Marine Environment Monitoring<br />Assessment of IAEA Environment Laboratories on Data from the Marine Environment provide...
General comments<br /><ul><li>The contamination of the marine environment has occurred both through atmospheric deposition...
Authorized discharge of low level contaminated water (beginning of April for about 5 days)
There is a further continuous discharge of contaminated water into the marine environment.
TEPCO and MEXT are continuing to conduct programmes for sea water sampling and to perform measurements. Further sampling p...
Also marine food and one sediment station is now monitored.</li></ul>6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc...
Marine discharges due to leaking cable pit at Unit 2<br />In a news release issued on 25 April, NISA has communicated thei...
Measures to prevent further spreading of contaminated water into the sea<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath...
Activity concentration in sea water at the screen of Unit 2<br />The activity concentrations of I-131, Cs-134 and Cs-137 (...
Seawater sampling carried out by TEPCO and MEXT<br /><ul><li>TEPCO is sampling four near- shore stations (TEPCO1-4)
Since 5th of April six points situated 15 km off-shore along a north-south transect (TEPCO 5-10)
Following a Directive from NISA, on 16 April TEPCO announced that they will increase the number of sampling points. Four p...
Concentrations in sea water near discharge point of <br />TEPCO 1-4<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. ...
Concentrations in sea water near discharge point of <br />TEPCO 1-4<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. ...
Activityconcentrations<br />I-131<br />Cs-134<br />Cs-137<br />in sea water<br />atcoastaland off-shorestations<br />Surfa...
New sea water sampling stations by MEXT near the Ibaraki prefecture<br />MEXT also launched sampling at 5 off-shore points...
Monitoring of marine food<br />Sampling locations of marine fish products as of 30 April (issued by the Japanese Ministry ...
Modelling Activities by the Group SciroccoModel prediction for two different scenarios<br />The group SIROCCO of the Unive...
Model output for 2 different scenario<br />Atmospheric deposition simulation<br />Liquid release simulation<br />6 May 201...
Comparison between observation and model (Bq/l) <br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />Programme started in 1986<br />Sampl...
Routine monthly sampling and analysis of gamma emitters (e.g. Cesium-137), beta emitters (e.g. Strontium-90) and alpha emi...
IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I...
Additional measurements during March-April 2011:<br />Detector continuously monitoring ambient gamma emitters<br />Hourly ...
Cs-137 in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco from 1986 to 2011<br />Note: maximum values measured in March-April 2011, after t...
Radio-Cesium in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco after the Chernobyl accident<br />Rep. from Whitehead et al. JER 7 (1988) 2...
Iodine-131 in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco after the Chernobyl accident<br />Data from Chernobyl accident<br />6 May 201...
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Fukushima Marine Environment Monitoring - 5 May 2011

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Fukushima Marine Environment Monitoring - 5 May 2011

  1. 1. Marine Environment Monitoring<br />Assessment of IAEA Environment Laboratories on Data from the Marine Environment provided by Japan<br />Update 05 May 2011<br />IAEA Environment Laboratories, Monaco<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  2. 2. General comments<br /><ul><li>The contamination of the marine environment has occurred both through atmospheric deposition or washout with precipitation, and through discharges of contaminated water into the sea
  3. 3. Authorized discharge of low level contaminated water (beginning of April for about 5 days)
  4. 4. There is a further continuous discharge of contaminated water into the marine environment.
  5. 5. TEPCO and MEXT are continuing to conduct programmes for sea water sampling and to perform measurements. Further sampling positions were added recently about 15 km offshore and at the Ibaraki coast.
  6. 6. Also marine food and one sediment station is now monitored.</li></ul>6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  7. 7. Marine discharges due to leaking cable pit at Unit 2<br />In a news release issued on 25 April, NISA has communicated their evaluation of a report submitted by TEPCO on April 21 in relation to water containing radionuclides with high activity that flowed out from Unit 2 of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. <br />The outflow rate is estimated to have been approximately 4.3 m³/h. <br />Concentration values, estimated from measurements, are: <br />I-131: 5.4 GBq/L <br />Cs-134: 1.8 GBq/L<br />Cs-137: 1.8 GBq/L <br />leading to an estimated overall amount of total release of about 4.7 PBq(4.7 x 1015Bq)<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  8. 8. Measures to prevent further spreading of contaminated water into the sea<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  9. 9. Activity concentration in sea water at the screen of Unit 2<br />The activity concentrations of I-131, Cs-134 and Cs-137 (in Bq/cm3) in sea water at the screen of Unit 2 from 02 April 2011 until 02 May 2011<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  10. 10. Seawater sampling carried out by TEPCO and MEXT<br /><ul><li>TEPCO is sampling four near- shore stations (TEPCO1-4)
  11. 11. Since 5th of April six points situated 15 km off-shore along a north-south transect (TEPCO 5-10)
  12. 12. Following a Directive from NISA, on 16 April TEPCO announced that they will increase the number of sampling points. Four points will be added at 3 km from the coast and two points at 8 km from the coast.</li></ul>6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  13. 13. Concentrations in sea water near discharge point of <br />TEPCO 1-4<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  14. 14. Concentrations in sea water near discharge point of <br />TEPCO 1-4<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  15. 15. Activityconcentrations<br />I-131<br />Cs-134<br />Cs-137<br />in sea water<br />atcoastaland off-shorestations<br />Surfacewater, middlelayerandnearseafloor<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  16. 16. New sea water sampling stations by MEXT near the Ibaraki prefecture<br />MEXT also launched sampling at 5 off-shore points in Ibaraki Prefecture. <br />The samples are taken by the Japanese Coast Guard and analysed by TEPCO.<br />Map 1<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  17. 17. Monitoring of marine food<br />Sampling locations of marine fish products as of 30 April (issued by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)<br />In Ibarakiprefecture, three samples of seafood (sand lance) from <br />28 April: one sample <br />29 April: two samples <br />were above the regulation values set by the Japanese authorities for Cs-134/Cs-137<br />Sand lances are so far the only fish species, which showed levels above the recommended limits.<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  18. 18. Modelling Activities by the Group SciroccoModel prediction for two different scenarios<br />The group SIROCCO of the University of Toulouse continues with the modelling of the ocean impact. The modelling results are continuously compared with the measurements. <br />Atmospheric deposition simulation<br />Liquid release simulation<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  19. 19. Model output for 2 different scenario<br />Atmospheric deposition simulation<br />Liquid release simulation<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  20. 20. Comparison between observation and model (Bq/l) <br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  21. 21. IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />Programme started in 1986<br />Sampling of atmospheric aerosols and deposition currently in 2 locations<br />Roof of Oceanographic Museum<br />Roof of building at Quai Antoine<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  22. 22. Routine monthly sampling and analysis of gamma emitters (e.g. Cesium-137), beta emitters (e.g. Strontium-90) and alpha emitters (Plutonium and Americium)<br />Increased frequency of sampling and measurements in special situations: aerosol samples collected twice daily, wet and dry deposition collected as often as relevant<br />IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  23. 23. IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  24. 24. Additional measurements during March-April 2011:<br />Detector continuously monitoring ambient gamma emitters<br />Hourly and two-hourly measurements of ambient dose-rate with hand-held devices (stationary, continuous monitor with on-line access to measurement results is necessary)<br />IAEA Environment Laboratories: Monitoring of atmospheric radioactivity in Monaco<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  25. 25. Cs-137 in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco from 1986 to 2011<br />Note: maximum values measured in March-April 2011, after the Fukushima accident,<br />are about 2000 lower than those measured in May-June 1986, after the Chernobyl accident.<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  26. 26. Radio-Cesium in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco after the Chernobyl accident<br />Rep. from Whitehead et al. JER 7 (1988) 249-264<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  27. 27. Iodine-131 in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco after the Chernobyl accident<br />Data from Chernobyl accident<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  28. 28. Cesium-137 in atmospheric aerosols in Monaco 1997-2010<br />Temporal variation of 137Cs concentration in the Monaco air (the peak in May-June 1998 is due to the Algeciras (Spain) accidental release). Pham et al. submitted to JER. 2011<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  29. 29. Radio-Cesium in atmospheric aerosols measured in Monaco after the Fukushima accident<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  30. 30. Iodine-131 in atmospheric aerosols measured in Monaco after the Fukushima accident<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  31. 31. Comparison between levels of radionuclides in atmospheric aerosols measured in Monaco after Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents<br />Maximum levels measured after the Fukushima accident (March-April 2011) are much lower than those measured after the Chernobyl accident (May-June 1986) <br />I-131 120 times lower<br />Cs-134 700 times lower<br />Cs-137 2000 times lower<br />Levels are similar to those measured elsewhere in Europe (France, Italy, Germany)<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  32. 32. Conclusions on the impact to the marine environment in the Pacific<br /><ul><li>The highest levels are still measured close to the Nuclear Power Stations Fukushima, namely at the screen of Unit 2, 30 m, 330 m and 10 km near-shore even though with a decreasing trend.
  33. 33. Concentration data from about 30 km off-shore show a generally decreasing temporal trend and partly, the concentrations are below the limit of detection at the applied methods.
  34. 34. It can be expected that, if no additional releases occur, the levels measured at the stations 30 km off-shore will continue to decrease significantly by dilution into deeper layers and dispersion by ocean currents</li></ul>6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />
  35. 35. Conclusions<br />It can be expected that the traces from the discharge and deposition to the marine environment from Fukushima NPPs will be taken up by the Kuroshio current system in the north Pacific<br />It will be possible to follow these traces – mainly Cs-137 and Cs-134 - over the next few years in the northern Pacific<br />Water with such traces will reach the Canadian and US Coast probably in one to two years’ time<br />IAEA environmental Laboratories in Monaco will be part of international teams to measure these impact to the Pacific and will support and co-ordinate initiated environment assessment studies<br />6 May 2011<br />H. Nies, M. Betti, I. Osvath, E. Bosc<br />

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