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Database of African Theses and Dissertations
 

Database of African Theses and Dissertations

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Presentation on "Presentation on "Open Access Publishing: Views of Researchers in Public Agricultural Research Institutions in Zambia" made at the 2nd IAALD Africa Chapter Conference, 15 - 17 July ...

Presentation on "Presentation on "Open Access Publishing: Views of Researchers in Public Agricultural Research Institutions in Zambia" made at the 2nd IAALD Africa Chapter Conference, 15 - 17 July 2009, Accra, Ghana

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  • Using African scholarly publication index in PASCAL database from 1991-1997 and in the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) database from 1981-2000 the following trends are observed The database further shows that South Africa and Egypt together with six other countries — Morocco, Tunisia, Kenya, Nigeria and Algeria — account for three quarters of African scientific production
  • In 1981, a total of 371,346 papers were included in Science Citation Index (SCI). In 2000 this figure increased to 584,982 representing a 57.5% increase from 1981. According to the UIS report, in 2000 authors from North America produced 36.8% of the world ’ s total; authors from Europe increased their output from 32.8% in 1998 to 40.2%. The report further shows, at the other end of the spectrum, that Sub-Saharan Africa publication was only 1% of the world ’ s total, “ while the share of publications from the Arab states increased from 0.6% to 0.9%.
  • The number of scientific research journals has grown, and grown, and grown… Journal prices have risen - much faster than inflation. Since 1986: Journal prices have risen 291% It is also not surprising that one of the most common features of African science publishing is irregular publication . Because of the above problems, journals from Africa are inaccessible, lack global presence and subsequently the impact of research is lost because few libraries in the developed countries subscribe to them

Database of African Theses and Dissertations Database of African Theses and Dissertations Presentation Transcript

  • The Database of African Theses and Dissertations (DATAD) Pascal Hoba (DR) Head of Communication and Services Association of African Universities And DATAD Program Coordinator [email_address] DATAD Second IAALD Africa Chapter conference July, 2009; Accra, Ghana Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Founded: 1967 with 34 founding universities Current membership: 215 institutions from 48 African countries About The Association of African Universities (AAU) Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. http://www.aau.org
  • AAU’s programs and activities
    • Developing Quality Assurance Systems in African Universities
    • African Universities Responding to HIV/AIDS
    • Ford Foundation International Fellowships Program (IFP)
    • Research Education Networking Initiative (RENU)
    • Leadership Development
    • Staff Exchange
    • MRCI: Mobilization of regional capacity initiative
    • Working Group on Higher Education
    • Publication and Information Dissemination
    • Roster of African Professionals (ROAP)
    • AAU and AU Partnership
    • Database of African Theses and Dissertations (DATAD) has been integrated into the AAU strategic plan: Improving management and access to African scholarly work.
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • AAU Objectives
    • Promote cooperation and coordination among African HEIs by providing resources and running programs that build on the synergy of collective action by its members
    • Collection, organization and dissemination of information on higher education and research in Africa
    • Advocacy and support for member institutions’ programs
    • Quality assurance and harmonization of diploma…
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Why DATAD?
    • To make available to the general public the grand results of Scientific work and Scientific discovery;
    • To aid researchers themselves, by giving early information of all advances made in any branch of natural knowledge throughout the world…
    • and to urge the claims of Science to a more general recognition in Education and daily life.
    • and by affording them an opportunity of discussing the various scientific questions that arise from time to time
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • The fundamental mission of the research community which is to ensure the widest possible dissemination and unrestricted access to research has not been possible in Africa. The response is: Not too much Is Africa is contributing to this? Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Marginalisation of African research...
    • Africa produces around 3% of books published, but consumes around 12%.
    • Africa produced 0.2% of online content in 2002 – if South Africa is excluded, 0.02%.
    • The major Northern scholarly journals account for 80% of articles in the ISI indexes; developing countries produce just 2.5%.
    • In Africa only SA has (just) 0.5% of the articles in Thompson Scientific indexed journals .
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • current State of Scholarly Publishing Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. From African scholarly publication index in PASCAL database from 1991-1997 and in the ISI database from 1981-2000… The capacity to research and produce scholarship in Africa is concentrated in a few countries South Africa Nigeria, Egypt Morocco, Kenya Tunisia and Algeria The Rest of Africa 3/4 1/4 African scientific production
  • World Share in Publication/R&D expenditure Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. Source: UNESCO (2004). A decade of investment in research and development (R&D): 1990-2000, UIS Bullentin on Science and Technology Statistics, Issue No.4 April Current State of Scholarly Publishing
  • Papers in SCI by region, 1981-2000 Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. Current State of Scholarly Publishing
  • Total Expenditure of libraries on books & journal per Student (1993 - 1994) Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. Institution Exp. University of Ghana $0.50 University of Cape Coast $2.66 University of Dar es Salaam $9.00 University of Addis Ababa $0.50 Eduardo Mondlane $0 Mozambique $0 Current State of Scholarly Publishing
  • Initiated at a planning meeting organized in Nairobi, Jan. 1998 The meeting acknowledged the centrality of AAU in coordinating and providing leadership to the proposed initiative About The DATAD Project Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Feasibility Study done 1998/99; Report approved by AAU COREVIP in 1999 Three-year pilot phase, involving eleven institutions, started in February 2000, concluded 2003 with the financial support of the PHEA. About the DATAD Project cont… Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Contribute to the creation of an environment conducive to research and publication in Africa; Create capacity in African universities for the collection, management and dissemination of theses and dissertations electronically. DATAD Objectives Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Provide visibility and improved access to the work of African scholars, both within and outside of the continent; Facilitate the development of copyright procedures and regulations for the protection of the intellectual property rights of African university graduates and researchers; Provide support for other AAU programs DATAD Objectives cont… Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
    • Considerations for selection of pioneers
      • regional and linguistic balance
      • basic ICT infrastructure
      • leadership commitment
      • graduate program
    Implementation Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
    • Factors for determination of model
      • Feasibility study findings
      • general ICT infrastructure environment
      • working models
    • Adopted: Mixed model ( Centralized, decentralized)
    Implementation cont… Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
    • Management and administration
      • Advisory Committee
      • DATAD management teams at institutional level
      • Graduate School, Computing Center, Library, Graduate Students, Faculty
      • Regional coordination at AAU Secretariat
    Implementation cont… Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
    • Factors: development of a research resource to facilitate
      • dissemination of research findings
      • networking of researchers: students, lecturers, others
      • bibliometric studies
    Record content Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Author, Title, Degree, Year, Supervisor(s) University (faculty/dept, town, country) Availability statement, Location (of e-copy if available), Call number, Copyright Abstract, Keywords Record fields Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Requirements for success
    • Financial and technical support is essential
    • The need of DATAD model
    • Quality control: necessary
    • Full text access: critical
    • Preservation and archiving: need more attention
    • Sustainability is possible but need to be properly done
    • Taking account of the situation of the Africans universities
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
    • Management of copyright and intellectual property
    • Development of a viable sustainability with strong partners
      • Expansion model, Preservation, Full text access, Link to others Thesis Network, Open access, ETDs…
    Challenges Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • New institutions Software (for full text); EndNote Dissemination (In collaboration with others institutions) Promotion and Visibility activities Actual Challenges cont… Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Curent situations of Thesis in African Universities…
    • Thesis in only in hard copies
    • Thesis in soft copies
    • Thesis on servers
    • Thesis online
    • Members universities from :
    • Cameroon; Egypt; Ethiopia; Ghana; Kenya ; Mozambique; Senegal; Tanzania; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Nigeria;
    • Benin; Togo; Lesotho, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina, CAMES (francophone network).
    • National repositories centre of : Zimbabwe; Ethiopia; Malawi, CAMES
    • Institutions : CODESRIA; ACBF; the Arab Thesis network based in Jordan
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • DATAD - ETD initiatives and national repositories Non DATAD institutions can contribute meta-data to the DATAD database Integrate DATAD activities into AAU (as institution) plan and budget Exposing the research output of African HEIs to the wider research community … Next step
    • 100,000 records (abstract and full text)
    • Subscribers
    • Countries
    • Flexible approach...
    DATAD Today Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Requirements
    • Full text
    • Simple to contribute to
    • Simple maintenance and Expandable
    • All research material and Serving local knowledge
    • Accessibility online but also offline
    • Respect copyrights
    • Quality controlled at each level
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.
  • Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana. Scientist/researcher Institutions Harvest Harvesters Full Text DATAD DATAD II
  • END
    • Thank you
    • [email_address]
    Second IAALD Africa Chapter Conference; July, 2009, Accra, Ghana.