The Dream Act and ISAC Updates

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Hear how the passing of the Dream Act impacts our students in Illinois, Updates on FAFSA from ISAC as well as what fast track applications are all about.

Aliza Gilbert, Counselor – Highland Park High School; Co-Developer of the College Advising Guide for Undocumented Students
Sam Nelson – ISAC

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The Dream Act and ISAC Updates

  1. 1. Helping DREAMers Achieve the College Dream Aliza Gilbert Highland Park High School, IL 224/765-2055 agilbert@dist113.org
  2. 2. Who is unauthorized? Any individual currently in the United States who:  entered without inspection  entered with false documents  entered on a legal visa but the visa has since expired
  3. 3. Who are our unauthorized students? Students who immigrated recently with parents and all are unauthorized Students who immigrated recently without parents Students who immigrated at a very early age with parents and all are unauthorizedNote…. Students born in the U.S. to unauthorized parents are citizens, but they cause us concern as well.
  4. 4. Why is this issue so important? 1.5 million unauthorized students in the U.S. are under the age of 18. (Passel & Cohn, 2009) 40% of unauthorized students ages 18-24 have not graduated from high school. (Passel & Cohn, 2009) Fewer than 50% of unauthorized adults ages 18-24 with a high school degree have attended any college. (Passel & Cohn, 2009) Between 5-10% of unauthorized students will attend college immediately after high school. (Gonzales, 2007) 8% of all children born in the U.S. are born to at least one unauthorized parent. (Passel & Cohn, 2011)
  5. 5. Current situation in Illinois Largest population in CA, TX, FL and NY (~900,000-2.7 million in each state) Next grouping has ~ a half million – NJ, AZ, GA and IL The population in IL has held constant while other states such as GA, NC have grown (Passel & Cohn, 2009) 94% live in metropolitan areas (nationwide) In Illinois predominately in Chicago and collar counties(Passel & Cohn, 2009)
  6. 6. K-16 opportunities Plyer v. Doe (1982) grants unauthorized students right to a K-12 education. Right does not extend to post-secondary education No federal law specifically prohibits unauthorized students from attending a public college or university Private colleges have the right to admit or deny any student. AACRAO Member Survey in 2009 – approximately 50% of colleges responding indicated that they knowingly admit unauthorized students.
  7. 7. DREAM Act (Senate) American DREAM Act (House)Provides undocumented students who entered the country at age15 or younger AND entered at least 5 years before the passage ofthe legislation AND are not 35 years of age eligibility for legalstatus. DREAM/ADA Act would enable high school graduates to apply for conditional permanent resident status. Students would then have six years to complete two years of college or military service. Students who complete this condition, and demonstrate good moral character, could apply for permanent residency.(www.nilc.org)
  8. 8. DREAM Act Update2010 Wednesday, December 8, 2010 the DREAM Act passed the U.S. House of Representatives with a vote of 216-198. Saturday, December 18, 2010 with a vote of 55-41 the Senate failed to take up discussion of the bill.2011 On Wednesday, May 11, Assistant Senate Majority Leader Richard Durbin (D-IL), Senate Majority Harry Reid (D-NV), Senator Robert Menendez (D-NJ), and 30 of their colleagues introduced the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act ( S. 952) in the U.S. Senate. In the House, Representatives Howard Berman (D-CA), Ileana Ros- Lehtinen (R-FL-18), and Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA-34) introduced the DREAM Act 2011 (H.R. 1842).(nilc.org)
  9. 9. State Measures – Restrict or Support Access Some states have introduced bills addressing residency requirements for in-state tuition for all students. A small number do not specifically permit in-state tuition for unauthorized students, but have certain tuition policies that might allow them to receive it. A growing number prohibit unauthorized immigrants from receiving in-state tuition. And still others, prohibit admission of unauthorized immigrants at some or all public colleges or universities.
  10. 10. IL Public Act 93-007 Students can pay in-state tuition at all Illinois public colleges and universities if they:  Graduated from an IL high school  Attended high school in IL for three years while living with a parent or guardian  Sign an affidavit stating that they will seek legal status as soon as they are eligible
  11. 11. State Dream ActsThese bills address such things as:  Create a private fund for scholarships  Allow unauthorized students to apply for state aid  Require counselors to receive training regarding opportunities for unauthorized youth  Allow unauthorized students to obtain a driver’s certificate  Provide eligibility for healthcare coverage
  12. 12. Illinois Dream Act Signed into law on August 1, 2011  Create a private fund for scholarships  Require high school and college admission counselors to receive training regarding opportunities for unauthorized youth  Permit families to participate in the state’s two college tuition savings plans
  13. 13. Institutional Measures Little guidance for private colleges Some admit, and occasionally fund, while others deny Most have no clear policy Stakeholder influence is significant
  14. 14. National Coming Out of theShadows Day Daley Plaza on Saturday, March 10th from 1-3pm Undocumented immigrant youth will be encouraged to come out publicly and share their stories at the rally Past rallies have drawn nearly 1,000 attendees. Theme is: “I define myself. Undocumented, unafraid, and unapologetic.” Purpose is to highlight the diversity, right to self-expression, and support for self-determination, that the undocumented are often denied.
  15. 15. Some final thoughts 3 main concerns of unauthorized college students: fear of deportation, loneliness and depression. (Dozier, 1993) Many also report frustration, helplessness, shame and fear as a result of their unauthorized status. (Munoz as cited in Perez, et al, 2010) Unauthorized students are less likely to participate in civic engagement and extracurricular activities in college than high school, but are more likely to become involved in political activism. (Perez, et al, 2010) Unauthorized students report a sense of belonging and connectedness when a part of campus activities. (Munoz as cited in Perez, et al, 2010)
  16. 16. Resources Educators for Fair Consideration www.e4fc.org IL Association for College Admission Counseling www.iacac.org/undocumented Dream Activist www.dreamactivist.org IL Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights www.icirr.org Support the DREAM Act and other related pieces of legislation by writing, emailing and calling your legislators  NACAC Legislative Action Center www.nacacnet.org  American School Counselor Association www.schoolcounselor.org
  17. 17. Questions and AnswersA special thank you to:•Annette Vitale-Salajanu, Immigrant Educator at University of Illinois Extension•Fred Tsao, Policy Director at the IL Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights•Dr. Claudia Rueda-Alvarez, Counselor, Maine West High School•DeEnna Holohan, College Counselor, Loyola Academy
  18. 18. ReferencesDozier, S. B. (1993). Emotional concerns of undocumented and out-of-status foreign students. Community Review, 13(1), 33-39.Gonzales, R. (2007). Wasted talent and broken dreams:The lost potential of undocumented students. Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center. Retrieved from http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/special- reports/wasted-talent-and-broken-dreams-lost-potential-undocumented-studentsMuñoz, S. M. (2008). Understanding issues of college persistence for undocumented Mexican immigrant woman from the new Latino Diaspora: A case study. Unpublished dissertation, Iowa State University.Passel, J. S. & Cohn, D. (2009). A portrait of unauthorized immigrants in the United States. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1190/portrait-unauthorized- immigrants-statesPassel, J. S. & Cohn, D. (2011). Unauthorized immigrant population: National and state trends, 2010. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=133Pérez, W., Cortés, R. D., Ramos, K., & Coronado, H. (2010). “Cursed and blessed”: Examining the socioemotional and academic experiences of undocumented Latina and Latino college students. In J. Price (Ed.), New Directions for Student Services (No. 131, pp. 35-51). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. doi:10.1002/ss.365

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