of authors in terms of higher productivity reveals that Kumar, Afrom Punjab Agr Univ, Dept Vet Surg & Radiol, Ludhiana is in top position with 94different publications in veterinary science; the second rank is taken by Kumar, S fromPunjab Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Ludhiana with 84 publications followed byManohar BM (72 publications) from Tamil Nadu Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Madras VetColl, Dept Pathol, Chennai, Balachandran C (69 publications) from Madras Vet Coll,Dept Vet Pathol, Madras, Sarkar M (51 publications) from Natl Res Ctr Yak, ArunachalPradesh and Singh RK (51 publications) from Rajasthan Agr Univ, Directorate Res Vet& Anim Sci, Vet Coll Campus, Bikaner. The authors who produced papers between 40 14
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publicationand 50 include Kumar,R (49 publications) from Natl Res Ctr Camel, Bikaner; Singh, R(43 publications) from GADVASU, Coll Vet Sci, Dept Clin Vet Med Eth &Jurisprudence, Ludhiana; Goswami, RN (42 publications) from Assam Agr Univ, DeptAnim Genet & Breeding, Guwahati; Sharma, A (42 publications) from CCSHAU, VetColl Cent Lab, Hisar; Singh,M (42 publications) from NDRI, ERS, Kalyani, W Bengal;and Das, D (40 publications) from Assam Agr Univ, Coll Vet Sci, Gauhati. Theremaining authors, who have contributed more than 30 papers during the period of study,are ranked in Table 4. Table 4: Distribution of 44 large producers in veterinary sciences based on SCIESl. Name of the No. of Affiliation AddressNo. Author Papers 1 Kumar,A 94 Punjab Agr Univ, Dept Vet Surg & Radiol, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India 2 Kumar,S 84 Punjab Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India 3 Manohar,BM 72 Tamil Nadu Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Madras Vet Coll, Dept Pathol, Chennai 600007, India 4 Balachandran,C 69 Madras Vet Coll, Dept Vet Pathol, Madras 600007, Tamil Nadu, India 5 Sarkar,M 51 Natl Res Ctr Yak, Arunachal Pradesh 790101, India 6 Singh,RK 51 Rajasthan Agr Univ, Directorate Res Vet & Anim Sci, Vet Coll Campus, Bikaner 334001, India 7 Kumar,R 49 Natl Res Ctr Camel, PB 07, Bikaner 334001, Rajasthan, India 8 Singh,R 43 GADVASU, Coll Vet Sci, Dept Clin Vet Med Eth & Jurisprudence, Ludhiana, Punjab, India 9 Goswami,RN 42 Assam Agr Univ, Dept Anim Genet & Breeding, Guwahati 781022, Assam, India 10 Sharma,A 42 CCSHAU, Vet Coll Cent Lab, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India 11 Singh,M 42 NDRI, ERS, Kalyani, W Bengal, India 12 Das,D 40 Assam Agr Univ, Coll Vet Sci, Gauhati 781022, Assam, India 13 Nandi,S 39 Natl Inst Anim Nutr & Physiol, Bangalore, Karnataka, India 14 Singh,A 38 Guru Angad Dev Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Dept Surg & Radiol, Coll Vet Sci, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India 15 Sivakumar,T 38 Tamil Nadu Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Livestock Res Stn, Kattupakkam, Tamil Nadu, India 16 Baruah,KK 37 Assam Agr Univ, Coll Vet Sci, Dept Anim Nutr, Khanapara 781002, Guwahati, India 17 Singh,GR 37 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Surg, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 18 Kinjavdekar,P 36 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Surg, Bareilly 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 19 Kumar,P 36 DRDE, Gwalior, MP, India 20 Sahani,MS 36 Natl Res Ctr Camel, Bikaner 334001, Rajasthan, India 21 Sharma,AK 36 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Pathol, Izatnagar 243122, Bareilly, India 22 Sharma,S 36 Guru Angad Dev Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Coll Vet Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Vet Med, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India 23 Singh,N 36 GADVASU, Dept Vet Clin Serv Complex, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India 24 Singh,VP 36 Indian Vet Res Inst, Natl Referral Lab Mycoplasma, Div Bacteriol & 15
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication Mycol, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 25 Amarpal 35 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Surg, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 26 Kataria,AK 35 Coll Vet & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Microbiol, Bikaner 334001, India 27 Rajkhowa,C 35 Indian Council Agr Res, Natl Res Ctr Pigs, Gauhati 781022 28 Aithal,HP 34 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Surg, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 29 Maiti,SK 34 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Surg, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 30 Dhanapalan,P 33 Vet Univ Peripheral Hosp, TANUVAS, Chennai 600051, Tamil Nadu, India 31 Kumar,N 33 Madras Vet Coll, Dept Anim Biotechnol, Chennai 600007, Tamil Nadu, India 32 Kumar,M 32 Indian Vet Res Inst, CADRAD, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 33 Katoch,RC 31 HPKV, Coll Vet & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Microbiol & Immunol, Palampur 176062, Himachal Prades, India 34 Prakash,BS 31 Natl Dairy Res Inst, Dairy Cattle Physiol Div, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India 35 Raj,GD 31 Tamil Nadu Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Madras Vet Coll, Dept Anim Biotechnol, Madras 600007, Tamil Nadu, India 36 Sharma,SK 31 Natl Inst Malaria Res, Field Stn, Sector 5, Rourkela 769002, Orissa, India 37 Balasundaram,C 30 Bharathidasan Univ, Dept Anim Sci, Phytotherapy Fish Dis Management Unit, Tiruchchirappalli 620024, India 38 Bujarbaruah,KM 30 ICAR Res Complex NEH Reg, Mizoram Ctr, Kolasib, Mizoram, India 39 Kathiresan,D 30 Madras Vet Coll, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Chennai 7, India 40 Nachimuthu,K 30 Tamil Nadu Vet & Anim Sci Univ, Madras Vet Coll, Dept Anim Biotechnol, Madras 600007, Tamil Nadu, India 41 Prathaban,S 30 Madras Vet Coll, Chennai 600007, Tamil Nadu, India 42 Roy,S 30 Coll Vety Sci & AH, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Durg, MP, India 43 Srivastava,SK 30 Indian Vet Res Inst, Div Bacteriol & Mycol, Izatnagar 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India 44 Vijayakumar,G 30 Madras Vet Coll, Dept Vet Clin Med Eth & Jurisprudence, Madras 600007, Tamil NaduSubfield wise distribution The literature of veterinary science (5468 records) retrieved from web of sciencewas divided into 11 subfields. Out of which, Veterinary Sciences, Multidisciplinarycontributing 4697 publications that amount to 85.90 per cent ranks first in order followedby Immunology (3.51%), Dairy & Animal Science (2.69%), Parasitology (1.59%),Marine & Freshwater Biology (1.43%), Reproductive Biology (1.35%), and Entomology(1.06%). The remaining subfields namely Microbiology, Mycology, Infectious Diseases,and Anatomy & Morphology share less than 1 per cent. However, the highestconcentration was observed in Veterinary Sciences, Multidisciplinary while the lowestcontribution was seen in Anatomy & Morphology. 16
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication Table 5: Subfield wise distribution of veterinary science literature No. of Cumulative Sl. No. Subfield Publications Percentage 1 Veterinary Sciences, Multidisciplinary 4697 85.90 2 Immunology 192 3.51 3 Dairy & Animal Science 147 2.69 4 Parasitology 87 1.59 5 Marine & Freshwater Biology 78 1.43 6 Reproductive Biology 74 1.35 7 Entomology 58 1.06 8 Microbiology 54 0.99 9 Mycology 48 0.88 10 Infectious Diseases 25 0.46 11 Anatomy & Morphology 8 0.15 Total 5468 100Ranking of Journals The literature of veterinary science covered in web of science for the period 1999-2011 is a total of 5418 articles published from 98 journals. The ranking of journals basedon their productivity has been presented in Table 6. From the result, it is quite surprisingthat one Indian journal ‘INDIAN VETERINARY JOURNAL’ alone published 3469 articlesthat share 64.03 per cent of total publications. The remaining journals cover less than 4per cent. The other ranked journals, which share between 2 and 4 per cent, includeVETERINARY PRACTITIONER (3.23%), VETERINARY RESEARCHCOMMUNICATIONS (2.92%), TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION(2.82%), JOURNAL OF CAMEL PRACTICE AND RESEARCH (2.29%), and FISH &SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY (2.07%). The list of journals along with their ranking isreported in Table 6. 17
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication Table 6: Ranking of Journals Sl. No. of % of No. Name of the Journal Articles Articles Rank 1 INDIAN VETERINARY JOURNAL 3469 64.03 1 2 VETERINARY PRACTITIONER 175 3.23 2 3 VETERINARY RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 158 2.92 3 4 TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION 153 2.82 4 5 JOURNAL OF CAMEL PRACTICE AND RESEARCH 124 2.29 5 6 FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY 112 2.07 6 7 VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY 78 1.44 7 8 THERIOGENOLOGY 73 1.35 8 9 VETERINARY RECORD 67 1.24 9 10 RESEARCH IN VETERINARY SCIENCE 64 1.18 10 11 VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY 54 1.00 11 COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY MICROBIOLOGY 12 AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES 50 0.92 13 13 VETERINARSKI ARHIV 50 0.92 13 14 REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS 45 0.83 14 15 DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS 43 0.79 16 16 MEDICAL MYCOLOGY 43 0.79 16 17 JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY 41 0.76 17 18 JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES 31 0.57 19 REVUE SCIENTIFIQUE ET TECHNIQUE-OFFICE 19 INTERNATIONAL DES EPIZOOTIES 31 0.57 19 VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND 20 IMMUNOPATHOLOGY 29 0.54 20 21 ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 28 0.52 22 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES A- 22 PHYSIOLOGY PATHOLOGY CLINICAL MEDICINE 28 0.52 22 JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL 23 NUTRITION 27 0.50 23 24 ANIMAL 24 0.44 24 25 VETERINARY AND HUMAN TOXICOLOGY 23 0.42 25 26 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE 21 0.39 26 27 VETERINARY JOURNAL 19 0.35 27 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND 28 THERAPEUTICS 17 0.31 29 29 MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY 17 0.31 29 30 AVIAN PATHOLOGY 16 0.30 31 31 TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES 16 0.30 31 TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL 32 SCIENCES 15 0.28 32 JOURNAL OF ANIMAL AND VETERINARY 33 ADVANCES 14 0.26 34 18
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication REVUE SCIENTIFIQUE ET TECHNIQUE DE L 34 OFFICE INTERNATIONAL DES EPIZOOTIES 14 0.26 34 ASIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL AND VETERINARY 35 ADVANCES 13 0.24 35 36 APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR SCIENCE 12 0.22 37 37 VETERINARIA ITALIANA 12 0.22 37 38 ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA 10 0.18 38 39 9 articles each from 4 Journals 36 0.66 74 40 8 articles each from 2 Journals 16 0.30 90 41 7 articles each from 5 Journals 35 0.65 125 42 6 articles from 1 Journal 6 0.11 131 43 5 articles each from 3 Journals 15 0.28 146 44 4 articles each from 8 Journals 32 0.59 178 45 3 articles each from 5 Journals 15 0.28 193 46 2 articles each from 13 Journals 26 0.48 219 47 1 article each from 21 Journals 21 0.39 240 Total 5418 100.00CONCLUSION Bibliometrics is a tool to analyse literature and throw light on the literature andthe authors from different points of view. It was observed that the contributions made byIndian veterinary scientists for a span of 13 years were quite considerable. Out of variousinstitutions, it was found that Punjab Agricultural University has contributed themaximum followed closely by Tamil Nadu Veterinary & Animal Science University andMadras Veterinary College. As far as the individual contributions are concerned PunjabAgricultural University occupies the first two positions. It is remarkable that only journalout of 99 journals, ‘Indian Veterinary Journal’ covers about 65 per cent of the totalpublications. A unique observation that the Indian contributors to veterinary scienceliterature have made their research publications in two forms only – journals andconference proceedings. More such studies could be conducted and brought to light tohelp finding areas need improvement. 19
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ PublicationREFERENCES1. Luukkonen, T. (1990). Bibliometrics and Evaluation of Research Performance. Ann Med, 22:145-150.2. Long, S.J. and McGinnis, R. (1981).Organisational Context and Scientific Productivity. American Sociological Review, 46:422-442.3. Bunder, Halil and Lewis, Darrell R. (1998).Determinants of Research Productivity in Higher Education. Higher Education, 39:607-631.4. Ramesh Babu, A. and Singh, Y.P. (1998). Determinants of Research Productivity. Scientometrics, 43:309-329.5. Leydesdorff, L.,Gauthier, E.(1996). The Evaluation of National Performance in Selected Priority Areas Using Scientometric Methods. Research Policy, 25:431-450.6. Subramaniam, K. (1983). Bibliometrics studies of research Collaboration: A review. Journal of Information Science, 6: 33-38. 20