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The LIMS Community and its collaborative Livestock Information Management System for managing livestock statistics and sharing information in the SADC region
 

The LIMS Community and its collaborative Livestock Information Management System for managing livestock statistics and sharing information in the SADC region

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Presentation by Pascal Bonnnet (CIRAD) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

Presentation by Pascal Bonnnet (CIRAD) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

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    The LIMS Community and its collaborative Livestock Information Management System for managing livestock statistics and sharing information in the SADC region The LIMS Community and its collaborative Livestock Information Management System for managing livestock statistics and sharing information in the SADC region Presentation Transcript

    • The LIMS Community and its collaborative Livestock Information Management System for managing livestock statistics and sharing information in the SADC region (Southern African Development Community) P. Bonnet CIRAD; [email_address] (formerly CTA PRINT SADC) Berhanu BEDANE , Krishan J. BHEENICK , Xavier JUANES , Benoit GIRARDOT , Caroline COSTE , Cyrille GOURMENT , Gift WANDA , Welbourne MADZIMA , Gerard OOSTERWIJK , Thierry ERWIN Scientific and Technical Information and Rural Development IAALD XIIIth World Congress, Montpellier, 26-29 April 2010 Theme 4 Session 2 : Integrated Information system
    • Outlines
      • Introduction
      • Aim and Methodology
      • Results and Solutions experimented
        • Recall: LIMS Collaborative statistical database with interoperability functions
        • Portal and WEB20 tools to serve the SADC social and professionals network given their roles and duties: a few selected components
          • CMS & portal (AIMS and LIMS)
          • WIKI
          • Web maps Geoclips & WMS
          • Dgroups forum (and pHpBB)
      • Discussion
      • Conclusion
    • Introduction
    • Introduction: Context = an Info System for the livestock sector of SADC « Regional Economic Community »
        • 15 SADC Member States: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • Political Context
      • Regional Integration of SADC
        • Regional agenda and vision for the region
          • Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan RISDP
          • Dar Es Salaam declaration on Food security
          • Free Trade Agreement FTA, Common External Tariffs CET and Common market…
          • Regional Agricultural Policy
        • Regional Sector-wide programs & projects (Health, Food security, Trade facilitation & SPS, ARD etc..)
          • Livestock Sector: PRINT “ Promotion of the Regional Integration in the Livestock Sector”
    •   Theories  of « Regional Integration » as a basis for designing an «  integrated information system »
      • Integration’ Theories and Entry Points
        • Interdependency through the Market
          • Importance of market related data (price) and information on trade & production
            • Free Trade Area / « Comparative advantage » of countries
        • Integration by State and Planning
          • Role of public services and information related to public goods
          • Plan for Territorial & Regional Development (Complementarities, Transboundary Projects)
            • Regional Agricultural Policy
        • Coordination by actors and organisations (PPP)
          • Importance of networking and partnership for coordinating regional activities (Multi-stakeholders context)
            • Regional association and confederations, commodity chains
    • Information is central in this process
      • Need for Regional Statistics and Information on the sector to monitor achievements of programs & policies
        • Data & Information as “ public goods ” : animal health, infrastructures, legislation..
        • Data & Information as “ private goods ” or “ privatized goods”?: market data (prices), production & trade figures..
      • Objective 1 : make accessible an increasing amount of valuable statistics to guide the regional policies
        • Needs to to " share information " across organizational boundaries (e.g. public – private sector, various ministries, stakeholders)
        • Needs to " share information " across thematic boundaries (e.g. animal health - human health, animal science)
      • Objective 2 : make available a series of Collaborative Tools that would foster the interaction between actors & within networks
        • Needs to " share information " across spatial boundaries (e.g. transnational)
        • Needs to " share information " across electronic boundaries (interoperability, connectivity of systems)
    • Aim and Methodology
    • Collaboration - Dimensions Local Area Network WHO WHY HOW HOW WHAT, WHERE, WHEN SoftWare ContentWare HumanWare HardWare
    • HumanWare: Two different schemes of organization and collaboration to consider Vertical & Hierarchical links: STKH subject to Regulatory bodies (CSO, DVS..) Horizontal & Functional Links: cooperation, alliance, networking, collaboration academia LIMS National LIMS Infra National Public sphere Private sphere parastatal Farmer’s unions / commodity associations / confederations Industry Meat Dairy boards MoA DAHP / CSO
    • Focus on Humanware: Our Targets
      • Main : Public Sector with a Development Mandate
        • Animal Production AP and Animal Health AH divisions / departments within Min. of Agric. or Min. of LS
        • Planning departments and NSO’s…
      • Secondary: Private Sector MESOACTORS
        • Livestock Industry of the region: e.g. SAMIC, Namibian Meat Board, Botswana Meat Corporation BMC etc..
          • Have various levels of organisation / integration
        • Farmers associations & Commodity associations
        • Confederations of actors: SACAU SALMF
          • Not the farmers themselves
      • Tertiary: Research and Academia
        • Partners doing Action Research (with development issues)
          • Universities mobilized to supply Methodological Toolkits (contents)
            • made available within IS..
    • Focus on Software to better achieve collaboration
      • Collaborative software is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their goals
        • Collaborative software is the basis for computer supported cooperative work
        • Wiki , e-forums , Google , web portals , social bookmarking , collaborative cartography & databases..
      • Metcalfe's law applies - the more people who use something, the more valuable it becomes -
        • Critical size of such a user’s community ? (adoption curve)
    • Coll. Software: Ingredients for Fostering Collaboration Some ingredients within overarching AIMS Other ingredients used specifically for LIMS community
    • Results and Solutions experimented
    • Results and Solutions experimented
      • 2008-2009: Collaborative statistical information chain : standardized contents, software’s & devices with interoperability functions linking Field to Databases
        • Database: BONNET P., et al, 2009, Collaborative Statistics For Livestock Development, Animal Production And Health , Proceedings of the 12th ISVEE conference, International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE , August 2009, Durban, South Africa.
        • Field devices (Mobile phones and DPT) to National and Regional LIMS database (in collaboration with FAO)
      • 2009-2010: Portal and WEB20 tools selected integrated assembled to serve the SADC livestock community = social and professionals networks (formal and informal), given their modus operandi, roles and duties
        • CMS (EZ publish) to manage information on LIMS site, linked to AIMS portal and using some of its features
        • WIKI for sharing documents
        • Forum : Dgroups and pHpBB to discuss topics or technical problems
        • Web maps (Mapserver and Geoclip) for displaying and making accessible regional and local data
    • Portal CMS
    • SADC AIMS - LIMS Integration to AIMS portal / links with External Systems (National - International) LIMS AIMS
    • AIMS LIMS Web portal http://aims.sadc.int
      • LIMS pages into AIMS : Best access through AIMS portal, as an iframe http://aims.sadc.int/livestock/
        • Link to LIMS contents (and PRINT) through AIMS: http://aims.sadc.int/livestock/print-lims/
        • Link to LIMS Wiki through AIMS: http://aims.sadc.int/livestock/wiki-lims /
      • Direct link to LIMS web pages: http:// www.printlims.org + http:// wiki.printlims.org
      Many contributions to AIMS: LIMS one of them
    • LIMS Portal CMS
      • CMS: computer application used to create, edit, manage, and publish content in a consistently organized fashion
        • Objective: non-technical web users to post and edit contents
          • Structure of the pages and the contents have been put in place with the support and guidance from PRINT and MS
        • Open Source software (GNU Licence) EZpublish selected (eZsystem Norway) as a standard at CIRAD (providing TA to SADC)
          • Hosted and supported at CIRAD
          • Know how to be transferred in 2010
    • Contents from Networking activities posted => keep the institutional memory of networks and institutions
    • WIKI
    • Wiki: http://wiki.printlims.org powered by MediaWiki
    • Main purpose: use a common e-manual for the collaborative LIMS database Hard copies also published and disseminated (regular editing planned)
    • WIKI to allow addition of comments and illustrations by MS: comments - discussions - images – maps etc..
    • Forum
    • Forum(s)
      • Objectives of Dgroups powered forum
        • Allow continuous exchange of information in a transparent manner within and between groups
          • Launch discussions on specific topics
        • Prepare regular networks’ meetings by sharing documents and contributions prior to meetings
        • Capitalize after meetings:
          • Edit before publishing recommendations with members who did not participate to meetings, keeping tracks of interventions
          • Follow up specific actions decided at meetings
          • Interact as a group with international organisations (OIE - FAO)
        • Foster Vertical and Horizontal integration of Stakeholders within networks
      • Objectives of pHpBB powered forum
        • Discuss technical issues regarding Information tools (database, portal etc..)
        • Build a list of contents for FAQ
          • In place not used so far
    • Dgroups Forum: sharing the same address for the community [email_address]
    • It uses emails but keep records of all discussions on line (web portal) We can start a discussion and close it!
    • LIMS- Themes Forum used to Sustain & Foster Horizontal integration of SADC Networks : Regional S ub Committees = thematic task forces Contribution may vary from SC to SC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 L&W Agric R&D SC Production SC epidemiology SC VPH SC Labs CSO Meteo-rological
    • LIMS- Themes 15 national networks : “ LIMS task forces & forums “ => reliable stats & information sharing amongst users and providers from various ministries etc.. Forum used to Sustain & Foster Vertical integration of SADC Networks : LIMS national networks 1 2 3 4 15 L&W NRM Industry SC APVM SC EIS SC VPH FS SC Labs CSO
    • Progression expected on Forum
      • Dgroups challenges:
        • broaden up to new users / members from other thematic groups
        • Need for a critical mass
          • Monitor the balance between one large group (LIMS or AIMS community) / and fragmented & « tiny » thematic subgroups (APVM, EIS, VPH, Lab..)
      • PhBB to become the place for Tools-related FAQ’s
    • WebMapping
    • Webmapping tools combined: centralized & decentralized Based on experience of a central solution => need for adding a decentralized tool (GEOCLIP) Centralized WMS, needs good bandwidth Decentralized Flash -Based « GeoClip » 1 2
    • Architecture of LIMS: 1/ hierarchical institutions Analyse Disseminate / Centrally Access / Consult Need for a full hierachical chain of submission Centralized WEBmapping LIMS Regional SADC scale 1 National LIMS scale 2 Provinces Sources of data in MS Spatial / Social Partitions of a country Technical / Institutional partitions or Administrative partition set up e.g. Commodity associations partitions e.g. Region / District / … AIMS-LIMS
    • Architecture of LIMS: 2/ allow non hierarchical institutions or individuals to post information as flash map (Geoclip) (CMS linked) : decentralized option & collaboration and alliance 1 LIMS scale 1 regional 2 LIMS scale2 National 3 LIMS scale3 Infra national Institutional: Networks / LIMS task force AIMS Use existing local database (industry, farmers associations..) Submit online in CMS = direct map sharing Access / Consult SADC LIMS scale 1 National LIMS scale 2 Sources of data in MS Spatial / Social Partitions of a country Technical / Institutional partitions or Administrative partition set up e.g. Commodity associations partitions e.g. Region / District / …
    • Geoclip: Webmapping decentralized, associated with local data (no regional submission needed) Portal: Instructions and Manuals on how to use Access maps themes and data
    • Discussion
      • Importance of the Time Sequence
      • Monitoring and Understanding Adoption & participation
      • Design Training adapted to identified contraints
      • Prospecting new functions of implemented tools (increasing benefits) = Optimize Complementarity of the various tools
    • LIMS “Skeleton” – Proper Timeline for introduction + adoption of Tools 2010 Networks meetings / Community workshops / PPP Humanware: Continuous Support + Building regional networks, PPP, Training 2006 2009 ContentWare : colllaboration for standardizing LIMS contents 2006 Software : Collaborative LIMS Database and WMS, manuals Integration into AIMS 2008 Software : Collaborative Portal CMS (AIMS & LIMS) WEB20 new tools Dgroups Forum Geoclip WIKI 2009
    • Monitoring and Understanding adoption: monitor over the long run
      • -" Innovators ": EIS sub committee (Health) pulling the system.
      • -" Early adopters ": "leaders of opinions", see the opportunity though not fully engaged.
      • -" Early majority ": think of using people : the real target => involving them.
      • -" Late majority ": « Skeptical »  or "pragmatic", who will adopt when the majority is already in !
      • -" Laggards ": "critical" or "traditionalists" will adopt when the technology becomes traditional
      Point to reach
    • Data Reporting rates = Database adoption monitored at regional level by SADC (transfer of files)
    • Deciphering « participation »
      • Andrea Cornwall / Community Development Journal, Vol. 43, Issue 3, pp. 269-283, 2008 “ Unpacking 'Participation': Models, Meanings and Practices “
    • Understanding technical difficulties & training needs, convert into « training programs » « Simply creating an account seems a problem sometimes » « generation effect »
    • Combining Wiki and Webmaps: Launch a regional Disease Virtual Atlas Animal Disease Situation in Africa? to replace current hard copies
    • Conclusion
    • Conclusion
      • LIMS an Hybrid system customized to the needs of people at the time of development and with a mid term vision
        • Hierarchical and Collaborative
      • Main Interest of LIMS tools at monitoring Process of Participation (what is shared and why and when)
        • Improve adoption: Use competition between sub groups of the community => catalyzing / influencing / championing
      • Currently good level of Ownership
        • Warrant of potential sustainability after the end of a catalyzing project
        • Though Dependency on external organizations
          • Consultants so far, gradually to be replaced by champions, service internalized
          • SADC pending Info Unit to take over in collaboration with projects
      • Expect New Stakes to foster participation and adoption
        • Need for data to monitor FTA
        • Need to Debate the Design of RAP
      • Issue: Fragile Reliance on Hardware development in the region
        • uncertainty
          • e.g. LAN in Ministries and access to internet
          • Backbones
    • Acknowledgements
      • European Commission
      • SADC – FANR and PRINT Sister Projects ICART and AIMS community
      • Member States
      • Partners & Civil Society (Private Sector Academia)
    • Misaotra Thank you for your attention Merci Muito obrigado pela vossa attenção Asanti Sana RE A LEBOGA Dankie…